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Literature review essay introduction

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Writing a literature review - UNE

A Sample Mobile DJ Business Plan Template. Are you about starting a mobile DJ business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample mobile DJ business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE to raise money . Literature Review Essay! Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a mobile DJ business. We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample mobile DJ marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for mobile DJ businesses. So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section. Music is ncss summer, one thing that brings delight to the heart of literature introduction, people and that is exactly why there are a lot of ncss school, DJs doing their thing and making people really happy.

The disc jockey business has existed from literature review time immemorial and of application it is such that have continued to rake in money to literature essay those who know how to play the business game. If you think that starting a DJ business sounds good, then you will need to write a business plan. Business plans have always served as a good guide for beginners in business, as well as the old entrepreneurs. Why a business plan, you just might ask? Writing a business plan is one of the most important tasks that you will ever take on as you look at starting a business of this sort. This is because it will serve as a decision maker because you will need to draw up a whole lot about your business. You will however need to be conversant with a lot of technicalities that is peculiar to the DJ trade. You will have to undertake some research. After that is done, you will have to go for some good training on the job. Cover For Referral! A thorough and exhaustive research is advised. Here below is a sample disc jockey business plan; A Sample Mobile DJ Business Plan Template.

The disc jockey line of business is one business that can safely pass for essay introduction a sole enterprise or a small scale business. It is a business that has come to stay in our world as long as we will continue to have parties or the need to play music to a large gathering of people or a public gathering. Basically, a disc jockey which is popularly called a DJ is essay 2011, a person who mixes recorded music in real time from any sources, including cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files on a digital media player or laptop. Disc Jockeys often perform for a live audience at a club or other venue or for a broadcast audience. So also, DJs create mixes that are recorded for later sale and distribution and for playback during DJ sets. Disc Jockeys make use of musical equipment that can play at literature review essay least two sources of recorded music simultaneously and mix them together using an electronic gadget known as DJ mixer machine. Homework Board! It is a known fact that Disc Jockeys are a well- accepted component of the entertainment industry. Review Essay! They are known to provide background music at, night clubs, bars, and parties and even in corporate events. In most cases at special occasions like weddings or in clubs, Disc Jockeys are often the focus of the event entertainment and if they perform below expectation it will definitely affect the 2011, overall rating of the event. Literature! The demand for a letter the services of disc jockeys is on literature review introduction, the increase in recent time, as growth in household formation rates expanded the available clientele base for communications in the workplace industry players and rising per capita disposable income.

As the economy improved and small-business lending increased, the number of operators in review essay, this industry experienced steady increase. As a result of this, the competition in the industry is extremely high, leading profit to only improve marginally over the period, despite noticeably improved economic conditions. The Disc Jockey and Musical Equipment Rental line of business is a subset of the Entertainment industry and it is indeed a very large industry and pretty much thriving in hbs mba questions 2011, all parts of the world especially in developed countries such as United States of America, Canada, United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, France and Italy et al. It is important to state that no establishment has a lion share of the available market in review, this industry. Just like any other business venture, the essay questions 2011, demand for Disc Jockey services usually declined during recession period / economic downturn and this is due to the declining household spending on entertainment services and literature review introduction reduced demand from business clients. As the economy grows, and income increases, there will be corresponding increase in the demand for disc jockey services and other related musical equipment / public address rental services. Over and above, disc jockey and musical equipment rental services line of businesses all over the world are still enjoying good patronage particularly if they are well positioned and if they know how to cover reach out to review essay their target market (corporate organizations, event planners, night clubs and bars, schools and household et al). Mobile DJ Business Plan Executive Summary. Summer! The name of our organization is Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC.

We are a registered and standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company that is incorporated under the law of the United States of America. Our head office will be located in-between a densely populated residential estate and essay introduction a business district in the heart of Baton Rouge – Louisiana. We strategically positioned and set to services the whole of the community. Our basic service offering to our highly esteemed customers as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company goes beyond providing background music for our client, we will be involved helping our client handle the letter for referral, whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the literature review essay introduction, their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and ncss summer bars et al). Although our intention of starting Disc Jockey and musical rental services company is to offer only the review introduction, above stated services, but we will not close our doors to diversification (additional services) as long as it does not affect our core services. In the bid to maximize our position as the leading Disc Jockey and musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana. At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC we are passionate in ncss summer, the pursuit of literature introduction, excellence and homework board financial success with uncompromising services and introduction integrity which is why we have decided to start our own disc jockey and board musical equipment rental services business; we are in the industry to make a positive mark. We are quite optimistic that our values and review quality of service offering will help us drive our disc jockey and mcps musical equipment rental services business to enviable heights and also help us attract the introduction, numbers of cover letter for referral, clients that will make the business highly profitable.

We are a company that will be dedicated to establishing good business relationship with our clients giving them value for their money and literature review reasons for them to hire our services over and over again. A Letter For Scholarship! We are in the Disc Jockey line of business cum entertainment Industry to review introduction favorably compete with other leading brands in the industry both in the United States and other parts of the letter, world. Our corporate business goal is to essay introduction be among the top 10 disc jockeys and music equipment rental services brand in the United States of America. As a company, we are willing to go the extra mile to invest in is a book, some of the finest professionals we can find and review essay introduction also, we have put, process and structures in place that will ensure that we are always at the top of homework, our game when it comes to excellent and DJ services deliveries. We have been able to literature introduction secure permits from all relevant departments in Baton Rouge – Louisiana. We are quite aware that in order to become the number one choice in our city, we must continue to deliver quality disc jockey services and that is exactly what we will do. We are open to the use of latest technology in essay questions, the disc jockey line of business cum musical entertainment industry. No doubt our excellent customer service and literature review introduction detailed DJ services we offer will position us to homework board always welcome repeated customers. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is owned and managed by Sol Mike Marvin and his immediate family members. Literature Review Essay Introduction! Mike Marvin has well over 10 years of experience as a reliable Disc Jockey working for top bars and night clubs in Las Vegas – Nevada and other key entertainment hubs in for scholarship, the United States of literature review, America prior to board starting his own Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is literature introduction, a standard and well equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental Services Company that offers a wide range of services that revolves around the entertainment services industry and a letter of application other complementary services.

We intend giving our customers every reason to always hire our services which is why we have customized our services. Basically, our services will involve us going out to services of clients’ needs. These are the literature essay introduction, services we will offer as a disc jockey and a letter of application musical equipment rental services company; Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al). Sales of mixed records / music Operate a standard musical equipment rental services Related Disc Jockey and literature review entertainment advisory and consultancy services. Our Vision is to become the number one disc jockey and musical equipment rental Services Company in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana with active presence in major cities in the United States of America and Canada. Our mission as a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company is to develop a highly successful, profitable all round business which provides quality services in our community and to become a standard for an ideal disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business not only in how long blue, Baton Rouge Louisiana, but also throughout the review essay introduction, United States of America and Canada where we intend selling our franchise. We are quite aware that the success of for referral, any business lies in the foundation on which the literature essay introduction, business is built on, which is why we have decided to build our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company on the right business foundation. Summer! As a matter of fact, we are set out to build a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business that will be a standard for the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of literature essay introduction, business in the United States of America and cover letter Canada. Literature Essay! We want to hbs mba questions build a business of dedicated workforce who will go all the way to review ensure that our customers are satisfied and they get value for their money when they hire our services or rent our musical equipment / sound system. In other to achieve this, we aware that it takes a business with the right employees and structure to achieve all what we have set to achieve, which is why will be putting structures and standard operating processes in place that will help us deliver excellent services and essay run the business on auto pilot.

The success of our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business will be anchored on the team not on any individual. With the wide range of our service offerings and the plan to review introduction sell franchise, we are only expected to employ more than it is required to run a conventional disc jockey and communications essay musical equipment rental services business. Definitely, we will have various employees to man the various services offering of Mickey May DJ® Services, LCC. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will employ professionals and skilled people to occupy the literature introduction, following position; Manager (Owner) Accountant / Cashier Marketing and Sales Executive Client Service Executive Disc Jockeys (DJs) (6) Truck / Van` Driver. A Letter For Scholarship! Roles and Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. Literature Essay! leading the development and implementation of the overall organization#8217;s strategy. Responsible for blue book essay fixing prices and signing business deals and payment of salaries Responsible for signing checks and literature documents on behalf of the ncss summer school, company Evaluates the success of the organization Responsible for managing the essay, daily activities in the organization Ensure that the facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Prepares budget and reports for the organization Defining job positions for book essay recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for literature overseeing the communications workplace essay, smooth running of HR and review administrative tasks for for referral the organization Design job descriptions with KPI to drive performance management for all employees Regularly hold meetings with key stakeholders (clients and member of the board) to review the effectiveness of the business Policies, Procedures and Processes Maintains office supplies by literature review introduction, checking stocks; placing and expediting orders; evaluating new products. Ensures operation of ncss summer, equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for review essay introduction repairs. Defining job positions for cover recruitment and managing interviewing process Carrying out staff induction for new team members Responsible for training, evaluation and assessment of employees Oversee the smooth running of the daily activities of organization.

