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Best american essays century

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The Best American Essays of the Century by Joyce Carol Oates

Bacon As An Essayist Essays and Research Papers. Francis Bacon's Essay Of Love Sir Francis Bacon was a famous English essayist , lawyer, philosopher and statesman who had a . major influence on the philosophy of science. In his time Bacon wrote sixty different essays. He devoted himself to writing and scientific work. His experiences make him an expert on american century the topic of what in the introduction, love. Francis Bacon's essay Of Love is an essay about love.

The purpose of the essay is to explain love and the affects it has on all kinds of people. The essay informs the reader. Affect , Essay , Francis Bacon 1174 Words | 3 Pages. ?Michel De Montaigne As an best american century, essayist . Postgraduate Scholarship Essay! ? Introduction:- Michel de Montaigne the famous essayist is considered as the . great French essayist was born 28th February, 1533. Best American Essays! His father was a merchant and essay, had occupied many municipal offices in Bordeaux in France. His mother was descended from a family of Spanish Jews. The third son of his parents, Michel became head of the family through the death of the elder two. Montaigne’s father had made a hobby of education but the various methods to. Essay , Friendship , John Florio 1282 Words | 4 Pages.

Charles Lamb as a Personal Essayist. CHARLES LAMB AS A PERSONAL ESSAYIST Charles Lamb has been acclaimed by american essays century, common consent as the Prince among English essayist . He . occupies a unique position in the history of English essay. William Hazlitt, himself a great essayist , praised Lamb in paper high terms: “The prose essays, under the best american essays century signature of Elia form the most delightful section amongst Lamb’s works. They traverse a peculiar field of observation, sequestered from general interest, and they are composed in a spirit too delicate and unobtrusive. Charles Lamb , Edmund Blunden , Essay 1847 Words | 5 Pages. critical analysis of of studies by bacon. its terseness.

Bacon displays a great talent for condensation. Every sentence in his essays is pregnant with meaning and is capable of being . Spanish Food Essay! expanded into essays several sentences. Writing Service Glendale Ca! Many of sentences appear to best be proverbial saying by virtue of their gems of thoughts expressed in a pithy manner. Its can say two most in crisis the fewest words. Its essays combine wisdom in thoughts with extreme brevity. The short pithy sayings in his essays have become popular mottoes and house hold expressions. American Century! Bacon appears before. Essay , Francis Bacon , Mind 1461 Words | 4 Pages. Paper Research! Roger Bacon was an English Philosopher who placed considerable emphasis on empiricism, and is believed to american essays be one of the earliest advocates of . the modern scientific method. Roger Bacon played a key role in resume glendale the early stages of the movement which eventually led to the Scientific Revolution.

Instead of relying on rational deductions from the statements of ancient authorities for truths about the natural world, he advocated that confirmation by observation or experiment using the best american essays century methods of mathematics. Empiricism , History of scientific method , Opus Majus 1450 Words | 4 Pages. Analytical Summary on the essay ?Of Studies? by Francis Bacon 11m1 121026 ??? ?Of Studies? was written by in masculinity essays, Francis Bacon . (1561. 1626), who is best known for best, his own rational analysis of data and subjects. This essay provides concise but valuable advice and knowledge on what is study and how we should utilize it. Perhaps because of scholarship essay, Bacon’s unique style of writing, which was very rational, the ideas in this essay can be variously understood by individuals’ diverse perspectives. Especially, within. Confucius , Essay , Essays 870 Words | 3 Pages. Francis Bacon (1561-1626) was born in best essays London to parents who were members of the court of Queen Elizabeth I. He attended Trinity College, . entered the food essay practice of law in his late teens, and century, became a member of the House of in the of an, Commons at the age of 23. Essays Century! His career flourished under King James I, but later scandals ended his life as a politician. A philosopher/scientist by nature and one of the essay shootings most admired thinkers of his day, Bacon was a founder of the modern empirical tradition based on closely observing.

Elizabeth I of England , Essay , Essays 933 Words | 1 Pages. Not Just Essays Francis Bacon wrote a collection of essays, playing a significant role in the development of the essay. Not only was . Essays! Bacon a significant contributor to the development of the English essay, but also promoted learning through experimentation (Norton Anthology, 1550). Much of the persuasive essay on school shootings critical response applauded Bacon for the art he had of creating wise and fascinating work. Bacon wrote about universal concepts: truth, death, love, goodness, friendship, fortune, and american essays century, praise, controversial. 21st century , Critical thinking , Essay 846 Words | 3 Pages. To Write Introduction! CHARLES LAMB (1775-1834), an original and delightful English essayist and critic, was born in Crown Office Bow, Inner Temple, London, February . 10, 1775. His father, John Lamb, a Lincolnshire man, who filled the situation of century, clerk and servant companion to Mr Salt, one of the benchers of the Inner Temple, was successful in obtaining for spanish, Charles, the youngest of three children, o presentation to Christ's Hospital, where the boy remained from his eighth to his fifteenth year (1782-1789). Here he was.

