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Booting and Shutting Down Your SuSE Linux Enterprise Server. This chapter explores the various states a server goes through during startup and shutdown procedures. We first examine the merchandising cover path a machine takes from the moment power is applied to a fully running system and how it can be shut down safely. We also discuss the concept of runlevels and how they are used to control the against school research paper various applications available on a server. We then explore the preparations required to facilitate system recovery should the server experience difficulties. As with all things, it is best to start at the beginning: boot loaders. A systematic chain of events is triggered when power is applied to fashion merchandising, a machine. Essay? Commonly, this is called cold booting or simply booting . As power is applied to the system, a process called the Power On Self Test (POST) is fashion merchandising cover letter, initiated. English Teacher? This stage verifies that the hardware present within the merchandising cover letter system is operating properly and the saved configuration for the detected hardware within the system matches what is actually preset. Essay? At the end of the POST, control is passed to the Basic Input Output System (BIOS).
This small set of instructions loads the stored configuration setting for cover the various pieces of hardware present within the server. These settings include the date, time, hard drive geometry, and the memory mappings of the various devices. When this stage has successfully completed, the BIOS loads and executes the instruction found in the Master Boot Record (MBR) of the primary boot device. The MBR is relatively small and is in essence a pointer to the location of the paper next routine to be executed. At this point, the SUSE LINUX install passes control over to a piece of merchandising letter software in teacher essay the MBR that permits the loading of the system kernel. This type of program is fashion merchandising cover, called a boot loader . Health? Many modern BIOSes allow for letter a number of boot devices. Against Uniforms? It is important to ensure that the letter boot volume for your SUSE server be identified as the first boot device following the install process. This prevents a driver floppy or CD from booting your server into self-reliance essay, an unknown state in the event of an unscheduled restart. #34;The Installation Overview#34; section of Chapter 1 presented two separate boot loaders available with the merchandising cover default install of SUSE Enterprise Server: LILO and Grub. Both of these routines allow for the targeting of the boot process to a specific boot device, kernel, and unique collection of kernel parameters. Passwords and System Restarts. Essay? Passwords can be applied at several levels within a computer.
Most modern servers allow for passwords at the BIOS level to prevent unauthorized modification of parameters such as the boot device sequence. This is excellent if you want to prevent someone with physical access to a machine from booting an alternate operating system from removable media. The downside is that you then have another password to keep track of in your disaster recovery password file (see Chapter 10, #34;Data Backup and Disaster Recovery#34;). Another level of password protection is available with both boot loaders distributed with SUSE LINUX. This level prevents the selection and execution of a boot process until the merchandising proper password is entered. Used in conjunction with the BIOS password, this level offers an attractive protection against a quick local intrusion into the system. On the downside: This level of teacher password protection will not stop a local attacker with a screwdriver from resetting the BIOS and removing the password. If this is achieved, booting off additional media could lead to a password bypass on the rest of the disk subsystem. Also, having a password on the boot loader will keep the system from rebooting in the case of an unscheduled restart.
This may or may not be an attractive feature at 2 a.m. Merchandising? As always, physical security is a must. If an intruder has access to the machine for college an extended period of time, password security, to a first approximation, is moot. Both LILO and Grub are two-stage boot loaders. The first stage is small enough to be made resident within the Master Boot Record of the cover volume. Its sole purpose is to properly load the second stage.
Though both of these boot loaders have the same goal, there are significant differences in self-reliance their capabilities. The YaST configuration utility should be used to configure the behavior of both boot loaders. Letter? The LInux LOader (LILO) is a more static boot loader than its counterpart Grub. The LILO application keeps track of the physical location of the letter registered labor and delivery kernel on the volume and stores the reference in a file. At boot time, the fashion merchandising letter application can pass control to the kernel by loading it directly by reference.
LILO maintains a list of possible boot targets in its configuration file. The file /etc/lilo.conf contains both parameters that affect LILO#8217;s behavior as well as a list of valid boot targets and kernel options for each. In the teacher case of a SUSE server, the fashion merchandising cover default configuration includes. The SUSE kernel and the appropriate parameters that take full advantage of the detected hardware. A failsafe SUSE kernel with most advanced functions such as ACPI and SVGA turned off. An 8-second clock for selecting which kernel configuration to english essay, use to fashion cover letter, boot the machine. Listing 3.1 shows a sample LILO configuration from an SLES install. In this example, the header information shows the 8-second (80 tenths of a second) timeout and the default boot option label of Linux. You can also see the removal of APM, ACPI, and for kinesthesis in, other facilities in merchandising the Failsafe option.
Further details on current health case studies, the options available in lilo.conf can be found in the SLES Administrator#8217;s manual as well as on the following web page: http://www.novell.com/documentation/oes/index.html?page=/documentation/oes/sles_admin/data/sec-lilo-overview.html. LISTING 3.1: SAMPLE LILO CONFIGURATION. At boot time, the boot loader relies on the physical location of the kernel on the device. This location is identified by the actual Cylinder, Head and Sector (CHS) where the kernel resides on the disk. When a kernel is fashion letter, defined in the /etc/lilo.conf file, it is not immediately available for access through LILO. To enable the new kernel, the LILO routine must be run with the -C option. Uniforms Research? This option will cause the lilo.conf file to be read; the identified kernels will be located on the device and their physical location (CHS) updated in the LILO map file.
Failure to perform this extra step will render the new kernel inaccessible at cover boot time. Though it may seem a serious limitation to limit kernel accessibility at boot time, it does provide assurance that the selections are those produced through the appropriate routines. The GRand Unified Bootloader is more commonly called Grub. This boot loader program is significantly more dynamic than LILO. As you can see in Listing 3.2, there are many similarities between the formatting and self-reliance, information contained in both boot loader configuration files. In addition to the boot options available through LILO, Grub adds the merchandising capability of redirecting the boot to a floppy. Keep in against school uniforms mind that even if you removed the system#8217;s capacity to boot off a floppy in the BIOS, this boot loader, once loaded from the primary boot device, presents the floppy as a valid alternate boot device.
LILO can be used to boot a system from a floppy if the kernel is merchandising, also present on cover letter registered labor and delivery, the same floppy. LILO requires a map file to locate the kernel it wishes to boot from. Because the fashion cover letter kernel location is not necessarily constant from floppy to floppy, if the current case boot loader on the primary hard drive is used, the map file stored on the hard drive may not point to the appropriate location should the incorrect floppy be entered in the drive. GRUB, on the other hand, does not require a map file. Pointing a boot configuration to a known good kernel on a floppy is therefore possible.
Though this is technically possible, you might want to wonder about the validity of doing this. Starting a system from an incorrect kernel could yield disastrous results. Booting from an up-to-date rescue floppy would be the only scenario in which this should be considered acceptable. Grub is different from LILO in that the information in merchandising cover letter the file is self-reliance essay, interpreted dynamically as the machine is fashion, being booted. This has the benefit of allowing new kernels to be quickly added to the system. The Grub menu.lst file can be updated with any text editor, and unlike LILO, no further steps are necessary to self-reliance essay, make the option available at boot time. Additional information on GRUB can be found in the man pages or at the GRUB home page at http://www.gnu.org/software/grub/grub.html. An additional feature available through Grub is the capability to modify the menu entries.
Pressing Esc when the graphical Grub menu is present triggers Grub to offer the ncurses version of the boot menu. In this version of the menu, you can edit individual lines controlling the kernel parameters. Instructions on how to do this are provided at the bottom of the boot option screen, as shown in fashion Figure 3.1. Figure 3.1 GRUB edit options available a boot time. One of the benefits of this option is that you can boot directly into single user mode. In the case of a machine going down for public case studies an unknown reason, you can carefully bring up the system in single user mode by dynamically editing the merchandising letter kernel line and adding the word single to the end of the line. Boot the system at this point, and you will have a minimally booted environment in which you can perform some diagnostics before trying to bring up the whole system.
Of course, this extra flexibility is also a double-edged sword. Individuals with access to the system can also modify the kernel parameters during the boot sequence. Securing the console should mitigate against this exposure. This can be done through configuring the college BIOS, GRUB, or both to require a password at boot time. This approach must be balanced against the physical security of the server and the requirements of having the machine in service.
A power failure or unexpected reboot with these options configured would leave the server unable to boot until manual intervention was provided.
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This page was last modified December 3, 2010. If you are a student assigned to read or see King Lear , or an adult approaching it for the first time, your experience will be special. These notes will help you get started. Geoffrey of against school uniforms research Monmouth (History of the English Kings, around 1140), who provides our oldest written reference to fashion cover King Lear (spelled Leir), describes him as a pre-Christian warrior king in what is now southwest England. (Click here to current health read it yourself.) This area now includes Cornwall (origin of fashion cover letter cornish game hens.) Saint Albans (Albany, for nurse, which the capital of New York State is named, is farther away. In the old story remembered by Geoffrey, Lear asked his three daughters whether they loved him. Two claimed to fashion letter do so extravagantly, while the third said she loved him only college as a daughter should. Lear disinherited the fashion letter honest daughter. The story appears elsewhere in for kinesthesis are located world folklore; there is an Eastern European version in which the honest daughter says she loves her father as much as she loves salt. Lear went to live with his first daughter, bringing a hundred followers.
She demanded that he reduce his followers to fifty. Lear then went to live with the other daughter, who reduced the number to cover twenty-five. Lear went back and forth between the daughters until he was alone. Then the third daughter raised an army, defeated the other two, and restored him to his kingdom. Essay! (The story appears in Holinshed, who adds that Cordelia succeeded her father as monarch and was deposed by the sons of her sisters.) This tale about how actions speak louder than words had recently been played on the London stage in The True Chronicle of King Leir. We have seen the fashion merchandising cover letter essential story once again in the Japanese Ran , and more recently in A Thousand Acres , an intelligent feminist tale, with the cover nurse two older daughters as incest survivors who have spent their lives cajoling a crazy, abusive father and protecting their youngest sister.
A different family problem from the Lear's -- the Fool says the king made his daughters his mothers (disciplinarians) rather than his wives, the rod refers to a stick for spanking (spare the rod and spoil the child), and in letter III ii, King Lear calls on the storm to punish the crimes of others that usually go unpunished -- close pent-up guilts -- including incest and perjury but also planning murders and self-reliance performing elder abuse.) Grigori Kozintsev's 1969 Russian version is called Korol Lir, translated into fashion cover letter, Russian by Boris Pasternak, (a few copies are usually available at amazon.com, and college on soccer it is now re-released by fashion merchandising cover, the BBC). Against Uniforms Research Paper! A bit of the fourth act made it into the Beatles' Magical Mystery Tour for some reason. Shakespeare has retold the old story as a vehicle for a strikingly modern message. Many people consider King Lear to be his finest work. Whether or not you agree with his vision of letter a godless universe in which our only hope is to be kind to one another, you will recognize the real beliefs of many (if not most) of your neighbors. To find Shakespeare's intent, look first for: changes in the plot sources made by the author; passages that do not advance the plot or have obvious appeal to the intended audience.
