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College paper term writing

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bad academic writing Centre for Academic Success. There's no great mystique about an academic writing style. The most important thing is to keep your writing clear and paper term, concise and make sure that you get your ideas over in a comprehensible form. It's clear expression of these ideas that will impress your tutor, not a string of long, inappropriate words found in your dictionary. A wide range of term paper sa filipino subject, vocabulary is of course important, but you must use the right word, and shorter ones are often better than longer ones. The most important thing to remember is college paper term writing, generally to try to proposal essays avoid everyday, informal language, especially colloquial expressions and slang. Also, spoken language is naturally full of hesitations, repetitions, grammatical errors and term writing, unfinished ideas. In your writing, however, structure is sa filipino, much more important: sentences should be complete and ideas arranged into paragraphs or sections, and you should aim for perfection in college term writing your grammar and spelling. Paper Sa Filipino! However, especially if English is term, not your first language, don't become too obsessed with this, to the point perhaps of copying word for word from your sources. What#8217;s important is that you clearly show your understanding of the subject and your ability to manipulate information to answer a specific question or complete a specific task, and as long as any grammar errors you make don#8217;t impede this, then it shouldn#8217;t be a problem. Essays On Obesity! AVOID SOME ASPECTS OF INFORMAL ENGLISH. don't use colloquial language or slang (eg kid, a lot of/lots of, cool) always write as concisely as you can, with no irrelevant material or #8220;waffle#8221;. generally avoid phrasal verbs (e.g. get off, get away with, put in etc): instead, use one word equivalents. avoid common but vague words and term writing, phrases such as get, nice, thing.

Your writing needs to paper be more precise. Paper Term Writing! avoid overuse of brackets; don#8217;t use exclamation marks or dashes; avoid direct questions; don#8217;t use #8220;etc#8221;. always use capital letters appropriately and never use the type of language used in texting! See the practice exercises at the end of the guide. divide your writing up into paragraphs (see Guide 1.35). use connecting words and phrases to make your writing explicit and term sa filipino subject, easy to follow (see Guide 1.39). check your grammar and spelling carefully (see Guide 1.42). MAKE YOUR WRITING FORMAL AND IMPERSONAL. avoid being too dogmatic and making sweeping generalisations. It is college paper term writing, usually best to use. some sort of #8220;hedging#8221; language (see below) and to qualify statements that you make. you should consistently use evidence from como your source reading to back up what you are saying and reference this correctly. avoid sexist language, such as chairman, mankind. College Term! Don#8217;t refer to #8220;the doctor#8221; as he; instead, make the subject plural and refer to them as they . Paper! Avoid he/she, herself/himself etc. use nominalisation; that is, try to write noun-based phrases rather that verb-based ones. For example, instead of. Crime was increasing rapidly and the police were becoming concerned.

The rapid increase in crime was causing concern among the police. College Term Writing! wide use of subordinate clauses. Remember, however, that your main aim is clarity, so. don#8217;t be too ambitious, particularly when you#8217;re starting to write. use impersonal subjects instead (It is believed that . it can be argued that . ) use passive verbs to como avoid stating the #8216;doer#8217; (Tests have been conducted) use verbs (often with it as subject) such as imagine, suggest, claim, suppose. use #8216;attitudinal signals#8217; such as apparently, arguably, ideally, strangely, unexpectedly. These words allow you to hint at your attitude to college term writing something without using personal language. use verbs such as would, could, may, might which #8216;soften#8217; what you#8217;re saying. use qualifying adverbs such as some, several, a minority of, a few, many to avoid making overgeneralisations. Replace the phrasal verbs in studies the sentences with a more appropriate verb from the list below. Don't forget to keep the paper, same tense. Paper On Watermarking! fluctuate investigate eliminate raise reduce.

propose intervene establish. 1 Researchers have been looking into paper writing, the problem for 15 years. ______________________. 2 This issue was brought up during the seminar. Public Case Studies! __________________________. 3 It is paper, assumed that the como hacer essay, management knows what is happening and will therefore step in if. there is a problem. _________________________. 4 Schools cannot altogether get rid of the problem of truancy. _________________________. 5 The number of staff has been cut down recently. _____________________.

6 It was very difficult to find out exactly what happened. Paper! _______________________. 7 House prices have a tendency to go up and down. ¬¬_______________________. 8 A potential solution was put forward two years ago. ¬¬¬______________________. Replace the on watermarking, following phrasal verbs with a more formal single word. 1 The locals could not put up with the paper term, visitors from the city. __________________________. Fad Essay! 2 The decline was brought about by cheap imports. __________________________________. College Paper Term! 3 The university is como un buen, thinking about installing CCTV. ___________________________________. 4 Sales are likely to drop off in the third quarter. College Term! ____________________________________. 5 He went on paper on watermarking, speaking for over an hour. ____________________________________________. 6 The meeting was put off until December. College! __________________________________________.

7 The cinema was pulled down ten years ago. ________________________________________. 8 People have cut down on their consumption of beef. ________________________________. Which of the two alternatives in bold do you think is more appropriate in academic writing? 1 The government has made considerable/great progress in solving the fad essay, problem. 2 We got/obtained excellent results in the experiment. 3 The results of lots of/numerous tests have been pretty good/encouraging. 4 A loss of college paper writing, jobs is one of the consequences/things that will happen if the process is. 5 The relationship between the management and workers is hacer essay, extremely/really important. 6 Some suggestions springing up from/arising from the study will be presented.

Use a more formal word or phrase to replace those in bold. 1 The reaction of the officials was sort of negative. _______________________. College Term! 2 The economic outlook is paper on watermarking, nice.__________________________. 3 Car manufacturers are planning a get together to discuss their strategy. 4 The resulting competition between countries is good._________________. 5 The economy is affected by things that happen outside the country. Term Writing! 6 She was given the sack because of her poor record. Public Studies! __________________. 7 The examination results were super. ________________________. Replace the contractions in college paper term writing the following sentences with full forms where necessary. 1 The results weren't very encouraging. _________________________.

2 We'll have to conduct another experiment. _____________________. 3 She's been all around the world. _________________________. 4 It's the best solution to the problem. ______________________. 5 Our questionnaire shows that teachers aren't paid what they're worth. 6 His response was, A job's a job; if it doesn't pay enough, it's a lousy job'. Fad Essay! _______________. 7 He'd rather announce the findings at the conference. _________________.

8 The department's approach didn't succeed. _________________________. Suggest improvements to the following sentences to avoid use of #8220;you#8221; and #8220;we#8221;. College Paper Writing! 1. You can apply the same theory of learning to small children. 2. You can only do this after the initial preparation has been conducted. Term! 3. The figures are accurate to within 1%, but you should note that local. variations may apply. College Term Writing! 4. Term! In the second section of the report, we will consider the environmental.

Suggest alternatives to the following to avoid use of personal language. 1 In this essay I will discuss the main differences between the English and. Scottish legal systems. 2 I have divided my report into five sections. 3 I will conclude by proposing that all drugs should be legalized. 4 The opinion of the present author in this essay is that the importance of. the monarchy should be reduced. 5 In the third part of the essay, we will look at the reasons for public. Paper! hysteria over the SARS virus. 6 Although I am not an expert in the field, I have tried very hard to. understand the main ideas.

Make these statements more cautious. 1 Today everyone uses credit cards for all their shopping. 2 Drinking wine is bad for you. 3 Global warming will have disastrous consequences for the whole. 4 Teleworking leads to isolation.

5 Women are worse drivers than men. Rewrite the following in a more formal style. 1. The positive feedback made up for the problems we came across during. Compare! 2. You can clearly see the differences between these two learning. 3. The subjects didn't have much difficulty with the task. 4. We found example after example of autonomous systems in lots of. Links to further resources on academic writing style. Last updated: 4 January 2011.

Centre for Academic Success. City North : 0121 331 7685 Email. Millennium Point Learning Centre : 0121 202 2500 Email. To book a tutorial at Millennium Point: 0121 202 2500.

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pastor taylor resume Whoever believes that giving is an easy matter, makes a mistake; it is a matter of very great difficulty, provided that gifts are made with wisdom, and are not scattered haphazard and by college paper writing, caprice. - Seneca. God’s work done in God’s way will never lack God’s supply. - Hudson Taylor. A distressed woman wrote to Horace Greeley, the famed journalist, saying her church was going bankrupt. She explained they’d tried fairs, festivals, suppers, mock weddings, and socials, but none had generated enough money to keep the como essay church afloat. “Do you have any suggestions of what else we could do?” she asked. Greeley wrote back, “Why not try religion?” Perhaps if churches would do what they’re supposed to do, God and his people would come through and meet the paper term financial needs. This chapter will address the fad essay recipients of giving, fundraising methods, the college term writing proper use of funds, and how to identify worthy ministries. It will also raise some disturbing and public case, controversial questions related to paper term writing various financial practices among evangelicals that are ethically troublesome and leave us vulnerable to criticism and ethical moral decline.

Finances and public health studies, Fundraising in the Local Church. Giving should start with your local Bible-believing, Christ-centered church, the spiritual community where you’re fed and to which you’re accountable. In the New Testament, giving was not directed to the Church at writing, large, the universal body of Christ, but to the church, the local Christian assembly. Even gifts that were sent to other places were given through the local church. Whereas the Old Testament temple was a storehouse, the New Testament Church was a clearinghouse, a conduit of gifts to essays on obesity help the needy and reach the college paper term lost.

Normally, I think firstfruits, or the tithe, should go to the local church. But I don’t believe in “storehouse tithing” if it means that a church hoards funds or spends them on frills or monuments to ego and prosperity. Freewill giving beyond the tithe also can go to proposal on obesity worthy parachurch ministries.1 For fourteen years I was a local church pastor, and for twelve years I’ve directed a parachurch ministry. I believe that both types of ministry deserve support, but the church should always come first. College Paper. That’s why we give more to our church than to our ministry. Our giving should go first to current health case studies the local church because it’s our primary spiritual community. (“Electronic churches” are a contradiction in college paper writing, terms. They’re media programsnot churches.) No mission boards, youth organizations, or Bible colleges are mentioned in the New Testament. There’s only the sa filipino local church, which filled all these roles. But history has demonstrated there’s much that local churches have been unable or unwilling to do. Paper Term Writing. Parachurch groups have filled the gap.

Many have done a remarkable job. Fad Essay. They’ve been servants of Christ and the Church. Others, unfortunately, have competed with churches, draining their resources. How can a ministry in Chicago or Dallas be accountable to donors living in Idaho or New York? How can supporters evaluate whether parachurch leaders are of reputable character? I hope that most church members see their pastors in real-life situations. But all they know about the parachurch leader is what they’re told. From a distance, parachurch organizations with sharp brochures and attractive spokespeople often outshine the local church, where much of the college giving supports mundane activities like paying the utility bills and the salary of a pastor who, though a man of integrity, may be ordinary. The church is small, the term sa filipino faucets leak, and paper term writing, the people are irritating. The custodian wears old overalls and putters about, jangling his mammoth key chain. People think, I don’t want my money to pay the term paper sa filipino water or garbage bill; I want it to go 100 percent to evangelism.

The television ministers, with their straight teeth and makeup, tell stories of thousands of conversions. Why fiddle with the penny-ante local church when you can send your money to the big boys? So people give their money instead to a parachurch group, apparently without realizing that it too has irritating, ordinary people; garbage bills; and a custodian with old overalls and a jangly key chain. Paul doesn’t encourage individual believers to give to college paper term a needy cause on their own, but instead to give to and through the local church (1 Corinthians 16:2). When the como essay early Christians sold their land and houses, they “brought the money from the sales and put it at the apostles’ feet, and it was distributed to term anyone as he had need” (Acts 4:34-35). They didn’t discern on their own where the funds should go.

They entrusted them to spiritually qualified church leaders, who distributed them wisely. Writing in fad essay, A.D. 390, John Chrysostom says this about the college paper early church’s giving: They did not dare to put their offering into the hands of the needy, nor give it with lofty condescension, but they laid it at the feet of the apostles and made them masters and distributors of the gift. What a man needed was then taken from the treasurer of the community, not from the private property of individuals. Thereby the givers did not become arrogant.2. Most of the undiscerning giving among Christians today stems from proposal on obesity our independence. If we were honest, we might have to term writing say, “I give to current public health case this place and that place as I see fit, rather than giving to the church to have it distributed as the spiritual leaders see fit.

Why? Because it’s my money and college term writing, I’ll do with it what I want. Furthermore, I enjoy receiving recognition and vs contrast essay, ego strokes from those to whom I send my money.” If believers entrusted the distribution of their God-given funds to paper writing qualified local church leaders (I realize that some church leaders aren’t qualified), the worthy parachurch ministries would thrive and proposal essays, the unworthy ones would fade away. I’m often asked, “But how can I give to my church when I don’t agree with how the money is spent?” Perhaps your church leaders are in a better position to judge this than you are. And if you actually saw some of these other ministries up close, you’d likely find as much or more to college paper writing disagree with. If the Bible tells me to pay taxes (Romans 13:1-7), and I comply, even though some will be wasted and even used for bad purposes, surely I can give to God even when I don’t feel comfortable with every use of the funds. Compare. Of course, I must draw the line somewhere. If my money God’s moneyis going to Bible-denying seminaries and groups that promote immorality, it’s time to college paper term speak to my church leaders. If I still cannot in good conscience give regularly and substantially to my church, perhaps it’s time to ask God for help finding a church where I can give as he has directed. Fundraising through Pledges and Faith Promises.

Many fundraising gimmicks are used by churches, including raffles, bingo, and como essay, other forms of gambling. One church raised funds for its building program by paper writing, giving cash prizes to those bringing in the highest pledges from other church members.3 But not all attempts at fundraising are gimmicks. Pledges and faith promises are also common fundraising methods. A “pledge” is a commitment made in light of known or anticipated income. A “faith promise” is a commitment to give a certain amount of money, even if the giver doesn’t know where it will come from. In either case, individuals are asked to designate an amount of money to be given by a certain date, perhaps in regular monthly installments. Some pledges are merely statements of intention.

Others are serious commitments that bring a follow-up reminder from the church. Too many misses and proposal on obesity, the phone call turns into a visit from the pastor or fundraising chairman. Some pledges are actually legally binding contracts with legal liability in the event of college paper term, a default. (When a pledge is simply an current public case expression of desire or intent, or an agreement with God left for his Holy Spirit to college enforce, it’s not necessarily unscriptural. Como Hacer. However, when it becomes a legal contract, we’ve strayed far from the college writing principles of como hacer un buen essay, biblical giving examined in chapter 13.) It’s increasingly common, especially in building projects, to bring in professional fund-raisers or canvassing directors from college outside the membership. No matter how well-intentioned, these programs communicate a sad message: The church leaders cannot share a compelling vision that the people will want to support, so they bring in a “hired gun” with an arsenal of fad essay, ways to get money from people. Pledges are often the backbone of such campaigns. The strength of the “faith promise” method is term writing, that it can prompt not only sa filipino subject trust but discipline and ingenuity to earn and college paper, save money in order to give it to vs contrast God. Having a tangible goal of, say, $500 or $5,000 encourages prayers for provision and acts of college paper term writing, diligence. Como Hacer. The weakness of this approach is that faith promises are highly subjective.

They assume God has determined an exact amount of paper term, money to be given, and this amount can only be discerned through the person’s “feeling.” Because Scripture never says that God has determined or will reveal such an hacer essay amount, to “trust God” for it is to obligate him to something he hasn’t promised in the first place.4 Committing to give a predetermined amount over paper writing, a period of on watermarking, years may violate James 4:13-17, which tells us we cannot know how much money we will make tomorrow, much less months and college writing, years from now. If God leads me to compare essay relocate while I still have two years and $6,000 left on my faith promise, do I continue to give to paper term writing my former church rather than my present one? When the compare essay Macedonians gave “beyond their ability,” they were exercising risk-taking faith. Paper Writing. This is fad essay, more important than whether it corresponded to a particular amount they had promised. Whether one uses the faith promise approach or not, God honors prayer, dependence, and generosity. If we don’t set an writing exact amount, we may find that God still abundantly provides. (I address two relevant issuesfinancial integrity and accountability in the Church and parachurch as well as the use of ministry funds for buildingsin appendixes A and paper on watermarking, B.) Pastors should be paid to free them for paper writing ministry. On Obesity. “Anyone who receives instruction in the word must share all good things with his instructor” (Galatians 6:6).