Marketing and Sales Executive. Identify, prioritize, and literature essay introduction reach out to new clients, and business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and hbs mba questions 2011 contacts; participates in literature introduction, the structuring and mcps homework board financing of projects; assures the completion of projects. Writing winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and rates in review, line with organizations’ policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and feasibility studies for clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develop, execute and evaluate new plans for expanding increase sales Document all customer contact and information Represent Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC in strategic meetings Help increase sales and growth for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Mcps Board! Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and business conditions. Literature Introduction! Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and financial reporting for the organization Responsible for developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensuring compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for mcps board Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC Serves as internal auditor for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Client Service Executive. Welcomes clients and visitors by greeting them in person or on review essay, the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the ncss, client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in literature essay introduction, the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by the manager in an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products and, promotional campaigns etc. to ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Helping our client handle the 2011, whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the review introduction, their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and bars et al).

Ensures that customers are entertained with the best of music per time Manage the sound system for cover the nightclub In charge of music collections Responsible for providing music at events. Responsible for developing music playlists. Interacting with public at parties. Responsible for mixing music tracks. Literature Review Essay! Responsible for transporting musical equipment, supplies and workers to party venues Run errand for homework board the organization Handle any other duty as assigned by literature introduction, the manager, Mobile DJ Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Disc Jockey and musical equipment entertainment services business is one of the summer, many businesses that can easily generate business deals with little stress as long as they are well positioned and equipped to introduction carry out their services. We are building a standard disc jockey and musical entertainment services business with variety of services which is why we have decided to subject our business idea (company) to SWOT Analysis. Ordinarily we can successfully run a normal disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business without the stress of cover letter for referral, going through the required protocol of setting up a new business including writing a detailed business plan, but because of the nature of the kind of disc jockey and musical equipment rental business we want to literature introduction establish, we don’t have any option other than to follow due process.

We hired the services of a HR and Business consultant with bias in startups to help us conduct SWOT analysis for our company and she did a pretty job for of application for scholarship us. Here is a preview of the result we got from the literature review essay, SWOT analysis that was conducted on communications, behalf of Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is centrally located in-between a densely populated residential estate and business district in the heart of Baton Rouge Louisiana; our location is in fact one of our major strength. Literature Essay Introduction! We are also one of the very few disc jockeys and musical equipment rental services companies in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana that is well equipped to carry out a letter for scholarship a wide range of services as it relates to literature review essay introduction the line of business we are into. Another strength that counts for us is the power of our team; our workforce and mcps management.

We have a team that are considered experts in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is essay, a new business which is down by essay, an individual (family), and we may not have the financial muscle to sustain the kind of publicity we want to give our business and also to attract some of the literature review essay, well – experienced hands (DJs) in the entertainment industry. We are centrally located in one of the for scholarship, busiest area in literature review essay introduction, Baton Rouge – Louisiana and summer school we are open to all the available opportunities that the city has to offer. Our business concept also positioned us to be a one stop shop in the disc jockey and musical entertainment rental services line of business. The truth is that there are no standard and well – equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business within the area where ours is going to be located; the closest to our proposed location is literature review essay introduction, about 6 miles away. In a nutshell, we do not have any direct competition within our target market area. Some of the mcps homework, threats that are likely going to confront Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC are unfavorable government policies, seasonal fluctuations, demographic / social factors, downturn in the economy which is likely going to affect consumers spending and of course emergence of new competitors within the same location where ours is located. Mobile DJ Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS.

One common trend in the disc jockey services industry is literature essay, that any disc jockey who is worth his or her salt should be swift in following the cover for referral, ever changing technology as it relates to their business. Basically, a DJ is a person who mixes recorded music in real time from literature essay introduction any sources, including cassettes, CDs, or digital audio files on cover, a digital media player or laptop. Disc Jockeys often perform for a live audience at a club or other venue or for a broadcast audience. Review! So also, DJs create mixes that are recorded for later sale and distribution and for playback during DJ sets. Disc Jockeys make use of is a book, musical equipment that can play at least two sources of recorded music simultaneously and mix them together using an electronic gadget known as DJ mixer machine. Another common trend in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey and musical equipment line of literature essay, business is that in the bid to survive global economic melt – down and to ensure steady flow of income to letter for referral effectively run the business, most players in the industry engage in introduction, other related services. Some of them even go as far as establishing an event planning services, part rental services, party decoration services and MC services et al simply because they all fall within same line of business. Prior to choosing a location for our disc jockey and is a musical rental services business, we conducted thorough feasibility studies and market survey and we were able to identify those who will benefit greatly from our service offerings. Basically those who will benefit from review essay our service offering are event / party planners, facility managers, corporate organizations, night clubs and bars, hotels, hostels, government and schools et al.

These groups of people and establishment cuts across different sectors of the economy. Below is a list of the people and organizations that our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services are designed for; Event / Party planners Musical producers and concert organizers The government (government guest) Households Facility managers Restaurants and bars Hotels and Motels Residential areas Camp grounds Lounges Casinos Night club and cover letter bars Schools et al. Our Competitive Advantage. Disc jockey and musical equipment rental business is an easy to set up business that does not require formal training to achieve; anybody can start a disc jockey and musical equipment rental business if they have the required startup capital and literature review essay introduction informal training on how to cover letter for referral operate the review introduction, various musical gadgets. It means that the possibility of disc jockey and ncss school musical equipment rental services businesses springing up in the location where ours is located can’t be ruled out. We are aware of this which is literature review essay, why we decided to come up with a business concept that will position us to become the leader in Baton Rouge Louisiana. Competition may come to mcps board disc jockey and literature review essay musical equipment rental services from larger catch-all companies who offer entertainment services as part of a bundled program of ncss summer, many more services. In-house DJ services operated by night clubs and bars may also serve as competition for this line of business. Our competitive edge is that we are a standard and well – equipped disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business that centrally located in literature, between a densely populated residential estate and business district in the heart of Baton Rouge Louisiana; our location is in fact one of our major strength.

We are also one of the very few disc jockeys and musical equipment rental services companies in the whole of Baton Rouge Louisiana that is well equipped to carry out a wide range of questions 2011, services as it relates to the line of business we are into. Another strength that counts for us is the power of our team; our workforce and management. We have a team that are considered experts in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, a team of literature review essay, hardworking and dedicated individuals. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups disc jockey and musical rental services business and other related entertainment businesses in the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the in the essay, business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and objectives. Mobile DJ Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY. Marketing Strategy and literature Sales Strategy. Workplace! The marketing strategy for Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is going to be driven basically by excellent customers service and quality service delivery. We will ensure that we build a loyal customer base.

We want to drive sales via the output of our jobs and via referral from our satisfied customers. We are quite aware of how satisfied customers drive business growth especially businesses like disc jockey and musical equipment rental services and related services. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a business that is review introduction, strategically located and we are going to maximize the opportunities that is available which is why we spend more to locate the business in how long is a blue book essay, a location that will be visible and accessible to our target market. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to literature essay be well equipped to ncss summer meet their targets and literature the overall goal of Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Our goal is to grow Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC to cover letter become the introduction, leading disc jockey and mcps board musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana which is why we have mapped out strategy that will help us take advantage of the literature, available market and grow to become a major force to reckon with in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to event / party planners, corporate organizations, households and key stake holders in Baton Rouge – Louisiana.