Shakespeare took a story that had a happy ending, and gave it a sad ending. He transformed a fairy-tale about virtuous and wicked people into something morally ambiguous. He took a story of wrongs being righted, and turned it into the story of painful discovery. He included passages that deal with ideas instead of current advancing the plot. Lear is letter king of Britain. He is an in, old, highly successful warrior king. (War is an institution that we despise, just as Shakespeare clearly despised it.
But before birth control or real personal security, population pressures made war and fashion even genocidal conflict a fact of self-reliance life.) Like Hamlet and Othello, we are impressed with him because of what others say about his background. (You can find examples. At the end of the cover letter play, we will learn that despite his advanced age, he can still kill a young, armed man with his bare hands.) King Lear has decided to essays on soccer retire and to divide his kingdom among his three daughters and their husbands. Fashion Cover Letter! His stated intention is to paper prevent future conflict. Fashion Cover! This is really not very smart, since it actually invites war between the heirs. Shakespeare's audience (having just been spared a civil war following the death of Elizabeth) would have realized this. King Lear has staged a ceremony in college on soccer which each daughter will affirm her love for fashion letter, him. Whether this has been rehearsed, or the daughters forewarned, we can only guess. Goneril and Regan may have been embarrassed. Registered Nurse Labor! Goneril says she loves her father more than she can say. King Lear thanks her and gives her Third Prize.
Regan says that she loves her father so much that she doesn't like anything else. King Lear thanks her and gives her Second Prize. Cordelia says that she loves her father exactly as a daughter should. King Lear goes ballistic and disinherits her, and banishes the Earl of Kent for speaking in her defense. First Prize is divided between the cover other two daughters. You can decide whether King Lear is showing early signs of mental illness (as his other daughters think), or whether he just wanted an excuse to give Cordelia the best share of the kingdom and she just spoiled it. Cordelia has been courted by the Duke of essays on soccer Burgundy and the King of France. Burgundy says he will not marry a woman with no property.
France is more clever. Merchandising! He swears that he loves Cordelia, and marries her. This is an obvious plan to make a claim on the British throne, and Shakespeare's audience would have realized this. We'll see the self-reliance essay proof later. France may or may not be sincere in fashion loving Cordelia. We won't know. As the basis of his retirement agreement, King Lear has stipulated that he will live alternately with his daughters, who will support him and 100 followers. When he leaves, Goneril and Regan express their understandable concern about hosting a mentally-imbalanced father and his personal army.
King Lear goes to live with Goneril. The first daughter's steward Oswald yells at Lear's jester, and Lear punches the steward. Goneril decides to assert control. When the play is staged, a good director might have Lear's retinue disrespecting Goneril -- whistles, catcalls, lewd remarks, or whatever. Self-reliance! Kent returns in disguise to fashion merchandising letter serve Lear, and we meet the for kinesthesis jester (Fool). For some reason, just like Kent, the jester is cover loyal to college on soccer the king.
A court jester might be a comedian-entertainer, or simply a retarded person kept as an merchandising cover, object of amusement. Lear's jester is specially privileged to speak the truth, which he does ironically. English Teacher Essay! Both the king and the jester make reference to the jester being whipped at times -- Ian McKellen makes it clear that this is a joke, with the fashion letter king tapping the face on cells for kinesthesis in the jester's mock scepter (bauble / marotte). You'll need to decide whether the king has always been kind to the jester, or whether the jester (like Kent) for some reason remains loyal despite past mistreatment. Oswald is rude to cover letter Lear, and one of Lear's knights makes an indignant speech about the king not being cared for properly. Against Paper! (This knight, and all the others, will soon abandon their king.) Lear yells at Oswald, Kent trips Oswald, and a scene ensues in which Goneril demands that Lear reduce the number of his followers -- evidently to 50. Goneril (rightly) points out that her own people can care for him just as well. (There's a subtlety here. In the original story, the daughters send the fashion cover letter knights away, i.e., refuse to self-reliance essay pay to support them.
However, if you read closely, the knights are already leaving King Lear, because they can tell what is going to happen. The king is fashion letter showing lapses in judgement, and has no way of forcing his daughters to honor their promise to support him. In a time of warlords, soldiers will desert when the current health studies leader shows signs of being unable to lead and/or guarantee their salaries.) Lear curses Goneril and departs for Regan's. He sends Kent before him, and Goneril sends Oswald. Regan and her husband have gone to visit the Earl of Gloucester, and letter when Kent and Oswald meet at the Earl's castle, Kent picks a fight and Regan's husband puts him in the stocks.
This is college essays a serious breach of protocol, and when Lear arrives, he is furious. (Kent's difficult phrase Nothing almost sees miracles but misery, by merchandising, its context, seems to essays mean that when things seem to be going really badly, it's common to fashion receive unexpected, seemingly-miraculous help.) Goneril arrives and uniforms research paper Lear curses her again. Regan says she will allow him only 25 followers. Since Lear no longer has a source of income, his followers are leaving en masse anyway, but Lear evidently does not realize this. Letter! Lear says he will return to cells for kinesthesis are located in Goneril, but now she will not even allow 25, and merchandising the daughters re-enact the fairy-tale plot by alternately reducing the numbers, and asking Why do you need even one follower, when we can care for you ourselves? Of course, they are right, but Lear says that he measures his personal worth in terms of his possessions. Reason not the for kinesthesis in need! Our basest beggars are in fashion merchandising cover letter the poorest things superfluous. Allow not nature more than nature needs, Man's life is cheap as beast's. Vanities give meaning to life and this is what raises us above the level of animals.
King Lear, now alone except for Kent and against school uniforms the jester, starts to cry and runs off as a storm brews. Merchandising Cover! The daughters lock him out college on soccer, of the castle to teach him a lesson. Lecturers who enjoy talking about The Elizabethan World Picture, in which orders of nature reflect human law and its breakdown, will tell you that the ensuing storm mirrors the chaos in Britain. The Elizabethans paid lip-service to the idea that kings were magic, and actually knew that a stable monarchy was better for everybody than civil war. Merchandising Letter! (Lawful democracy would be devised later.) King Lear yells back at what proves to be a preternaturally severe storm. His whole retinue have abandoned him except the jester, who begs Lear to go apologize to his daughters and against uniforms research paper seek shelter, and Kent, who sends to Dover, where the French army has landed in expectation of a British civil war. Even though the fashion cover letter jester pretends to teacher be foolish, he always knows exactly what is going on, and fashion merchandising letter what's more, he is loyal to the old king.
You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is foolishness or profound wisdom. In the cover letter nurse and delivery first storm scene, which is fashion cover letter difficult, Lear is going crazy. He: first calls on the power of the self-reliance essay storm to sterilize the human race; then accuses the storm of taking sides with his daughters against fashion merchandising cover letter, his dignity and being their degraded slave; then, realizing that people have deceived him, says the storm must be the gods's way of finding and punishing secret evildoers, and teacher that he is a man more sinned against than sinning; then comments, my wit begins to turn, i.e., he realizes he is going crazy -- in literature, becoming insane is often a metaphor for changing the way you look at yourself and the world; notices the jester is cold, and comments that he is also cold; this is the first time Lear has been responsive to the needs and concerns of someone else; accepts Kent's suggestion to take shelter in a hut. Already inside the hut is one of the homeless mentally-ill. The play is merchandising letter probably better if, as it is sometimes staged, there are several lunatics all ranting together. (This one lunatic is actually a sane man in disguise, seeking refuge from private injustice. The extras who served as knights in the first and school uniforms second act and who will be in merchandising cover the battle scenes at the end can be the extra lunatics.) When he sees the hut, and before seeing the lunatic(s), King Lear realizes that what is happening to him now is what he has allowed to happen to the poor throughout his reign. Oh, I have taken too little care of this. He suddenly realizes that his luxuries have been maintained at letter and delivery the expense of merchandising cover his poorest subjects, and school uniforms research paper that justice is only now being served on him. When he sees the lunatic(s), Lear cracks, and says he/they must have given everything to their daughters and fashion letter been turned out also. But the onset of madness confers a deeper insight.
Lear sees in essay the naked lunatic someone who has taken nothing wrongfully from anyone, and is the essential human being. Merchandising Cover! Saying that unaccommodated man is no more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art, the king rips off his clothes. In the third storm scene, King Lear holds a trial of his two daughters, evidently mistaking a stool for Goneril, something else (I've seen a chicken used) for registered and delivery, Regan, and fashion merchandising letter so forth. In one Royal Shakespeare Company production, the king mistook a pillow that the english jester was holding for Regan, and stabbed the jester to death through the pillow. The good Earl of merchandising cover Gloucester comes and urges Kent to take the king (who has passed out) to current Dover, since his daughters' people are planning to kill him.
At the end, Kent tells the fashion letter jester to follow Lear. As often played, Kent discovers the jester to cover nurse labor be dead. The jester has no more entrances or lines, and fashion cover letter perhaps the college same boy-actor played Cordelia and the jester in the original production. Fashion Cover! You can read more about Robert Armin, the beloved comedian who played Shakespeare's jesters at college essays the time, elsewhere online. Kent and Lear reach Dover and Cordelia, who loves him. Cordelia accompanies an invading French army. She may not realize this, but sending her is probably a cynical, no-lose move by the King of France. If his forces win and kill the other heirs, he is now also King of Britain. If his forces lose, the heirs will kill Cordelia and he will be rid of a wife who is no longer of any political value. Fashion Letter! It seems to me that this is why the King of France suddenly had to return to his own country because of some sudden business that was more important than conquering England. Uh huh.
He has left his wife either to do it for him, or be killed. (Shakespeare's English audience mostly did not like the French. Obviously Shakespeare couldn't show a conquering French king on his stage. Teacher! But having the cover letter king land and for kinesthesis are located then leave suddenly lets Shakespeare make the foreign king look machiavellian. You'll have to decide about this for yourself.) Kent tells a friend that King Lear, in his more lucid moments, is too ashamed to see Cordelia. The king reappears in a field where the Earl of Gloucester lies, his eyes having been gouged out by fashion letter, Regan and essays her husband. King Lear is now crowned and decorated with weeds and wild flowers. He wavers between hallucinations and accurate perception. Fashion Cover Letter! At the same time, he talks about his world, focusing on how fake ordinary human society is. When he coins money, only his royal title makes him other than a counterfeiter. People pretend to be modest and virtuous, but in cover letter registered labor private are as amoral and dirty-living as animals.
The law is concerned with protecting the rich and concealing their misbehavior, not with promoting justice and fairness. Regan and Goneril have played and humored him. He learned the fashion cover letter truth only in the storm. He says that when we are born, we cry that we are come to this great stage of fools. Cover Nurse Labor! Cordelia's people come to bring him back to merchandising their camp, and they chase him down. We next see King Lear asleep under the care of Cordelia.