Paul calls this the minister’s “right of support” from the church (1 Corinthians 9:3-12). He says, “The Lord has commanded that those who preach the college paper gospel should receive their living from the gospel” (1 Corinthians 9:14). Furthermore, “The elders who direct the affairs of the church well are worthy of double honor, especially those whose work is preaching and teaching. ‘The worker deserves his wages’” (1 Timothy 5:17-18). Being paid more than he needs gives the vs contrast pastor the opportunity to live as an paper term writing example to the flock, most of whomin America and Western nationshave considerable discretionary income. On hearing of his salary raise, one pastor told his elders, “This is much more than I need to proposal on obesity live on.” The elders responded, “Yes, we know.

We want to see what you do with it.” I have no sympathy for churches that deliberately underpay their pastors, forcing them to find ways to supplement their income. College Paper Writing. It’s different, of course, when a church genuinely can’t afford to pay a pastor. Many pastors have gladly worked part-time jobs on the side to essay serve smaller churches, and college paper term writing, I don’t mean to imply this is always inappropriate. However, it creates significant challenges. Pastors and lay leaders should work side by current health case, side in financial matters. College. David High compares businessmen in the church to kings and pastors to priests. He argues that both have important roles but the compare two should not be confused: Priests without kings chase provision to paper writing their own hurt. Kings without priests try to generate vision many times to their own hurt.

Today we have churches full of hacer un buen essay, frustrated kings, sitting in pews with their arms folded, listening to frustrated priests who have heard from God but don’t have the money to college paper writing make it happen.Many good, godly men have destroyed themselves and proposal, their ministries when they felt they had to become fundraisers. Once they start chasing money, something twists inside and their message and ministry begin to ring hollow.5. I served as a pastor for fourteen years before becoming director of a parachurch ministry where I’ve been the past thirteen years. My heart is in the local church. Paper. A number of my closest friends are pastors. I respect and deeply appreciate pastors.

What I am about to fad essay say comes neither from cynicism nor suspicion. It is intended for the protection of both pastors and paper term writing, churches. The Lord decried the proposal fact that priests and prophets alike were corrupted by money (Micah 3:11). Peter reminds church leaders to college be “shepherds of God’s flock not greedy for money, but eager to serve” (1 Peter 5:2, italics mine). He insisted that no money-lover was qualified to be a church leader (1 Timothy 3:3).

In his ministry, Paul was so committed to avoid even the appearance of loving money that he often supported himself (1 Corinthians 9:18). I recently read an interview with a pastor. When asked about his opulent home (with its own bowling alley), his response was, “God doesn’t want all his children in coach. He wants some of them in first class.” But when those in coach are paying for paper the pastor to ride in term, first class, it creates a distinctly different model than the “eager to serve” pastor advocated in Scripture. Even at age eighty-two, Oral Roberts was still talking about shiny new cars and saying, “God wants us to prosper.

And if we prosper, our people will prosper. If the pastor doesn’t prosper, the people won’t have the fad essay faith to prosper.”6 Consider the contrast between this prosperity model and college paper, the servanthood model of our Lord: “For even the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many” (Mark 10:45). Paul warns Titus about ministers “ruining whole households by teaching things they ought not to essays on obesity teachand that for the sake of dishonest gain” (Titus 1:11, italics mine). These passages I’ve quoted constitute a biblical mandate to paper term pastors and Christian leaders, and their boards and term subject, constituents, to take great pains to protect leaders and ministries from unnecessary temptations toward greed, financial impropriety, and college term, possible scandal. Serious problems develop when pastors are paid much more or much less than the average person in the church. Disparity can have an adverse effect on both pastors and parishioners.

Years ago the paper on watermarking tendency was for pastors to be underpaid, requiring them to neglect their calling to find other sources of income or tempting them and their families toward envy or resentment. Pastors who are underpaidI mean, when the congregation can afford to pay them moretend to be underappreciated, taken for term writing granted, and sometimes patronized as “the poor pastor,” who is in fact kept poor by the church. Unfortunately, this remains true of many pastors today. However, the tendency now in many large churches, especially with senior pastors, is just the opposite-it is to pay them as if they were company CEOs, tempting them to feel more important than the people they shepherd, setting them up, often unintentionally, to lord it over” the flock. Vs Contrast. Note the contrast in paper term writing, 1 Peter 5 between pastors being “greedy for money” and paper sa filipino subject, “eager to serve.” When a pastor encourages people to tithe and give generously in freewill offeringswhich he should do as part of preaching the whole counsel of Godand his income is far more than theirs, people wonder, How can he understand our financial struggles when he lives in a house that nice and makes all that money? Sometimes this situation arises from the college paper term tendency to fill church boards with successful businessmen, instead of a cross-section of the congregation. Como Un Buen. This skews the average salary levels of board members and inclines them to pay pastors far above the church average. I have many good friends who are senior pastors, devoted to paper writing God and the ministry. Many of them handle money well. I’m not questioning their hard work or integrity.

I’m questioning instead the compare vs contrast market that’s been created for college term pastors of large churches, who may make several times what other pastors on staff do, even those working harder with fewer vacations and less opportunity for term paper subject outside income. Sometimes pastors are offered what amounts to bribes to paper term get them to paper leave their churches. I know a pastor of college term writing, a large church who declined an invitation to become a candidate for an even larger church, saying he believed it was God’s will that he stay with his present congregation. But the paper on watermarking other church persisted, inviting him to fly out for a visit on a private jet. They wooed him and offered him an paper enhanced financial package, eventually persuading him to leave his church after all. (Apparently, God’s will was negotiable.) Many churches became accustomed to doing special favors for their pastors when they were grossly underpaid.

Clergy discounts were routinely offered, and in some places still are. Pastors were given free places to studies stay on vacation and other freebiessometimes even cars. But today, when many pastors are paid adequately, the same favors are extended by habit. Term. The IRS allows pastors to have tax-exempt housing allowances that save them thousands of dollars annually. I was very grateful for this exemption when I was a pastor, and I’m in favor of seeing it continue. My point is only that the old stereotype of the underpaid pastor isn’t always truefor which I’m extremely glad. Yet I’ve heard pastors who are making good salaries still talk as if they’re underpaid.

Some pastors receive outside pay for speaking engagements and writing books. This may be fine. But are paid members of the church staff using church equipment and time to do the typing, research, and current studies, events scheduling for which the pastor is being paid by outsiders? This situation sets up a temptation that pastors don’t needthe lure to say yes to out-of-town engagements and add-on projects in order to make money on the side without decreasing their regular pay from the church. College Writing. These opportunities sometimes create ethical conflicts of interest that wouldn’t be tolerated in the business world. (If you’re paid by IBM to essay write software, can you then sell it to others and keep the profits? Anyone can do work on the side-but can you market work for which you’ve already been paid by your employer? And can you take time away from term your desk to teach seminars and be paid for them?)

I believe that pastors and church boards should set clear parameters concerning the time and money involved in the pastor’s outside speaking and writing. Hacer Un Buen. These parameters should be fair to paper writing both pastor and church. How much time is the pastor expected to invest in local church ministry each week? Forty hours? Fifty hours? More? This should be mutually agreed upon, so the pastor knows when his church time and personal time begin and end. Can a pastor write a book in which he draws from a message he gave to his church? Of course. But when the pastor speaks and writes in his non-vacation time, for case which he is writing, already receiving a church salary, is it ethical for sa filipino him to receive book royalties and speaking honorariums for term writing the same work hours?

What message does it send if a pastor is paper, paid by the church while writing a book, then is also paid by the book publisher, and then is paper writing, paid again when he delivers the material at a conference that takes him away from his church? Is this really in the pastor’s or church’s best interests? (Ironically, when it comes time to fad essay set salaries, the college board may reason, “He’s become very well known through his books and conferenceshe deserves to have his salary increased, whereas our lesser-known pastors don’t qualify for a merit raise.”) Sometimes these ethical dilemmas discourage a pastor because he wrestles with his conscience. This happened when I tried to write my first book when I was still a pastor. Every hour I spent on the book was one more hour I wasn’t available to fad essay the church.

I was writing in college paper term, the middle of the night to avoid a direct conflict, but that kind of a schedule took its toll. For several subsequent book projects, I requested one- or two-month unpaid leaves of absence, allowing me to focus on writing the book with no conflict of interest and no double pay. Most pastors want to do the term sa filipino subject right thingand they want to know they’re doing the right thing. When a pastor accepts a speaking invitation, he receives an honorarium on top of paper writing, his regular salary. For a book contract, he may receive tens of thousands of dollars, perhaps a hundred thousand dollars or more, upon paper on watermarking signing. For a full-time author, this may be business as usual, but for a pastor or parachurch leader, it may present a serious temptation for personal advancement partially at the expense of his church. If the board and church want and encourage him to write and speak, that’s finebut clear guidelines should be set so that no one misunderstands. If an unpaid leave isn’t used, an alternative might be to schedule a daily writing time (say, from 6:00 to 8:00 A.M.) before the pastor’s church duties begin. In this case, the college paper term book royalties could go to the pastor, because he’s writing on his own time.

If the church decides to sponsor the writing project, the term paper sa filipino pastor might be allowed to write during regular office hours at his normal salary, with the royalties going to the church. A church might grant a pastor a certain number of outside speaking engagements to be done on church time, with honorariums going to the church, or they might allow the pastor to keep the honorariums if they want to paper writing compensate for underpaying him. Essays On Obesity. Pastors and college term, boards should discuss how much time is appropriate for a secretary paid by the church to type books, articles, and materials for conferences, and to make related phone calls, if the proceeds from compare essay these activities will not go to the church. Examining various company policies for comparable arrangements might be advisable. I offer these suggestions not to make life more difficult for pastors but to make it easier. It isn’t that I distrust pastors. Rather, I desire to protect them and their churches from temptation, impropriety, and the appearance of impropriety. When things are unclear, people always talk.

If people don’t understand the pastor’s working arrangement, especially as it relates to writing and outside speaking and seminars, if it isn’t perfetly clear and in writing, then staff and church members are always tempted to gossip-which is in writing, no one’s best interest. Financing and Fundraising in Other Ministries. If Philippians 4:19 is true (“My God will meet all your needs”), why do so many Christian organizations constantly publicize their financial woes? “Please be sensitive to Godsend us your contribution,” pleads a radio and television preacher. “We must receive $300,000 by the end of the month or we’ll have to close our doors!” (Yet when only $100,000 comes in, the vs contrast doors stay open. And it never seems to occur to anyone that God might want to close the ministry’s doors.) Hudson Taylor, a pioneer missionary to writing China, said, “God’s work done in public case, God’s way will never lack God’s supply.” If a work is constantly in want of paper term writing, money, always begging for donations, either it’s not God’s work or it’s not being done in God’s way. Money is not an organization’s greatest asset. God is. Godly people and fad essay, the goodness of the cause are additional assets. If a ministry has the right God, the term writing right people, and case, the right cause, then the finances should also be right.

Some “faith missions” don’t believe that specific needs should be made known. Instead, they say, God should be trusted to move people’s hearts to give. I understand and respect this position. Writing. However, it should be balanced with what Paul says in 2 Corinthians 1:8: “We do not want you to be uninformed, brothers, about the hacer un buen essay hardships we suffered in the province of college paper, Asia.” His missionary team informed their supporting churches about their trials and needs. He saw other believers as participating in his ministry through their prayers (2 Corinthians 1:11). It’s difficult to pray effectively when the facts aren’t known. The same is true of giving. Most often, I give in response to essay a known needbut someone first has to inform me of it. Paul didn’t manipulate people when he shared a need, nor did he make them feel that without their giving God would not provide (Philippians 4:10-19).

Paul also made the Corinthians aware of the needs of the Jerusalem poor (1 Corinthians 16:1-4). Then he went one step further to encourage them to take an offering for that need, to term be distributed by paper, his ministry team. He moved from information to persuasion, but never to manipulation. The abundance of ministries in our society produces a competition for donor funds. For the leaders of paper, these ministries it creates a sense of urgencyan unspoken philosophy that “we must get these funds before someone else does.” Some organizations come up with a new enemy each month, requiring huge amounts of money to on watermarking combat, giving people a reason to choose them because their cause is more urgent. To undercut this sense of competition and to remind everyone that God has only one team, I recommend that ministries give away a percentage of college paper, their assets to support other ministries. In kingdom work, we all win or lose together, and we should rejoice at fad essay, the gains of term writing, every Christ-centered ministry.

As ministries have grown and technology has developed, quality promotional materials are more easily producedin stark contrast to the products of como hacer, ditto machines and offset printers that were prevalent decades ago. College Paper Term. Some ministries now produce full-color reports with stunning photographs and layout and design that is comparable to hacer essay those of America’s top businesses. This isn’t necessarily wrong. Paper Term Writing. But what if the money spent on slick, expensive publications was instead spent on the actual work of the fad essay ministry? If a television program costs $100,000 to produce and $200,000 to purchase the airtimeand then results in $400,000 in college term, contributions to the ministryis it a success?

The ministry may come out $100,000 ahead, but in proportion to the $300,000 investment, can the expense be justified? What would donors think if they knew that three out of every four dollars given merely paid back the organization for what it spent to produce the invitation to fad essay give? Many missionaries say that support raising is the college paper term writing part of their work they dread. Ironically, some of those who are most effective in doing the actual work of term, ministry are least effective in raising funds. The best approach to college term writing support raising involves prayerfully presenting the ministry, sharing the current public studies facts, and extending the opportunity to form a partnership. When it goes beyond that into “selling yourself,” with follow-up contacts pressing for a commitment, support raising loses its innocence. Churches and missions organizations need to become actively involved on behalf of their missionaries so they do not have to become something they aren’tand shouldn’t be.

As a pastor, I came to believe that the raising of personal support had gotten out of hand. Support is one thing, but the “support mentality” is another. College Paper. I’ve talked with men attending seminary who expected the on watermarking church to college term writing pay their way. Their assumption was that if they were doing anything for God, his people should pay for it. But who pays an engineer, a physical therapist, or a nurse to como get their training? They take a job, work extra hours, and college paper term, make sacrifices. If God provides another way, they gladly accept it, but they don’t assume that someone owes them a free ride. Why should a seminary student be less willing to sacrifice for his sense of calling than those going into term paper sa filipino subject other professions? If he’s working hard and needs help, the college paper term writing body of Christ may well get involved. But he shouldn’t live in fad essay, expectation of it. George Müller was a nineteenth-century Englishman who founded orphanages that cared for term writing thousands of homeless children.

He was known for not soliciting funds or sharing facts and fad essay, figures, but believing God would provide for every need of the ministry. For reasons they couldn’t explain, the hearts of college paper writing, people were often moved at particular times”the exact times they were neededto give funds or provisions for the orphanages. The following are George Müller’s fundraising guidelines. Although I don’t believe the first guideline is universally valid (as I’ve mentioned above), I think the others should be prayerfully considered by any church or ministry: 1. No funds should ever be solicited. No facts or figures concerning needs are to be revealed by the workers in the orphanage to anyone, except to God in prayer. 2. No debt should ever be incurred. 3. Money contributed for vs contrast a specific purpose should never be used for any other purpose. 4. All accounts should be audited annually by professional auditors. 5. No ego-pandering by publication of term, donors’ names with the amount of their gifts; each donor should be thanked privately.

6. No names of prominent or titled persons should be sought for the board or to advertise the institution. 7. Un Buen Essay. The success of the institution should be measured not by the numbers served or by paper writing, the amounts of money taken in, but by como un buen essay, God’s blessing on the work, which is expected to be in proportion to the time spent in prayer.7. Fundraising will never rise above the level of character exhibited by Christian leaders, who are not to be lovers of term writing, money nor benders of truth for financial gain (1 Timothy 3:3, 8). We must not be “greedy for money” (1 Peter 5:2). Christian leaders and pastors need to take a strong stand for current case godly fundraising, not asking, “What are other ministries doing?” but, “Lord, what do you want us to do?”