Charles Lamb , Mary Lamb , Samuel Taylor Coleridge 2053 Words | 5 Pages. American Essays Century! want to take credit for such brilliant work and gifted writing, right? I will only explore some of the scholarship many claims and theories regarding the Shakespeare . identity controversy, and point towards a few facts which seem to indicate that Sir Francis Bacon was the real author behind Shakespeare's work. More than twenty thousand books and articles have been written about the identity problem regarding William Shakespeare. American! The more I read about it, the more suspicious about Shakespeare, as the scholarship true. Elizabeth I of England , First Folio , Francis Bacon 1405 Words | 5 Pages.

?Francis Bacon’s work Self Portrait (Francis Bacon , 2014) exemplifies the state of shock and disillusion prevalent in the world after the . dreadfully horrendous World War II. His work embodies the threatened way the population felt after World War II was over. Everyone was pessimistic and best, disoriented, just as the world was out of sorts by the devastation of the war. There was a loss of faith in reaction to the horrors of the postgraduate scholarship essay war. People were questioning the very nature of humanity and felt as though. Cubism , Francis Bacon , Les Demoiselles d'Avignon 1352 Words | 4 Pages.

Nathaniel Bacon was a pivotal character in the building of the nation in its early years and it will be discussed here. Bacon was . not born in the US but after coming to the land of America he was pivotal in a rebellion that was against essays, the treatment of Native Americans by William Berkeley. Bacon believed that Berkeley was treating these hostile people in a way that was not beneficial to the colony. Bacon did not live a long life but he obviously had an impact on the people of his time. Bacon had a significant. Bacon's Rebellion , India , Middle East 2054 Words | 5 Pages. Bacons Rebellion was the first stirring of the revolutionary sentiment in America. It began in resume writing service glendale Jamestown Virginia in 1676. Best American! It was a short . Writing! rebellion between two stubborn men wanting all the power in the world, or just Jamestown. Due to economics, environmental, and social struggles the rebellion got further out of hand than it should have and did not really solve much, other than a few issues. Bacons rebellion was not truly a fight against tyranny but a dispute between two stubborn selfish leaders.

Bacon's Rebellion , Indentured servant , James City County, Virginia 974 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Life of Francis Bacon Francis Bacon was born in best american essays London in ca 1561 and died 1626. He ended up being a great philosopher, an . author, and the inventor of the inductive method, also known for advancing the scientific method. American Essays! He was the resume service ca second son of Sir Nicholas Bacon and Lady Anne Cooke Bacon . Lady Anne was the second wife of Sir Nicholas. Sir Nicholas was also the Lord Keeper of the Seal at the time, which is a job that would eventually be held by his son, Francis Bacon . Bacon started going to Trinity. Edward Coke , Francis Bacon , History of scientific method 1298 Words | 4 Pages. | Connections and Contrasts of american century, Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes | | | | The Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting . One's Reason and of Seeking Truth in the Sciences is one of the in masculinity essays most influential works in the history of modern philosophy, and important to the evolution of natural sciences. In this work, Descartes tackles the problem of skepticism. Descartes modified it to account for a truth he found to be incontrovertible. Descartes started his line of reasoning by doubting.

Deductive reasoning , Epistemology , Inductive reasoning 2300 Words | 6 Pages. Francis Bacon was born on January 22, 1561 in London, England. Bacon served as attorney general and Lord Chancellor of essays century, England, . Postgraduate Scholarship Essay! resigning amid charges of corruption. His more valuable work was philosophical. Bacon took up Aristotelian ideas, arguing for american, an empirical, inductive approach, known as the scientific method, which is the foundation of modern scientific inquiry.

Writing Career During his career as counsel and statesman, Bacon often wrote for the court. Resume Writing Service Glendale Ca! In 1584, he wrote his first political. 2006 singles , England , James Mill 1159 Words | 5 Pages. key events ? Effects of Bacon’s Rebellion What is Bacon’s Rebellion ? Bacon’s Rebellion was a stirring of revolutionary sentiments in America. Essays Century! ? This . rebellion was between two cousins, by marriage. ? Was a confrontation between Berkeley and Bacon ? This was over resume writing settlers violating a treaty with the Indians The causes of Bacon’s Rebellion ? White settlers that migrated into Indian granted territories ? Imperialism: England’s population growth (needing more land) ? Colonialism: Europeans. Bacon's Rebellion , Galactic Empire , Indenture 330 Words | 9 Pages. ?Joseph Trillo English 103 2/28/14 Sir Francis Bacon Sir Francis Bacon was born in american century London on January 22, 1561 to a . “well-connected” family. Persuasive Essay Shootings! His father was Sir Nicholas Bacon , also known as the Lord Keeper of the Seal, and his mother Lady Anne Cooke, was the essays century daughter of Sir Anthony Cooke, who was a knight and a tutor to the royal family. Francis, who was the younger of their two sons, attended Trinity College at age 11, and completed his studies there in just two years. “A wise man will make more. Alice Barnham , Amias Paulet , Anthony Cooke 840 Words | 3 Pages.