He awakes, and thinks -- correctly -- that he recognizes her. But he thinks that they are both dead. Cover Registered Nurse! Thou art a soul in fashion merchandising cover bliss, but I am bound upon the wheel of on soccer fire, that mine own tears do scald like molten lead. Cordelia kneels, Lear tries to fashion cover letter do the same (as in the older play), but Cordelia prevents him. Lear says he knows he is not in his perfect mind, and that he is bewildered, and that if Cordelia wants him dead he will drink her poison.
When Cordelia says she has no cause to be angry, but merely wants to help him, Lear says Pray now, forget and letter forgive. Cover Letter! I am old and foolish. King Lear is not about wrongs being righted. If Shakespeare were a Hollywood writer, his king might have returned to rulership and (having learned to be sensitive, and current public health case studies that it is all right to fashion letter cry) become a champion for the poor in his own country and set up a social agency to deal effectively with other dysfunctional families. In contrast to the happy ending in the source, Shakespeare has the French army defeated by the British, and Lear and Cordelia are captured. King Lear looks forward to happy time with his daughter in college essays prison, merely laughing at the rest of the world.
As the subplot concludes, all the villains are dead, but Cordelia has been hanged in prison. Merchandising Letter! King Lear kills the hangman with his bare hands. He comes onstage, carrying Cordelia's body and health case studies howling. King Lear's surviving heir, Goneril's good husband who is now sole head of the fashion merchandising cover letter victorious army, returns Lear's royal power, but Lear does not notice. Suddenly uncertain whether she is english alive or dead, King Lear bends to examine Cordelia, believes she is alive, and falls dead himself. The good survivors see the passing of a man who was larger than life.
The secondary plot. King Lear's story is paralleled by the story of the Earl of fashion cover letter Gloucester. Cover Letter Labor! We meet him at the beginning, introducing his illegitimate son Edmund with some smutty jokes. We do not need to see Edmund's face to imagine how often this must have happened, and fashion cover how Edmund's feelings must have been hurt by it. Perhaps this is part of how he got his attitude toward the world. Alone, Edmund soliloquizes that he is as talented and as loved as his legitimate brother Edgar, and that the accident of his birth is college on soccer unjust. Fashion! He professes allegiance to nature rather than law or love, and decides that he will try to gain control of the earldom by cells for kinesthesis are located in, removing his father and brother. Edmund takes a minute to ridicule astrology. We can ask ourselves whether Edmund is simply making fun of superstition, whether he is talking about self-empowerment like a 1990's person, whether he is merchandising cover disavowing a role for heaven (God, the supernatural, transcendent values, the ideals of religion, whatever) in his life, or whether he is current public health case studies denying their reality altogether. Fashion Cover Letter! Later, the good Kent will look to the same stars to explain the differences in attitude among King Lear's daughters. Edmund forges a letter, deceives his father into believing Edgar has first asked him to help murder Gloucester, then pretends to have been injured by the fleeing Edgar.
Gloucester declares Edgar an outlaw and Edmund his heir. Edgar finds refuge among the homeless mentally ill and later meets King Lear there. When France invades, Gloucester talks to Edmund about taking King Lear's side, and Edmund betrays him to Goneril and Regan. Edmund shows Cornwall an incriminating letter to Regan's husband and english pretends to be uncertain about fashion merchandising whether his father is are located a traitor. Fashion Letter! True or not, is Cornwall's cynical reply, it hath made thee Earl of Gloucester. Pretending both moral outrage and english teacher essay the desire to fashion merchandising letter follow proper legal procedure (the form of justice), Regan's husband carves out current case studies, Gloucester's eyes. Fashion Letter! He stomps one eyeball flat on current public health studies the ground for fun, but is stabbed to death by one of his own horrified servants, who is killed in turn by Regan's backstab. The dying husband calls on Regan for help, but Regan likes Edmund instead. As the scene is often staged, she merely walks off and lets him die.
The director may even have her stab Cornwall again herself. Gloucester's servants tend his wounds and Edgar leads him, without revealing who he is, to Dover, where he meets Lear and laments his own foolishness. Then Oswald finds Gloucester and attacks him, but is killed by Edgar, who finds a letter incriminating Goneril for her adultery with Edmund. During the fashion battle, Edgar finally reveals the current case studies truth to Gloucester and the old man dies happy. After the cover battle, Edgar defeats Edmund in a duel (Albany makes Edmund fight), jealous Goneril poisons Regan and then suicides, the brothers forgive each other, and current public Edmund's last act is an fashion cover letter, attempt to do good despite his own [evil] nature. He calls -- too late -- for Lear's and Cordelia's lives to against school be spared. The subplot seems to have been inspired by an episode in Sidney's Arcadia about the King of Paphlagonia. Many details match, including the fashion merchandising cover good son persuading the blinded father not to jump to his death off a cliff. Some commentators, including Edgar, have seen Gloucester's physical torture as punishment for his sexual sin.
Be this as it may, King Lear contains the oldest torture scene that you'll see on current case the stage. Sensitive Victorians cut it from production. Merchandising! Even by today's movie standards, it is college on soccer a shocker. Since setting up this page, I've heard from a few students that their instructors said Today we consider Edmund admirable but in Shakespeare's time his actions might have made the audience angry. I am not making this up. Cover Letter! Evidently Edmund is english essay admirable because he has a grievance and talks about illegitimate sons being discriminated against, and is some kind of nature-worshipper. This overshadows the way he treats everybody around him. An authentic liberal would wish that Edmund had shown a little real kindness to the genuinely needy people on his father's estate -- as King Lear ultimately wishes he had done. Admiring someone primarily for his grievances is the politics of extremism.
Feel free to speak up in fashion merchandising letter class. Your decent-minded classmates will appreciate it. Themes and college Image Patterns. Who is it that can tell me who I am? -- King Lear. The Elizabethans believed, or pretended to believe, that the natural world reflected a hierarchy that mirrored good government and stable monarchy. This is a common enough idea in old books from various cultures. Even our scientific age talks both about laws of fashion letter nature and good government through good laws, although of course we know the essential difference.
Shakespeare's era contrasted nature and art (i.e., human-made decorations, human-made luxuries and technologies, human-made artistic productions), just as we talk about essential human nature contrasted to culture. Shakespeare's era also contrasted natural and unnatural behaviors; the cells are located latter would include mistreating family members, opposing the merchandising cover government, and various sexual activities not intended for essay, procreation. King Lear deals with how children and parents treat each other, whether human society is the product of nature or something we create so as to live better than animals do, and whether human nature is fashion cover fundamentally selfish or generous. Not surprisingly, you can find various ideas about the relationship between human beings and the natural world. You already know that 57 different animals are mentioned in college essays on soccer the play. Lear tells Cordelia that neither human nature nor royal dignity can tolerate the way she has insulted him.
Lear tells the King of France that nature is ashamed to merchandising have produced a child like Cordelia, whose lack of love is so contrary to nature. King Lear expects people to be naturally virtuous, in other words, to tell him the lies he wants to hear. The King of France suggests that Cordelia has a tardiness in nature, i.e., that sometime's it's natural to be inarticulate. France sees nature as the source of human frailties, rather than vice. Edmund begins, Thou, Nature, art my goddess. Teacher! Human law and custom have treated Edmund unfairly because his parents were not married. Edmund intends to look out for himself, like an cover, animal. Edmund sees nature as the opposite of human virtue. Stupid Gloucester, deceived by Edmund, considers Edgar's supposed plot to murder him to be contrary to nature (unnatural, brutish).
Gloucester believes in labor astrology. Gloucester thinks that the eclipses, which result from natural causes, still have unnatural effects, causing the breakdown of fashion cover human society. On Soccer! Edmund doesn't believe in astrology. He says he was born rough and self-centered, and that the stars had nothing to do with it. Later, Kent believes the stars must account for the inexplicable differences in cover letter people's attitudes. Some Elizabethans believed that the stars affected nature as supernatural agents. Against Research! Others believed that they were powerful natural forces. Edmund remarks that Edgar's nature is fashion gentle and naive, and (at the end) that he will do one last good deed in spite of mine own nature. (Do you think that Edmund realized -- for the first time, after the deaths of his two girlfriends -- that he COULD be loved, and this made him do something good? Edmund's remark about acting against his nature reminds us of the ongoing scientific and political controversies over how much of an individual's behavior is genetically programmed, how much is school research learned and conditioned, and how much one is responsible. (Nature vs. nurture; innate vs. cultural, and so forth.) King Lear, thinking of Cordelia's most small fault, laments the way it scrambled his mind (wrenched my frame of nature from its fixed place).
King Lear also calls on nature as a goddess, to punish Goneril with infertility, or else give her a baby that grows up to hate her (a thwart disnatured torment). Lear says as he leaves Goneril's home, I will forget my nature, perhaps meaning he will begin crying again. Gloucester jokes that Edmund is fashion cover letter loyal and current health natural. The latter means both illegitimate, and that he cares for his own flesh-and-blood as a son should. Regan's husband speaks of fashion cover Edmund's nature of such deep trust, i.e., his trustworthy character is inborn. Kent tells the steward that nature disclaims thee; a tailor made thee, ridiculing his unmanliness and his obsequiousness. When Regan pretends to be sick, King Lear remarks that you're not yourself when natural sickness affects you. We are not ourselves when nature, being oppressed, commands the mind to suffer with the body. There's a foreshadowing here.
Regan tells King Lear that nature in you stands on the very verge of against uniforms research paper her confine. In other words, you're getting too old to make your own decisions, and Regan's behavior is only that of a good, natural daughter. We've already seen (allow not nature more than nature needs. ) King Lear says that it is fashion merchandising superfluous luxuries that raise us above the natural level of essays on soccer animals. He will soon change his mind. Kent and the other basically good characters see the treatment of Lear and Gloucester as unnatural. Albany says to Goneril, That nature which condemns itself in fashion merchandising cover origin cannot bordered certain in itself -- i.e., if you mistreat your own parent, what kind of self-reliance essay person must you be? Writers who talk about the Elizabethans believing in cosmic hierarchy and so forth will see a moral warning against deviating from nature: If you have violated nature by being less than generous to your parent, your self-centeredness will grow and you will become morally worse than an animal. King Lear calls on the storm to crack nature's moulds and end the human race. Kent urges King Lear to seek shelter, since man's nature cannot carry the affliction nor the force and the tyranny of the open night's too rough for nature to merchandising letter endure. King Lear, crazy, asks whether Regan's hard-heartedness is the result of natural disease or chemistry or something perhaps cultural or perhaps supernatural. Is there any cause in nature that makes this hardness?
When Lear falls asleep in the last storm scene, Kent sees his madness as oppressed nature sleeping. Cordelia is cells for kinesthesis said to fashion letter redeem nature from the general curse brought by the other two daughters. With people like Cordelia in the world, one could not say the self-reliance essay human race is generally bad by nature. The physician calls sleep our foster-nurse of nature. Readers may remember Macbeth, who after committing the unnatural crime of fashion merchandising letter killing a king, becomes an insomniac. King Lear, with the insight of madness, decorates himself with wild flowers.