Print out fliers and business cards and strategically drop them in offices, libraries, public facilities and train stations et al. Use friends and family to spread word about our business Post information about is a book, our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company and the services we offer on bulletin boards in places like schools, libraries, and local coffee shops et al Placing a small or classified advertisement in literature review, the newspaper, or local publication about school, our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company and the services we offer Leverage on referral networks such as agencies that will attract clients who would need our customized services Advertise our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in relevant entertainment magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and radio station. Attend relevant expos, seminars, and business fairs et al to market our services Engage in direct marketing approach Encourage the use of word of mouth marketing from loyal and satisfied clients Join local chambers of commerce and industry to market our services. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is essay, established with the aim of maximizing profits in the entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business and letter we are going to go all the way out to literature introduction ensure that we do all it takes to summer school attract both individual clients and literature essay corporate clients on a regular basis. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will generate income by offering the following services; Helping our client handle the whole musical cum entertainment aspect of the their events (corporate events, wedding parties, rallies / road shows, birthday parties, graduation parties, night clubs and a letter of application bars et al). Sales of mixed records / music Operate a standard musical equipment rental services Related Disc Jockey and entertainment advisory and consultancy services. One thing is certain; there would always be corporate organization and individual clients who would need the services of disc jockey and literature musical equipment rental services business. Communications In The Workplace Essay! We are well positioned to take on essay, the available market in Baton Rouge Louisiana and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of is a book essay, generating enough income / profits from the first six month of operations and literature review grow our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business and hbs mba questions 2011 our clientele base. We have been able to critically examine The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of literature essay introduction, business market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast.

The sales projection is based on information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Baton Rouge – Louisiana. Below are the hbs mba essay, sales projection for essay Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, it is based on the location of our business and of course the wide range of related services that we will be offering; N.B : This projection is done based on ncss summer school, what is obtainable in The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business and with the literature essay, assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and there won’t be any major competitor offering same additional related services as we do within same location. Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, our pricing system is going to be based on what is school, obtainable in literature review essay, The Entertainment industry cum disc jockey line of business, we don’t intend to charge more (except for premium and customized services) and we don’t intend to charge less than our competitors are offering in Baton Rouge – Louisiana. Be that as it may, we have put plans in place to offer discount services once in a while and also to reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to homework board us. The prices of our services will be same as what is obtainable in the open market. Literature! At Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC, our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different clients would prefer different payment options as it suits them.

Here are the questions, payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash. In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Our bank account numbers will be made available on our website and promotional materials to clients who may want to deposit cash or make online transfer. Mobile DJ Business Plan Publicity and Advertising Strategy. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is set to create a standard for disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business in Baton Rouge Louisiana and essay introduction throughout the United States which is why we will go all the way to adopt and apply best practices to promote our business.

Good enough there is no hard and fast rule on ncss, how to advertise or promote a disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business. The challenge is that most DJs do not have the required money to pump into publicity and advertising. The cash they have will be reserved to take care of overhead and operational cost. We will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and non – conventional publicity and advertising technique to literature review promote our business. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on cover letter for referral, to promote and literature advertise Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC; Encourage our loyal customers to help us use Word of Mouth mode of of application for scholarship, advertisement (referrals) Advertise our business in relevant entertainment magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and local radio station Promote our business online via our official website List our business on local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations Direct coupon mailing approach Engage in road show from time to introduction time in target communities Distribute our fliers and handbills in target areas Ensure that all our staff members wear our customized clothes, and all our official cars and trucks are customized and well branded. Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) In setting up any business, the amount or cost will depend on the approach and scale you want to undertake. If you intend to go big by renting a place, then you would need a good amount of how long, capital as you would need to ensure that your employees are well taken care of, and that your facility is conducive enough for workers to be creative and productive. This means that the start-up can either be low or high depending on your goals, vision and literature essay introduction aspirations for communications essay your business.

The tools and essay equipment that will be used are nearly the same cost everywhere, and any difference in prices would be minimal and can be overlooked. As for the detailed cost analysis for starting a standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company; it might differ in other countries due to the value of their money. We have been able to pull cash that will be enough for us to successfully launch a standard disc jockey and musical equipment rental services company in Baton Rouge Louisiana, US. These are the key areas where we will spend our start – up capital on; The Total Fee for Registering the Business in Baton Rouge Louisiana $750. Legal expenses for obtaining licenses and permits $1,500. For Scholarship! Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per copy) for the total amount of $3,580. Cost for hiring Business Consultant – $2,000. Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at a total premium $30,800.

Cost of accounting software, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Cost for leasing a small office facility $70,000. Essay! Cost for facility remodeling $30,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000 Phone and how long is a blue book essay utility deposits ( $3,500 ). Operational cost for the first 3 months (salaries of employees, payments of bills et al) $40,000 The cost for the purchase of office furniture and musical gadgets (Sound system, , speakers, micro phones, headsets, computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, tables and essay chairs et al) $25,000 The cost of Launching a Website $600 The cost for our grand opening party $1,500 Miscellaneous $10,000. We would need an estimate of $250,000 to successfully launch our disc jockey and musical equipment rental services business in Baton Rouge Louisiana, US. Generating Funding / Startup Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC. Questions! Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is a business that will be owned and managed by literature introduction, Mike Marvin and his immediate family members. They are the sole financial of the business which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital for the business to just three major sources. These are the areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from personal savings and sale of his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and hbs mba other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the bank (loan facility). N.B: We have been able to generate about $100,000 (Personal savings $80,000 and soft loan from family members $20,000) and literature introduction we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $150,000 from how long blue our bank. All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and literature review introduction any moment from now our account will be credited.

Mobile DJ Business Plan Sustainability and Expansion Strategy. Cover Letter! The future of a business lies in the numbers of loyal customers that they have the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure. If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. Literature! One of our major goals of starting Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC is to hbs mba essay questions 2011 build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for essay injecting finance from external sources once the business is officially running. We know that one of the ncss, ways of literature introduction, gaining approval and cover letter winning customers over essay is to offer our disc jockey and ncss summer musical equipment rental services a little bit cheaper than what is obtainable in the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while. Mickey May DJ® Services, LLC will make sure that the right foundation, structures and processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to drive our business to greater heights and review essay training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner.

As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for school a period of three years or more. We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to help us build the business of our dreams. Literature Essay Introduction! Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for communications workplace essay business license and review essay permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Leasing office facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of for referral, Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of employees: In Progress Purchase of the needed musical gadgets and speakers, electronic appliances, office appliances and music recording and mixing accessories: In Progress Creating Official Website for review essay introduction the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: In Progress Health and Safety and Fire Safety Arrangement (License): Secured Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with key players in letter for referral, the industry and event / party planners et al: In Progress.

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Dissertations 2: Introductions, Conclusions and Literature Reviews

Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Pacifism is the theory that peaceful rather than violent or belligerent relations should govern human intercourse and that arbitration, surrender, or migration should be used to resolve disputes. Pacifism is review essay introduction, as much an element of Western thinking as is the notion of Just War Theory, the argument that the state may legitimately or morally bear arms. While most people accept the necessity of war, conscientious objectors (or martyrs in much of hbs mba essay questions, European history) have often been accorded a special recognition for their moral bravery in literature introduction refusing to take up arms. The philosophical study of pacifism requires examining a variety of aspects of the broad proposal, as well as an investigation as to its consequences.

Pacifism relates to war as well as to domestic injustices and repressive policies. It can be studied in terms of its coherence as a deontological, or intrinsic, value as well as in terms of the beneficial effects it seeks. Examination of the broad theory draws our attention to a vast range of possible ethical meanings and issues that the committed pacifist or critic must consider. The doctrine of absolute pacifism is first dealt with, before turning to an examination of the more flexible doctrines of pacifism and conditional pacifism. The best place to begin an analysis of pacifism is with the absolutist argument that all forms of violence, war, and/or killing are unconditionally wrong. The proposed ideal is that social intercourse should be completely non-violent and peaceful, and conflicts which may arise should be dealt with through arbitration and compromise rather than with recourse to violent means. Absolutist pacifism asserts that peace is intrinsically a good to be upheld either as a duty or on the consequentialist grounds that it is more conducive to human welfare than any use of violence or force. The ethical evaluation of these two positions, the deontological and the consequentialist, provides the traditional framework in which ethicists examine pacifism. But what becomes an immediate concern is the kind of workplace essay, pacifism that is intended. Literature Review. Pacifism for many means an anti-war stance, but pacifism can also be construed as a broader theory incorporating doctrines of non-violence, passive resistance, and moral purity.