In 1995, a charity called the Foundation for New Era Philanthropy declared bankruptcy, unveiling a fraudulent financial scheme that had taken more than $350 million from paper term hundreds of individuals and charitable organizations. Current Public Case. The victims had been convinced to deposit money with New Era because the foundation supposedly had a group of wealthy anonymous donors who would match the deposits and college term writing, double them within six months. Hacer Un Buen. The operation was a pyramid or Ponzi scheme. There were no anonymous donors.8. More than two hundred evangelical Christian organizations lost money in the New Era scandal, including relief organizations, colleges, denominations, and college paper writing, local churches. Fortunately, more than 85 percent of the money was eventually recovered. But the scam revealed a disturbing financial desperation among evangelical organizations. I’m the director of a small nonprofit organization. We receive support from donors. But because my book royalties are assigned to the ministry and term subject, we distribute them to others, we give away a large proportion of the amount we receive. You might ask, “Then why not just pay your own way and not take donations?” Because we want and need prayer, partnership, and accountability.

We don’t keep a large amount of college, money in savings because we desire to use and give the vs contrast money we’re entrusted, not stockpile it. I understand that many organizations have times of particular financial need, because we’ve had some ourselves. College Term. When we do, I go back to the seventeen financial principles I wrote when we started our ministry in 1990. The first principle is as follows: Eternal Perspective Ministries belongs to Jesus Christ. EPM staff are privileged to be his servants (1 Corinthians 3:6-7). EPM will exist only as long as God wants it to. If it becomes evident that his purpose for EPM is current public health, finished, we will close our doors. Paper Term. The sun does not rise or set on this ministry.

It is on obesity, simply a tool at God’s disposal (2 Timothy 2:21), for him to use asand as long ashe chooses.9. When EPM’s financial inflow dropped two years ago, we decided to close our ministry office on Fridays and term writing, lay off our most recently hired employee. When our revenues increased again, we realized that being closed on Fridays had saved money without significantly hampering our ministry. Through the shortage, we discovered a better way of operating, and we’ve continued it ever since. Not everything that requires more money is progress, and not all progress means spending more money. Sometimes it means spending less. Ministries need to learn not to panic at financial crises.

Speaking of “all kinds of trials,” Peter says, “These have come so that your faithof greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by firemay be proved genuine and may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed” (1 Peter 1:6-7). Who brings financial struggles to our ministries? The default answer, judging by fundraising letters, is fad essay, “Satan, to destroy God’s work and make us less effective.” But the better answer, based on this passage, is paper writing, “God, to accomplish his work and make us more effective through deepened character and greater dependence on como hacer un buen, him.” We should not focus only on what measures will get us out of a financial crisis, but what God is wanting to teach us while we’re in the thick of it. Concerns with Donor Conferences. I mentioned previously an invitation from a ministry active in college paper term, developing countries that was offering a luxurious stay at un buen, an exclusive resort in term writing, the Bahamas. I have in front of me an invitation from another organization to current public which our ministry made a one-time contribution of $5,000. The offer is for a two-week luxury cruise visiting seven countries. The ship stops at three ports where there are brief opportunities to paper writing observe ministries. It offers veranda rooms starting at $2,899. There are a number of extra charges listed, not to mention airfare to get to the port.

In today’s mail I received an invitation from another major evangelical ministry to a gathering called “Realities of the World’s Children in the Twenty-First Century,” centering on the plight of proposal essays, poor children. Enclosed is college paper writing, a picture of where the conference will be helda gorgeous hotel sitting on a lake, described as “a world class destinationa beautiful resort with a blend of casual elegance, superb service, and essays on obesity, world-class recreation. Throughout your stay, winding walkways will lure you through stunning displays of lush fountains and manicured courtyard gardens.The resort offers breathtaking golf courses, smashing tennis facilities, a wonderful spa with staff to pamper you.” Then there’s the college paper term writing dinner cruise on current studies, a boat that’s no less than “exquisite.” True, some people are already taking such trips. So, why shouldn’t ministries offer them in college term writing, a way that can stretch people’s vision for ministry? A great deal of money will likely be contributed by those going on these cruises and current health, staying in these luxury hotels. Does the end justify the means? Isn’t there something fundamentally inappropriate about using places steeped in luxury for people concerned about helping dying children, when the costs for college the weekend, if spent on helping children instead, would keep thousands alive?

Isn’t feeding into subject the allure of excessive lifestyles a problem rather than a solution? How can we wish our supporters would forgo luxuries to support kingdom causes, then turn around and offer them luxuries to college term support kingdom causes? Why are we appealing toand justifyingsomething in donors that Christ may be seeking to overcome in them? (And in us?) It’s appropriate for hacer essay ministries to college writing express sincere gratitude for health case acts of generous giving. What seems inappropriate is pampering these givers to motivate them toward further giving. (There’s also the effect on those in the ministry who start living a rich lifestyle vicariously through their donors.) Are expensive tours, chartered fishing trips, and exotic vacations necessary? I sometimes speak at donor events in very nice surroundings, realizing that Paul says, “I have become all things to all men” (1 Corinthians 9:22). He also says, “I know what it is to be in paper, need, and I know what it is to have plenty.

I have learned the secret of essays on obesity, being content in any and college, every situation, whether well fed or hungry, whether living in on obesity, plenty or in want” (Philippians 4:12). There are many wealthy people who need to be reached with the liberating truth of joyful giving. To reach them, we must go where they are or invite them where they will come. Yet perhaps we are doing a disservice to college paper many, assuming that we must have the fad essay nicest possible accommodations to win their attendance at a conference, when if we focused on the opportunity to use money for college writing God’s kingdom they might come just as willinglyand perhaps more so. Shouldn’t we teach donors through our words and deeds that God is their rewarder, not us? The giving of good books and helpful gifts can be appropriate, but churches and essay, ministries should be careful not to paper term overshadow the biblical reasons for giving. Ministries should not allow donors to determine policy. One mission was offered the free use of a beautiful luxury ship to take its donors up and down the coast of Africa so they could see their work among the poor. Fortunately, the ministry president saw that this would be inappropriate.

But anything that a donor offers to pay forincluding weekends in extravagant resortscan be tempting. “We can’t really refuse something if it’s offered us, can we?” The answer is “Yes, we can.” And in some cases we certainly should. Just as donors need to speak up and challenge ministries to spend their money more carefully, ministries with long-term relationships with donors earn the right to gently challenge them. Fad Essay. Certainly we should not allow some donors’ expensive tastes to change how the paper term writing ministry operates. Como Essay. Churches and ministries should offer mature spiritual leadership rather than follow the agendas set by every wealthy donor. A delightful twenty-two-year-old woman came to me. Paper Term Writing. She had suffered a disfiguring accident, followed by dozens of painful surgeries.

Then she became wealthy through an insurance settlement. In a newspaper interview, she was asked, “What will you do with the money?” She said she wanted to proposal on obesity support Christian ministries. In tears, she told me of the college paper writing phone calls that followed from ministries and term paper sa filipino, a Christian college. Suddenly everyone wanted to college paper writing take her to lunch. Then she told me she’d been serving on the board of an evangelical mission. I asked her, “Do you think they’d have asked a twenty-two-year-old to be on the board if you weren’t wealthy?” She sobbed and said, “Since the money came in, I don’t know who really cares and who just wants to compare vs contrast use me.” Many donors have become cynical toward churches and college paper term, ministries, believing that they are being courted only because of their wealth. Unfortunately, sometimes it’s true. (What more effective way to ensure significant giving than to put a wealthy person on the board?) Many ministries and a fair number of paper on watermarking, local churches do it, but courting big donors seems like the college paper term favoritism of the rich that Scripture explicitly condemns (James 2:1-5).

Relationships between Ministries and Donors. Psychiatrist and lecturer Dr. Roy Menninger states, Having money to give away and the power to decide to whom to give it is intoxicating, and foundations can be irritating examples of the “narcissism of the righteous.”We all need to be aware of some of the darker sides of human views of health case studies, money and term, of giving and receiving, if we are to keep from exploiting the power position of the donor or the dependent position of the seeker.10. Ministry representatives and essay, donors should conduct their interactions in a way that’s biblical and honest. Communication should be open, and false expectations should be avoided. Paper Term. We should commit ourselves to no game playing, hidden agendas, or unfounded assumptions. Donors should understand and respect the ministry’s representatives and compare essay, not take advantage of them from a power position. Donors and ministry representatives are both God’s slaves, his errand boys and girls. Both should be humble and transparent. Ministry representatives who constantly pump up donors, telling them how important and paper, wonderful they are, forfeit the right to complain when donors turn around and act in case studies, a way that’s self-important.

If you want someone to act humbly, feeding his pride isn’t the best strategy. We shouldn’t tempt donors toward the college term writing very things from which God seeks to fad essay deliver themincluding pride (craving recognition and status), control, independence, and materialism. Ministry staffers can fall into college term writing the trap of ingratiating themselves and flattering donors. Fad Essay. This is college paper term, manipulative and compare vs contrast essay, explicitly violates Scripture: “A lying tongue hates those it hurts, and a flattering mouth works ruin” (Proverbs 26:28); “He who rebukes a man will in the end gain more favor than he who has a flattering tongue” (Proverbs 28:23). Flattery never serves the interests of the person we’re flatteringit serves only our interests. Any relationship with a donor is unhealthy if a ministry leader or a pastor will not raise concerns about character or choices. Withholding the truth in the interests of not losing someone’s support is college, a disservice to the donors and to the Lord.

Instead, we should speak the truth in love (Ephesians 4:15). Some donors see through flattery and don’t appreciate it, whereas others soak it up. Sometimes, genuine and fad essay, healthy friendships develop in this context, but most donors aren’t looking for more close friends. Someone told me he’d called a well-known leader on writing, a matter of some urgency. A few weeks had gone by and the compare essay leader hadn’t called him back.

He said, “I’m used to college paper term writing calling the paper on watermarking ministries we support and having everyone know my name. People step out of meetings to take my calls. Now I know how people feel when they’re waiting for me to return their calls.” This lesson in humility was healthy. It’s one reason I’m grateful to be part of a ministry that both receives substantial gifts and also grants them. I know what it’s like on both sides.

I’ve suggested to paper term ministry representatives that they send us no-frills information letting us know about current health case strategic projects. I will read these. There is no need for me to go on fishing trips or sightseeing tours or even regular lunches. If I spent my days and nights having dinner, traveling, and vacationing with people from all the paper term writing organizations we support, I would have no time to write books and therefore would have much less to give to essays on obesity kingdom causes. Once I explain my perspective, most ministry representatives understand. I’ve found the majority to be gracious and kingdom-minded. Ministry representatives shouldn’t presume to know whether it’s God’s will for a donor to give to college a project. Likewise, donors shouldn’t presume to know God’s will for exactly how the money should be used once it’s given. When giving, we need to truly release funds into the care of paper on watermarking, stewards we trust. Paid Celebrity Endorsements for Ministries. One of the most disturbing recent fundraising developments is paid celebrity endorsements of charities given at conferences and term writing, concerts.

A speaker or musician might give an current public studies appeal for a ministry’s child sponsorships. For every child sponsored as a result of the appeal the performer receives $25 to $50. College. (In the secular world, this is called a kickback.) A pastor’s wife attending a popular conference heard a speaker strongly endorse a ministry that works with needy children. On a hunch, the pastor’s wife asked the fad essay speaker afterward if she or the organization had been paid an endorsement fee. “Of course,” the speaker replied. Speakers have been paid as much as $10,000 for a single large-event endorsement. Someone learned at a ministry board meeting that the college paper term organization was “negotiating” with a popular musician to get his endorsement. “What’s there to negotiate?” he asked. “Either someone believes in this ministry and proposal essays, is willing to give his money and time and name to it, or he doesn’t.” If someone is paid money by a ministry for asking an paper audience to give money to that ministry, it doesn’t qualify as a heartfelt endorsement. It seems more like a bribe or a payoff. Satan is a master at essay, twisting good things and perverting acts of grace and college term, kindness into profit-seeking ventures. It’s commendable when speakers or musicians believe in a mission so much they would sacrifice to support it. It’s wonderful that they’d take an offering for that ministry.

But to be paid for doing soto take for themselves any amount of money given by those intending it to vs contrast go to help poor childrenis unethical. (If the audience knew, they would be heartsick and perhaps angry. God does know. Term. Is he heartsick? Angry?) I know a fine group of young musicians who were approached by term subject, a major missions organization asking them to promote its ministry. College Paper Term Writing. The mission offered them a 20 percent cut of all funds collected at their concerts.

Suppose the lead singer made the essays following public statement: “Eighty percent of college paper writing, tonight’s offering will go to feed the hungry in Haiti; the other 20 percent will go to us as payment for bringing this to your attention.” If the truth was divulged, people would be able to act in light of it. But most ministries, musicians, and speakers wouldn’t agree to such a disclosure. Why? Because it would look bad for everyone. But if it looks bad, isn’t that because it is bad? If those involved would be embarrassed by disclosure, isn’t that an subject indication it shouldn’t be done in the first place? I think that veteran ministry leaders should be ashamed of themselves for putting this kind of temptation in front of young Christian musicians. They need examples of integrity, not offers that would compromise their integrity. I have no problem with a ministry asking to present its vision to a speaker or group and then asking them to paper term pray about calling attention to their cause.

I have major problems with offering them a percentage of “the take” (once known as the vs contrast offering). Unless this is done with full disclosure, unless clear verbal or printed recognition is made of this financial arrangement, the offering is a deception. Anything less than full disclosure to potential donors constitutes fraud. Such arrangements will inevitably promote abuse, and sometimes lead to public scandal. Consider the college paper term temptation to overstate or misrepresent needs or to speak with artificial enthusiasm for the poor, while thinking of the larger kickback they will get for essay doing so. College. Our enemies dish out enough temptations without us dispensing them to our friends. Think of a Christian speaker appealing to people to give to starving children, knowing what the audience doesn’this personal wealth will increase directly in proportion to what he says and how well he says it. Imagine your pastor asking the congregation to dig deep and give to a mission to plant churches and give medical aid to the needy in rural Columbian villages. Hearts are moved.

The church takes an offering and current studies, $50,000 is given. Term Writing. Praise God! Now imagine it’s a week later, and essay, a church board member mentions that the pastor was paid $10,000 for writing making the plea and only $40,000 actually went to the mission. How would you respond? It may sound absurdbut that’s exactly the deal arranged by some Christian ministries with musicians. Some say, “We don’t publicly disclose this arrangement, because even though we know it’s right to term spend money to raise money, people would get the college writing wrong idea. They’d misunderstand.” The real danger isn’t that people would misunderstandit’s that they would understand . If they understood that part of the offering was going to fad essay the celebrity, not to the cause, they would see it for paper writing what it is, and probably not support it. (If I believed in the cause and knew of these arrangements, I would send my check directly to the organization, so more would go to needy children instead of to the celebrity.

Shouldn’t I be given the information to allow me to make that choice?) Taking an offering should be an opportunity to fad essay serve the needy, not a means to make money off the cause of the needy. The only way to know one’s motives are right in making the writing appeal is como hacer essay, not to profit from the arrangement. Those in ministry should seek to serve, not to be served. (Isn’t that what ministry is about?) They should look for the right organization to supportwhich would presumably not be the one that offered them the term writing kickback. “But speakers are paid an honorariumwhat’s the difference?” The difference is that people assume the speaker is proposal on obesity, being paid. If you attend a seminar, it’s understood that part of the cost goes to term the speaker. If you pay for a concert, it’s understood that the proposal essays on obesity funds go to term the music group. No one’s being lied to or misled. But in the case of paid celebrity endorsements, people are being misled. Poll those attending and you’ll find that most believe the speaker or musician is essay, voluntarily endorsing the ministry because God has touched his heart by it. The audience has no clue that the term first several thousand dollars given, or a percentage of the total, goes not to on watermarking the cause but to the speaker or musician.

The ministry may argue, “It costs money to make money. College Paper Term Writing. If we put a full-page ad in fad essay, a magazine, or if we produce an term writing infomercial, it will cost us a higher percentage of essay, what’s given than if we pay 20 percent to term a music group. If people realize it’s okay to spend money to advertise in a magazine, why isn’t it okay to pay to get the endorsement of a speaker or music group?” The operative word is “realize.” Everyone knows that it costs money to on watermarking put an ad in college writing, a magazine. Public Health Case. But unless it’s explicitly disclosed, they have no clue that a speaker or music group is being paid for its endorsement. “But the poor get more help than if we didn’t do this.” Who says we have to choose between misleading people and helping the poor? Believing that honest fundraising can’t be productive is an insult to God and paper, his people. Personally, I believe that speakers or musicians who are endorsing a ministry and como hacer un buen essay, receiving nothing in return should make this clear.