You can use these various ideas about what's natural and what's not to english essay develop a good paper. Thomas Hobbes observed that the lives of wild animals and primitive people are mostly nasty, brutish, and short. Despite romantic depictions, it would be hard nowadays to find anyone who would disagree. Nowadays, most people believe that culture is something that we invent so that we can fall in love, create works of art and fashion letter music, remember the past, and enjoy a reasonable prospect of good health, personal security, and choosing our own paths through life. If most of us no longer believe that a king's sovereignty mirrors the nurse labor and delivery harmony of a well-run natural world, we can still find fundamental human issues treated in King Lear . King Lear tells Regan that you're not human unless you have more than you need. (Allow not nature more than nature needs. Cover! ) Then in health the storm, King Lear cries out that only the poorest person, who owes nothing to fashion merchandising letter anyone (not even the animals), is truly human (. the self-reliance essay thing itself.) Which do you think is right? In I.iv., King Lear himself introduces the question, Who am I? in merchandising cover the passage that begins Doth any here know me. and for kinesthesis are located in ends with Who is merchandising cover letter it that can tell me who I am? And if you want to keep it very simple, just notice this.
King Lear and the mostly-good characters talk about nature as making us care about one another, especially our own families. Edmund talks about nature as making us care only about ourselves. Who is right? I can't tell you. You have a lifetime to decide for yourself. Many people approaching King Lear decided Edmund is their favorite character. Shakespeare presents characters rather than caricatures, and essay our sympathies are always divided. Edmund is charming, clever, clear-headed (when others are not). And we see at the very beginning how hurtfully and thoughtlessly his father has treated him. In keeping with the fashion merchandising theme of the play, Edmund decides at the beginning that human nature is fundamentally selfish.
And Edmund decides to act accordingly. In our world, such people always present themselves as having style, and in uniforms research paper fact those who pray certain liturgies specifically renounce the glamour of evil. Edmund treats others horribly. Yet at the end, Edmund finds the decency he thought he didn't have, and letter tries to do good in spite of [his] own nature. I've seen this sort of public health case studies thing in fashion letter real life, and perhaps you have too. There's a good paper right here. Other image clusters in King Lear include clothing / nakedness (are you more yourself with your culture's clothes and the dignity they confer, or naked, owing nothing to anyone?), fortune (is what happens to us dumb luck, predestined, or whatever?), justice (many different ideas), and eyeslght / blindness / hallucination (a blinded character and a hallucinating character both perceive things more clearly; the play asks Does human nature make us care only for ourselves, or for others?, our natural eyes may not give us the best answer.) And there's the on soccer recurrent theme of nothing . Cordelia can add nothing to cover letter her sisters' speeches. Lear says that nothing is the for kinesthesis reward to Cordelia and merchandising Burgundy after Cordelia says nothing. Edmund was reading nothing, so Gloucester says the teacher quality of nothing has no need to fashion letter hide itself, and if it's nothing, he won't need his reading glasses. Self-reliance Essay! Lear says the jester's jingle is nothing, and the jester adds that Lear paid nothing for it.
Asked if he can make use of nothing, Lear says again, nothing can come from fashion merchandising cover nothing. Against School Uniforms! The jester calls Lear a zero without a preceding figure, or nothing. Deprived of his identity, Edgard is nothing. The storm makes nothing (should this be knotting?) of Lear's hair. But in the storm, Lear first decides to say nothing, then admires the fashion letter poor man who owes nothing to any other creature as the true human being. Essays! You can find several other examples, including insults of the merchandising form You're nothing but. . But King Lear's speech on owing nothing ends the image cluster. Perhaps Shakespeare is telling us that there is much of which we need to divest ourselves before we can find our real selves. What Shakespeare Could Not Say Openly? Meantime, we shall express our darker purposes. Essay! -- Lear.
You'll need to decide for yourself about what follows. The last lines of the play are puzzling, especially Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say. In Shakespeare's era, custom required that the first and last lines of a scene be given to the highest-ranking character on stage. The Quarto gives these to Albany (who is a duke, outranking an earl). This looks like an editor's attempt to correct what he thought was an error. The Folio gives them to merchandising cover Edgar, who has just been asked to assume the kingship by Albany. Giving Edgar a final word along with Kent and Albany seems right.
Thanks to my correspondent Menay D'Ann Wilde of Mrs. Dodson's class at Hirshi High for for kinesthesis in, asking the perfect question: Since Edgar is not coronated, did Shakespeare make a mistake? What do YOU think? Was Shakespeare ignoring a hidebound, classist custom for the ending of his great tragedy? Albany's a duke and Edgar is king-designate, so who outranks who? Was giving the cover good king-to-be, Edgar, the last word the best way to end a sad play on an upbeat note? Anyway. I think I understand what Edgar is essay saying. At the time of someone's death, Shakespeare's contemporaries (and most of ours) will tell you that the fashion cover letter survivors ought to school uniforms say some conventional piety. Edgar says, Let's just tell the truth. This happened.
This is sad. Shakespeare's England did not afford its citizens the same freedom of, or from, religion that we possess. A few years before King Lear , the playwright Thomas Kyd had literally been tortured for expressing skepticism about orthodox Christianity. Christopher Marlowe, who Kyd implicated as a fellow-freethinker, escaped a similar fate only by getting murdered in a tavern brawl. Characters in King Lear often talk about the merchandising gods (the setting is pagan Britain); God is mentioned only once by King Lear, who fantasizes (unrealistically) that he and Cordelia will be allowed to live and look at ordinary people without being involved as if we were God's spies. Hypocritical Edmund pretends that he's warned Edgar of the gods' wrath, King Lear swears by Apollo and teacher essay Jupiter (and Kent, as a bitter joke, swears by Jupiter's wife Juno), and of course Gloucester says that the gods play with us as boys play with flies, killing us for merchandising cover, fun. Edgar says (to Edmund, but for english teacher essay, the benefit of the simple, good Albany) that the gods are just, and merchandising cover letter that Gloucester was punished for an episode of nonmarital sex by having his eyes gouged out. This is obviously NOT justice. In the most puzzling scene in the play, Edgar pretends to escort the cells for kinesthesis blind Gloucester to the white cliffs of Dover, where Gloucester intends to jump to his death.
Edgar tells him he is at merchandising cover the summit, Gloucester jumps, and faints. Edgar then changes his accent, waits for his father to revive, and tells him that God has saved his life miraculously. Of course this is a lie, but it helps Gloucester find emotional peace. Shakespeare changed his source material -- in research the original, the son merely talks the father out of suicide. Edmund didn't believe in astrology, but considered himself a product of nature. Edgar's skeptical expression is kinder but seems even deeper. It seems to me that Shakespeare is saying, as clearly as he can, what many people in his own day must have believed secretly. There is no God. Fashion Merchandising Letter! The comforts of religion are make-believe. Nor are we good by cover, nature, or through our laws and customs. The only fashion cover letter hope for human beings is essays that we can be try to be decent and generous with one another.
Whether or not you agree (and I do not), this deepest message explains for me why the cosmic tragedy of King Lear still speaks to us so powerfully. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (2003) Enjoying King Lear by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. Fashion! 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/kinglear.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the registered nurse labor and delivery name of the merchandising site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is against school paper Ed Friedlander MD. Nahum Tate adapted King Lear so it would have a happy ending. Restoration themes (Love Conquors All, Virtue is merchandising cover letter Rewarded, etc.) From the same milieu that produced the school uniforms corny William Dyce painting of letter Lear and his jester enjoying the teacher countryside. You can find it online here. Kent Richmond of Cal State (Long Beach) has prepared a version that replaces the archaic words with modern ones. Merchandising Cover! Looks good; does not dumb the play down.
King Lear -- Online Literature; text and english teacher essay some notes. No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation. Teri Bannerman -- literature site under construction. Cordelia -- did she stay behind in disguise as King Lear's jester? Ed says. Yes! Cordelia and the jester never appear onstage at the same time, and the jester disappears without explanation after act III; Other Shakespearean heroines disguise themselves as men, though only in merchandising letter the non-tragedies; King Lear seems to identify the jester and Cordelia in the last scene (My poor fool is essays on soccer hanged!); Cordelia seems to fashion merchandising cover remember the extreme severity of the storm, and would have saved her enemy's dog that night even if it had bit her (IV.vii) It's quite playable.
Having Cordelia reveal herself at for kinesthesis in the end of III.vi. is an audience-pleaser. No! It is cover letter hard to explain Cordelia's choice of jokes, which run from the bitter to the off-color to very harsh criticism of the college essays King, and it is fashion merchandising hard to explain why Cordelia would want to rub her beloved father's face in his own stupidity; Since my young lady's going into France, sir, the fool has much pined away. Against School Research Paper! No more of that, I have noted it. Merchandising Cover! -- I.iv. The same boy-actor probably played both characters, accounting for cells are located in, their not appearing onstage together. Encyclopedia Brittanica. It has been difficult for champions of Shakespeare's moral and cover letter religious orthodoxy to combat the play's great pessimism. Larry A. Brown -- Evangelical and professor of theater, has his thoughts and the full texts of the quarto and folio versions.
Watch King Lear on video clips: Ian Holm -- Cordelia with Lear as he re-awakes. Kozintsev's Lear -- Lear after the storm among the homeless mentally-ill. Lawrence Olivier -- after the storm, with Gloucester. Puppet show -- very funny, abbreviated, modern language, produced by four clever young women. Antaeus Company -- the old loon hasn't looked so good in some time Belle Yang -- painting; Love and Be Silent Shotgun Players -- King Lear with a warning that the plot has been changed.
The commentary suggests that this is to promote the idea, popular for the last few decades in some intellectual circles, that people who seem to essay be good to others, or trying to be good to others, are all phonies, and that only obviously selfish and cruel people are genuine. I am glad I don't believe this. Before the Devil Knows You are Dead features a school performance of King Lear in which the anti-hero's daughter forgets the last line (The oldest hath borne most. We who are young will never see so much, nor live so long.) This proves prophetic, and the movie asks some the same question as the fashion merchandising letter play: Is it simply and public health case studies obviously true, as one character says, that the world is an fashion merchandising cover, evil place? Megan Fox has a line from King Lear tattooed on her back. Korol Lir at Rotten Tomatoes. King Lear shows that great force of studies character is merchandising letter not necessarily wise, rude speech is college essays not necessarily unkind, and cover letter madness is in some cases a perfectly reasonable response to intolerable conditions..
Christopher Plummer's King Lear is reviewed in the New York Times (you must join): The overall vision of the 'Lear' may be of a godless world. Christopher Plummer's King Lear. The King is Alive the Namibian desert. Edward Bond's Lear (1971) has little to do with Shakespeare's work and is probably the most violent play ever staged. Bond, a left-winger, claimed he wanted to change society for the better by portraying everyone and everything as sensely cruel. Cover Nurse Labor And Delivery! Audiences still left disgusted. The Madness of fashion cover King George -- mental illness strikes another king of England. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards. The site author is, like me, committed to essay making Shakespeare available to everybody, at no cost. Cover! Enjoy.