Although the emphasis on pacifism as an letter for referral anti-war doctrine is the introduction, focus of this article, the other nuances of the theory need to mcps board, be noted. The first issue to deal with is literature essay introduction, that while pacifism emphasizes the role that peace should play, there are three general aspects derived from the nature of letter, peaceful relations. First, there is the literature essay, absolute prohibition of war; second, the absolute prohibition of violence (or force); and homework board, third, the literature essay, absolute prohibition of killing. The three areas of ethical investigation certainly overlap, and most pacifists hold an ethic of non-violence, which underpins both their disdain of killing and in the, of war. Others, however, deny any moral validity to war but accept the use of review essay, force or violence (and even killing) under criteria established by for scholarship the rule of law; some seek a purely non-violent way of life, where as other pacifists are solely nuclear pacifists in that they accept the use of introduction, conventional war but not nuclear war. Before moving onto an ethical analysis of ncss summer school, pacifism, the concepts of killing, violence, force, and innocents are reviewed. Morally, the topic of killing is intricate and complex, deserving a separate consideration, however, for the purposes of examining the various possible readings of pacifism, it can be generally asserted that pacifists cannot condone killing. Their beliefs emphasize the sanctity of human life, according it a special moral status that necessitates strong justifications for the injuring, harming, restraining, or killing of another. Absolute pacifists deny that there can be any justification for essay introduction killing. The Mosaic command, thou shalt not kill resounds throughout much Western culture and philosophy and is the starting point for essay questions absolutist prohibitions on the killing of people in the Western philosophical tradition. Ethically, the problem of killing divides between passive and active killing as well as intentional, unintentional, and review essay, foreseeable variations.

The pacifist needs to a letter, relate his general moral outlook to these particular areas. For example, would the pacifist prohibit all forms of killing, including mercy killings and killings in self-defense? Is it any form of killing that the pacifist prohibits, or only those of innocents lives, or those in foreign territories? Or does the pacifist draw a distinction between killing and murder, with the implication that killing could be morally acceptable (e.g., abortion, euthanasia, capital punishment), whereas the intentional killing of an innocent be absolutely immoral? Even so, a pacifist could consistently claim that he would prefer to die rather than raise his fist to protect himself. Kahlil Gibran argues: If my survival caused another to perish, then death would be sweeter and more beloved. ( The Voice of the Poet ). In such ethics, the review essay, evil of is a book, killing in self-defense outweighs the literature essay introduction, moral value of the victim s own life and the moral purity of the pacifist is to be upheld as the governing ethic.

But self-immolation and especially sacrifice are ultimately illogical, for if all were to sacrifice themselves in blue the quest for moral purity, none would be left to continue the human race. However, the pursuit of purity can also be criticized for being other-worldly, unrealistic, and essay introduction, utopian, and in hbs mba questions turn purification policies have also often become crusades against sinners and literature introduction, heretics (cf. Barrington Moore s Moral Purity and Persecution in History ), which even the Buddhist religion is not averse to hbs mba 2011, accepting. The pacifist who seeks, regardless of the literature introduction, actions of others, moral purity often requires subsidizing or free rides on letter, the moral impurity of others. The pacifist may reply that it is the duty of only a select elite to be morally pure (a priestly class) or that only literature essay introduction a select elite are capable of mcps board, such purity and that they must so act to become semi-divine agents on earth. The reply is cogent, however it admits a moral division in humanity, namely that some are morally better than others and that others live to literature essay, serve the priests, an argument that moral egalitarians (each to hbs mba, count for one and no more than one Bentham) would reject. While a few pacifists (especially in the religious vein) may accept the absolute ideal of peace, most have to justify their enjoyment of peace at the expense of others who actively defend the lives of their fellow citizens as well as those of the review essay introduction, pacifists.

The dilemma is captured well in a quotation from Clifford Simmons in Paskins and Dockrill s Ethics of War . I could not stand aside from the experiences of others. Essay 2011. I still believed that the position of the pacifist was ultimately right but I was beginning to realize that, at the same time, I could not stand aside from the struggle which was engulfing my contemporaries. (p.182) There are two solutions for the pacifist at this junction. Firstly, to prohibit any form of self-preservation that requires harming another, even if he is an essay aggressor, in the belief that one s life is less morally valuable than one s pure death. The criticism is that this rewards aggression, for evil will always flourish when good men do nothing (Edmund Burke), to which the pacifist may reply that the workplace, rewards for moral purity are not to be found in this life but in the after-life, a reply that is not attractive to those who do not believe in life after death. The second solution is to divide humanity into essay introduction, those who may seek and cover letter, attain moral purity and those who cannot or should not. This avoids any need to resort to postmortem tales of heavenly rewards, but then raises a host of political and literature review introduction, ethical questions as to the membership of the pure elite. The next philosophical problem that pacifism has to deal with is what is meant by homework violence. The adjective violent applies to many situations that the introduction, nominal pacifist would not necessarily oppose, from its uses to describe agitated or passionate behavior to how long blue book, morally legitimately violent actions against the self or another person. For example, the martial and pugnacious sports involve a violence that the introduction, pacifist could accept, although many would decry such institutions as being part of the culture of violence that pervades aggressive nations (and hence are deemed potential causal factors in war) and which ought to ncss summer school, be banned or severely limited. Yet the violence meted out literature introduction, on, say a person s body in surgery is not something that most pacifists would accept deserving abolition.

Pacifists may also accept that a violent passion or argument is a letter for scholarship, not something that should be prohibited or morally censured, although there are thinkers here, say, in the Chinese Confucian philosophy that aspire to the calmer control of the mind/spirit over review introduction, the emotions, and any violent reaction (hysterical laughter, grief, etc.) or reversion to a violent manner disrupts the summer, inner calm a man should seek, which in turn forms the basis of literature essay, a peaceful community. Similarly, those who claim that reason is man s most important faculty, and that it can and a letter, should rule the body and its conflicting emotions, assert that violent behavior or action against another is inimical to the life of a rational being and should be avoided absolutely. Connected to issues of violence is the use of force against another person which a pacifist must consider. The use of force (again a complex area of study in literature essay introduction itself) can take many forms including legal restraint as well as bodily restraint. Effectively both seek to confine the mcps, movement of the literature review introduction, individual and pacifists may or may not reject the use of force in civil society. The use of force need not be violent, or do physical damage, but does imply some infringement on the free activity of an board agent. The philosophical discussion revolves around the justification of that infringement, whether, for example, it can be legitimate or justifiable in any situation. Some, on the anarchist wing, can claim that any use of force is an abrogation of morality, whereas most pacifists accept the literature essay, need to restrain dangerous individuals from harming others. A question that may be put to such thinkers is why should there be a distinction between protecting people from dangerous civilians and protecting from dangerous nations. In other words, the pacifist has to consider the moral nature of political sovereignty and, if necessary, justify the reason why the use of force is permitted domestically but not internationally for similar issues.

Generally, those that oppose the use of force or violence in society deplore the use of for referral, physical means to intervene in another person s behavior, although some are willing to expand the concept of review introduction, force or violence to include emotional abuse, cultural prejudices, mental games that is, forms of psychological warfare and propaganda designed to undermine the cover letter for referral, dignity of the individual. Who is the essay introduction, target of any war, violence, force, or restraint also has to mcps, be considered by the pacifist. Few would admit that a dangerous person should not be restrained in some form or other, and most pacifists would accept injuring or even killing a dangerous criminal if the circumstances admit it, although the argument for retaining a moral purity can be deployed here, leaving the pacifist to justify permitting aggression to flourish. In this case, the pacifist has to evaluate the review, moral nature of the particular threat against duties towards others and communications workplace essay, their right to peace. Deontological pacifists, those who assert that peaceful interaction is a duty to be supported, must weigh their pacifism against the violation of that peace by criminals or dangerous persons. Essay. Some pacifists here resort to defining innocents as people deserving their dignity and peace and whose lives ought to be protected against violent offenders. Violence and the use of force by domestic authorities may be thus permitted by pacifists, who reject war or interventions across borders, but they would emphasize that any infringement should be reasonable and be legitimate and a letter of application, should avoid any unnecessary violence.

Once an interventionist war is morally permitted the pacifist becomes at least pacificist (see below). The most intricate difficulty facing the general pacifist is the literature review introduction, link between personal pacifism and letter, international pacifism, which is not very clear-cut in most writings. Some pacifists, as we have seen, may admit the use of literature, internal aggression to sustain law and cover letter, order but be set against the use of aggression for resolving international disputes. Literature Review Essay Introduction. Unlike domestic issues, they can argue, international affairs is subject to no overriding supreme authority that can be turned to for conflict resolution, and here the pacifist would argue that war should never be employed as a means for resolving disputes between morally or politically equal corporate entities. However, the question can be raised as to why the workplace essay, use of literature review essay introduction, force is morally legitimate within a nation s borders (to restrain criminals) but not so beyond them (to restrain international criminals), especially if the letter for referral, case involves halting the illegitimate use of aggression by one party against innocents. As noted above, pacifist ethics can be described from two main viewpoints. Firstly, the deontological position which decrees that moral agents have an absolute duty to avoid aggressing or waging war against others. Introduction. Secondly, the consequentialist position which asserts that no good ever comes from aggressive actions or war and it is thereby prohibited, not because it is an evil in hbs mba essay itself, but because it always leads to review essay introduction, a worse off position for the majority. This section investigates firstly the absolutist doctrine, then conditional pacifism from both perspectives.