Doing this would be a great example to other speakers and musicians and would reassure the audience (who might otherwise become cynical as they learn about deceptive practices). Best of all, the speaker or musician’s reward would then come not from the ministry but from the college term Lord. We’re not to do things for those who can benefit us, but for those who can’tand then God himself will reward us in heaven (Luke 14:12-14). Opportunism and attempts to on watermarking buy and sell the spiritual are not new. Simon Magus was the first entrepreneur to see “money” written all over college term, ministry: When Simon saw that the hacer essay Spirit was given at the laying on of the apostles’ hands, he offered them money and said, “Give me also this ability so that everyone on college paper term writing, whom I lay my hands may receive the Holy Spirit.” Peter answered: “May your money perish with you, because you thought you could buy the public gift of God with money! You have no part or share in this ministry, because your heart is not right before God. Repent of this wickedness and pray to the Lord. Paper Term Writing. Perhaps he will forgive you for having such a thought in your heart.” (Acts 8:18-22) What makes us think that God has changed his opinion of attempts to profit under the paper veil of ministry?

Every church and term, ministry leader should ask, “What are we doing that would make us embarrassed or uncomfortable if people knew it?” As I write this, I am asking myself that very question concerning our own nonprofit ministry. If we think of essays, somethingand I just didisn’t that a good indication we should stop it now? Donors should ask the ministries they support whether they are paying to paper term writing get celebrity endorsements or are spending their funds in some way other than it appears. If the answers aren’t ethically and paper, biblically satisfactory, donors should say that until the ministry’s policies change, they can no longer in good conscience support them and must give their money to paper term writing ministries that are operating at a higher level of integrity. For everyone’s sake, including their own, ministries need to be held accountable by their supportersand so do Christian musicians and speakers. We should be stimulating each other to love and good deeds, setting ethical examples, raising the bar for each other, not lowering it. Jesus will examine the motives of our heartsincluding our truthfulness and the sincerity of fad essay, our words spoken on behalf of the poor and in support of kingdom ministries (1 Corinthians 4:5). If we have given to the needy for their good and God’s glory, he will commend us. If we have taken from them for financial gain, he will not. Imagine standing before Christ someday and hearing him say, “I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of college paper term, mine, you did foryourself!”

The Ethics of Ghostwriting. Ghostwriting is como essay, when someone else writes a book that is credited to a celebrity as if he or she wrote it. The usual rationale for this practice is that because the real writer’s name isn’t well-known and marketable, the book won’t sell unless it’s released under the celebrity’s name. This is so commonly practiced that many Christian publishers, authors, and celebrities see no ethical problem with it. Some of these people are sincere in their beliefsI know because I’ve talked with them.

I have great respect for term writing my publishers, and many others too, but all of us, including me, naturally become desensitized. Sometimes those of current public health case, us who are on the inside of publishingincluding authors, agents, and publishersfail to college paper term writing see what those on the outside immediately recognize as unethical. I’m not talking about the legitimate process of coauthoring, in which authors invest varying levels of public, work and expertise into college paper the writing. Nor am I talking about proposal essays on obesity books that, after being written, need substantial editing provided by the publisher. By ghostwriting , I’m talking about when the paper actual writer’s name is not on the cover, or when a person’s name is on the cover (even as a coauthor with the real writer) who did little or nothing to actually write the book. I know of cases where the celebrity didn’t write a word and only skimmed through the book for the first time late in the editing process, yet their name is fad essay, prominent on the cover, as if they were the author. Is this honest? Consider what this practice does to immature believers who are athletes, musicians, or public figures made prominent through tragic or newsworthy events. “Here’s the offer: We will make you a lot of term, money, and you will get to take credit for doing something you really didn’t do.” We feed their ego, and set them up for deception and pride, which is bound to cause them to fall (Proverbs 16:18).

They’re under enough temptation alreadywhy do we feel compelled to add to current case it by making the paper false claim that in addition to paper everything else they’re writers? If we teach them it’s okay to lie by college, taking credit for a book they didn’t write, why should we be shocked if we discover they lied when they claim to have graduated from a college they didn’t, or to have fought in a war they didn’t, or to have done a job they didn’t? Isn’t it ironic that Christian publishers would consider it an compare vs contrast essay ethical breach if they discovered an college term “author” gave them a résumé containing false information, when the same publisher has knowingly led the public to believe this person wrote a book he or she really didn’t write? Which is the bigger lie? Nothing is more uncomfortable than hearing an interview with those who are asked about essays their experiences writing a book they didn’t write. Their temptation is to pretend and cover up the truth. Sometimes they pretend long enough that they convince themselves they’re writers, becoming better liars all the time.

Publishers often approach prominent pastors and Christian leaders whose greatest temptations are toward pride and pretense and then help them pretend they wrote a book, taking pride in something they didn’t do! Putting musicians, writers, speakers, and others on college paper term writing, pedestals goes way beyond healthy respect for role models. It borders on paper on watermarking, idolatry. Arguably it’s not good for anyone, but certainly it’s not good for the young, the college paper immature, and those already struggling with pride, pretense, money loving, and other temptations that are only fed by “I wrote a book” celebrity status. Ask the average person what it means when a name is on a book cover, and proposal essays on obesity, they’ll tell you it means the college term person actually wrote it. That’s what book buyers believe. Hence, the book is sold to them under false pretenses. I’ve been told “the ghostwriter knows what he’s agreeing to, and if he doesn’t need to see his name on the book, that’s up to paper on watermarking him.” But the question isn’t what the ghostwriter or celebrity believes, it’s what the college potential book-buyer believes. Ghostwriters may receive far greater royalties than if they were known as the term paper book’s true author. They may have a vested interest in the falsehood just like everyone else involved.

Why not tell the truth on the cover, saying who really wrote the book and leaving off the names of writing, any who didn’t write it? The answer is como hacer essay, simple: “It wouldn’t sell as well.” If the response is “the book is just as good or better than if the celebrity wrote it,” that may well be true, but people should be allowed to decide that for themselves, shouldn’t they? How dare we mislead and deprive readers of accurate information about who actually wrote the book they are considering buying? This isn’t just patronizing and insulting, it’s downright dishonest. College. Why do we imagine this is any different than withholding information about the used car we’re trying to sell, for fear that if we told the truth people wouldn’t buy it? Is our goal just to sell books, or to honor Jesus? The same principle applies to columns and articlesincluding those in many ministry and Christian college publicationsthat are not actually written by the Christian leaders listed as authors. Some college presidents never write their own articles in school publications, yet their names are always attached to them. If students at the same college put their name on compare, papers written by someone else, this would be grounds for dismissal. So why is it all right for the president to do it? Similarly, ministry fundraising letters signed by the president or CEO frequently aren’t written by him.

In 1990 a scandal occurred involving Milli Vanilli. The singing group’s name became a cultural synonym for writing dishonesty and hypocrisy simply because the people doing the singing for their recordings weren’t the ones getting credit for it. Hacer Essay. So why is this recognized as being wrong, but it’s somehow considered acceptable to take credit for college paper term writing a book, article, or letter someone else wrote? A class-action suit was filed against proposal, Milli Vanilli and their recording company, and purchasers of Girl You Know It’s True were given the opportunity to writing request a rebate for fraud damages. Are readers of books that are not written by their stated authors entitled to a rebate for exactly the compare same reasons? Someone could argue that the college real singers sounded better than Milli Vanilli. But the compare vs contrast point is writing, that the whole thing was a lie, and studies, customers were outraged by college paper term writing, it. It’s ironic that Christians would stoop to ethics that even most non-Christians, who don’t believe what the Bible says about essays on obesity truth, would immediately recognize as wrong. Isn’t it reasonable for both Christians and non-Christians to be able to buy a Christian book with the confidence that the person identified on the book and publicized as the author actually wrote it? “But ghostwriting is a well-established practice.” Many things are well-established practices, but that doesn’t make them right. I’ve seen people heartsick, disillusioned, and angry when they discover that various popular Christian books weren’t written by the person whose name is on the cover.

We who supposedly esteem the truth so highly should be the last ones to participate in such deceit. Every argument I hear for ghostwriting is pragmatic. Of course people make money by college term writing, ghostwriting. People also make money from prostitution, theft, and drug dealing. Term Sa Filipino. The real question is not whether ghostwriting is profitable but whether it is moral . I never hear people offering biblical and ethical justifications for paper term it, only on watermarking practical ones.

Why? Perhaps because there simply is no biblical justification for it. There’s sometimes a fine line between ghostwriting and celebrity books written “with” others. Writing a book about people, with their cooperation, is certainly fine, as long as there’s no pretense or false impression about who did the writing. But when the cover puts the celebrity’s name first, followed by “and” or “with” the true writer, the implication is that the celebrity did most or much of the writing. If, in fact, the “author” did nothing more than grant interviews, answer questions, pass on a few pages of a journal, or supply a recorded speech, then he or she isn’t the paper term writing author and shouldn’t be promoted as such. If this isn’t a book by Celebrity X but about Celebrity X, that’s finebut shouldn’t this distinction be made clear by listing the vs contrast real author’s name exclusively on the cover?

The celebrity can still be emphasized as the subject of the book, but not as the author. College Paper. The writer shouldn’t pretend to be a world-class athlete or movie star, and the celebrity shouldn’t pretend to be a writer. Sometimes the “name” person is proposal, a celebrity author who can write but didn’t write this book. If the term writing celebrity didn’t write it but just supplied some suggestions or advice, he or she belongs on the acknowledgments page, not the cover. Ask yourself, “Given the amount of work the celebrity actually contributed to writing the proposal essays book, if the paper name wasn’t well-known, would it be on hacer essay, the cover?” If the answer is no, then the ethics are clear-the celebrity’s name shouldn’t be on the cover as author.

I believe Christian ghostwriting is a scandal waiting to explode. If we in the Christian community don’t clean up our act soon, we’re going to face widespread loss of credibility. What a tragedy if 60 Minutes were to expose a practice we should never have tolerated. Paper Term Writing. Can’t you see an interviewer holding up a book and asking well-known Christian authors, “Did you really write this book?” Envision the neatly edited scenes of embarrassment, head-hanging, evasions, rationalizations, and reports that “so-and-so author and publisher wouldn’t return our calls.” This could be a major setback for Christian publishers and hacer, authors at the very time that Christian books have made unprecedented inroads into the mainstream culture.

We need to confess, repent of, and change our policiesand stop being driven by paper, moneylove and ego building. If we’re not telling the compare essay truth about who wrote the bookon the cover, in large printwhy should people believe what’s inside the book, in small print? False Advertising by Christian Colleges. Many Christian colleges routinely print doctrinal statements in their catalogues that are not believed or taught by term writing, some or even many of their professors. Como Un Buen. The academic vice president of college paper term writing, a major Christian liberal arts college confided to me, “If Christian parents actually knew what their children are being taught in our classrooms, they would pull them out of college tomorrow.” And, I would add, they’d never give another dime to that college. If Christian colleges told the truth in their promotional materials, some would read like this: “Thirty-four percent of our faculty believe in the inerrancy of God’s Word. Essays. Twenty-one percent of paper, our science teachers believe the biblical account of creation.

No one in term sa filipino, our psychology department believes in the doctrine of original sin. Two out of our three sociology teachers are proabortion and defenders of homosexual lifestyles. The director of our philosophy department is an agnostic. College. The head of our Bible department hasn’t attended church for essays on obesity ten years because he doesn’t believe in organized religion.” Why not be honest and admit this publicly? The answer is simple: So Christian parents will keep paying to college term writing send their students there, and vs contrast essay, so the college’s major Christian donors will keep sending money.

I am a great believer in Christian higher education. But the doctrinal statements published in many Christian colleges, including some at which I’ve spoken, are simply false advertising (also known as lying). Much of the motive for this dishonesty boils down to money. Fees for Christian Speakers. In Judges 8:22-27, we see a remarkable account of a man with a right perspective who does not crave power but makes what appears to be just a small concession. The Israelites say they want Gideon to term writing rule over them because he is their hero who saved them from Midian. But Gideon says, “I will not rule over you, nor will my son rule over you. The Lord will rule over paper subject, you” (Judges 8:23).

But then he makes a request, that they would each give him an earring”just that much and paper term, no morefrom their share of the plunder. The weight of the gold rings came to about forty-three pounds. Current Public Studies. Gideon made the gold into an ephod, which he placed in his hometown. “So what?’ we might think. “That’s a small price for people to pay. College Paper. They wouldn’t even miss it.

And Gideon certainly earned it.” But the verse ends with this sentence: “All Israel prostituted themselves by worshiping [the ephod] there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his family” (Judges 8:27). The hero Gideon is transformed from a man of subject, perspective to a man as shortsighted as the kings of the college paper term writing heathen nations. “There’s nothing wrong with gold earrings and a beautiful ephod, and nothing wrong with a man being rewarded for faithful leadership.” Yet somehow it all turned into something terribly wrong. It became a snare to Gideon and his family, and led Israel to idolize a cheap substitute for God rather than worship the true God. Gideon, his children, and the nation paid a terrible price. Current Case Studies. I believe that some Christian speakers are in college paper term writing, serious danger of making the same mistake today. I attended a ministry fundraising event where the speaker made a point of proposal on obesity, saying, “I believe in this ministry so much I’m going to give 10 percent of my honorarium back.” What he didn’t mention was that the college paper term writing fee he required for this thirty-minute speaking engagement was $5,000. So he gave $500, but walked away with $4,500. Of course, it’s his prerogative to set a fee and the organization’s prerogative to pay him that. (Although those attending the fund-raiser would likely give less if they knew that that the first forty-five gifts of $100 would be negated by the speaker’s fee).

But for term sa filipino subject the speaker to imply he was making a financial sacrifice for the ministry’s causeor that he was there because he believed so much in the ministrywas misleading. I am dismayed at the contracts required by paper term, some contemporary Christian musical groups. To perform a concert at your church, the stated fee will be so much (in either four or five figures) plus round-trip airfareoften in first class, not coach. Every detail of the accommodations is spelled out, down to “sushi for twenty persons” waiting at the hotel, in one case. All this is sa filipino subject, done so that the group can stand before an inner-city audience and college term, exhort the people to “just trust the Lord for all your needs.” 11. I, too, am dismayed at fees charged by Christian speakers to come “serve the current public health Lord and his people” for a single weekend. I don’t mean to say that all fees are wrong, but if it isn’t part of one’s income depended on to make a living, I think it’s better to leave honoraria in the hands of college term, those who are extending the invitation to speak. But when Christian speakers are charging ten to hacer essay thirty thousand dollars to represent the Lord, isn’t something wrong?12 Some will say, “We should charge what the market demands,” and, “Shouldn’t Christians be able to make money like non-Christians do?” and, “Don’t muzzle the college paper ox that treads the como hacer un buen essay grain.” Well, yes, but how much grain can one ox tread in a single evening? A Christian physicist has the right to make as much money for his lecture on thermodynamics as any other scientist.

But when you are billed as a Christian speaker and the supposed objective is paper term writing, representing Jesus, when words such as “ministry” and “serving” and “testimony” are used to promote the fad essay event, isn’t that a little different? Would it affect people’s attitudes to hear that the speaker demanded a fee of $10,000? If we’d be ashamed if that was known, isn’t it a good sign it would be better not to college paper do it? Isn’t ministry about something more than what the market demands? What about Christian conferences that are marketing extravaganzas and ministries that offer their own Visa cards so they can receive a percentage on each purchase? Have we gone too far? Some people set reasonable fees for their services, and this is part of how they make a living for their family. Current Health. This is fine. College Paper Term Writing. I don’t suggest everyone do this, but my own policy is como un buen, not to charge a speaking fee and leave honoraria completely voluntary.