Brett Whiteley and Francis Bacon Essay Question: Discuss the way Whiteley’s work; ‘Self Portrait in the Studio’ 1976, and Bacon’s ‘Figure in . Movement, 1976’ show two very different approaches to practice. How have these artists used gesture, colour, and form differently in these works to explore totally different emotional and psychological territory? Francis Bacon and Brett Whiteley show two very different approaches to their practice. They use gesture, colour and form differently in these works. Archibald Prize , Brett Whiteley , Emotion 1413 Words | 4 Pages. Scientific Inquiry of Bacon and Descartes. During the Scientific Revolution of the seventeenth century, both Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes established and promoted their own forms of . scientific inquiry and natural philosophy. To Write Introduction Of An Analytical Essay! Francis Bacon promoted the use of inductive research with the goal of benefiting mankind, and best, Rene Descartes promoted the use of mathematics in writing service ca scientific understanding. Both Bacon and Descartes challenged, and were radically different from, the best american century traditional Aristotelian school of thought, and each believed that the.

Abductive reasoning , Aristotle , Deductive reasoning 1198 Words | 4 Pages. Studies by Francis Bacon -- the Theme and food essay, Style of the Essay Of Studies is the best american first essay of the first collection of ten essays of persuasive essay, Francis . Best American Century! Bacon which was published in 1597. In Masculinity! But it was revised for the edition of 1612. More than dozen new sentences were added and some words were also altered. Of Studies is best typically Baconian essay with an astonishing terseness, freshness of illustrations, logical analysis, highly Latinized vocabulary, worldly wisdom and Renaissance enlightenment. Bacon through a syllogistic. Consciousness , Mind , Perception 718 Words | 2 Pages. March 2011 WWBS: What Would Bacon Say? Justice, at what costs should it come?

Revenge, is essay on school it really that sweet? Justice is a civilized . action or way of making someone accountable for their wrongful actions, and leaves it at that. Revenge is a selfish action that brings a person’s personal justice to one’s wrong-doer, where it can spiral into an uncontrolled cycle. Both bring consequences to american essays one’s actions, and yet they are one in the same. According to Francis Bacon , the Colonel set up his own.

Francis Bacon , Justice , Law 1176 Words | 3 Pages. Francis Bacon : A Moralist Bacon is what not a true moralist. His morality is a saleable morality. Best American! He is a moralist-cum-worldly wise . Crisis In Masculinity! man. American Century! Bacon appears as a moralist in his essays, for he preaches high moral principles and lays down valuable guidelines for human conduct. Some of his essays show him as a true lover and preacher of high ethical codes and conducts. For instance, in “Of Envy”, he puts: “A man that hath no virtue in himself, ever envieth virtue in introduction analytical others.” Then, in his essay “Of Goodness. Best American Century! Essay , Essays , Francis Bacon 15631 Words | 40 Pages. Thoughts of Francis Bacon About Love. of Francis Bacon are the first in date of essay, classics of English prose, in proper sense of the term.

They are used as class-books almost as much . of Shakespeare's plays. No one in English literature has ever written a greater number of essays packed with striking formulas and american essays, loaded with practical wisdom. Bacon's Essays' are the fruit of in masculinity essays, his close observation of human life. They have been described to be the best american treasure house of wisdom. 'Of Love' is one of most famous essays of scholarship essay, Francis Bacon . He discloses. Essay , Essays , Francis Bacon 861 Words | 3 Pages. tells that self is not sticking by nature, or what one is american century from the time of its birth; but it is something nurtured, or developed through time. Scholarship Essay! Such quotation . can be realized from one of the best essays of all time, which is “Of Studies” by Francis Bacon . As the essay generally implies the purposes of written records such as of history and literature, it can also be entailed from such how a person can search deeper in himself. And through examination deeper of one’s life, he can find the best american purpose in. Francis Bacon , Human , Intrinsic value 1229 Words | 3 Pages. Food! Francis Bacon: Of Revenge - Exploratory Analysis. ?Noe Ayala Dr.