King Lear Parody by Richard Nathan. Brilliant. This essay is actually being offered for sale by at least three different online sites for students who for whatever reason don't want to write their own papers. There has been no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to college begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. To the fashion merchandising cover letter best of my knowledge, all the health case studies links on my literature pages are to free sites. In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures. I refused, and the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time.
It's a shame. This site will always remain free, to cover letter help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Oedipus the King -- including something about the tragic hero business. If you are asked to write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on Aristotle. You may find it more rewarding to focus on something at once more obvious and more profound. Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the characters.
For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on uniforms tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and here, my advice is the fashion cover letter same -- focus on the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. (1) Look at the short story that provided the plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Cells In! Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the Venetian government) care only who a person is and fashion letter what that person can do. Public Health Studies! They consider Brabantio a jerk for letter, accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Iago, who for whatever reason has a chip on his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons.
Desdemona is originally frightened by someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent. (2) It is very common for special-forces operatives who return to civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to for kinesthesis have terrible difficulties. Fashion Cover! Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Too many become terribly confused and end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and cover letter registered and delivery hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. I'm an MD, a pathologist in fashion letter Kansas City, a mainstream Christian. a modernist, a skydiver, an adventure gamer, the world's busiest free internet physician, and essay a man who still enjoys books and ideas. I hope you like King Lear , and that I've been of some help. Belief in God -- I do not share King Lear's dark vision, but I understand why others do. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the fashion letter commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks and parentheses.
This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the one who's typed a particular document. reset Jan. 30, 2005: Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, and get out of english teacher essay abusive relationships by any means.
If the grown-ups who support you are difficult, act like you love them even if you're not sure that you do. It'll help you and them. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people. Health and friendship. Visitors send me this question from fashion merchandising letter time to time.
If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is human nature fundamentally kind or selfish? Do our luxuries make us more or less human? If there is no God, do we still have a reason to love one another? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. A Thousand Acres.
Click here to see the public health case author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right. Afterward: A year after setting up this page, I've had over 100,000 visitors and a few hundred thank you's. Letter! To be thanked, madam, is to english be overpaid. Cover Letter! -- Kent. A few correspondents are belligerent, telling me that I'm dogmatic, pretentious, and/or pathetic, but never attempting to explain why. As I've written elsewhere, If you have no case, shout 'hubris!' I'm very glad to for kinesthesis are located be able to help so many other people enjoy Shakespeare.
Health and friendship.
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Use Your Blog as a Resume? Part I: Pros and Cons. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. Editor’s note: This article is the first of two parts. Cover? Part II provides tips and school uniforms research paper, examples for job-seekers using a blog as a resume. Through the use of a variety of online tools — blogs, wikis, social-networking sites, portfolios, podcasts, YouTube videos, and more — individuals, especially younger people, are socially constructing their identities in fashion ways unimagined a dozen or so years ago. Where a dedicated careerist of old constructed a job-seeking identity through a resume and a few other printed materials disseminated to audiences that seem puny by today’s standards, postmillennial upwardly mobile types are establishing their career identities to vast global audiences using the tools of the so-called Web 2.0, defined in part by english, Web guru Tim O’Reilly as comprising an merchandising “architecture of participation.” The concept of Web 2.0 “suggests that everyone … can and should use digital media to express and realize themselves,” writes Andrew Keen in cover registered nurse labor The Daily Standard . And recruiters are responding.
Case in point is the notion of the fashion, blog as a replacement or accompaniment for a resume. Current Case Studies? Sarah E. Needleman reported on the Career Journal site (now collapsed into the Wall Street Journal site; article no longer available) that Ryan Loken, a Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., recruitment manager, had filled an estimated 125 corporate jobs by reading blogs. Well-known recruiting blogger Heather Hamilton, a staffing manager at Microsoft, noted in fashion letter her blog that “recruiters are searching blogs specifically for resumes.” Recruiters who responded to blog postings on the topic of against school uniforms research paper, blogs as replacements for resumes made such comments as: “We’ve hired two people fresh out of merchandising, college in the past four months that we found through their blogs — one didn’t even have a formal resume. Frankly, he didn’t need one. A blog trumps a resume every single time.” “Our stance is that blogging is important — at least in our medium — and we are developing a strategy around it. We are conducting a search for a marketing director right now — if an school uniforms research paper applicant doesn’t blog, or at least contribute heavily, it’s fair to say that we are going to pass them by.” Dave Lefkow’s blog post on ERE.net (a site for executive recruiters), entitled My Blog is My Resume (registration may be required to see the full article), talks about “the changing dynamics of the Web’s second generation.” His article’s implications for job-seekers are apparent in merchandising cover letter these excerpts: Privacy is no longer an issue. This generation seems quite comfortable publishing all of the current health case, gory details of their lives online.
Some of these details will shock you. Get used to workers who are perfectly functioning members of the fashion letter, work world, but who perhaps make decisions in their personal lives that you find appalling. Many job-seekers, growing up in the level playing field that is the innovation economy, will often expect to be judged by public case, their ideas, not their experience. Resumes will become irrelevant (or at best, a meaningless formality that describes your work history, not who you are). Why are some employers and cover, recruiters coming to see tools like blogs as more revealing and authentic than resumes? One blog commenter explains: “Think about it — a resume is one or two pages, of flat, static information. A blog is an interactive space where you can really see inside of cells for kinesthesis, a prospect’s head — their ability to fashion merchandising letter, innovate, think, and communicate.
You not only find out what they’ve done for work, but what their passions are, and school research paper, frankly if they’re the type of person you think would fit into your organization.” Another commenter noted that the new generation craves personal contact. A blog provides a way to move beyond a resume’s flatness and create a sense of personal contact. When you reader a blogger’s work, you often have a sense of knowing him or her even though you’ve never met. Lefkow’s blog post and merchandising, indeed the entire discussion of the idea of blogs as replacements for resumes seems to have originated with a post on Scobleizer, the blog of Robert Scoble, who noted that he hadn’t needed a resume to get his most recent job and implied that he didn’t expect to essays, need one in the future. Scoble also asserted that his Wikipedia entry takes the merchandising cover, place of a resume. Self-reliance? This brief post elicited 59 comments. Letter? Similarly, Adam Darowski in cells are located his blog, Traces of Inspiration, submitted an entry entitled The Blog is the New Resume, and Joshua Porter followed with an identically titled post on his blog, Bokardo, both of which generated extensive comments that provide glimpses into a future in fashion merchandising letter which blogs — or other tools — might take the case, place of resumes — or not. Darowski wrote, “Wouldn’t it be nice to have more than a vague bulleted list of accomplishments before actually picking up the fashion cover letter, phone to college essays, call the person? There is. There’s blogging.
Blogging is the perfect way for fashion merchandising, a candidate to give an employer a more detailed sales pitch — to show they can ‘talk the talk’ (as opposed to just fill a resume with buzzwords).” Porter added a five-point list of the advantages blogs have over resumes, including a blog’s ability to school paper, represent the individual, its archival quality, and the blogger’s editorial control over it. One of his commenters noted that the editorial control enables the blogger to cover letter, go back into archived entries and update or revise them. Among other pro-blog-as-resume points made by commenters: Blogs may reveal more of the job-seeker’s essence than a resume can. One commenter noted that a resume “cannot show them my passion, my intellect, my personality, etc.”, while another added, “How the hell is [a corporate-speak cover letter and case, a bullet-point resume] meant to convey my personality and strong work ethos?” Pointing to the future, a commenter said: “Resume[s] will no longer be important — blogs will be.” Another added: “I do get a bit surprised when someone asks to see my resume. I think it’s so obsolete.
I don’t believe that it necessarily has to be a blog, but creating a Web presence seems to me a more effective way of showing potential employers, business partners, or investors who you are and what you’ve done.” A blog may be a way for the job-seeker to distinguish himself or herself. The point of not using a resume, a commenter said, is to stand out from all the others — “creative alternatives to tired and conventional job searching.” In blog-obsessed industries, not having a blog can be a deficit. Fashion Letter? Darowski wrote: “Those who don’t [have blogs] will be at a disadvantage. Hiring managers will say… “Okay, why does this person not have a blog? Is it because (1) they have nothing to say?; (2) they can’t communicate?; or (3) they can’t be bothered?” Blogs show how well you express yourself. “I think another point to make is how important a blog is for demonstrating one’s ability to communicate clearly and articulately — and to current public health studies, think critically,” a commenter wrote. Conversely, if you’re a weak writer, a blog is probably not your best showcase. Blogs are proving themselves as resume substitutes. Several commenters reported success in getting interviews and merchandising, jobs through their blogs. “In my experience I have had more positive feedback about my blog in interviews and self-reliance, during the job seeking process,” wrote a commenter. “It is fashion cover a way for an employer to cells for kinesthesis, get a snapshot of your personality.”
Darowski proved his point when he was hired by a new company, whose hiring manager wrote of Darowski’s blog, “While Adam’s cover letter and fashion cover, resume provided a telling introduction, his blog was the real page turner. I learned he thinks beyond the immediate problem, he self-motivates, he aggressively educates himself, he aggressively educates those around him, and he’s a Red Sox fan. College Essays On Soccer? I would have discovered some of this eventually from the interview, the references and fashion, various other communications. But in the blog, it all became part of the against research, first impression, helping him stand out fashion merchandising, from the crowd early on.” Ram Prasad, creator of the MegaLinux blog reported: “I have been fortunate enough to have gotten a job because of my blog.” Not all of those who commented on the Scoble, Lefkow, Darowski, and Porter blog posts agreed that blogs are the best alternatives to resumes — or even that resumes should be replaced: Other audio and video media may be more effective than blogs in conveying the job-seeker’s essence. Against School Research Paper? Instead of a blog, one commenter suggested enabling “job seekers to post a short (less than 5-minute) podcast in place of a resume — It would give hiring managers a MUCH better sense of who they are as a person than a resume can do.” This poster coined the novel term “jobcasts.” Still another suggested other forms: Vlogs, PodCV, videoCV, a brief outline of your skillset via a video attached to fashion merchandising cover, an email. Others eschewed the health, podcast idea because it still skirts personal interaction.
Some suggested that profiles on social-networking sites, such as LinkedIn, are more likely to replace resumes than blogs are. See also our article Are Video Resumes for You? The extent to fashion cover letter, which recruiters are finding candidates through blogs may be exaggerated. While some commenters expressed that recruiters who don’t check for english teacher essay, a candidate’s online presence are not doing their jobs, others, including recruiters themselves commented that recruiters are extremely busy and may not have a lot of time for blog-reading and Internet searches that go beyond sourcing resumes. Blogs aren’t effective if you don’t maintain them. A huge number of blogs are started but quickly abandoned. If you don’t post regularly to your blog, it will lose currency as a resume-like tool. As Darowski points out, though, if you’re a successful blogger, you’ll stand out as more persistent and determined than those who abandoned theirs. “The cream rises to merchandising, the top,” he wrote.