I’ve received everything from no honorarium to several thousand dollars. College Paper. When someone extending an invitation asks for estimates or guidelines, my assistant and paper on watermarking, I politely decline to college paper writing give numbers. On Watermarking. When organizations start to college paper term writing tell me what honorarium they’re willing to give, I tell them I’d rather not know. This is not because I’m so spiritual but exactly the opposite: It’s because I want to be influenced by the leading of God’s Spirit in deciding where to speak, and I don’t trust myself to remain uninfluenced by paper, the money. In what I hope is sanctified self-interest, my desire for college writing eternal reward motivates me to reduce the temptation of going somewhere to essays on obesity ostensibly “serve” God and his Church when in fact I’d be going for the financial payoff. The Christian Celebrity Syndrome. Ron Blue and Company manages financial assets exceeding two billion dollars. I submitted to Ron my first draft of this chapter, looking for balance and correction. I expected him to paper term writing encourage me to tone down my concerns about everything from current public health fundraising to ghostwriting to term speaker fees to celebrity endorsements.

He surprised me by saying “I totally agree. Don’t tone it down.” Ron shared his observations of troubling financial ethics in proposal, some churches and nonprofit organizations. He expressed a deep concern for college term writing what he called the “Christian celebrity” phenomenon that leads to serious abuses, many of them financial, which he’s in a unique position to see. Ron has asked clients who are Christian leaders, “Would you be comfortable if your tax returns were published in the Wall Street Journal? ” His point is proposal, that if we would be ashamed or embarrassed by full disclosure of our financeseverything from our salaries and all other sources of income to our proportion of givingit’s an indication we should be living differently. If we would be embarrassed for other people to know the truth, shouldn’t we be concerned about God, whose standards are much higher and college writing, who does know the sa filipino subject truth? In A.D. 400, Jerome warned the church, “Shun, as you would the plague, a cleric who from being poor has become wealthy, or who, from college term being nobody has become a celebrity.”13 In the early church, leaders led by a model of sacrifice and paper on watermarking, generosity, not by privilege and accumulation.

Unfortunately, the college term writing modern evangelical cultureincluding the publishing and music industriesis generating Christian celebrities and lavishing them with wealth they’re often unprepared to handle. This isn’t sour grapes. In doing many book signings and current health studies, media and speaking events, I’ve had at least a taste of what it’s like to be treated as a celebrity. It’s fine to respect and appreciate someone’s writing, but some people treat me better than I deserve. I do not believe that these people are trying to dishonor God. And I personally know a number of people known as Christian celebrities who genuinely seek to honor God. I’m as vulnerable as anyone to sliding down the slippery slope of pride, succumbing to flattery, and gradually coming to think that I deserve special attention, recognition, and college paper term writing, material indulgences. People who think they are entitled to lots of money also tend to think they’re entitled to sexual immorality and other self-indulgences. As countless fallen Christian leaders have demonstrated, financial indulgences and sexual indulgences tend to go hand in hand.

I take no pleasure in addressing these issues. Term Paper Sa Filipino. I hope it will serve Christ’s body by paper writing, initiating some self-examination, dialogue, and compare essay, reform. Edited excerpts from Chapter 15 of paper writing, Money, Possessions and Eternity , by Randy Alcorn (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale, 2003), 243-276. 2 John Chrysostom, quoted in Christian History 7, no. 2 (1987): 23. 3 Mel Rees, “Church Fund-raising,” Ministry (July 1985): 4. 4 Garry Freisen deals with these and fad essay, other possible weaknesses of the faith promise approach in his book Decision Making and the Will of God (Portland, Ore.: Multnomah, 1980), 361-67. 5 David R. High, Kings Priests (Oklahoma City: Books for paper writing Children of the World, 1997), 26, 18. 6 Foster Church, “Legendary preacher enraptures audience,” The Oregonian, n.d. 7 Eugene Habecker, “Biblical Guidelines for Asking and term paper, Giving,” Christianity Today (15 May 1987): 34. 10 Roy Menninger, speaking at 1981 Council on Foundations Annual Conference; cited from college term “Best Practices For Philanthropists,” a paper provided by World Vision.

11 Jim Cymbala, Fresh Wind, Fresh Fire, (Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1997), 70. 12 Speakers arranged by fees at Christianspeakers.com. 13 “Quick Quotes on Money,” Christian History 7 (1987): 2, 4. Randy Alcorn (@randyalcorn) is the author of over fifty books and hacer essay, the founder and director of Eternal Perspective Ministries.

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resume medis Dalam Permenkes 269/MenKes/Per/III/2008 tentang Rekam Medis, istilah resume medis disebut ringkasan pulang harus dibuat oleh dokter dan dokter gigi yang melakukan perawatan pasien. College Term Writing! Isiringkasan pulang atau resume medis sekurang-kurangnya memuat : Identitas pasien Diagnosis masuk dan indikasi pasien dirawat Ringkasan hasil pemeriksaan fisik dan penunjang. Hacer Un Buen! Diagnosa akhir, pengobatan dan tindak lanjut Nama dan tanda tangan dokter atau dokter gigi yang memberikan pelayanan kesehatan. Kemudian setelah rekam medis selesai digunakan dari ruang rawat, maka dalam waktu 2?24 jam rekam medis tersebut harus dikembalikan ke bagian Rekam Medis. Tidak hanya Permenkes yang menyebutkan dan menjelaskan tentang resume medis, menurut Depes RI dalam pedoman penyelenggaraan dan Prosedur Rekam Medi Rumah Sakit di Indonesia (2006:72 ) bahwa resume medis adalah ringkasan kegiatan pelayanan medis yang diberikan oleh tenaga kesehatan khususnya dokter selama masa perawatan hingga pasien keluar baik dalam keadaan hidup maupun meninggal. Informasi yang terdapat dalam ringkasan pulang atau resume medis merupakan ringkasan dari seluruh masa perawatan dan pengobatan pasien sebagaimana yang telah diupayakan oleh para tenaga kesehatan dan pihak terkait. Ringkasan keluar dapat ditulis pada bagian akhir catatan perkembangan atau dengan lembaran tersendiri, bagi rumah sakit-rumah sakit kecil hal ini ditentukan oleh kegunaan catatan tersebut.

Pengecualian bagi resume ini, terutama untuk pasien yang dirawat kurang dari 48 jam, cukup menggunakan rekam medis singkat, misalnya untuk kasus-kasu Tonsilectomy, Adenoidectomy, kecelakaan ringan dan sebagainya. Menurut dirjen yanmed depkes RI (1997:52) Tujuan dibuatnya resume medis ini adalah : Untuk menjamin kontinuitas pelayan medik dengan kualitas yang tinggi serta sebagai bahan referensi yang berguna bagi dokter yang menerima, apabila pasien tersebut dirawat kembali di rumah sakit. College! Sebagai bahan penilaian staf medis rumah sakit Untuk memenuhi permintaan dari badan-badan resmi atau perorangan tentang perawatan seorang pasien, misalnya dari Perusahaan Asuransi (dengan persetujuan Pimpinan) Untuk diberikan tembusan kepada sistem ahli yang memerlukan catatan tentang pasien yang pernah mereka rawat. Lebih lanjut Hatta,R (2013:107) menjelaskan kegunaan dari ringkasan pulang atau resume medis adalah untuk : Menjaga kelangsungan perawatan di kemudian hari dengan memberikan tembusannya kepada dokter utama pasien, dokter yang merujuk dan konsultan yang membutuhkan Memberikan informasi untuk menunjang kegiatan komite telaahan staf medis Memberikan informasi kepada pihak ketiga yang berwenang Memberikan informasi kepada pihak pengirim pasien ke rumah sakit. Vs Contrast Essay! Tanggung Jawab Terhadap Resume Medis. Jika dilihat dari aspek hukum, yang bertanggung jawab terhadap kelengkapan rekam medis dimana didalamnya terdapat resume medis, yaitu : Tanggung jawab dokter yang merawat.

Sebagaimana pasal 4 ayat (1) Permenkes 2008 menjelaskan bahwa ringkasan pulang dibuat ileh dokter atau dokter gigi yang melakukan perawatan pasien. Term Writing! Walaupun dalam kenyataan dilapangan untuk melengkapi rekam medis khususnya resume medis dapat didelegasikan ke staffnya, namun tetap tanggung jawab utama dari isi rekam medis khususnya resume medis adalah dokter yang merawat pasien. Tanggung jawab petugas rekam medis. Petugas rekam medis yaitu membantu dokter yang merawat dalam mempelajari kembali rekam medis. Proposal Essays! Analisa kelengkapan dilakukan untuk mengetahui kekurangan dari kelengkapan isi yang terdapat didalam berkas rekam medis, termasuk kekurangan dari kelengkapan lembar resume medis.

Petugas rekam medis harus melakukan kegiatan analisa kelengkapan guna membantu dokter dalam kegiatan pencatatan dan pengisian berkas rekam medis yang lengkap dan akurat. Tanggung jawab Pimpinan rumah sakit. Pimpinan rumah sakit bertanggung jawab menyediakan fasilitas unit rekam medis yang meliputi : ruangan rekam medis, peralatan dan tenaga yang memadai. Staff medis terdiri dari dokter, perawat, dan tenaga kesehatan profesional lainnya. College Paper Writing! Mempunyai peranan penting di rumah sakit dan pengorganisasian staff medis tersebut secara langsung menentukan kualitas pelayanan kepada pasien. Tanggung jawab Komite rekam medis. Komite rekam medis bertanggung jawab untuk meninjau ulang rekam medis adalah hal penyelesaian tepat waktu, ketepatan klinis, ketepatan dan kecukupan pelayanan pasien, pengajatan, evaluasi, penelitian dan berdiskusi secara legal.

Dalam menentukan format kelengkapan rekam medis, formulir yang digunakan dan setiap masalah yang berhubungan dengan penyimpanan dan pengembalian. Menurut Permenkes No 269 Tahun 2008, rekam medis harus dibuat secara tertulis, lengkap dan jelas. Fad Essay! Rekam medis yang bermutu salah satunya dapat dilihat dari kelengkapan isi rekam medis. Paper! Kelengkapan tersebut ditambahkan dengan autentikasi dari rekam medis seperti nama dokter yang merawat, tanda tangan dan tanggal pembuatan. Mengingat resume medis merupakan lembaran yang sangat penting dan mendasar dalam formulir rawat inap, maka kelengkapan isinya menjadi tanggung jawab semua pihak yang terlibat dalam pengisian resume medis tersebut karena resume medis yang lengkap adalah cermin mutu rekam medis serta layanan yang diberikan oleh rumah sakit.

Resume medis harus diisi dengan lengkap untuk menjaga mutu rekam medis dan juga sering digunakan untuk administrasi persyaratan dalam klaim asuransi. On Watermarking! Selain itu juga, resume medis ini menjadi salah satu standar dalam penilaian akreditasi rumah sakit. Menurut Ensiklopedia Nasional, akreditasi adalah suatu bentuk pengakuan yang diberikan oleh pemerintah untuk suatu lembaga atau institusi (Poewarni, Sopacua dan Evie, 2006 :125). Pada Permenkes Nomor 012 Tahun 2012 tentang Akreditasi Rumah Sakit disebutkan bahwa pengertian akreditasi rumah sakit adalah pengakuan terhadap rumah sakit yang diberikan oleh lembaga independen penyelenggara akreditasi yang ditetapkan oleh Menteri Kesehatan, setelah dinilai bahwa Rumah Sakit itu memenuhi Standar Pelayanan Rumah Sakit yang berlaku untuk meningkatkan mutu pelayanan rumah sakit secara berkesinambungan. Di Indonesia ketentuan akreditasi rumah sakit baik tingkat nasional maupun internasional sudah diatur oleh pemerintah melalui Undang-Undang maupun peraturan tertulis, yaitu Undang-Undang Nomor 44 tahun 2009 tentang rumah sakit pasal 40 yang mengatakan bahwa dalam upaya peningkatan mutu pelayanan rumah sakit wajib dilakukan akreditasi secara berkala minimal 3 (tiga) tahun sekali. Tujuan akreditasi rumah adalah meningkatkan mutu pelayanan kesehatan, sehingga sangat dibutuhkan oleh masyarakat Indonesia yang semakin selektif dan berhak mendapatkan pelayanan yang bermutu. Writing! Dengan demikian mutu pelayanan kesehatan diharapkan dapat mengurangi minat masyarakat untuk berobat keluar negeri (KARS, 2012). Menurut Permenkes Nomor 012 Tahun 2012 Pasal 2, akreditasi bertujuan untuk : Meningkatkan mutu pelayanan rumah sakit; Meningkatkan keselamatan pasien rumah sakit; Meningkatkan perlindungan bagi pasien, masyarakat, sumber daya manusia rumah sakit dan rumah sakit sebagai institusi; Mendukung program pemerintah di bidang kesehatan. Term Subject! Manfaat Akreditasi Rumah Sakit.

Menurut Kementerian Kesehatan RI, manfaat akreditasi rumah sakit adalah sebagai berikut : Bagi pasien dan masyarakat, antara lain : pasien dan masyarakat memperoleh pelayanan sesuai dengan standar yang terukur. Paper Term! Bagi petugas kesehatan di rumah sakit, antara lain : menimbulkan rasa aman dalam melaksanakan tugasnya oleh karena rumah sakit memiliki sarana, prasarana dan peralatan yang telah memenuhi standar. On Watermarking! Bagi rumah sakit, antara lain : sebagai alat ukur untuk negosiasi dengan pihak ketiga misalnya asuransi, perusahaan dan lain-lain. College Term! Bagi pemilik rumah sakit, antara lain : sebagai alat mengukur kinerja pengelola rumah sakit. On Watermarking! Bagi perusahaan asuransi, antara lain : acuan untuk memilih dan mengadakan kontrak dengan rumah sakit. College Paper! Pelaksanaan Survei Akreditasi. Pelaksanaan survei akreditasi rumah sakit dijelaskan oleh Komisi Akreditasi Rumah Sakit (KARS) dalam buku Pedoman Tata Laksana Survei Akreditasi Rumah Sakit Edisi II Tahun 2013. Tujuan survei akreditasi ialah untuk menilai seberapa jauh rumah sakit mematuhi standar yang ditetapkan.

Rumah sakit yang menjalani survei akreditasi untuk pertama kali diharuskan memiliki catatan balik ke belakang 4 (empat) bulan bukti sudah mematuhi standar. Current Studies! Rumah sakit yang menjalani survei ulang diharuskan dapat menunjukan catatan balik ke belakang selama 12 (dua belas) bulan. Pelaksanaan survei menggunakan metode telusur untuk mengikuti contoh dari pengalaman pasien memperoleh pelayanan di rumah sakit dan melakukan evaluasi komponen dan sistem pelayanan. Karakteristik penting proses survei adalah edukasi setempat oleh surveior. College Term Writing! Pelaksanaan survei memuat langkah-langkah yaitu sebagai berikut : Pembukaan pertemuan. Paper On Watermarking! Peningkatan Mutu dan Keselamatan Pasien dan MDGs. Paper Term Writing! Perencanaan survei.

Telaah dokumen. Essays On Obesity! Verifikasi dan masukan. Term! Telaah rekam medis pasien secara tertutup (pasien sudah pulang). Proposal On Obesity! Kunjungan ke area pelayanan pasien yang di pandu oleh kegiatan telusur. Term! Kegiatan survei yang terarah (terfokus/diluar rencana; karena ada temuan).

Telaah dari lingkungan, bangunan, sarana dan prasarana. Paper Subject! Wawancara dengan pimpinan (beberapa jenjang). College! Persiapan surveior membuat laporan. Fad Essay! Pertemuan penutup survei dengan pimpinan (exit conference). Paper Term Writing! Penilaian Standar Pelayanan.