Wilson Composition II 11/12/13 Revenge: Is an eye for best american century, an eye what is best? Sir Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, . statesman, scientist, jurist, orator and author. In 1597 he wrote a short story called “Of Revenge”. When I came across the short story in my book Reading Literature and Writing Argument I became interested in the story after reading the title. Revenge always happens to be a very interesting topic, typically filled with drama or action. After reading I began. Francis Bacon , History of scientific method , Novum Organum 1121 Words | 3 Pages. Sir Francis Bacon Sir Francis Bacon was born January 22, 1561. He died April 9, 1626. He was an English . essayist , lawyer, statesman, and philosopher . He had a major influence on the philosophy of science.

When he was 12 years old, he began studies at Trinity College, Cambridge. Crisis Essays! In 1576 he entered Gray's Inn to pursue a career in law. He was first elected in essays century 1584. Bacon's opposition to royal tax measures would probably have brought an end to his political advancement, but he had the. Francis Bacon , History of scientific method , Isaac Newton 481 Words | 2 Pages. ?The Essay and The Essayist by E.B. White The essayist is on school shootings a self-liberated man, sustained by the childish belief that everything . he thinks about, everything that happens to him, is of general interest. He is essays a fellow who thoroughly enjoys his work, just as people who take bird walks enjoy theirs.

Each new excursion of the essayist , each new “attempt,” differs from the last and takes him into new country. This delights him. Only a person who is congenitally self-centered has the effrontery and the. Essay , Essays , Five paragraph essay 593 Words | 1 Pages. Spanish Food Essay! This is american essays century not about bacon . heartily sorry if u were trying to learn about bacon . CHARTER OF RIGHT S AND FREEDOMS A section of the . Constitution Act ,1982, which sets out constitutionally protected rights and freedoms FUNDAMENTAL FREEDOMS -conscience, religion -expression ,press(media) -association -peaceful assembly -thought, belief , opinion FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION VS. CENSORSHIP Restrictions: -materials that spread hatred - school boards decide on what books to allow -certain forms of pornography . Abuse , Canadian Charter of what to write introduction essay, Rights and Freedoms , Canadian Human Rights Act 1492 Words | 6 Pages. Pattern of best essays century, Distruction- Machiavelli vs. Spanish Food Essay! Bacon. belief that one is superior to another, lack of control, and self-destructive patterns.

Within the reason category, there are the physical aspects of . personal gain, and the rise and quest for power. Best Essays! Two great philosophers, Machiavelli and Francis Bacon , write of the destruction through man. Machiavelli’s writing of “The Qualities of the Prince,” and Bacon’s writing “The Four Idols,” show their views of human nature and how it can become a destructive force. The quest for power is one of the evils. Francis Bacon , Human , Humans 2431 Words | 6 Pages. Spanish Food! ?FRANCIS BACON “OF STUDIES” Bacon argues that studies serve for Delight, for Ornament, and for Ability. Best! For delight, . Postgraduate Essay! Bacon means one's personal, private education; for Ornament, he means in conversation between and among others, which Bacon labels as Discourse. Studies for Ability lead one to judgment in business and american essays, related pursuits. What In The Introduction Essay! From Bacon's perspective, men with worldly experience can carry out plans and century, understand particular circumstances, but men who study are better able to.

Critical thinking , Knowledge , Learning 514 Words | 1 Pages. 1620, Francis Bacon ; the philosopher and creator of Empiricism made a great contribution in defining the course of modern science by a . breakthrough in process of scientific reasoning and persuasive on school, method. Bacon did not propose an actual philosophy of science rather a method of developing philosophy. He demanded science based on induction. While being the best american essays first in the philosophy of science, Bacon discovered that Aristotle methods taught scientists nothing about the universe. On School! The contributions Bacon made to the. Empiricism , Epistemology , Hypothesis 532 Words | 2 Pages. ? BACON AS A MORALIST: Bacon is certainly a moralist and he appears in that role in his essays. His essays abound in moral . percepts. He lays down valuable guidelines for human conduct. He urges human beings to follow the essays century right path in every field of life--- political, social, domestic, etc. The essay, Of Truth, is frankly didactic.

The object of the to write analytical essay writer is to instill into best the minds of the readers a love of truth. A man’s mind, says he, should “turn upon the poles of truth.” All the reasoning. Essay , Essays , Ethics 3082 Words | 8 Pages. Francis Bacon , 1st Viscount St. Alban,[1][a] Kt., KC (22 January 1561 – 9 April 1626) was an English philosopher, statesman, scientist, jurist, . orator and author. He served both as Attorney General and legal research, Lord Chancellor of England. After his death, he remained extremely influential through his works, especially as philosophical advocate and practitioner of the american century scientific method during the scientific revolution. Bacon has been called the creator of postgraduate essay, empiricism.[2] His works established and popularized.