Held as a duty, it is questions, incumbent on the pacifist never to review essay, aggress, use force, or support or engage in war against another. Duties are moral actions that are required or demanded in all pertinent circumstances. The first problem for deontological pacifism is the potential collision of duties. What if force is to be used to halt an aggressor who endangers the pacifist s life, or the life of an innocent? Regarding the pacifist s own life, it can be argued that he or she possesses no right of self-defense (and must turn the other cheek), although this is typically the how long blue book essay, position of those who place not much value on living this life in review essay favor of living a life in the realms beyond. Homework Board. Among such adherents are religious pacifists. Another example: does the duty to respect others outweigh the duty to literature review essay introduction, respect oneself? The aggressor obviously transcends any duty of respect he should have towards his victim but does that warrant the forfeiture of communications workplace essay, his life? Those pacifists who admit the review, right to ncss summer school, defend the self against a threat can admit the review introduction, use of restraining or disabling force and even, if the threat is deadly, the right to kill an assailant. Deontological pacifists can claim that others rights to life are of a higher order duty than the mcps homework board, duty to intervene to save oneself. But that hinges upon literature essay a moral evaluation of the self compared to others, and it is ncss summer school, not clear why others should accord a higher moral evaluation: for after all the self is in turn one amongst many others from introduction, a different subject s point of view.

If the pacifist argues that his life is his own to lay down in the face of aggression (as a moral principle, as a moral example, as an example of martyrdom, etc), the problem intensifies when the homework, life of another is threatened, whom the pacifist is in a position to assist, and who, as a living subject, may prefer life over literature review essay, death. The pacifist who claims that he has no duty to intervene in saving others affairs treads a precarious moral path here; the immediate retort is why should the moral life of the pacifist be morally more important than the ncss summer school, life of the threatened innocent? For the sake of his own beliefs, could the pacifist consistently ignore the violence meted upon others? Yes, from two possible perspectives. The first is literature introduction, that the essay questions, ideal of pacifism retains a supremacy over all other ideals and is not to review, be compromised. The second is that the life of the pacifist is morally superior to summer school, the life of the literature review essay, threatened innocent, even if that innocent happens to ncss, be a fellow absolute pacifist. Deontologists argue that certain kinds of moral actions are good in themselves, hence deontological pacifists claim peace to be a duty to be categorically upheld; however, other moralists argue for pacifism on the basis of its beneficial consequences rather than any intrinsic notion of the literature review essay introduction, good these are consequentialist pacifists.

Pacifism can be supported by board moral consequentialists who assert that the evils procured by violence, force, or war, far outweigh any of the good that may arise. For example, rule utilitarians claim that if certain inimical consequences flow from particular actions, a blanket prohibition on such actions is morally required, which, in literature review essay terms of the implications of the hbs mba essay questions, argument brings them close to the deontological position of an absolute prohibition of war, etc. Rule utilitarianism holds that a behavioral code or rule is morally right if the consequences of adopting that rule are more favorable than unfavorable to everyone. Accordingly, rule utilitarian pacifists claim that the avoidance of war (or violence, or force) should be a moral rule since its abrogation would be less beneficial to all. For example, if, on balance, all hitherto wars are perceived as producing effects that none would have wanted prior to the war, then a rule against literature introduction war should be adopted. How Long Is A Blue Essay. The rule outlaws war in the particular and in general, even if a particular war could produce better consequences it should not be accepted on the grounds that it violates a moral rule, and that moral rule claims more favorable consequences for entire world if war is absolutely prohibited. However, absolute consequentialist principles are exceedingly difficult to sustain, for they are firstly based on a particular reading of history a reading that can emphasize ruinous results over any good that may ultimately have arisen. They are empirical judgements on the past and as such open to essay introduction, not only historical critique but also the logical argument that what was true yesterday may not be true tomorrow (or at in the least cannot be proven to be so). That is, while past wars were wholly detrimental to the human race as a whole, tomorrow s wars, because of new technology or strategy, or even a new ethic, may not be. Accordingly, the literature review introduction, moral rule may in principle change and therefore cannot be held absolutely. It is possible, for example, to communications workplace essay, consider that the Second World War (and all the untoward deaths and destruction that it brought) ultimately promoted the greater good of review introduction, a peaceful Europe and enhanced international co-operation.

It is hbs mba essay 2011, difficult to empirically sustain that nothing good ever came from war , for critics can always point to something good whose value may be suitably expanded to provide an review essay introduction argument; in letter for referral which case the argument becomes a comparison of goods and review, their respective moral weightings (20 million deaths versus fifty plus years of European peace for hundreds of millions). iii. Absuolute Pacifism Summarized. In summary, the absolute pacifist of both ethical persuasions prohibits war regardless of particular circumstances. As a doctrine, the onus in on justifying the pacifist principle against mcps homework board arguments for aggression and war. What, it may be asked, should be the appropriate response to review essay introduction, a person who believes that violence is a morally appropriate method to gain values?

The absolute pacifist thus has to justify not retaliating or defending himself or others (innocents or not) in of application the face of aggression. Often the recourse is to non-earthly values such as the Kingdom of Heaven, i.e., death is morally superior to violent resistance, deterrence, or aggression, or to a moral division between peoples, between the superior pacifists and the impure aggressors. Against the doctrinal absolute prohibition of the use of violence or war, conditional pacifism admits its use under certain circumstances. Essay Introduction. Again, the analysis can begin with an examination of deontological or consequentialist positions. i. Conditional Deontological Pacifism. Conditional pacifism from the deontological perspective admits that the enactment of duties cannot be considered in isolation, for they may overlap and hence require a conditional acceptance or a moral weighing. For the conditional pacifist, the duty to uphold peace and non-violence may conflict with the duty to save or defend lives against aggression, if the latter duty is blue book essay, accepted. Therefore, in cases of what Walzer calls supreme emergencies ( Just and Unjust Wars ), the duty to peace may be trumped by essay alternative ethical requirements.

To take an example from hbs mba essay, political theory that is an literature review introduction appropriate area of discussion here: a common defense of the use of violence or war is that it is a justifiable or legitimate procedure to how long is a book, defend rights, and rights theories are often supported from a conditional deontological position. The pacifist counters that the argument to violate rights to protect rights is essay introduction, incoherent, for is a blue book the use of force inherently violates the review introduction, rights it is supposed to defend or protect. The alleged paradox is resolved, it can be argued, by asserting that rights are things to be upheld and defended , firstly as negative claims requiring an absence of a letter for scholarship, violation, and secondly as positive claims that require freedom to pursue goals. Review. An aggressor violates both elements. Mcps. A right cannot be a value unless it is defensible, but it does not mean that the literature essay, rights of communications essay, aggressors are infringed in defending one s rights, for, as Lockean theorists argue, aggressors lose rights in attacking others. Essay Introduction. Pacifists can disagree with this and argue that if rights theory is to be coherent, rights ought to be inviolable and inalienable. Hence if they are contingently held they cannot be deemed inviolable rights but conditional privileges , which may accordingly be removed if someone abuses their own rights entitlements by violating those of others. ii.

Conditional Utilitarian Pacifism. For the consequentialist, all moral guides are conditional on the circumstances and protracted outcomes of an action. In the case of conditional pacifism, a utilitarian ascribes to act utilitarianism in which each particular act, war, battle, etc., is examined from the moral perspective of what outcome is likely to produce more favorable results. Accordingly, whilst the pacifist may claim that wars generally do not produce more favorable results, in specific examples they can be acceptable. Such examples may include wars of self-defense, or wars of intervention to protect a people from genocidal campaigns. But the further removed the pacifist gets from the cover letter, peaceful ideal, the more he or she moves into introduction, the just war realm, or the theory called pacificism . Pacificism, defined by Martin Caedel ( Thinking about summer school War and Peace , 1987), is review, a useful term to describe those who prefer peaceful conditions to war but who accept that some wars may be necessary if they advance the cause of peace. In a sense this is a further step away from conditional pacifism which rules out war or the use of force except in very exceptional circumstances. In this case, the political achievements that have generated peace may be defended militarily if necessary for the overriding goal of global peace. Following Richard Norman ( Ethics, Killing, and War , 1995), pacificism falls between pacifism and a letter of application, defencism, where defencism is the theory that accepts all defensive wars and acts of deterrence as just (but which rules out literature review essay, aggressive wars).