Blogs don’t provide the right information. One commenter quoted Quintessential Careers contributor Maureen Crawford Hentz, manager of essays on soccer, talent acquisition at Osram Sylvania, in a New York Times article: “I’d rather not see that part of [job-seekers]. Fashion Merchandising Cover? I don’t think it’s related to their bona fide occupational qualifications.” The commenter elaborated: “Blogs don’t tell you how a person makes sound business decisions or can meet goals, think strategically, or solve problems. I think it’s risky and dumb to essay, assess someone’s qualifications based solely on their blog or Internet presence.” Blogs may work best in certain fields, such as high tech and marketing. In some fields, blogs are the stock-in-trade; in others, professionals have barely heard of fashion letter, blogs.
If you’re considering using a blog as a resume or supplement to essays on soccer, a resume, conduct a search, such as on Google Blog Search, to see how blog-friendly your field is. Blogs may violate company policy. One of the best resume-like uses of fashion, a blog is to describe the projects you’ve worked on cells are located, (“How often do you look at a resume and wonder what exactly the person’s role on a project was?” Darowski wrote. “Well, if the person blogged about letter, it then you would have a better idea — and you would know if the role would fit in with your team.”). Against Research? But many companies don’t permit blogging about such details, in part because they don’t want the competition to know what they’re up to. A resume provides structure for fashion cover letter, employer interactions with candidates in a way that a blog can’t. “Dude, a resume is part of a conversation. Cells Are Located? Why would you be reticent about giving yours to letter, someone?” queried one respondent, to which another commenter retorted: “If someone expects a resume as a foundation for a conversation you are not interested in having, then why submit the resume?” Another poster suggested that the current public, resume helps structure the narrative of the interview. A resume is still expected.
Writing in his own blog, Joiner said, “Even if your blog rocks, part of being an acquirable ‘microbrand’ is knowing that when the right opportunity arises, you must be able to cover letter, capitalize on it without giving your suitor pause to wonder what kind of ‘target’ refuses to jot down their credentials on college on soccer, paper.” Final Thoughts on Blogs as Resumes. So, bottom line, which should you have — a resume or a blog? Both, for now. Letter? Many in the career field predict the death of the resume, but for against school research paper, now, it’s still expected in most job-seeking venues. But a blog, carefully handled, communicates 24/7 to a global audience your personality, passion, expertise, skill in expressing yourself, sense of humor, and fashion, often, your fit with a company or industry. While blogs are more embraced — and even expected — in some industries more than others, they comprise one more tool that will get your name and health case studies, expertise out fashion merchandising cover letter, there and boost your job search. Blogs also have the advantage of what Scoble calls Bloggings’s Six Pillars, six key differences between blogging and self-reliance, any other communications channel.
Blogs are publishable, findable, social (because the blogosphere is one big conversation), viral (meaning they spread information quickly), syndicatable, and linkable (potentially many other blogs will link to yours). Of these pillars, only publishability and findability apply to resumes. Read Part II of this article for tips on how job-seekers can create a blog with resume-like elements, along with examples of blogs that function like resumes. Questions about some of the terminology used in fashion merchandising cover this article? Get more information (definitions and public, links) on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Job-Seeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an fashion letter educator, author, and blogger who provides content for Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine , an electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and blogs about self-reliance, storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career . Cover? Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and health studies, A Foot in the Door: Network ng Your Way into fashion merchandising cover letter, the Hidden Job Mar et (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters , Write Your Way to a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to letter nurse, Study Skills (Alpha). Fashion Merchandising? Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at kathy(at)quintcareers.com. Check out for kinesthesis, Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Have you taken advantage of all the cover, many free resume tools, articles, samples, and are located in, more that we have in the Resume Resources section of Quintessential Careers? Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives.
Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of cover, career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over cells for kinesthesis, 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and fashion merchandising cover, develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to college essays on soccer, help land the job you want. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr. Randall S. Hansen is founder of fashion cover, Quintessential Careers, one of the college, oldest and most comprehensive career development sites on fashion merchandising cover, the Web, as well CEO of EmpoweringSites.com.
He is also founder of MyCollegeSuccessStory.com and EnhanceMyVocabulary.com. He is english publisher of Quintessential Careers Press, including the Quintessential Careers electronic newsletter, QuintZine. Dr. Hansen is also a published author, with several books, chapters in merchandising cover letter books, and current health, hundreds of articles. Fashion Cover? He’s often quoted in against school uniforms paper the media and conducts empowering workshops around the country. Cover? Finally, Dr. Hansen is also an educator, having taught at the college level for research, more than 15 years. Merchandising Cover? Visit his personal Website or reach him by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Check out Dr. Hansen on GooglePlus. Katharine Hansen, Ph.D., creative director and associate publisher of Quintessential Careers, is an educator, author, and blogger who provides content for cover labor and delivery, Quintessential Careers, edits QuintZine, an fashion merchandising cover electronic newsletter for jobseekers, and teacher essay, blogs about storytelling in the job search at A Storied Career. Katharine, who earned her PhD in organizational behavior from Union Institute University, Cincinnati, OH, is author of Dynamic Cover Letters for New Graduates and A Foot in the Door: Networking Your Way into the Hidden Job Market (both published by Ten Speed Press), as well as Top Notch Executive Resumes (Career Press); and letter, with Randall S. Hansen, Ph.D., Dynamic Cover Letters, Write Your Way to cells for kinesthesis are located in, a Higher GPA (Ten Speed), and The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Study Skills (Alpha). Visit her personal Website or reach her by e-mail at email@example.com. Check out Dr. Fashion Merchandising? Hansen on GooglePlus.
I AM A CAREER CHANGER This page is college essays your key source for all things career-change related. You’ll find some great free career-change tools and resources. Changing careers can be traumatic, especially if you have been in your current career for a long time, but you do not have to go through the process alone or  Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog. Quintessential Careers: Career and Job-Hunting Blog Career and job-search news, trends, and fashion cover, scoops for essay, job-seekers, compiled by letter, the staff of Quintessential Careers.The Quintessential Careers Blog has moved!! These pages remain as an archive of our previous blog posts. Please check out the new and current public health, improved Quintessential Careers Blog for letter, Job-Seekers and Careerists. Interview Advice Job  The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers. The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and for kinesthesis are located in, more companies are developing career and merchandising letter, employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to on soccer, go straight to the career and employment section of the  Quintessential Careers: I am a Career Coach or Counselor.
The Quintessential Directory of Company Career Centers Where job-seekers can go directly to the job/career/employment section of a specific employer’s Website.Because more and more companies are developing career and fashion merchandising cover, employment centers on their corporate Websites, Quintessential Careers has developed this directory, which allows you to go straight to current public studies, the career and employment section of the  Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter. Customer Service Customer Service. 800-652-8430 Mon- Fri 8am - 8pm CST. Sat 8am - 5pm CST, Sun 10am - 6pm CST Stay in touch with us.
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65 Successful Harvard Business School Application Essays 2nd Edition 1. With Analysis by the Staff of letter, The Harbus, the cells for kinesthesis are located Harvard Business School Newspaper. Chris Withers Eugenia Gibbons John Richard Craig Ellis Irfhan Rawji Thomson Nguy Anonymous Jordan Burton 150 152 154 157 159 161 163 165. Merchandising Cover? Anonymous PaulYeh Rye Barcott Anonymous Adam Heltzer Anonymous Anonymous 171 174 177 180 183 186 189. Nathan Dutzmann Anonymous David Zhang John Schmit 197 200 203 206. Essay on Samsung Electronics - Harvard Business School. framework to analyze the level of competition within DRAM memory business, the threat of new entrant is high compared to the threat of substitutes and established rivals in horizontal competition. If we look at current studies, rivalry within the DRAM industry between established players, Samsung has a clear advantage over its competitors. Samsung is the fashion cover letter market leader in DRAM memory business. It has a wide range of products and its products has a higher brand value Application Case 2-1 (Gen Y Rocks the Business World) Essay. they can deliver the best to the organization. In addition, the management should regularly communicate with these people, asking for their opinions and respond to the recommendations or their dissatisfaction.
By this, Generation Y individuals Page | 1 will felt that the cells company is concerned about their welfare and in return they will serve better for the company. In line of understanding their behavior, the fashion cover letter organization will need to learn how to blend the workplace and the life-place to stay connected in Finance, I was fascinated. I was drawn by the magic that intangible things can create so much value and affect the economy so much. In combination with other business classes I took, I had a chance to know the college on soccer wide range of the business world. It was clear to me that no other academic or career choice was possible for me.
In High School I developed an interest in computer programming and won second prize in a competition in this subject in my home town. I also won a second prize in the China Mathematics Supervision of Successful Schools Essays. student centered and most of the failure of the school is placed on the student. Rules and routines are strictly enforced in fashion letter this type of school environment and not much teamwork is health studies, encouraged. A second category of most school in fashion America is essay, congenial which is very similar to conventional with the exception that stakeholders in a congenial school actually communicate with each other. The teachers enjoy working with each other and like conventional schools not much emphasis is placed on fashion the students Essay about self-reliance essay, Features a of Successful School. open-ended questioning to fashion merchandising cover letter, challenge students more (p. 249). These types of challenging assignments help prepare students to become critical thinkers, and college essays on soccer, get them ready for fashion merchandising college. Successful schools also ensure that teachers are giving performance-based assessments, Darling-Hammond (2010) states: All of the schools engage students in for kinesthesis are located in completing complex projects and investigations of merchandising cover, various kinds, and most of them require the completion of portfolios for graduation, which include high-quality work Airborne Express Harvard Business case Essay. Uniforms Research? Airborne take is significant affecting the development of the company, while facing this big change in fashion cover industry. Section 2: The problem/Opportunity: Airborne Express has long differentiated itself in the market by structuring itself as a big business only carrier.
They have specialized in large unit deliveries through metropolitan areas. Everything they do is aimed to optimize the delivery process and slash cost where ever possible. However, Airborne is now faced with a huge decision. They must Growing Your Successful Business Essay. blogs and all my main sites. As the most popular and best-supported blogging software system, WordPress keeps getting better. Printing Printing business cards and marketing pieces has become very inexpensive. These companies can quickly print great four-color (standard color printing) cards for very little. Against School Uniforms? I’ve used Henley Printing for business cards; they did a good job and cover, I like their paper quality.
However, they are a little more expensive than these printers: Print for Less – they get good Assignment 1-Case Study Application Fiscal Essay. Another example is that our school recently received a grant from the State of Ohio Department of Education to roll an Adult 22+ program out. The school understands the value of the students and the quality of registered and delivery, education they have obtained, so they worked hard to get this program within our school. Now, those above 22, who have previously aged out, are able to fashion letter, enroll in our 22+ program and still gain their diploma. This is case, giving those individuals who have finally realized the importance, the cover letter chance Essay on Test Bank For Business In Action 7th Edition Bovee Thill. free-market systems. Diff: 2 AACSB: Application of knowledge Chapter LO: 2 Course LO: Explain the benefits and challenges of engaging in against uniforms paper international business Classification: Application 11) Demand refers to the quantities of a good or service that producers will provide on a particular date at various prices. Answer: FALSE Explanation: Demand refers to buyers' willingness and ability to purchase products at various price points.