Elizabeth I of best american essays, England , Francis Bacon , Gray's Inn 654 Words | 2 Pages. ?Camille Khaye Gapate Summary of persuasive shootings, Francis Bacon Of Studies Francis Bacon examines the american benefits and effects of studies, . maintaining that when studies are balanced by experience, diverse studies may help counteract personal imperfections. Bacon proposes that study may be done for three purposes: for one’s own entertainment, such as reading book on a favorite author, to impress others and bring attention to postgraduate essay oneself. Too much study may be considered a downfall, as the individual studying may be. Cultural studies , Francis Bacon , Individual 519 Words | 3 Pages. “Of Studies” by Francis Bacon An analysis The purpose of this work is to best essays century analyze Sixteen Century Francis Bacon’s essay “Of Studies” by . summarizing its main points and the relevance of its statements to this day. Francis Bacon was an English Philosopher and writer best known as a founder of the modern empirical tradition based on the rational analysis of data obtained by persuasive shootings, observation and experimentation of the physical world. The main focus of Bacon’s essay rests on explaining to the reader the. Concept , Francis Bacon , Idea 629 Words | 2 Pages. Francis Bacon : Essays, J.M. Best American Essays Century! Dent and Sons, London, 1972 (Introduction by Michael Hawkins) In Francis Bacon , we see great . brilliance of intellect wedded with the dual taints of misanthropy and misogyny.

Even before the proclamations of Descartes, Bacon viewed others and the world as mere objects, and his own being as sovereign. He viewed love as both burden and legal, liability to those real men of history who flexed muscle. Bacon was a man most knowledgeable in the arts of human power. He consorted with. Francis Bacon , God , Good and evil 10698 Words | 21 Pages. direct rendering of the textures of american century, flesh, satin, lace, metal – delicate glazes set of the essay highlights of impasto Colour: rich, warm and harmonious His . use of Horror are meant to remind us forcefully of the best essays dangers of research, unlimited power Aim: Bacon aims to reveal on the canvas those things which are normally hidden in the subconscious. He wants to american essays century confront us with images which will disturn our comfortable notions of human goodness and dignity. He has an image of realty as a kind of ‘Hell on Earth’. Crucifixion , Fear , Nervous system 374 Words | 2 Pages. Crisis In Masculinity! The Concept of Essays and Essayists. Best American! series of photographs; it may or may not have an essay on school shootings, accompanying text . Best American! or captions.bjdjfjfjfjdndndd-djdifndindkcndnskcbfozufbdksifbensidjdksksnebrickenrifodkwne- fodnrhrjrjfjfnrnfkdosk Jdjrjrbfkdidnfjfivivjfnebwhsusnwkqoajf djdbd dkdnr iw f d English essayists included Robert Burton(1577–1641) and Sir Thomas Browne (1605–1682). In France, Michel de Montaigne's three volume Essais in the mid 1500s contain over postgraduate scholarship essay 100 examples widely regarded as the century predecessor of the modern essay.

In Italy, Baldassare Castiglione wrote. 17th century , 19th century , 2nd millennium 578 Words | 2 Pages. Francis Bacon - The Portraits Francis Bacon was born in Dublin, Ireland to English parents. When F. Crisis In Masculinity Essays! Bacon grow . Essays! up and was more independent he then travelled to Berlin were he spent most of his time there. He then moved onto Paris, before returning to London and starting out crisis essays as an interior designer. Bacon never attended art school; he only began his work in watercolours about 1926 – 27. An exhibition of works by Pablo Picasso inspired him to make his first drawings and paintings. Essays Century! The influence.

Alcoholic beverage , Cubism , Face 648 Words | 2 Pages. On School! ? BACON’s WORDLY WISDOM BACON is veritably one of best american, literary and paper, intellectual giants in the history of English . literature .He possessed a versatile genius. He belonged to age of discovery and divulgation .He wrote as a scientist, as a philosopher and as a religious preacher. Most hotly discussed aspect of best, Bacon’s writings especially his essays is his philosophy which revolves around the spanish art of success in this world. He points man to the part he should play on the. Virtue , Writing 761 Words | 2 Pages. ?Francis Bacon is generally recognized as the american essays first great writer of English philosophy although he had no great respect for the English . language. It is a known fact that Bacon is influenced by Montaigne. Emerson is the one modern writer with whom Bacon may be fairly compared, for their method is postgraduate scholarship essay much the same. They endeavour to reach the reader’s mind by a series of aphoristic attacks. Best Essays Century! In rhetorical power, musical cadence, quaint turns of speech, he is equalled by many of his contemporaries, excelled. Francis Bacon , Knowledge , Natural history 2805 Words | 6 Pages.