It implies an interesting justification of war for peace s sake that is not essential to defencism but which also steps beyond the sometimes non-worldly or unrealistic vision of homework, pacifism. Pacificism can reject a defensive war if it undermines the overall concord that may be latent in the international (or national in the case of civil war) situation. This reaches into some intriguing territory, for literature review its remit is mcps, vague but also flexible. On the vague side, pacificism falls back onto similar problems that general consequentialism faces, namely the review introduction, inability to propose a rule or guiding principle that is not affected by either new events or alternative interpretations of the for scholarship, same event. This, like general consequentialism, provides the theory with flexibility, but where this does become an issue is in the logical extension of the literature review introduction, theory to proclaim the war to end all wars as a pacificistic ideal, which logically it does entail. A defensive war, justified on the traditional grounds of just war theory, may be rejected as causing greater overall international instability, but on the other hand it does not thoroughly rule out an aggressive war of intervention or of imperialism to impose peace, although most pacificists would say that it does, on the grounds that all aggressive wars should be ruled out. But why? If two neighboring nations are about to wage a war that will create greater global instability and the chance is there to contain the momentum with an hbs mba 2011 aggressive policing action, then so long as peace is the ultimate goal, the means become morally acceptable. Pacificism can be acceptable to many shades of opinion. Very few thinkers assert that war should be waged for its own sake, which poses logical problems of its own for often war is to be waged for glory or for valor or for review introduction land or for ncss values.

But most thinkers will argue that peace is the most favorable condition for man within which to reside: peace enables enterprise, families, and life in general to flourish. Accordingly, such thinkers will accept that to secure peaceful conditions, war may have to be waged, but that it can only be waged for the sake of peace . Literature Essay Introduction. We read this in Plato, Aristotle, and the host of philosophers and jurists that they influenced. But if peace is the of application for scholarship, overriding goal, the means to secure peace can really include anything. For example, one of the longest recorded reigns of human peace lasted in Egypt between 5000 and 2000 BC, partly as a result of geographical isolation and partly as a result of the strict and unchanging social system that prevailed; the imposition of central control may enforce a long term peace, but it is not a means that all may be willing to accept. Literature Introduction. A strong central state, as Plato argues for in The Republic , could impose peace by permitting no change or allowing any conditions conducive to change. But, arguably, such an environment leads to the stultification of the mind, and if the individual mind is not free to challenge the present order, to disrupt or create , then society is not in a position to adapt, which ultimately does not augur well for any society once change comes from outsiders or changes in the environment for example. Imperialism often imposes an of application for scholarship international peace that few today would accept, but if peace is secured why should the nature of the political institution be rejected if it works?

The Romans provided the pax romana and the British attempted a similar pax britannica , that secured peace amongst hitherto belligerent and literature introduction, restless tribes. Most present thinkers reject imperialism yet some such as Michael Ignatieff do wonder whether its benefits may outweigh the costs ( The Warrior s Honor ). Empirically, it can be claimed that imperialism is globally more stable and peaceful than tribalism and its larger brother, nationalism, both of which have generated a great portion of the world s wars. On the other hand, a federation of states, as considered by the Abbe Saint-Pierre in his Perpetual Peace and Immanuel Kant in his more famous work of the same name, proposes that while peace is the ultimate end to be secured, a federation of equal states is the board, appropriate political vehicle. Kant argues that peoples will be drawn closer together through commercial ties and nature will prompt them to follow the essay, dictates of reason that encourage the more beneficial peaceful enterprises over a letter of application for scholarship, mutual animosity. Literature Essay. Kant suggests that the process towards perpetual peace the pacifistic goal is inevitable, given the mcps, manner in which people deal with one another. Yet the review, optimism of the Age of Enlightenment was soon demolished by is a essay counter-acting principles of thought and essay introduction, politics that emphasized the glories of nationalism, of isolationism, and implicitly or explicitly, the benefits that war can bring. Peaceful intercourse is easily rejected by those who assert the benefits of the mcps board, martial values, who claim that a war brings out the best of people and of a society, that wars heighten humanity s perception of review introduction, itself in the great existentialist quest between life and death, that war relieves the monotony of consumerism and so on. This highlights one of the most difficult aspects of pacificism, that the goal of peace and of tranquillity may not suffice human nature. The persistent nagging of bellicosity, of adventure, personal and collective glory, whether it derives from something genetic or culturally deeply embedded in most societies, remains an easily revitalized clarion call to war.

The culture of peace is often very shallow, taking many generations to produce, and even then can be swiftly eroded with atavistic rhetoric. Often what secures the maintenance of cover letter for referral, peace are the rule of law and the expansion of commercial ties, as Kant foresaw. But these achievements require, in the case of the review essay, rule of in the workplace, law, a determined political acceptance of the law and its impartial application, and in essay introduction the case of commercial ties, a sphere of individual freedom that permits the growth of of application, mutually beneficial ties that most philosophers who look at the world in terms of what needs to be controlled are unable to accept. The crumbling of the rule of law undermines the potential for any society to literature essay introduction, exist peacefully, but so too does constant intervention in market processes which connects to the need for how long blue the rule of law. Commercial pacificists, those who see in the expansion of the market order the foundations of future peace, point to review introduction, the nature of mcps homework board, domestic peace as the blueprint for international peace. In the essay introduction, past a war between two English counties was quite an acceptable event (The Wars of the Roses between the houses representing Yorkshire and Lancashire) but today a similar proclamation of war would be absurd. In more recent history, the US was torn in two by the States fighting the Civil War, yet war between them today could not be seriously entertained. What has brought peace to these one-time enemies needs to be understood if peace is to essay questions, be secured between larger or more independent political units.

The optimism of commercial pacificists is criticized on two grounds. Introduction. Firstly, it may take a longer time to questions, secure peace than the present generation is willing to permit, and secondly, the beneficial processes of market trading and literature review, the rule of law may not be acceptable to the target nation or people. In both cases an imposed order of peace may be preferred on consequentialist reasons, that less harm is done in the long run by enforcing a peace today. However, it can be reasonably countered that the imposition of peace on cultures not prepared to shed centuries of belligerence will not secure peace in hbs mba essay questions the long run; various thinkers here, most notably John Stuart Mill, argue that societies must find their own ways to peace (freedom, self-determination) otherwise they will not appreciate them. The article has provided a very general overview of some of the forms pacifism can take, as well as some of the issues it invokes. The area is philosophically broad and intricate, which the expanse of relevant literature reflects. The ethical positions described in the essay divide between deontological and consequentialist positions, but virtue theory is also highly applicable: what kind of review introduction, person are you if you wield force or if you do turn the other cheek? Is a peaceful life more or less virtuous compared to a letter for scholarship, a life of violence, and on what grounds?

I have touched on the religious moral dimension of review essay introduction, pacifism, which typically holds that secular life is of a lower value than the protracted life after death, but justice cannot be done to the variety of theological systems and nuances that produce such an ethic. Justifying pacifism from ncss summer school, purely secular premises is a much harder task for any thinker who cannot have recourse to rewards in heaven and literature essay, it is cover for referral, a challenge that is worth exploring for its own sake by any philosopher interested in war or peace.

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7 up series essay The International Writers Magazine :DVD Review. Literature Review Introduction. The Up Series directed by Michael Apted. I t is a rare synchronicity that finds me in agreement with American pop film critic Roger Ebert. Of Application For Scholarship. Usually, he shows no real understanding of the role good writing plays in filmmaking, and routinely praises the use of clichés, such as the review tripe of Steven Spielberg and other Hollywood fare. However, when he declared The Up Series of documentary films, by Michael Apted, now out on DVD, #145;an inspired, almost noble use of the a letter film medium, Apted penetrates to the central mystery of life#146;, I not only literature essay, concur, but almost forgive him for blue recommending Saving Private Ryan. I said almost, now. Buy the series here.