Standar akreditasi rumah sakit edisi 1 tahun 2012 mengelompokkan standar ke dalam 4 (empat) kelompok yang dinilai yaitu sebagai berikut: Kelompok Standar Berfokus Pada Pasien, yaitu : Akses ke Pelayanan dan Kontinuitas pelayanan (APK) Hak Pasien dan Keluarga (HPK) Asesmen Pasien (AP) Pelayanan Pasien (PP) Pelayanan Anestesi dan Bedah (PAB) Manajemen dan Penggunaan Obat (MPO) Pendidikan Pasien dan Keluarga (PPK) Kelompok Standar Manajemen Rumah Sakit, yaitu : Peningkatan Mutu dan Keselamatan Pasien (PMKP) Pencegahan dan Pengendalian Infeksi (PPI) Tata kelola, Kepemimpinan dan Pengarahan (TKP) Manajemen Fasilitas dan Keselamatan (MFK) Kualifikasi dan Pendidikan Staf (KPS) Manajemen Komunikasi dan Informasi (MKI) Sasaran Keselamatan Pasien, yaitu : Ketepatan Identifikasi Pasien. Fad Essay! Peningkatan Komunikasi yang Efektif. College Paper Term! Peningkatan Keamanan Obat yang Perlu Diwaspadai Kepastian Tepat Lokasi, Tepat Prosedur, TepatPasien Operasi. Public Studies! Pengurangan Risiko Infeksi Terkait PelayananKesehatan.

Pengurangan Risiko Pasien Jatuh. College Paper Term! Sasaran Program MDGs, yaitu : Penurunan Angka Kematian Bayi dan PeningkatanKesehatan Ibu. Proposal! Penurunan Angka Kematian HIV/AIDS. College Term Writing! Penurunan Angka Kesakitan TB. Fad Essay! Kriteria Kelulusan Akreditasi. Kriteria kelulusan akreditasi rumah sakit menurut KARS (2013:22) adalah sebagai berikut : Kelulusan dibagi menjadi 4 tingkat, yaitu : Rumah sakit mendapat sertifikat akreditasi tingkat dasar bila hanya 4 (empat) bab yang mempunyai nilai diatas 80% dan 11 (sebelas) bab lainnya minimal nilainya diatas 20 %. Rumah sakit mendapat sertifikat tingkat madya bila 8 (delapan) bab mendapat nilai 80% dan nilai 7 (tujuh) bab lainnya minimal diatas 20 %.

Rumah sakit mendapat sertifikat akreditasi tingkat utama bila ada 12 (dua belas) bab mempunyai nilai minimal 80% dan 3 (tiga) bab lainnya minimal diatas 20%. Term Writing! Bila nilai bab yang lainnya diatas 60% maka rumah sakit dapat mengajukan Re-survei (Remedial). Re-survei atau remedial adalah survei yang dilakukan pada rumah sakit yang nilai bab-babnya minimal 60%. Kriteria Tidak Lulus Bab 4 dasar dibawah 80%. Como Hacer Essay! Dan atau ada bab 11 lain dibawah 20%. College Paper Term! Rumah sakit dapat mengajukan akreditasi secepat-cepatnya 1 tahun, selambat-lambatnya 3 tahun.

Rumah sakit TIDAK diberi kesempatan remedial. On Watermarking! Ketentuan Penilaian Akreditasi Rumah Sakit. Ketentuan penilaian akreditasi rumah sakit menurut KARS (2013:14) adalah sebagai berikut : Penilaian akreditasi rumah sakit dilakukan melalui evaluasi penerapan Standar Akreditasi Rumah Sakit KARS yang terdiri dari 4 kelompok standar yang telah dijelaskan. Paper Term Writing! Penilaian suatu bab ditentukan oleh penilaian pencapaian (semua) standar pada bab tersebut, dan menghasilkan nilai persentase bagi standar tersebut. Compare Essay! Penilaian suatu standar dilaksanakan melalui penilaian terpenuhinya Elemen Penilaian (EP), menghasilkan nilai persentase bagi standar tersebut. College Paper Term! Penilaian suatu EP dinyatakan sebagai : Tercapai Penuh (TP) diberikan skor 10.

Tercapai Sebagian (TS) diberikan skor 5. Proposal! Tidak Tercapai (TT) diberikan skor 0. College Writing! Tidak Dapat Diterapkan (TDD) tidak masuk dalam proses penilaian dan perhitungan. Un Buen! Penentuan skor 10 (Sepuluh) Temuan tunggal negatif tidak menghalangi nilai “tercapai penuh” dari minimal 5 telusur pasien/pimpinan/staf. College Term Writing! Nilai 80%-100% dari temuan atau yang dicatat dalam wawancara, observasi, dan dokumen (misalnya, 8 dari 10) dipenuhi. Fad Essay! Data mundur “tercapai penuh” adalah sebagai berikut : Untuk survei awal : selama 4 bulan ke belakang. College Term Writing! Survei lanjutan : selama 12 bulan ke belakang. Vs Contrast! Penentuan skor 5 (Lima) Jika 20% sampai 79% (misalnya, 2 sampai 7 dari 10) dari temuan atau yang dicatat dalam wawancara, observasi dan dokumen.

Bukti pelaksanaan hanya dapat ditemukan di sebagian area atau unit kerja yang seharusnya dilaksanakan. Writing! Regulasi tidak dilaksanakan secara penuh/lengkap. Fad Essay! Kebijakan/proses sudah ditetapkan dan dilaksanakan tetapi tidak dapat dipertahankan. College Term! Data mundur sebagai berikut : Untuk survei awal : 1 sampai 3 bulan mundur.. Fad Essay! Untuk survei lanjutan : 5 sampai 11 bulan mundur. College Paper Term Writing! Penentuan skor 0 (Nol) Jika 19% dari temuan atau yang dicatat dalam wawancara, observasi dan dokumen. Como Hacer Un Buen Essay! Bukti pelaksanaan tidak dapat ditemukan di area atau unit kerja dimanan harus dilaksanakan. College Writing! Regulasi tidak dilaksanakan. Hacer! Kebijakan/prosedur tidak dilaksanakan. College Paper Term Writing! Data mundur sebagai berikut : Untuk survei awal : kurang 1 bulan mundur Untuk survei lanjutan : kurang 5 sampai 11 bulan mundur. Paper On Watermarking! Penentuan Tidak Dapat Diterapkan (TDD)

Jika persyaratan dari EP tidak dapat diterapkan berdasar atas organisasi rumah sakit, pelayanan, populasi, pasien dan sebagainya, contohnya organisasi rumah sakit tidak melakukan riset. Dasar Hukum Akreditasi Rumah Sakit Undang-undang Nomor 44 Tahun 2009 tentang Rumah Sakit. College Paper Term Writing! Undang-undang Nomor 36 Tahun 2009 tentang Kesehatan. Proposal Essays On Obesity! Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 147/Menkes/Per/I/2010 tentang Perizinan Rumah Sakit. College Paper Writing! Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 340/Menkes/Per/I/2010 tentang klasifikasi Rumah Sakit. On Watermarking! Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor 012 Tahun 2012 tentang Akreditasi Rumah Sakit Keputusan Menteri Kesehatan Nomor428/Menkes/SK/XII/2012 tentang Penetapan Lembaga Independen Pelaksana Akreditasi Rumah Sakit di Indonesia. Term! Penilaian Resume Medis Dalam Akreditasi Rumah Sakit Standar APK 3.2.1. Kelompok standar pelayanan rekam medis khususnya lembar Resume Medis pada akreditasi rumah sakit edisi 1 tahun 2011 terdapat dalam kelompok standar pelayanan berfokus pada pasien yang dijelaskan dalam bab 1 yaitu akses ke pelayanan dan kontinuitas pelayanan atau disingkat APK.

Rumah sakit seyogyanya mempertimbangkan bahwa pelayanan di rumah sakit merupakan bagian dari suatu sistem pelayanan yang terintegrasi dengan para profesional di bidang pelayanan kesehatan dan tingkat pelayanan yang akan membangun suatu kontinuitas pelayanan. Vs Contrast Essay! Maksud dan tujuannya adalah menyelaraskan kebutuhan pasien dibidang pelayanan kesehatan dengan pelayanan yang tersedia di rumah sakit, mengkoordinasikan pelayanan, kemudian merencanakan pemulangan dan tindakan selanjutnya. Paper Writing! Hasilnya adalah meningkatkan mutu pelayanan pasien dan efisiensi penggunaan sumber daya yang tersedia di rumah sakit. Term Paper Subject! Informasi diperlukan untuk membuat keputusan yang benar tentang : Kebutuhan pasien yang mana yang dapat dilayani rumah sakit. Writing! Pemberian pelayanan yang efisien kepada pasien. Sa Filipino! Transfer dan pemulangan pasien yang tepat ke rumah atau ke pelayanan lain. College Writing! Standar, Maksud dan Tujuan serta Elemen Penilaian. Dalam kelompok standar pelayanan berfokus pada pasien khususnya akses ke pelayanan dan kontinuitas pelayanan terdapat beberapa standar. Sa Filipino Subject! Resume medis termasuk dalam standar APK.3.2.1. Pada standar APK.3.2.1 dijelaskan bahwa resume pasien pulang diisi lengkap. Resume pelayanan pasien pulang menggambarkan tindakan yang dilakukan selama pasien tinggal di rumah sakit.

Resume dapat dipergunakan oleh praktisi kesehatan yang bertanggung jawab untuk pelayanan selanjutnya dan mencakup: Alasan masuk rumah sakit. College Term Writing! Penemuan kelainan fisik dan lainnya yang penting. Current Case Studies! Prosedur diagnosis dan pengobatan yang telah dilakukan. Term Writing! Pemberian medikamentosa dan pemberian obat waktu pulang. Essays On Obesity! Status atau kondisi pasien waktu pulang. Paper Writing! Instruksi follow-up atau tindak lanjut.

Elemen Penilaian APK.3.2.1. Penilaian akreditasi rekam medis standar APK.3.2.1 terhadap resume medis dapat dinilai dengan elemen penilaian standar APK.3.2.1 dengan memberikan skor sebagai berikut : Skor 0 = persentase kelengkapan resume medis antara 0% – 19%. Term Sa Filipino Subject! Skor 5 = persentase kelengkapan resume medis antara 20% – 79%. Skor 10 = persentase kelengkapan resume medis antara 80%-100%.

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7 Things Every ESL Teacher Should Teach Students About Essay Writing. “Every good story has a beginning, a middle and an end.” Many of us recall our teachers drilling this writer#8217;s mantra into us and college writing our fellow students. Essay? This is as true for a good essay as it is for a good story. An essay needs a coherent structure to successfully articulate its arguments, and strong preparation and planning is crucial to providing that structure. So, how do we go about this? After all, essay writing can be challenging for college paper term writing, the ESL student. Not only does the student writer have to contend with the challenges of ordering their thoughts and constructing their arguments, they have to do this in their second language.

Navigating the rocky bluffs of syntax and idiomatic expressions isn#8217;t easy at paper, the best of times! So, here are some helpful hints that will allow your students to weave together a coherent and persuasive essay with less stress. The 7 Helpful Habits of ESL Essay Writing. 1. Build the essay around a central question. Encourage your students to build all their writing around one central question of the essay. That central question is the term engine of the writing, it should drive everything! If a word or sentence is not assisting that forward motion toward the explication of that question and its possible answers, then it needs to be reworded, rephrased or just plain cut out and discarded. Lean writing is merciless.

Focusing on that central question throughout the prewriting, writing and rewriting stages helps develop the critical faculties required to discern what to keep and hacer what to throw away. 2. Writing? Use the term paper traditional 5-paragraph essay structure. Providing a clear structure for the student to approach essay writing can do much to build their confidence. The 5-paragraph essay, or #8220;hamburger#8221; essay, provides that clear structure for emergent ESL writers. Generally, this structure employs five separate paragraphs for the entire essay. Each paragraph serves a specific purpose, melding together to form a coherent whole.

Paragraph 1: The introductory paragraph. It makes the thesis statement, orientating the reader to the purpose of the essay. Paragraphs 2 to 4: The body paragraphs. Writing? These make individual points that are further backed up by the various forms of evidence. Paragraph 5: The conclusion paragraph.

This provides a summation of the arguments and a final statement of the thesis. While they do not need to follow it rigidly forever, this simple structure outlined above can serve as excellent training wheels for current, your students. Using the 5-paragraph structure as outlined above makes planning clear cut. Once they have their theses and are planning their paragraphs, share with the students the writing ridiculously useful acronym P.E.E. This stands for point, explanation, evidence. Each body paragraph should make a point, or argument, in favor of the central thesis, followed by an explanation of this point and relevant evidence to back it up. Fad Essay? Extol the necessity for students to constantly refer to their planning. The mind-mapping techniques popularized by Tony Buzan can be useful at the planning stage and make for easy reference points to ensure focus is maintained throughout the paper term essay. Having a visual reference such as this can help ensure that your student-writers see each piece of the whole as well as that elusive #8220;bigger picture,#8221; so it become a case of seeing the forest and the trees! Just as the planning is crucial, so too is the paper research. College Writing? Often ideas or connections do not occur until the writing process has begun.

This is a good thing. Essay writing is public health, a creative act, so they can have more ideas along the way and work them in. The key is to always be able to back up these ideas. Students who have done their homework on their subject will be much more confident and articulate in expressing their arguments. Even with thorough planning and research, writing oneself into a linguistic cul-de-sac is a common error.

Once the plan is completed and the student embarks on the choppy seas of essay writing, it may or may not be plain sailing. Often, especially with our higher level students, unforeseen currents can pull the student-writer off course. Term Writing? Sometimes just abandoning the sentence helps. Going back to the drawing board and rewriting it is often best. Students can be creative with their sentence structures when expressing the simpler ideas and arguments.

However, when it comes to expressing the proposal more complex concepts, help them learn to use shorter sentences to break down their arguments into smaller, more digestible chunks. College Term Writing? Essay writing falls firmly in fad essay the camp of non-fiction. That is a given. Paper Writing? However, that does not mean that some of the techniques more traditionally associated with fiction, poetry and drama cannot be used. One technique that is particularly useful in essay writing is fad essay, repetition. Just as poetry relies heavily on rhythm, so too does argument. Repetition can provide that sense of rhythm. Written language has its origins in term the oral language. Paper On Watermarking? Think of the great orators and demagogues and college writing their use of repetition.

Speech-writers are well aware of the power of repetition. The writing principle of the #8220;rule of essays, 3#8221; states that ideas expressed in these terms are more convincing and memorable. This is term, true of words and proposal on obesity the ideas they are expressing. The very structure of the 5-paragraph essay lends itself to planning for this repetition. Each idea that is explored in a body paragraph should be outlined first in the introductory paragraph. The single body paragraph devoted to paper term, the idea will explore it at greater length, supported by evidence. The third rap of the hammer occurs in the summation of the current public case studies concluding paragraph, driving the point securely and convincingly home. As mentioned at paper, the start of this post, every good essay has a beginning, middle and fad essay an end. College Term Writing? Each point made, explained and supported by evidence is a step toward what the writing teacher Roy Peter Clark calls closing the circle of meaning. Hacer Un Buen? In planning for the conclusion of the essay, the students should take the opportunity to reaffirm their position. By making reference to term writing, the points outlined in the introduction, driving them home one last time, the student-writer is bringing the essay to current public health, a satisfying full circle.

This may be accomplished by employing various strategies: an paper, apt quotation, referring to future consequences or attempting to inspire and mobilize the fad essay reader. Ending with a succinct quotation has the double benefit of lending some authoritative weight to the argument while also allowing the student to select a well-written, distilled expression of their central thesis. This can make for a strong ending, particularly for ESL students. College Term Writing? Often the essay thesis will suggest its own ending. If the essay is structured around a problem, it is frequently appropriate to end the essay by offering solutions to that problem and outlining potential consequences if those solutions are not followed. In the more polemical type essay, the student may end with a call to arms, a plea for action on the part of the hacer essay reader.

The strategy chosen by the student will depend largely on what fits the central thesis of their essay best. For the ESL student, the final edit is very important. It is one final chance to check form and meaning. Paper Term? For all writers this process can be daunting, but for current health studies, language students especially. Often ESL students will use the same words over college and over again due to fad essay, a limited vocabulary, encourage your students to employ a thesaurus in the final drafting before submission. This will freshen up their work, making it more readable. This will also increase their active vocabulary in the long run! Another useful strategy to term, use at this stage of the process is to encourage students to read their work aloud before handing it in.

This can be good pronunciation practice, and allows for an opportunity to listen for paper on watermarking, grammatical errors. It also helps the students to hear where punctuation is required in the text, helping the college paper term writing overall rhythm and readability of the writing. Essays are a great way not only for students to public, learn how the language works, but also to learn about themselves. Formulating thoughts and arguments about various subjects is good exercise for not only the college paper term writing students#8217; linguistic faculties, but also for understanding who they are and how they see the world. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to term, teach English with real-world videos.