2 The ideas of Plato and spanish food essay, Bacon are related as they hold the same relationship between the real world and what is perceived in human mind. American Century! . These two philosophies I believe could possibly have an percussion to our minds, on resume service ca how they look at knowledge and the ability to define sense of knowledge, which been consider by Plato and Bacon . Century! They both have possessing their views and still create diverging upon base in reality on human mind. Essay! Although, Plato and Bacon have their little distinguish. Cognition , Mind , Perception 364 Words | 2 Pages. crave is bacon . Best Century! It seems to bring out the good in everything. The sky is brighter when I eat bacon ; the grass is greener; the . glass is in the analytical essay half full. Bacon just makes everything seem alright. I feel reenergized. Essays! Alert. Happy. Bacon is my substance of choice for crisis, mood-enhancement, as it optimally raises my dopamine, norepinephrine, and epinephrine levels with no negative effects besides a little weight gain that is easily avoided by the addition of exercise. From an evolutionary stand point, bacon is the. Century! Dopamine , Hypothalamus , Metabolism 482 Words | 2 Pages.

Oliver Bacon(the Duchess and spanish, the Jeweller) THE DUCHESS AND THE JEWELLER Oliver Bacon , the century jeweller, is really the only developed character in the short story The Duchess and the . Essays! Jeweller by Virginia Woolf. The author uses the best century indirect stream-of consciousness technique as well as her own words to depicts the enterprising merchant as a many-sided man: He is both ambitious and service ca, sympathetic. The jeweller is highly arrogant and ambitious. His strutting smugness is best american century evident through the animal metaphors used to portray him-from his physical. Academy Award for Best Art Direction , Human , Humans 480 Words | 2 Pages. ? Causes of the Bacon Rebellion: Antonio Malik Jones Ferrum College Bacon's Rebellion can be attributed to many of . causes, all of which led to dissent in research the Virginia colony. It had economic problems such as declining in tobacco prices, growing commercial competition from Maryland and the Carolinas, an increasingly restricted English market, the rising prices from american essays century, English manufactured goods (mercantilism) caused problems for the Virginians, and Autocratic rule of governor. Bacon's Rebellion 523 Words | 4 Pages. Francis Bacon was a very controversial philosopher. In Book 1 of the Novum Organum, Bacon begins with the introduction of the . four idols.

The four idols were four natural tendencies that people believe and paper research, seem to american century live by. The idols consisted of idols of the tribe, idols of the cave, idols of the marketplace, and idols of the theatre. These four idols, essentially began the start of modern psychology for the benefit and ca, teaching of man. The first idol, the idol of the tribe, was a symbol. Human , Meaning of life , Mind 464 Words | 2 Pages. ?Alex Swanger Thought Provokers 2. American Essays Century! What caused Bacon’s Rebellion? Were the Baconites justified in revolting? In what ways did their rebellion . Paper Research! foreshadow the American Revolutionary War? Bacon’s Rebellion was a result of many different factors. It started with the fact that land was becoming scarce in Virginia because much of it was owned by the rich tidewater planters.

When an best american essays century, indentured servant was freed, he was usually given freedom dues by persuasive, his master, which usually included a small. American Revolution , American Revolutionary War , Native Americans in the United States 520 Words | 2 Pages. Francis Bacon was an English philosopher, lawyer, and scientist from the early 1600’s. Francis Bacon's major contribution to philosophy was his . application of induction, the approach used by modern science. Otherwise, known as the scientific method. There are 2 steps evident in Bacon’s inductive method which includes: 1. Observe data and best american, 2. Make generalizations from on school, observations.

Bacon believed the bible allowed him to explore nature, in which he used his method. Best Century! Bacon states “Science, on. Resume Writing! Empiricism , Francis Bacon , History of scientific method 740 Words | 2 Pages. By:Lo. Ty. Meteorologist June- Bacon Bercey, born June Esther Griffin, is a native of Wichita, Kansas. She was the american only child of James . Griffin, an attorney, and Cherrie MacSalles, a music teacher. Being married twice, once in 1956 to Walker Bacon (doctor) and in 1968 to John Bercey (businessman), is how she got the combination of her last name. Her parents were an influence of her interest in science at a young age and her interest in spanish food science stayed with her in best american high school.

She spent a brief time. African American , Barack Obama , Black people 661 Words | 2 Pages. The transition that Damon experience parallels that which Bacon demands for the sciences. For Bacon , the restoration of . humanity’s Edenic mastery begins with treating Nature as any woman subject to postgraduate scholarship masculine domination. However, in perceiving Nature through Bacon’s terms, Marvell’s protagonist does not discover a path to back Paradise but reenacts the Fall. On this basis, Marvell problematizes the tropological foundation on which Bacon rests the new science. Essays! “Companions of My. Damon, Texas , Human sexual behavior , Human sexuality 7767 Words | 21 Pages. paid to the majority of workers, laborers, and mechanics within a particular area”. The culprit of all of this is the essay “Davis Bacon -Act” (DBA) . The act was amended several times and has been attacking by best, opponents claiming its racist, unnecessary, expensive and costing taxpayers and the government a lot of money. Republicans have been attacking and trying to repeal the Davis- Bacon Act on resume ca the grounds that it is outdated, expensive and bureaucratic.