It was in the late 1980s, on PBS, in America, I first became acquainted with Apted#146;s wonderful Up documentary film series, in which, over the course of their lives, he has followed fourteen British citizens at seven year intervals. Apted, a mainstream director of literature review, such films as Coal Miner#146;s Daughter (1980), Gorillas In The Mist (1988), Thunderheart (1992), Nell (1994), the Tiamamen Square documentary Moving the Mountain (1994), The World Is Not Enough (1999) and mcps board, Enough (2002), has made The Up Series his filmic legacy. The films are dedicated to a Jesuit maxim, #145;Give me the child until he is seven and I will give you the man#146;, variously been attributed to Francis Xavier, St. Ignatius of Loyola, and others. The series started in 1964, when ITV, the independent U.K. television station, decided to air a 40 minute documentary called Seven Up , made by Granada Television (which was formed in 1956- the year all the subjects were born, for their show World in Action . It was directed by a Canadian, Paul Almond, and brought together the fourteen children for the first time in their lives, to introduction, see what the future of Britain in 2000 would hold, claiming, #145;the shop steward and the executive of 2000 are now seven years old.#146; All the kids were born in 1956 or 1957, and essay 2011, the program made an effort to literature review essay, get a cross-section of the population, yet skewed to essay, highlight its left wing assumptions, for it was an undisguised social polemic, even though it would morph into a nonpareil sociological study. The children came from differing backgrounds. There were four rich children - three boarding school boys (blond, stuffy John Brisby, fey brunet Andrew Brackfield, and cute brunet Charles Furneaux) and a girl from literature review essay, a wealthy family (snobby Suzy Dewey); two boys from a children#146;s home (black Simon Basterfield- although in later films billed as Symon, not Simon, and white introverted Paul Kligerman); four children from the poor working class East End of London- a boy (short, outgoing jockey wannabe Tony Walker) and three would-be lifelong girlfriends (blond ugly duckling Jackie Bassett, quiet, short Lynn Johnson, and tall pretty brunet Sue Sullivan); two middle class boys from mcps homework, Liverpool suburbs (outgoing, bright Neil Hughes, and average Peter Davies); and two #145;wildcard#146; kids, who would turn out to be the most self-fulfilled of the fourteen.

The first was an upper middle class sensitive blond boy whose father abandoned him to the English boarding school system, and wanted to be a missionary when young- Bruce Balden. The last was the only one from the English countryside- Nick Hitchon, who had a bit of literature review, a glow about him from even the first film. 7 Up is a landmark in essay questions 2011, British television, consistently voted Britain#146;s most influential documentary of all time, as well Europe#146;s, and while a good documentary, the truth is literature, that its distinction is due to questions, the subsequent films#146; collective impact, the first six which inhabit this DVD collection. The seventh film 49 Up has already aired in Britain, but not in America. Literature Review Essay Introduction. That is not to say the mcps homework first film, the literature only one not directed by Apted (he was a researcher), at about 40 minutes, is not valuable, but were it the only film made it would merely be an ncss, interesting documentary and forgotten slice of England#146;s past. 7 Up has the kids at their precocious best.

The three rich boys, later dubbed The Three Wise Men, by Apted, already display signs of snobbery, if not outright bigotry, and rich Suzy is certainly a bigot. Poor, short Tony seems a hooligan in literature essay, the making, and shy, big-eared Bruce seems doomed to be a male wallflower. Cover. But there are surprises in store. While the rich boys remain snobs, they are not as predictable as one might think, and cute, perky Neil, at seven, is slated to go on a ride through mental illness and dementia that seems to have him on review essay introduction, track for how long is a blue book essay an early demise in his late twenties or early thirties. It should be noted this film mentions the producers brought twenty kids to the zoo, party, and literature essay, playground, where they filmed, yet only fourteen were followed subsequently, while others were never given a second look. How Long Is A Book Essay. Were they interviewed, deemed boring, too middle class, mainstream (a point Apted later was to literature essay introduction, rue), or were they merely older and in the workplace, younger siblings and friends of the literature review essay seven year olds? The political angle of the letter film can sometimes be overbearing, such as vapid opining on why the review essay poor children fight among themselves, and is a essay, the regimented elites do not, or asking the kids about race. On 42 Up#146;s commentary, Apted admits Peter#146;s absence pains him most of all, because in subsequent years he changed his life - divorced, remarried, and became a lawyer. Yet, unlike Charles#146; and literature review essay, John#146;s absences, Peter is not referenced in essay questions, 35 Up nor 42 Up (save for the commentary), yet one feels this was at his request to Apted, who notes that he got his filmmaker friend Alan Parker (Peter#146;s favorite director) to call Peter to attempt him to rejoin the series, but it did not work.

The whole film is a transition between the films of youth and those of middle age, in temperament and style. In the 42 Up commentary Apted comments on the differences between American and British audiences, with Americans always asking if the subjects are still alive, and Apted thinking Americans have a morbidity lacking in other countries, although admitting the introduction question is not without validity. That last film in the DVD collection was an award-winning film on its American release in 1999, and is just a minute shorter than 28 Up . A Letter Of Application For Scholarship. Charles, John, and Peter are again absent (Peter not even mentioned), but Symon returns, with a new wife, Vionetta, and literature review essay introduction, look, and was, according to ncss school, Apted#146;s commentary, the most enthusiastic of the eleven participants. He speaks of essay, his mom#146;s death in 1990 and ruing his career choice in manual labor. Tony has moved out of the East End and into middle class suburban digs, taking cameo acting jobs, while the of application for scholarship three working class women persist; Jackie having two more illegitimate children and suffering from literature review introduction, arthritis after moving to Scotland, and living off her ex-mother-in-law#146;s graces, Sue adjusting to a divorcee#146;s life at karaoke bars, and Lynn - the only careerist, a librarian- finding out a letter of application for scholarship she has too many veins in her brain, a life-threatening condition. Literature Review Essay. Lynn also feels the most empathy for her fellow subjects, and their forever being linked. Paul#146;s contented and stable life goes on in Australia, with less hair up top, but a graying Fu Manchu. His wife is a mobile hairdresser. Nick (who looks like actor John De Lancie, Q on Star Trek: The Next Generation) enjoys success in his field in America, writing a book on cover letter, semi-conductors, and has a son.

He returns to his family farm as it#146;s to be sold off. Andrew, the literature review only rich boy to stick with the series, is a letter of application, a profitable lawyer, who takes his family to New York City (with prominent pre-9/11 shots of the review World Trade Center). Suzy is contented, and now a bereavement counselor, after - at 28 - stating she took her father#146;s death hard. Bruce is finally getting married, at 41, to 2011, a gal named Penelope- a year earlier than the review introduction film#146;s cycle, as Apted broke his seven year rule out of fondness for Bruce, and relief he finally found happiness. She#146;s a teacher from his school, and, in hbs mba essay 2011, a wise artistic move, only later in the film do we learn Neil was at his wedding, for review essay after 28 Up#146; s low ebb, Bruce extended a hand in friendship to communications in the workplace, Neil. While still alone, Neil has recovered equilibrium after a two decade anomy. He moved to London, and while still on welfare, is now a Liberal Democrat councilor in the London Borough of Hackney.

It#146;s interesting that at 21 he said he might want to direct theater (he did by literature review, 35) or go into politics (he did by homework, 42), proving even though he#146;s the least successful of the fourteen, he has achieved prior stated goals. Literature Review. The film is more upbeat than 35 Up and leaves a viewer wondering what 49 Up will hold. As for the DVD package, I#146;ve commented on some of Apted#146;s insightful commentary on hbs mba essay, 42 Up and would have loved to watch all six films with similar recollections from Apted and his subjects- especially Tony, Lynn, Neil, and Nick. None of the films comes with subtitles, however, and there was no cleanup done to the earlier films. One could argue this #145;rawer#146; feel only heightens the literature review sense of mcps homework, growth and literature essay, time#146;s passage, yet seeing the original film, then its sepia snippets in later films is an aesthetic drawback.

Some other points of note in Apted#146;s commentary are the facts Tony is the most popular subject, Apted#146;s closest with Suzy, identifies most with Nick, and feels class is the spine, not the power of the series. The Up Series is one of the great works of humanity, where two of mcps homework, our greatest pursuits- art and science- meet, as well as being that rare synergy, where the body of films are far more than their added individual value. You come to literature review essay introduction, like and respect all of these people- even the rich snobs, for the films force the viewers to question themselves and all about, and in each of the subjects, including Apted, bits of ourselves can be seen, whether it#146;s the good stuff that the board boldest of the subjects or moments contain, or the pettiness and flaws. Having recently been visited by my seven year old niece, and recalling an audio tape I made on Christmas Day, 1972, when I was seven, the films have taken on a special cogency to me. Your cogencies will be different, although just as special. So is literature review, The Up Series.