FluentU brings language learning to college term, life with real-world videos. Learning a foreign language becomes fun and easy when you learn with movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. By purchasing through our affiliate links, you are supporting our ability to provide you with free language learning content. 2017 FluentFlix Limited.

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essays of elias Norbert Elias: On the paper term, Monopoly Mechanism. By Frank W. Elwell. There is a parallel structural process at work that, beginning in the Middle Ages, led to the formation of states and paper on watermarking the eventual monopoly of these states over the means of term, violence and taxation. The rise of the state brings about a dramatic change in social structure that has far reaching consequences upon social life. Before the state, the individual had to fad essay be constantly fearful of physical attack, destruction, or confiscation of property. With the establishment of a stable monopoly of force and taxation, life becomes more predictable for the individual, more amenable to planning, deferred gratification, and rational conduct. Elias believes that it is the rise of the monetary economy that gives kings and princes a gradually growing advantage in their struggles to college paper writing wrest power from petty feudal lords. And this gradual centralization, bringing more and more territory, wealth, and power to an increasing absolutist monarchy, eventually transforms the West, bringing about the rise of civilization (188).

Under feudal conditions, the upper class consisted of independent warrior knights on proposal essays their own estates who owed but loose allegiance to any central authority. In the course of time, these independent warriors situated on college writing manors and proposal on obesity estates gradually lost their independence and were reduced to dependent courtiers. That this was a structural process and not the result of historical accident is attested to by the fact that it occurs across Europe at term, roughly the essay, same time; that we speak of the “age of absolutism” (188). Nor is it a coincidence, Elias says, that it roughly parallels the civilization process itself, which was closely “linked to the formation of the hierarchical social order with the absolute ruler and, more broadly, his court at its head” (188). For the formation of the absolutist court demanded a change in the behavior, drives, and emotions of former warrior nobility; to retain standing, successful nobility had to civilize their behavior to come into line with their dependence on the central ruler.

How did this increased constraint and dependence come about? How was an upper class of relatively independent warriors or knights supplanted by a more or less pacified upper class of courtiers? Why was the influence of the estates progressively reduced in the course of the Middle Ages and paper writing the early modern period, and why, sooner or later, was the dictatorial “absolute” rule of a single figure, and with it the compulsion of courtly etiquette, the pacification of large or smaller territories from a single centre, established for a greater or lesser period of time in all the countries of Europe? The sociogenesis [social origin] of absolutism indeed occupies a key position in the overall process of civilization. The civilizing of conduct and the corresponding transformation of the structure of mental and emotional life cannot be understood without tracing the process of state-formation, and within it the advancing centralization of society which first found particularly visible expression in proposal essays, the absolutist form of rule (191). Like a true Weberian, Elias believes that there are a number of factors behind the rise of the writing, state. Subject! First and foremost, he believes the paper writing, rise of the money economy at the expense of barter is the most important factor.

This weakened the feudal lords who existed on fixed rents, and strengthened the middle class merchants and compare artisans who produced and traded wealth as well as the central ruler whose tax system gave him a share in the growing economy (192). A second structural change that favors centralization concerns changes in military power. Under feudalism, you will recall, vassals (including the nobility) were obligated to give the central ruler military service in return for paper their estates. As the economy grew, central rulers had funds to raise, equip, and maintain armies, growing less and less dependent upon the services of current public case studies, their feudal warriors (192). At the same time, there were changes in military techniques that changed the paper term, character of warfare and further devalued the services of the nobility. These techniques included the development of mass infantry which again was advantageous to the central ruler (192-193). The nobility, Elias reports, lost their monopoly on paper on watermarking weapons and term soldiering, and this monopoly passed into the hands of a single ruler (193). In addition to proposal essays these structural developments that promoted the rise of the state, there is one other that Elias believes is important enough to describe in some detail. This is the term writing, rise of the bourgeois classes. The wealth and power of these classes was also dependent upon the rise of the money economy.

There was constant tension between the traditional nobility and these classes. While the tensions and conflicts varied between societies and over time, centralized rulers quickly learned to exploit these tensions and case interest groups, supporting one for college paper writing a time and studies then the other, to paper term writing neutralize and prevent either from gaining too much power and becoming a true rival to the ruler and the absolute state (194). Finally, there were several developments in technology that also promoted centralization and the rise of the state. These technological changes included the slow development of firearms that gave massed infantry advantage over a few nobles fighting on horseback (192); advances in bureaucratic organization that enabled efficient rule (239); and advances in communication and transportation which allowed centralized authority to effectively rule over ever larger areas (238-239). Another way of looking at these technological and structural factors that promoted the rise of the state is to look at them as factors that change the balance between the forces of essays, centralization and decentralization. The rise of the monetary economy promotes centralization by replacing land ownership as the dominant form of wealth. College Writing! As long as land is wealth, processes of proposal on obesity, centralization and decentralization (feudalization) alternate: military competition among small estates in term writing, a given region for dominance (more land, wealth, and power), eventual supremacy by one lord who then dominates many warriors, and then a wave of decentralization as that lord and his descendants allocate estates to their supporters and warriors to start the process anew (313). The rise of a monetary economy, and the creation of wealth from manufacture and trade, breaks this cycle. Compare Vs Contrast Essay! The development of firearms and mass armies, bureaucracy, transportation, and college paper writing communication has a similar effect on the forces of centralization versus decentralization, allowing kingdoms and states to grow ever larger and more powerful. This is the heart of Elias’s theory—the engine of public case studies, social change that has been operating throughout history but has been finally unleashed by this change in the balance of forces between centralization and decentralization: the monopoly mechanism.

The Monopoly Mechanism. In attempting to grasp the general monopoly mechanism, readers should keep in mind the college writing, discussion of state formation appearing above, or, alternatively, the formation of economic monopolies under capitalism. As previously stated, with the evolution of modernity, the nation state has achieved a monopoly on the tax monies and the use of force within a given area—in fact the modern state can be defined as just such a monopoly over a given area (268). Proposal On Obesity! The formation of the state with its monopoly on force makes possible restricted economic competition within its area of college paper writing, control, which makes the operation of the monopoly mechanism among economic units inevitable (277; 303-304). Though the resulting competition is constrained and excludes the use of force, the mechanism itself works the same. The mechanism of monopoly, according to Elias, operates whenever there are a number of social units of roughly equal social power competing for essays scarce resources—usually, Elias adds, the college paper, means of production. In such a competitive situation, it is inevitable that there will eventually be winners and losers. The winners will then dominate more of these resources and continue to compete with other units that have won their struggles; the paper, losers will be eliminated from the competition, eventually becoming dependent upon the ever-decreasing number of victors. College Term Writing! Eventually as the struggle continues, there will be single winner or unit upon which all are dependent, a system of free competition will have been replaced by proposal on obesity a monopoly which then allocates all opportunities and resources (269). Now, Elias continues, in the course of this movement, the monopoly mechanism transforms relatively independent social positions into highly dependent positions—free knights and warriors into courtiers, or independent merchants into employees [or in the case of Wal-Mart, associates] (270). In this process, the personality and college writing affect structure of these people—their emotions, drives, attitudes, and beliefs—are also transformed. [1] The attitudes, emotions, beliefs, skills, and drives that make a knight successful in medieval society are far different from those of a courtier.

Rather than physical strength and combat skills, his success is now dependent upon resources and opportunities to be dispensed from the prince; he must now practice restraint, and fad essay subordinate his own desires and needs to his lords’. Paper Term! “The means of struggle have been refined or sublimated. Paper On Watermarking! The restraint of the college term, affects imposed on the individual by his dependence on the monopoly ruler has increased” (274). The civilizing process has been advanced. And this is vs contrast essay, true for those who dominate as well as those who have become dependent (270). For the monopoly mechanism does not stop here. It is not the case that the monopoly evolves to a point of absolute rule by a single unit or individual and all change then ceases to operate. College Paper! As the number of dependent individuals rises, their power vis--vis the monopolist increases.

This occurs both because of their sheer numbers and because the monopolist must employ people to help fully exploit their monopoly position. “The more comprehensive the public case studies, monopolized power potential, the college, larger the web of functionaries administering it and the greater the division of labour among them; in short, the more people on whose work or function the sa filipino, monopoly is in college writing, any way dependent, the more strongly does this whole field controlled by the monopolist assert its own weight and its own inner regularities” (270-271). As the monopoly continues to develop over proposal on obesity, the centuries, there is a concurrent increase in the division of labor and the monopolist comes to coordinate the actions of many functionaries; he becomes almost as dependent on these other functionaries as they are on him. Paper Term! Over time, resources are increasingly distributed on a more egalitarian basis to these functionaries—first, say, to administrators, then to como hacer un buen essay lower strata functionaries of the organization. The private monopoly becomes one that serves a far broader social stratum (271). And this movement, Elias claims, “…is nothing other than a function of social interdependence” (273). A monopoly with a high division of labor, he believes, will inevitably move toward a state of college, equilibrium in public health studies, which income and advantages from the monopoly will have to be distributed on a more equitable basis than to just those at the top—even to the “advantage” of the whole figuration. Again, this is true of the state as well as economic monopolies; Elias does not detail any possible limits to the process.

Restricted conflict and competition over the distribution of resources within the monopoly occurs. Sometimes the process is reversed for a time, but the long-term process is toward an equitable distribution of resources for all (273-274). This can be seen, Elias says, with the state and its passage from the rule of absolute monarchs to democracy, as well as the evolution of single-owner economic concerns and college writing their passage to corporate structures which allocate their resources now to numerous groups of stockholders, corporate officers, administrators, employed professionals, and eventually to skilled and unskilled workers. Within a monopoly, distribution changes from a private affair in term paper sa filipino, which the vast majority of resources of the figuration go to the monopolist, into a public monopoly in which resources are allocated to the figuration as a whole. Paper Term! This can only reach its full development, Elias adds, in societies with a high division of labor (276). Elias details some change in the institutions by which the civilizing process is accomplished. The civilizing process first occurs through the pressure of those of compare essay, upper class rank on their contemporaries and then on their inferiors. In this stage, the rules of basic conduct were often written in etiquette books or repeated in aphorisms and doggerel, becoming a more or less conscious part of court society.

The rules of conduct were transmitted from above to the classes below. With the rise of the middle classes, this courtly behavior lost some of its force, and some of the behavior patterns of the bourgeoisie (particularly those involving money and paper writing sex) were merged with courtly behavior codes to become the new standard (440). As the middle and industrial classes gained ascendancy, the civilization process was accomplished through gradual changes in the socialization of youth that would instill a sense of personal shame and embarrassment regarding socially proscribed behavior (116-117). It is proposal, not until this second stage, when the family becomes the dominant institution responsible for civilizing the child, that such rules of conduct are internalized at an early age, often thought of (if at all) as “second nature.” But it is not the case that the socialization process itself was changed, Elias states. The family was and remained the primary socialization agent for children, and the supervision of youth became no more rigorous as we approach modern times. College! Nor has the process itself been reconstituted along rational or more deliberative lines. It is still accomplished in the same haphazard manner, where the socially patterned habits and rules of the como hacer essay, parents passed early on to the children, with only slight modification over the generations (159). But through the years, the college paper term writing, civilized rules and como essay behaviors instilled through the socialization of children incrementally changed to incorporate the paper term, new civilized standards of fad essay, behavior, as well as the feelings of shame, embarrassment, satisfaction, and college paper term writing pleasure associated with these standards (109). Elias seems to be is ignoring the role of the school here. Arising in the Middle Ages, mass education has increasingly expanded its role in the socialization process, now including sex education, nutrition, driver education, and a host of attitudes and behaviors that used to be the exclusive province of the family.

As the family is a very conservative institution highly resistant to change, and the schools are very responsive to como un buen government regulation as well as other formal institutions that make up the structure of any society, one would expect the civilizing process to advance rapidly as schools took over more and more of the socialization function. Elias remarks that because the civilizing process is now accomplished through childhood socialization, a large gulf now exists between the behavior of adults and children. This gulf did not exist in medieval times. He points out that even though they were economically and socially dependent upon adults, children’s habits, dress, emotional life, and behavior were far closer to adult standards (and adult standards closer to the child’s). Further, adults did not attempt to protect children from the ways of the world to the same degree. In keeping with the state of the civilizing process itself, sex, violence, and intimacy were more freely expressed and thus more open for children to see (147-148). Consequently, as the civilizing process changes social structures, it becomes internalized in individuals through consequent socialization, and there is a growing gap between the behavior and affects (emotions) of adults and children through time, and college paper writing there is an increasing segregation and a lengthening of public health, childhood as well. Recognition of these changes is critical in understanding earlier personality structure as well as those in our own time (148).

Individuals have not developed in the same manner through history; the socialization process varies across societies and through time (153-154). Postman picks up on this theme from Elias and cites his work approvingly. Unlike Elias, however, Postman attributes the increasing gulf between adults and college children since Medieval society to compare essay the spread of literacy, thus enabling adults to keep secrets from children—sexuality, violence, human deprivation—until they are old enough to master complex literacy skills. He also believes that television and other forms of graphic media are increasingly closing this gap (and consequently changing what it is to be an adult as well). As we approach modernity, more and more of the civilizing process is paper term writing, given over to early childhood socialization. Consequently, children have to internalize the fad essay, complex standards of behavior within a very short period of time. Their drives and urges must be channeled into the socially approved forms of expression; their behavior molded, shame and revulsion associated with their ability to term uphold these standards (as well as the ability of those around them) and made part of the self. Essays On Obesity! “In this the term, parents are only the (often inadequate) instruments, the primary agents of conditioning; through them and thousands of paper, other instruments it is always society as a whole, the entire figuration of human beings, that exerts its pressure on the new generation, forming them more or less perfectly” (119). It is through this process that the distance between the behavior of adults and children is increased, to the point that “only children were still allowed…to behave as adults did in the Middle Ages” (124). The primary mechanism for molding the college term writing, child is fear. As the source of fears within a society change, so changes the code of conduct demanded of paper, its members (441-442). The dominant fear in Western societies was of one person for another.

As the college, state gains a monopoly on physical violence, this fear diminishes and “indirect or internalized fears increase proportionately” (442). Not only does the type of fear change, Elias claims, but also the frequency, oscillation, and intensity of that fear. Here as everywhere, the structure of fears and anxieties is nothing other than the psychological counterpart of the constraints which people exert on one another through the intertwining of their activities. Essay! Fears form one of the channels—and one of the most important—through which the paper term writing, structure of society is health case studies, transmitted to college paper individual psychological functions. The driving force underlying the change in drive economy, in the structure of fears and anxieties, is on obesity, a very specific change in the social constraints acting on the individual, a specific transformation of the whole web of relationships, above all the organization of force (442). Again, these fears are not inborn; they are determined by the social structure and paper the individual’s role within that structure, by compare vs contrast essay the web of relationships in which the individual is entwined. As the social structure changes, social constraints change as does the individual. These fears are instilled within the child during the paper writing, socialization process. They are indispensable in guiding human behavior; they are indispensable in becoming human.

Once instilled in childhood they are internalized and function automatically (442-443). Children come into the world as malleable, and their personalities and behaviors are molded through fear to conform with prevailing social standards. “And human-made fears and anxieties from within or without finally hold even the adult in their power. Shame, fear of war and fear of God, guilt, fear of punishment or of loss of social prestige, man’s fear of term sa filipino, himself, of being overcome by college term his own affective impulses, all these are directly or indirectly induced in a person by other people. Their strength, their form and the role they play in the individual’s personality depend on the structure of his society and his or her fate within it” (443). The civilizing process is ongoing, the direction set by state formation, economic concentration, and the consequent division of labor. With the como hacer essay, formation of the state, a monopoly on violence and taxation is gained, thus setting the stage for economic competition free from raw aggression and confiscation. Economic competition, of course, leads to concentration and eventual monopoly, causing the masses to become dependent upon huge organizations for their livelihoods, and the skills, attitudes, and behavior needed to college become successful become refined and restrained.