Diff: 1 AACSB: Application of knowledge Chapter LO: 3 Course the system needed 24 hour support. Cover? The operations team was required to school, work in shifts to accomplish this task. The shifts occurred in 12 hour time frames but usually lasted up to merchandising, 16 hours. The start times of the cells for kinesthesis shifts would change due to changing business needs, and every week
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far cotr resume This subpart provides policies and establishes responsibilities for recording and fashion merchandising letter, maintaining contractor performance information. This subpart does not apply to current public case studies, procedures used by agencies in determining fees under award or incentive fee contracts. See subpart 16.4. However, the fee amount paid to contractors should be reflective of the contractor’s performance and the past performance evaluation should closely parallel and be consistent with the merchandising letter fee determinations. (a) Past performance information (including the ratings and supporting narratives) is relevant information, for future source selection purposes, regarding a contractor’s actions under previously awarded contracts or orders. It includes, for example, the college essays on soccer contractor’s record of (1) Conforming to requirements and to standards of good workmanship; (2) Forecasting and controlling costs; (3) Adherence to schedules, including the administrative aspects of performance; (4) Reasonable and fashion cover letter, cooperative behavior and commitment to college essays, customer satisfaction; (5) Reporting into databases (see subpart 4.14, and reporting requirements in the solicitation provisions and clauses referenced in fashion letter 9.104-7); (6) Integrity and business ethics; and. (7) Business-like concern for the interest of the customer.
(b) Agencies shall monitor their compliance with the past performance evaluation requirements (see 42.1502), and use the Contractor Performance Assessment Reporting System (CPARS) and Past Performance Information Retrieval System (PPIRS) metric tools to measure the quality and school, timely reporting of past performance information. (a) General. Past performance evaluations shall be prepared at least annually and at the time the work under a contract or order is completed. Past performance evaluations are required for contracts and orders as specified in paragraphs (b) through (f) of this section, including contracts and orders performed outside the United States. These evaluations are generally for the entity, division, or unit that performed the contract or order. Letter. Past performance information shall be entered into self-reliance, CPARS, the Governmentwide evaluation reporting tool for all past performance reports on contracts and orders. Instructions for submitting evaluations into fashion merchandising, CPARS are available at http://www.cpars.gov/. (b) Contracts.
Except as provided in college essays on soccer paragraphs (e), (f), and (h) of this section, agencies shall prepare evaluations of contractor performance for each contract (as defined in FAR part 2) that exceeds the fashion merchandising simplified acquisition threshold and for public case studies, each order that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold. Agencies are required to prepare an evaluation if a modification to the contract causes the letter dollar amount to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. (c) Orders under multiple-agency contracts. Agencies shall prepare an evaluation of contractor performance for each order that exceeds the simplified acquisition threshold that is placed under a Federal Supply Schedule contract or placed under a task-order contract or a delivery-order contract awarded by another agency (i.e., Governmentwide acquisition contract or multi-agency contract). Agencies placing orders under their own multiple-agency contract shall also prepare evaluations for their own orders.
This evaluation shall not consider the requirements under paragraph (g) of english, this section. Merchandising. Agencies are required to prepare an evaluation if a modification to the order causes the cover letter nurse and delivery dollar amount to exceed the simplified acquisition threshold. (d) Orders under single-agency contracts. For single-agency task-order and delivery-order contracts, the contracting officer may require performance evaluations for each order in excess of the simplified acquisition threshold when such evaluations would produce more useful past performance information for source selection officials than that contained in the overall contract evaluation (e.g., when the scope of the basic contract is very broad and fashion merchandising letter, the nature of individual orders could be significantly different). This evaluation need not consider the requirements under paragraph (g) of this section unless the contracting officer deems it appropriate. (e) Past performance evaluations shall be prepared for each construction contract of $700,000 or more, and for each construction contract terminated for default regardless of contract value. English Essay. Past performance evaluations may also be prepared for construction contracts below $700,000. (f) Past performance evaluations shall be prepared for each architect-engineer services contract of $35,000 or more, and for each architect-engineer services contract that is terminated for default regardless of fashion cover, contract value. College Essays On Soccer. Past performance evaluations may also be prepared for architect-engineer services contracts below $35,000. (g) Past performance evaluations shall include an fashion merchandising cover assessment of the self-reliance contractor’s (1) Performance against, and efforts to achieve, the cover letter goals identified in the small business subcontracting plan when the contract includes the cells for kinesthesis are located in clause at 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan; and. (2) Reduced or untimely payments (as defined in 19.701), made to cover, small business subcontractors, determined by the contracting officer to cells, be unjustified.
The contracting officer shall (i) Consider and evaluate a contractor’s written explanation for a reduced or an untimely payment when determining whether the reduced or untimely payment is fashion, justified; and. (ii) Determine that a history of unjustified reduced or untimely payments has occurred when the contractor has reported three or more occasions of unjustified reduced or untimely payments under a single contract within a 12-month period (see 42.1503(h)(1)(vi) and the evaluation ratings in Table 42-2). The following payment or nonpayment situations are not considered to college, be unjustified: (A) There is a contract dispute on performance. (B) A partial payment is made for amounts not in dispute. (C) A payment is reduced due to past overpayments.
(D) There is an administrative mistake. (E) Late performance by the subcontractor leads to fashion cover letter, later payment by teacher essay, the prime contractor. (h) Agencies shall not evaluate performance for contracts awarded under subpart 8.7. (i) Agencies shall promptly report other contractor information in accordance with 42.1503(h). (j) Past performance evaluations shall include an assessment of contractor’s labor violation information when the contract includes the clause at 52.222-59, Compliance with Labor Laws (Executive Order 13673). Using information available to a contracting officer, past performance evaluations shall consider (1) A contractor’s relevant labor law violation information, e.g. , timely implementation of fashion cover letter, remedial measures and compliance with those remedial measures (including related labor compliance agreement(s)); and. (2) The extent to self-reliance, which the prime contractor addressed labor law violations by its subcontractors. Note to paragraph (j): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, this paragraph (j) is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the merchandising cover court terminates the teacher essay injunction.
At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction. (a)(1) Agencies shall assign responsibility and management accountability for the completeness of past performance submissions. Agency procedures for the past performance evaluation system shall (i) Generally provide for input to the evaluations from the technical office, contracting office, program management office, agency labor compliance advisor (ALCA) office (see subpart 22.20), and, where appropriate, quality assurance and cover letter, end users of the product or service; Note to paragraph (a)(1)(i): By a court order issued on studies, October 24, 2016, the words “agency labor compliance advisor (ALCA) office (see subpart 22.20)” in this paragraph (a)(1)(i) are enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the cover letter order. The enjoined words will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the injunction. (ii) Identify and assign past performance evaluation roles and responsibilities to those individuals responsible for preparing and reviewing interim evaluations, if prepared, and final evaluations (e.g., contracting officers, contracting officer representatives, project managers, and program managers).
Those individuals identified may obtain information for the evaluation of performance from the program office, administrative contracting office, audit office, end users of the product or service, ALCA, and any other technical or business advisor, as appropriate; and. Note to paragraph (a)(1)(ii): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, the word “ALCA” in this paragraph (a)(1)(ii) are enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. Teacher. The enjoined words will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the public of the termination of the merchandising injunction. (iii) Address management controls and appropriate management reviews of past performance evaluations, to include accountability for documenting past performance on PPIRS. (2) If agency procedures do not specify the against uniforms paper individuals responsible for cover letter, past performance evaluation duties, the contracting officer is responsible for are located, this function. (3) Interim evaluations may be prepared as required, in accordance with agency procedures. (b)(1) The evaluation should include a clear, non-technical description of the principal purpose of the contract or order.
The evaluation should reflect how the contractor performed. The evaluation should include clear relevant information that accurately depicts the contractor’s performance, and be based on objective facts supported by program and fashion, contract or order performance data. The evaluations should be tailored to the contract type, size, content, and complexity of the contractual requirements. (2) Evaluation factors for each assessment shall include, at a minimum, the in following: (i) Technical (quality of product or service). (ii) Cost control (not applicable for firm-fixed-price or fixed-price with economic price adjustment arrangements). (iv) Management or business relations. (v) Small business subcontracting, including reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors when 19.702(a) requires a subcontracting plan (as applicable, see Table 42-2). (vi) Other (as applicable) ( e.g ., trafficking violations, tax delinquency, failure to report in fashion cover accordance with contract terms and conditions, defective cost or pricing data, terminations, suspension and debarments). (3) Evaluation factors may include subfactors. (4) Each factor and subfactor used shall be evaluated and cover letter registered nurse labor and delivery, a supporting narrative provided.
Each evaluation factor, as listed in paragraph (b)(2) of fashion merchandising cover letter, this section, shall be rated in accordance with a five scale rating system (i.e., exceptional, very good, satisfactory, marginal, and unsatisfactory). The ratings and essays, narratives must reflect the definitions in fashion merchandising the tables 42-1 or 42-2 of cells in, this section. (c)(1) When the contract provides for incentive fees, the incentive-fee contract performance evaluation shall be entered into CPARS. (2) When the contract provides for award fee, the fashion merchandising cover letter award fee-contract performance adjectival rating as described in 16.401(e)(3) shall be entered into CPARS. (d) Agency evaluations of contractor performance, including both negative and public health studies, positive evaluations, prepared under this subpart shall be provided to the contractor as soon as practicable after completion of the evaluation.
The contractor will receive a CPARS-system generated notification when an evaluation is fashion, ready for comment. Contractors shall be afforded up to 14 calendar days from the date of notification of availability of the past performance evaluation to submit comments, rebutting statements, or additional information. Self-reliance Essay. Agencies shall provide for merchandising letter, review at a level above the teacher contracting officer to consider disagreements between the parties regarding the evaluation. The ultimate conclusion on the performance evaluation is a decision of the merchandising cover letter contracting agency. Copies of the evaluation, contractor response, and review comments, if any, shall be retained as part of the evaluation.
These evaluations may be used to against uniforms paper, support future award decisions, and should therefore be marked “Source Selection Information”. Evaluation of Federal Prison Industries (FPI) performance may be used to support a waiver request (see 8.604) when FPI is a mandatory source in accordance with subpart 8.6. The completed evaluation shall not be released to fashion cover, other than Government personnel and current public health studies, the contractor whose performance is being evaluated during the fashion merchandising cover letter period the information may be used to provide source selection information. Disclosure of such information could cause harm both to college essays on soccer, the commercial interest of the Government and to fashion merchandising letter, the competitive position of the letter registered nurse and delivery contractor being evaluated as well as impede the efficiency of Government operations. Evaluations used in determining award or incentive fee payments may also be used to satisfy the merchandising letter requirements of this subpart. Letter. A copy of the annual or final past performance evaluation shall be provided to the contractor as soon as it is finalized. (e) Agencies shall require frequent evaluation (e.g., monthly, quarterly) of agency compliance with the reporting requirements in 42.1502, so agencies can readily identify delinquent past performance reports and monitor their reports for quality control. (f) Agencies shall prepare and submit all past performance evaluations electronically in the CPARS at http://www.cpars.gov/. Fashion Merchandising Cover Letter. These evaluations, including any contractor-submitted information (with indication whether agency review is health studies, pending), are automatically transmitted to PPIRS at merchandising cover letter, http://www.ppirs.gov. not later than 14 days after the date on which the contractor is notified of the evaluation’s availability for comment. The Government shall update PPIRS with any contractor comments provided after 14 days, as well as any subsequent agency review of teacher, comments received. Past performance evaluations for classified contracts and special access programs shall not be reported in CPARS, but will be reported as stated in this subpart and in accordance with agency procedures.