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Evaporation , Heat , Hydrate 1100 Words | 5 Pages. Nervous System lab was designed to measure reaction times by using a variety of tests that affect the heart rate. These tests were the startle, . Review Essay Introduction? stroop, Valsalva maneuver, diving reflex, and a test of our choice. The test our group chose to measure the heart rate in response to doing a trust fall to homework board anticipate the stress right before the fall. To begin this lab we chose a participant, and then hooked their finger up to the pulse transducer sensor. Using the literature introduction, chart 5 program on the lab computer the homework, participant’s. Acetylcholine , Autonomic nervous system , Enteric nervous system 2183 Words | 6 Pages. Lab Report 1 ? Introduction: Proper chemical formulas entitle many challenges such as the Law of Multiple proportions that . states that there may be more than one plausible mole ratio for the elements in that compound. However if we determine the mass of review, each element in the compound we will be able to get the true chemical formula. In this experiment, we used the law of definite proportions to find the chemical formula for a hydrated compound containing copper, chlorine, and water molecules. Chemical formula , Chemical formulas , Chemistry 1455 Words | 4 Pages.

Sample Short Lab Report By Charles M Borener Jr April 24, 2009 Kinetic Friction Experiment #13 Joe Solution E00123456 . Partner - Jane Answers PHY 221 Lab Instructor – Chuck Borener Thursday, 11 AM – 1 PM Lecture Instructor – Dr. Jacobs Abstract In this experiment, we test factors which effect friction. We pulled a wood block across a surface to determine whether the surface area of the block or the type of surface effects friction. We found that the surface area of the block did not change. Classical mechanics , Force , Friction 936 Words | 3 Pages. Lab Report 1: Natural Selection Introduction: In today’s lab we learned how natural selection and survival of the . fitness took place in Darwin theory by testing it out a letter for scholarship, with four different utensils which were Spoon, Fork, chopstick, and clothespin which represent the essay, four different types of homework, bird beaks. Our goal was to see which one utensil ( bird beak) would outcome the other four utensil ( bird beak) by being able to review introduction survive with the limit amount of is a blue book, food, the environmental chances, and see who. Albatross , Beak , Data 1509 Words | 4 Pages. listed below.

You must observe and essay analyze these as part of the lab . The Iced Tea Debate The Salty Soup The Fire Bug 2 Use the DATA . Communications Workplace Essay? chart provided for recording observation based on three demonstrations you will watch 3 Watch each part of the experimental demonstration and make preditions about literature wht will happen in each scenario . Record your preditions and summer observations in literature review introduction, the Data an Observations section of your labatory report format. Book? Problem: How can matter and energy be described in. Chemistry , Conservation law , Conservation laws 738 Words | 3 Pages. Radish Seed Lab Report Problem: What caffeinated drink (monster, coffee, or green tea) will the radish seeds grow in the best . form over a nine day period? Hypothesis: If the radish seeds put in the dish with the drink Monster, then the seeds will grow faster because of the essay introduction, amount of energy given to them. The amount of caffeine in Coffee is school much greater than the amount in green tea and Monster, but neither coffee nor green tea contains any extra type of an energy booster like the Monster does. . Caffeine , Coffee , Embryo 700 Words | 3 Pages.

?Leila Espinal Grade 8 O.L.C.A. November 20, 2013 Lab Report 1. Problem: To find the . density of a Hershey chocolate bar. 2. Hypothesis: I think the chocolate bar will gradually decrease in density as it gets smaller. 3: Materials: 1 whole Hershey chocolate bar, ruler, triple balance beam, tray, calculator. Introduction? 4. Procedure: First, find the mass, volume, and density of an entire Hershey Bar. Then, systematically, break off one section at a time to calculate.

Candy , Candy bar , Candy bars 603 Words | 3 Pages. One of the questions 2011, main learning experiences of essay introduction, this lab is to learn the importance of a letter for scholarship, calibrating a sensor. In most cases, a sensor will not have an . output that is exactly what you need. An example of literature review introduction, this is a strain gage. A stain gage gives back a voltage, but with that given voltage a distance can be found. Introduction: In this experiment, the of application for scholarship, QNET-MECHKIT was used. This board has multiple compact sensors that can be used for experiments.

For this lab we will be using the review essay, strain gage to find the. Angle , Infrared , Measurement 713 Words | 4 Pages. How to write a lab report Let’s take as an essay example a free-fall experiment. You drop a small steel ball from literature review . various heights and use an electronic timer to measure how long it takes the ball to hit the ground. From this you calculate the a letter of application for scholarship, final speed of the ball using v = 2x/t. Review Essay? You believe that the board, ball will have a constant acceleration of “g,” 9.8 m/s2. This will be seen if you graph velocity vs. Essay Introduction? time and get a straight line with a slope of in the workplace, 9.8. You end up with a table of literature essay introduction, data giving distances.

Acceleration , Experiment , General relativity 1078 Words | 4 Pages. platform it shows why it is essay harder to drive on literature essay introduction some surfaces then others. This lab also shows why sand is put on icy roads to increase the . Communications Workplace? amount of literature review introduction, friction between the two surfaces. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Thank you to Mr. Dimaunahan for the format and mcps homework guidelines in this laboratory report and thank you for the guidelines/procedure to execute thislaboratory. Literature Introduction? And also to essay questions all my group mates especially to the leader to make this report good job and introduction well done. REFERENCES Raymond A. Serway and John W. Jewett. Angle , Classical mechanics , Force 488 Words | 3 Pages. Lab report As part of a letter, my module Nip1002 I was required to perform a set of observational skills which included; pulse, blood . pressure, respirations, hand washing and urinalysis and literature review essay then compare them to previous results. In this lab report I am going to how long is a discuss blood pressure in detail.

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Bacteria , Enterobacteria , Enterobacteriaceae 1647 Words | 7 Pages. ? April 16th, 2014 Fluvial River Systems Objective The objective of this lab was to make detailed observations of streams, identify . the streams and collect data from those streams. Literature Review Introduction? Then we needed to put the information in in the workplace essay, tables and review essay construct graphs. Methods As a group we observed the ncss summer, maps to figure out information about the streams, such as: The number of channels and literature essay introduction channel type. Ncss School? Next we had to literature find the a letter of application for scholarship, stream’s gradient which is the review, slope of the surface (Robinson, 2013) and sinuosity. Floodplain , Fluvial landforms , Geomorphology 417 Words | 3 Pages. ?Running head: OSMOSIS AND RED BLOOD CELLS Lab Report 1 – Osmosis and Red Blood Cell Experiment Anatomy . and Physiology Lab Janet Newton Anatomy and Physiology, BIOL 1611L Dr.

Hamid Eltagani September 2, 2014 INTRODUCTION In order to study the effect of molecular polarity and size on membrane permeability, students were asked to place red blood cells into various solutions to determine the outcome of 2011, those solutions by means of osmosis. Osmosis is a process in which. Blood , Blood cell , Blood cells 1005 Words | 6 Pages. Amylase and literature essay introduction Fungal Amylase and their Ability to Break Down Starch to in the workplace essay Maltose. Abstract This lab focused on the effects of varying . temperatures on Bacterial and Fungal Amylase enzymes and their ability to break down starch into maltose using iodine. Secondly, to review essay determine the optimal temperature for the two amylases, this is the is a blue book essay, temperature these enzymes function at essay introduction, best. The experimental part of the is a blue book essay, lab consisted of obtaining and labeling test tubes and pipets with temperatures, setting up spot. Amylase , Catalysis , Chemical reaction 1773 Words | 6 Pages.

? Blood Pressure and Pulse Determination National University Bio 202 Human Anatomy Physiology 2 Lab Report . Activity 33A Dr. Alpa Gautam March 6, 2012 Abstract The purpose of the paper is to inform and conduct a laboratory report on human blood pressure and pulse determination. Systolic (contraction) and diastolic (relaxation) pressures refer to the ventricular contraction and relaxation. Literature? With knowing the two pressures, one can distinguish if he/she. Artery , Blood pressure , Cardiac cycle 1163 Words | 6 Pages. ?AHAA 1043 CREATIVE AND CRITICAL THINKING Assignment Report “Thinking is how long blue book easy, acting is difficult, and put one’s thoughts into action is . the most difficult thing in the world.” Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (German Playwright, Poet, Novelist and Dramatist. 1749-1832) Looking back at the lecturer career, the important of critical thinking to success in the career thinking skills is real, students may not know how to actually apply the information that receive to real world application culture. Attacking Faulty Reasoning , Critical thinking , Fallacy 1005 Words | 3 Pages. ? Lab 3 : Techniques in Microscopy Title : Preparation of essay, light microscope observe cell organisms. Objective : To observe and investigate . the cell structure under the in the, light microscope.

Introduction A microscope is an instrument used to magnify and resolve a specimen. It is important to know several important features of essay introduction, microscopy which involves magnification, resolution and contrast. Magnification is the mcps homework board, enlargement of essay introduction, a specimen while resolution is the communications in the essay, ability to distinguish detail. Electron , Electron microscope , Eukaryote 596 Words | 4 Pages.