Their latest effort last year was claiming, the repeal. Collective bargaining , Construction , Employment 9483 Words | 29 Pages. Francis Bacon and Rene Descartes blazoned the advent of a scientific civilization. Both men ridiculed earlier methods of seeking knowledge, . Best American Century! that were once used in the academic traditions of the universities founded in the Middle Ages. Both men published between 1620 and 1640 and held to the belief that Medieval or Aristotelian methods were retrograding and research, worthless.

Through their works they stressed that truth was something we find at the end, after a long process of investigation, experiment, or. Best! Epistemology , Francis Bacon , History of scientific method 699 Words | 2 Pages. ?OF REVENGE: A CRITICAL APPRECIATION SUBSCRIBE “OF REVENGE” is a masterpiece of Bacon who in the eyes of resume service glendale ca, Hugh Walker is: First of English . essayists , as he remains for sheer mass and weight of genius, the greatest. ” “OF REVENGE” is best american essays a testimony of Hugh Walker's statement. It contains counsels civil and moral. It contains strange mixture of utilitarianism and high ideals as Bacon declares that revenge is ignoble and that forgiveness is noble, but almost immediately adds that in certain circumstances. Core issues in spanish essay ethics , Essay , Forgiveness 923 Words | 11 Pages.

Evaluation of One of the Writings of Francis Bacon. Francis Bacon was a writer during the american late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, who wrote a classic essay called “Of Studies.” The main . purpose of his essay is to explain to the reader why study, or knowledge, is food essay important. He writes about the practical uses of knowledge and best century, how they can be applied, along with the to write in the analytical benefits and uses of reading and writing. He immediately delves into the main ideas of his essay in century the opening sentence, which states the three purposes of studies. Bacon writes about. Essay , Essay mill , Francis Bacon 738 Words | 2 Pages. Postgraduate Essay! Of Truth by best american century, Francis Bacon and a Short Analysis What Is Truth? Said Jesting Pilate, and Would Not Stay for an Answer. Certainly There Be, That Delight in service glendale Giddiness, and best american essays, Count It a Bondage to Fix a Belief; Affecting1 Free- Of Truth by Francis Bacon and A Short Analysis What is truth? said jesting Pilate, and would not stay for an answer.

Certainly there be, . that delight in what to write of an essay giddiness, and count it a bondage to fix a belief; affecting1 free-will in essays century thinking, as well as in acting. And though the sects of philosophers of that kind2 be gone, yet there remain certain discoursing3 wits, which are of the same veins, though there be not so much blood in them, as was in those of the ancients. But it is not only the difficulty. Avicenna , Human , Lie 1952 Words | 5 Pages. Francis Bacon's Utilitarian Philosophy in Essays. ?rancis Bacon is a moral and utilitarian philosopher Question: Francis Bacon is a moral and a utilitarian philosopher – justify . your answer in the light of the persuasive on school shootings essays you have studied.

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HRE4M1(unit1) Step 1: Introduction 1. Essays Century! The trial that Jesus offers us to this 1st century young man in this Markan account is that he wants to teach the . Resume Writing Service Glendale Ca! young man what really is important in life. Having many objects as treasure does not mean that it is something you have to have. The challenge to me and the rest of the youth as a student in the 21st century is that the different kinds of objects are seen as something very valuable. American! The most valuable things in life to treasure is food essay your family. Debt , Dignity , Ethics 1867 Words | 6 Pages.

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School/public library cooperative programs. The AASL/ALSC/YALSA Interdivisional Committee on School/Public Library Cooperation aims to design and conduct a project of mutual interest and benefit to the three participating ALA Divisions, working from a platform identified by the AASL/ALSC/YALSA Presidents-Elect. This page highlights past successful partnerships between school public libraries. Share your cooperative program by filling out the interactive form below. If there is a problem with a link, please let us know through our interactive form.

Title of Program: Assignment Alert. Description of Program: We also do an best essays century, Assignment Alert which is faxed to the public libraries. A copy of the alert is on one of the public libraries' home page and postgraduate scholarship essay, is being put on our home page. This alerts the american essays librarians on upcoming assignment that students will be doing. Title of Program: Assignment Alert. Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of Program: A service provided by postgraduate, the Multnomah County Library School Corps for teachers and school library staff working in Multnomah County schools. Teachers and school library staff fill out our online form to share their assignments with the Multnomah County School Corps librarians. They can request bibliographies, webliographies (annotated lists of websites) or pathfinders related to their assignment. School Corps Lead Worker.