Agencies shall ensure that appropriate management and technical controls are in place to ensure that only authorized personnel have access to the data and the information safeguarded in merchandising accordance with 42.1503(d). (g) Agencies shall use the past performance information in PPIRS that is within three years (six for construction and architect-engineer contracts) of the current public health case completion of performance of the fashion evaluated contract or order, and information contained in the Federal Awardee Performance and Integrity Information System (FAPIIS), e.g., terminations for default or cause. (h) Other contractor performance information. (1) Agencies shall ensure information is accurately reported in the FAPIIS module of CPARS within 3 calendar days after a contracting officer (i) Issues a final determination that a contractor has submitted defective cost or pricing data; (ii) Makes a subsequent change to the final determination concerning defective cost or pricing data pursuant to 15.407-1(d); (iii) Issues a final termination for cause or default notice; (iv) Makes a subsequent withdrawal or a conversion of a termination for college, default to a termination for convenience; (v) Receives a final determination after an administrative proceeding, in fashion merchandising cover accordance with 22.1704(d)(1), that substantiates an allegation of essay, a violation of the merchandising trafficking in persons prohibitions in 22.1703(a) and 52.222-50(b); or. (vi) Determines that a contractor has a history of cover registered labor, three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors under a single contract within a 12-month period (see 42.1502(g)(2)). (2) The information to be posted in merchandising letter accordance with this paragraph (h) is information relating to contractor performance, but does not constitute a “past performance review,” which would be exempted from public availability in accordance with section 3010 of the Supplemental Appropriations Act, 2010 (Pub. L. 111-212). Therefore, all such information posted in essay FAPIIS will be publicly available, unless covered by a disclosure exemption under the Freedom of Information Act (see 9.105-2(b)(2)). (3) Agencies shall establish CPARS focal points who will register users to report data into fashion cover, the FAPIIS module of CPARS (available at http://www.cpars.gov/, then select FAPIIS).
(4) With regard to information that may be covered by a disclosure exemption under the Freedom of Information Act, the essay contracting officer shall follow the procedures at 9.105-2(b)(2)(iv). (5) References to fashion cover, entries by cover registered labor, the Government into FAPIIS that are not performance information . For other entries into FAPIIS by the contracting officer see 9.105-2(b)(2) for fashion merchandising, documentation of a nonresponsibility determination. See 22.2004-1(c)(6) for cells for kinesthesis are located in, documentation by the ALCA of a labor compliance agreement. See 9.406-3(f)(1) and 9.407-3(e) for entry by merchandising cover, a suspending or debarring official of information regarding an administrative agreement. Note to paragraph (h)(5): By a court order issued on October 24, 2016, this paragraph (h)(5) is enjoined indefinitely as of the date of the order. The enjoined paragraph will become effective immediately if the court terminates the injunction. At that time, GSA, DoD and NASA will publish a document in the Federal Register advising the health case studies public of the termination of the injunction. Performance meets contractual requirements and exceeds many to the Government’s benefit. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated was accomplished with few minor problems for which corrective actions taken by fashion cover letter, the contractor were highly effective. To justify an Exceptional rating, identify multiple significant events and state how they were of benefit to the Government.
A singular benefit, however, could be of such magnitude that it alone constitutes an Exceptional rating. Also, there should have been NO significant weaknesses identified. Performance meets contractual requirements and exceeds some to the Government’s benefit. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated was accomplished with some minor problems for which corrective actions taken by the contractor were effective. To justify a Very Good rating, identify a significant event and state how it was a benefit to self-reliance essay, the Government. There should have been no significant weaknesses identified. Performance meets contractual requirements. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element contains some minor problems for which corrective actions taken by the contractor appear or were satisfactory. To justify a Satisfactory rating, there should have been only minor problems, or major problems the letter contractor recovered from essay without impact to the contract/order.
There should have been NO significant weaknesses identified. A fundamental principle of assigning ratings is that contractors will not be evaluated with a rating lower than Satisfactory solely for not performing beyond the requirements of the fashion cover letter contract/order. Performance does not meet some contractual requirements. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element being evaluated reflects a serious problem for which the contractor has not yet identified corrective actions. The contractor’s proposed actions appear only marginally effective or were not fully implemented. To justify Marginal performance, identify a significant event in each category that the contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted the Government. A Marginal rating should be supported by essay, referencing the fashion merchandising management tool that notified the contractor of the contractual deficiency (e.g., management, quality, safety, or environmental deficiency report or letter). Performance does not meet most contractual requirements and recovery is cells are located, not likely in a timely manner. The contractual performance of the element or sub-element contains a serious problem(s) for which the merchandising letter contractor’s corrective actions appear or were ineffective.
To justify an Unsatisfactory rating, identify multiple significant events in each category that the registered labor and delivery contractor had trouble overcoming and state how it impacted the Government. Merchandising Cover Letter. A singular problem, however, could be of such serious magnitude that it alone constitutes an unsatisfactory rating. An Unsatisfactory rating should be supported by self-reliance, referencing the management tools used to fashion merchandising cover, notify the contractor of the contractual deficiencies (e.g., management, quality, safety, or environmental deficiency reports, or letters). NOTE 1: Plus or minus signs may be used to indicate an improving (+) or worsening (-) trend insufficient to are located in, change the merchandising evaluation status. NOTE 2: N/A (not applicable) should be used if the ratings are not going to essay, be applied to merchandising, a particular area for evaluation.
Exceeded all statutory goals or goals as negotiated. Had exceptional success with initiatives to assist, promote, and utilize small business (SB), small disadvantaged business (SDB), women-owned small business (WOSB), HUBZone small business, veteran-owned small business (VOSB) and cells for kinesthesis in, service disabled veteran owned small business (SDVOSB). Fashion Merchandising Letter. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of public, Small Business Concerns. Exceeded any other small business participation requirements incorporated in the contract/order, including the use of small businesses in mission critical aspects of the program. Fashion Cover Letter. Went above and against school research, beyond the fashion merchandising cover required elements of the teacher subcontracting plan and other small business requirements of the contract/order. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and timely manner. Merchandising Cover. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify an Exceptional rating, identify multiple significant events and state how they were a benefit to essays, small business utilization. A singular benefit, however, could be of such magnitude that it constitutes an fashion Exceptional rating. Small businesses should be given meaningful and innovative work directly related to against school uniforms, the contract, and fashion merchandising, opportunities should not be limited to indirect work such as cleaning offices, supplies, landscaping, etc. Also, there should have been no significant weaknesses identified.
Met all of the statutory goals or goals as negotiated. Had significant success with initiatives to assist, promote and self-reliance, utilize SB, SDB, WOSB, HUBZone, VOSB, and SDVOSB. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns. Met or exceeded any other small business participation requirements incorporated in the contract/order, including the use of fashion cover letter, small businesses in mission critical aspects of the program. Endeavored to go above and beyond the required elements of the subcontracting plan. Completed and english, submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and timely manner. Did not have a history of cover letter, three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period.
To justify a Very Good rating, identify a significant event and on soccer, state how it was a benefit to small business utilization. Small businesses should be given meaningful and innovative opportunities to participate as subcontractors for work directly related to the contract, and cover letter, opportunities should not be limited to indirect work such as cleaning offices, supplies, landscaping, etc. Essays. There should be no significant weaknesses identified. Demonstrated a good faith effort to meet all of the fashion merchandising cover letter negotiated subcontracting goals in the various socio-economic categories for the current period. Complied with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns.
Met any other small business participation requirements included in against school uniforms paper the contract/order. Fulfilled the requirements of the subcontracting plan included in the contract/order. Completed and submitted Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate and timely manner. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify a Satisfactory rating, there should have been only minor problems, or major problems the contractor has addressed or taken corrective action. There should have been no significant weaknesses identified. A fundamental principle of assigning ratings is that contractors will not be assessed a rating lower than Satisfactory solely for not performing beyond the requirements of the contract/order. Deficient in meeting key subcontracting plan elements. Deficient in complying with FAR 52.219-8, Utilization of Small Business Concerns, and any other small business participation requirements in the contract/order. Did not submit Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate or timely manner. Failed to satisfy one or more requirements of a corrective action plan currently in place; however, does show an interest in bringing performance to a satisfactory level and has demonstrated a commitment to apply the necessary resources to fashion, do so.
Required a corrective action plan. Did not have a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify a Marginal rating, identify a significant event that the contractor had trouble overcoming and how it impacted small business utilization. A Marginal rating should be supported by referencing the actions taken by the Government that notified the letter registered labor and delivery contractor of the contractual deficiency. Noncompliant with FAR 52.219-8 and 52.219-9, and any other small business participation requirements in merchandising cover the contract/order. Did not submit Individual Subcontract Reports and/or Summary Subcontract Reports in an accurate or timely manner. Showed little interest in bringing performance to a satisfactory level or is college essays, generally uncooperative.
Required a corrective action plan. Had a history of three or more unjustified reduced or untimely payments to small business subcontractors within a 12-month period. To justify an merchandising letter Unsatisfactory rating, identify multiple significant events that the contractor had trouble overcoming and self-reliance, state how it impacted small business utilization. Fashion Merchandising Letter. A singular problem, however, could be of such serious magnitude that it alone constitutes an college on soccer Unsatisfactory rating. Fashion Merchandising Letter. An Unsatisfactory rating should be supported by referencing the actions taken by english teacher essay, the Government to notify the contractor of the deficiencies. When an Unsatisfactory rating is justified, the merchandising contracting officer must consider whether the on soccer contractor made a good faith effort to comply with the requirements of the fashion cover subcontracting plan required by FAR 52.219-9 and essay, follow the fashion merchandising cover letter procedures outlined in college on soccer 52.219-16, Liquidated Damages-Subcontracting Plan.
NOTE 1: Plus or minus signs may be used to indicate an improving (+) or worsening (-) trend insufficient to change evaluation status. NOTE 2: Generally, zero percent is not a goal unless the fashion merchandising cover contracting officer determined when negotiating the subcontracting plan that no subcontracting opportunities exist in school uniforms paper a particular socio-economic category. In such cases, the contractor shall be considered to have met the goal for any socio-economic category where the goal negotiated in fashion merchandising the plan was zero. Insert the clause at 52.242-5, Payments to Small Business Subcontractors, in all solicitations and contracts containing the cover and delivery clause at fashion cover, 52.219-9, Small Business Subcontracting Plan.