Economic and political monopoly leads to the growth in the division of labor and a greater dependence of individuals upon one another. “As more and more people must attune their conduct to paper that of others, the college term writing, web of proposal essays, action must be organized more and college paper term writing more strictly and accurately, if each individual action is to fulfill its social function. Individuals are compelled to case regulate their conduct in an increasingly differentiated, more even and more stable manner” (367). College Paper! For this reason, social control becomes internalized, surrounded by shame and fear (367-368). The structural changes of political and economic concentration combine to cause a comprehensive change in the character of the men and women who inhabit the compare, society, a change in drive structure and affect, a change in the whole personality. The competition among states and economic units within states continues to paper fuel the monopoly mechanism, with the division of labor a consequence of organizational growth. Proposal Essays! Elias is emphatic that one cannot reduce the process to “economic” or “political” motivation alone.

Rather, monopolies of political and economic power are intertwined, sometimes explicitly coordinated, sometimes not. Elias rejects the Marxist interpretation that all can be reduced to an economic infrastructure, but he does not believe it is purely political either. It is the same monopoly mechanism that is transforming economic and political organizations; it is the college term writing, growth of hacer essay, these monopolies that are transforming social structures and thus social life (437). Merchants and corporations are driven to expand their enterprise both for economic gain and fear that competing firms will grow larger and eventually put them out of business. In the same manner, Elias claims, competing states are driven to expand their power and influence, despite the good will and yearnings for peace of college term writing, many individuals (437). “The competitive tension between states, given the current public studies, pressures which our social structure brings with it, can be resolved only after a long series of violent or non-violent trials of strength have established monopolies of force, and central organizations for larger dominions, within which many smaller ones, ‘states’, can grow together in a more balanced unit. Here, indeed, the compelling forces of social interweaving have led the transformation of Western society in one and the same direction from the time of utmost feudal disintegration to the present” (438).

And it shows no sign of stopping in college, the foreseeable future. But recall, the monopoly mechanism does not stop with the sa filipino, establishment of the monopoly. While the monopoly begins by granting all benefits to a few based on hereditary connections, this allocation of college paper writing, resources creates tensions and pressures for a more equitable redistribution of monopoly benefits. Monopolies also bring in their wake a more refined division of fad essay, labor; functionaries and college paper writing professionals are needed to administer and paper on watermarking coordinate the activities. As the division of term writing, labor increases, societies become much more sensitive to these inequalities, and the functionaries become more numerous and more powerful. Tension and eventually conflict between the monopolist and the many continue to grow. Ultimately, these tensions can only be resolved by breaking the control of the monopolist in the name of the many (439). Term! And this, according to Elias, is true for college term writing both political (states) and economic monopolies. Monopoly formation will continue well into the foreseeable future. Compare! States will continue to engage in wars in the struggle to establish monopolies of force over ever larger areas of the earth (445).

The process will necessarily continue until the struggle is for the establishment of a global monopoly of force, a single world government (445-446). And then the process continues, as the struggle for state monopoly benefits shift from the arena of physical force to the more controlled and refined competition of the civilized. And the same holds true for the economic order as well. Term Writing! Economic monopolies will continue to enlarge and centralize; struggles for current public case their benefits will escalate between functionaries within these organizations, as well as between the rest of society and the organization itself. In both economic and political spheres, the monopoly mechanism is inexorable, moving toward expansion and centralization, and then toward consolidation, democracy, and equality. “What cannot be decided in advance, however, is how long the ensuing struggle will take” (439).

[1] Mills also makes this point regarding the transition of professionals and paper term writing independent merchants to employees quite forcefully ([1951] 1973, x-xiii). For a more extensive discussion of Elias’s theories refer to Macro Social Theory by Frank W. Elwell. Also see Sociocultural Systems: Principles of Structure and Change to learn how his insights contribute to a more complete understanding of modern societies. Elias, N. (1968/2000). Postscript. In N. Elias, The Civilizing Process (pp. 449-483).

Malden: Blackwell Publishing. Elias, N. (1939/2000). Vs Contrast Essay! The Civilizing Process. (E. Dunning, J. Term! Goudsblom, S. Mennel, Eds., E. Jephcott, Trans.) Malden: Blackwell Publishing. Elias, N. Proposal Essays On Obesity! (1998). The Norbert Elias Reader. (J. Goudsblom, S. Mennell, Eds., E. College Term Writing! Jephcott, R. van Krieken, J. Goudsblom, S. Mennel, Trans.) Malden: Blackwell Publishing. Elias, N. Term Paper Sa Filipino! (1970/1978). What is Sociology? New York: Columbia University. Elwell, F. W. College Term Writing! 2009.

Macrosociology: The Study of Sociocultural Systems . Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press. Elwell, F. W. 2006. Macrosociology: Four Modern Theorists. Boulder: Paradigm Publishers. Elwell, F. W. 2013. Sociocultural Systems: Principles of on watermarking, Structure and Change.

Alberta: Athabasca University Press. To reference The Sociology of Norbert Elias you should use the following format:

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college applications The new Common Application — which received some criticism a few months ago for removing the term “topic of proposal, your choice” essay prompt — has released five new essay prompts for college paper, the 2013-14 admissions season, Inside Higher Ed reports. Students who plan to fad essay, use the Common App, a form that allows students to apply to multiple colleges and universities simultaneously, are advised to keep these essay prompts in mind. Savvy juniors, and regular readers of this blog, know that the earlier a college applicant starts drafting his or her essay, the college term more prepared they are. Here are the new essay prompts: Our Live College Application Help Line Returns to Facebook This Week.

2011 College Application Help Line (Transcripts) If you’re a college-bound senior who is scrambling to sa filipino, finish your college applications — or trying to make sense of your early admission decisions — The Choice has lined up some expert guidance. We are inviting readers to join our live college application help line on college term writing Facebook this week. We have asked Marie Bigham, a former college admissions officer and veteran college counselor at Greenhill School, a private high school in Addison, Tex., to answer your questions in real time, before the ball drops and signals the essay Jan. 1 deadline for most applications.

The live help line will take place on Wednesday, from paper writing, 8 to 9 p.m. Eastern time, on current health case The New York Times’s main Facebook page: facebook.com/nytimes. Last year’s help line was a hit, and we hope that you will seek Ms. Bigham’s expertise as you navigate this pivotal part of your college admissions journey. (We will also post the transcript of this year’s help line, for your reference, the next morning on paper term writing The Choice.) If you would like to get a head start, we encourage you to pose your questions in public health case studies, the comment box below. Ms. College Paper Writing? Bigham will try to essays, tackle as many early questions as possible during the Facebook chat on Wednesday night. ‘Ignore the Rankings’ and Other Advice From the College Life Fair. Last week, The New York Times held its first-ever College Life Fair.

The one-day event, which was free to attendees, was held at Navy Pier in Chicago and paper term served as a meeting ground for thousands of subject, high school students and hundreds of colleges and universities, large and small, public and private, domestic and international. The fair also featured speakers who took the stage to offer some of their expert advice. I listened to paper term writing, many of those speakers, and wanted to share some of those tips with readers of term sa filipino subject, The Choice: Find Ways to college term, Discover Your College Fit. The No. 1 rule in the college admissions process: “Ignore the compare essay rankings.” This is according to Dave Marcus, a Pulitzer Prize winner and author of paper term, “Acceptance: A Legendary Guidance Counselor Helps Seven Kids Find the Right College — and Find Themselves.” Jed Hoyer would likely agree. Como Hacer Un Buen? He began his professional life as an admissions officer at Wesleyan University.

He said he decided to attend Wesleyan on instinct, and advises students to paper term, trust their gut. He said he tries to do the same in current public, his current position: as the executive vice president and general manager of the Chicago Cubs. Instead of relying on rankings, Mr. Marcus said, students should ask college graduates where they went to paper term writing, school, and where they would have gone to essays on obesity, college if they had the chance. ‘Fraternity’ at Holy Cross Runs Deeper Than Greek Life. The College of the Holy Cross’s graduating class of 1972 included a number of paper term, particularly distinctive alumni: a National Football League running back who won a Super Bowl with the public studies Miami Dolphins in 1973, then established a successful legal career; a writer who received the Pulitzer Prize; even a justice of the college Supreme Court. None of them would have attended Holy Cross without the efforts of the Rev. John Brooks, a theology professor. The men — Eddie Jenkins Jr., Edward P. Jones and Clarence Thomas, respectively — are all African-American.

Father Brooks, who is white, recruited them in 1968, when Holy Cross was a predominately white campus (nowadays, roughly a quarter of the student body is made up of racial minorities). He served as a confidant and guide, a sympathetic ear and essay a liaison to the school’s management during their time at Holy Cross. The Businessweek editor Diane Brady chronicles the story of Father Brooks and these students in her book “Fraternity.” Ms. Brady describes Father Brooks’s sense of responsibility to his recruits: It wasn’t a responsibility for their success; the choice to study and do the work was theirs alone, as it was for every student. It was a responsibility to acknowledge that the college experience might not be as comfortable for the black students, that they didn’t have the role models in the classroom or the easy comfort of being in paper, the majority. We at The Choice thought that the story of Father Brooks, the compare vs contrast alumni and writing their thoughts on the experience would be helpful for health, prospective students.

Father Brooks said he thought that the economic demands of a college education outweighed racial concerns, even more now than in the 1960s. Though “there may be a bias,” he said, “if I identify a bright high school student, African-American, the biggest challenge is paper term, gathering the scholarships and the assistance to enable them to attend.” Read more… Community College Serves as a Path to Four-Year Institutions. This year’s graduating class at the Community College of Philadelphia includes many students who will soon enter four-year colleges, including the proposal University of Pennsylvania and paper term writing Bryn Mawr, Michael Winerip writes this week. Many of these students are older, like Christopher Thomas, 38, and did not immediately enter college after high school.

Mr. Thomas’s path was particularly winding — he ended his first year at proposal, Philadelphia with almost all A’s, and one C, smudging his perfect record. His now less-than-perfect G.P.A. made him wonder if all the extra work, loans and late-night bus rides were worth the degree. College Paper Term Writing? Now, two years later, he is on watermarking, set to college, enter the University of Pennsylvania to earn his bachelor’s degree, possibly in education, Mr. Winerip reports. Increasingly, the compare students here are making that jump. Dawn-Stacy Joyner, a former hospital cook, will also attend the University of Pennsylvania. College Paper Term? Nine women graduating this spring have been accepted to current public, Bryn Mawr. Larry Thi, who hopes to become a teacher, transferred to college paper term writing, the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. “There’s been a major acceleration the last few years,” said Rod Risley, executive director of Phi Theta Kappa, the community college honor society. It’s partly the economic collapse.

The Community College of health studies, Philadelphia costs $4,400 a year for city residents; the most expensive private colleges are $60,000. Getting an associate degree first can save $100,000. “These students are choosing community colleges with the intention that this is their path to selective institutions,” Mr. Risley said. He had no trouble providing names. Casey Maliszewski went from college paper writing, Raritan Valley Community College in New Jersey to Mount Holyoke, and she is now a graduate student at Columbia. Tamer Shabani also went to Raritan and is at Stanford. Mark Svensson transferred from term paper sa filipino, Rockland Community College to Georgetown. U.S.

Appeals Court Upholds Affirmative Action Ban in California. A federal appeals court panel has upheld California’s ban on using affirmative action during the admissions process of public colleges and universities, The Associated Press reports. The ruling, by three judges on the United States Court of college term writing, Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in vs contrast essay, Los Angeles, found that a landmark voter initiative, Proposition 209, does not violate students’ constitutional rights. It is the latest ruling to reject a challenge to the ban since it was passed by voters in college paper term writing, 1996, and the second time the same court had upheld the ban. The ban prohibits colleges from considering a student’s race, ethnicity and sex during college admissions. On Watermarking? Opponents say campus diversity has suffered since the law went into effect, according to The A.P. Read more…

6 Tips About College Admissions Results. For students, the results of the college application process can be both an exhilarating and painful experience. There are the surprises of being accepted into reach schools, and the rejections from colleges once considered shoe-ins. And, of course, the purgatory of the wait list. Once all those acceptances, rejections and deferments are tallied, there is the stark realization that it is college writing, time to paper on watermarking, choose your future. Paper? Many students have until May 1 to make up their minds.

For some, the choice will be easy. For others, the decision will require further analysis, financial calculations and, perhaps, some soul searching to find the right fit. On Thursday, readers of The Choice gathered around our virtual kitchen table to share admissions results and reassurances. Term Paper? Here are some words of wisdom from readers who joined us: I had a brilliant English teacher who looked at a room full of the top students at my competitive New England high school and said, “The elite colleges pull out the paper term writing files for all of the most qualified applicants, stand at paper, the top of a long staircase, and toss them down. Term? The ones that reach the foot of the staircase are admitted.

Accept admissions decisions, good or bad, with a grain of salt and some humility.” Read more… Harvard, Yale and Other Ivy League Schools Are More Selective This Year. As high school seniors learn the results of on obesity, their college applications on Thursday, we’ve been collecting admissions figures from colleges across the college term country. Many of you may have already received your admissions decisions. There are others, however, who are going online and checking their mailboxes to hear the final word from those remaining institutions, including the Ivy League schools, which are all announcing their decisions Thursday night. Here’s some of what we know about the fad essay schools that are reporting: Harvard, Yale and other Ivy League schools were more selective in their admissions this year, though many were choosing from a smaller pool of applicants. Read more… If there were an event like the Super Bowl that capped the college admissions season, then it would probably be Thursday night — beginning at college paper term writing, 5 p.m. on term paper sa filipino subject the East Coast. At that time, the eight institutions of the Ivy League and other highly selective colleges and universities, including Duke and writing Johns Hopkins, are scheduled to make available, online, their decisions on most of the applications submitted this year in the main admissions round (usually submitted on or around Jan. 1).

As has been the case on big decision nights in years past, we’d like to convene the equivalent of a virtual, communal kitchen table on The Choice blog. To this year’s applicants: please use the comment box below to sa filipino, tell us what the paper colleges are telling you. Are you happy with your choices, as they now come into sharp relief? Disappointed? Or are you not sure what to feel, especially in health studies, the case of those of you who were neither rejected nor accepted but offered spots on the waiting list? And now that you’re the one making the decisions, what factors will be front of mind — especially in term writing, this challenging economy? Please let us know. And for those readers who passed through this process long ago — or have yet to do so — we would like to hear from you as well, in particular with some well-chosen words of advice, reassurance and perspective.

Finally, you need not wait until Thursday night to un buen, begin writing in. You can do so right now. We at The Choice are well aware that there are about 2,000 four-year colleges and universities in the United States, most of paper term writing, which have long since told this year’s high school seniors where they stand. And with that, the floor is yours. SAT’s Student Photo Database Draws Comparisons to Facebook Profiles. The advice college counselors give to students is consistent: Don’t put anything online that you wouldn’t want your mother to see. Hacer Un Buen? If upheld, the principle would help college applicants keep a clean public image, especially if college admissions officers ever investigate students’ photos online (they rarely do, says one admissions official). Only 8 percent of college paper writing, higher education institutions used social networking sites during the review process in como hacer, 2008, according to the most recent study on the subject from the National Association for college term writing, College Admissions Counseling. With fewer eyes on students’ online profiles, applicants may feel a sense of anonymity when joining the applicant pool of paper sa filipino subject, their preferred colleges.

That is, until next fall, when the SAT plans to grant college admissions officers access to college paper writing, a database of student photographs. As part of a new set of rules intended to curb cheating on public studies the SAT and ACT, college entrance exams will require students to submit a photograph upon registering for the tests, which will be printed on paper term writing their admissions tickets and verified when the student shows up on current studies test day. After Tuesday’s announcement of the rules, at least one of the test makers has assured that the student photos will not be released to college admissions officers. The ACT is not giving colleges access to photos at all; the colleges will continue to college paper term writing, receive the same score reports that the ACT has sent in the past. “At this time the ACT has no plans to provide photos to colleges and essays on obesity universities,” Scott Gomer, a spokesman for ACT Inc., said Wednesday. The SAT database “is intended primarily for high schools and test center supervisors to check,” Kathleen Steinberg, a spokesperson for paper term writing, the College Board said on current health Wednesday. Paper Writing? They’re hoping that the database will help high schools flag potential impersonation issues “long before the scores are even reported.”

Ms. Steinberg justified the College Board’s decision to release a photo database to vs contrast, colleges, despite ACT Inc.’s decision to refrain. Read more…