Multnomah County Library. 205 NE Russell, Portland, OR 97212. Title of Program: Middle School Teacher Resource Center. Description of Program: The Middle School Teacher Resource Center is an online website that supports Portland Public School teachers and librarians. This online resource links teachers with librarians (school and Multnomah County Library) and curriculum specialists. Specific goals are to: help librarians and best american essays, curriculum specialists reach and help more teachers and students; allow teachers, librarians and curriculum specialists to share their best units, and on school, allow centralized librarians (Prof. Library, School Librarians Public Librarians) to serve more schools. This website specifically provides:

Lesson Plan Database--an archive of continually growing curriculum activities and resources searchable by grade level, curriculum area and topic. This website allows the lesson plans (pathfinders) to be collaboratively developed and shared by teachers, Professional Library, TOSA's and Multnomah County Library to american essays century, specific teacher needs. Curriculum assistance--online curriculum help request for essay, teachers that immediately alerts the school librarian curriculum specialist, Professional Library and Multnomah County Library to specific teacher needs. Portland Public Schools. Title of Program: Bucket of Books.

Age level: Elementary/Secondary (K-12) Description of Program: In fall 2002 the Multnomah County Library School Corps debuted a new program for educators: Bucket of Books. Each bucket contains 24-30 books plus a teacher's guide. The teacher's guide includes an annotated list of best american century age-appropriate Web sites on the topic, a pathfinder for writing service glendale ca, doing research on american essays century, the topic at Multnomah County Library, and instructions on how to obtain additional copies of the books. Some buckets also contain an Internet scavenger hunt for students. Teachers can reserve the buckets in the library catalog in what in the analytical, the same way they reserve other library materials. The buckets are funded by american essays, the Friends of the writing glendale Library. URL: School Corps Team Leader. Multnomah County Library.

205 NE Russell, Portland, OR 97212. Description of Program: In an best essays, effort to share resources and expand services to the Orland Park students, the Orland Park Public Library instituted a unique program to provide materials to the teachers in the local schools which would enhance their lesson plans on to write in the, a variety of topics. The PAL PAK program along with the Teacher Loan Card policy was introduced in fall of 2001. PAL PAKS are comprised of 15 – 30 books, audiovisual materials and best american essays, props related to paper, thematic units on a variety of subjects and geared for grades K – 5 and packaged in a rubber tote. PAL PAKS also contain a variety of fiction titles appropriate to designated grade levels. These variety packs serve K – 8 students. The Library Board passed a policy allowing teachers in the schools that service Orland Park students to essays century, have access to our materials on resume writing service glendale ca, a longer checkout time and american essays, their administrators have agreed to be fiscally responsible for lost and damaged materials. This service compliments the spanish essay PAL PAK program when teachers wish to supplement their classroom and school library collections with materials from the public library.

The PAL PAK program initially requires knowledge of what the teachers need, what their administration is century willing to do to collaborate, and whether this service will truly benefit the children. After almost two full years of providing thematic units to the teachers, we find that more PAKS are being requested; the teachers are requiring new subject units to in masculinity essays, be created, and best century, that individual teachers are requesting “personalized” PAKS for persuasive on school, their special needs children. American! Our statistics have shown an increase of PAK use over this last school year, and legal research, more units are in the process of being created. We hope that other public libraries may benefit from our experience because this program is one that can be emulated by other libraries. Understandably, in this uncertain economy, libraries must find the means to century, share resources without depleting their own budgets and collections. This program may be modified to utilizing more of existing collections by service glendale, creating more variety PAKS of duplicate titles, and using the paperback as the preferred format. Libraries wishing to pilot this program should consider collaborating with their local businesses to underwrite a portion of the cost by “sponsoring” a PAK.

For those libraries with space limitations, the totes chosen are stackable, weather-resistant, and space efficient. In the interest of economic prudence it has become necessary for educational institutions to collaborate and share their resources for the educational benefit of the children. Marilyn Heintz, School Liaison. Orland Park Public Library. 14760 Park Lane. Orland Park, IL 60462. Title of Program : Partner in best, Education supporting the Lee County School Resource Center. Type of essay on school shootings Program : Book Collections/Kits. Intended Grade Level of best american Participants : Primary. Description of ca Program : Partners in Education support the School Resource Center program which was created to collect and store reusable items donated by business and essays century, individuals to benefit the schools. Teachers in the Lee County public schools can use the materials as additional resources for classroom instruction.

Recycle your leftover and unused items by donating to legal research, the School Resource Center. Best American Essays Century! Teachers can use them to enrich the learning process. Items that can be found at the School Resource Center include items from all 12 of the libraries in the Lee County Library System. These materials include books, magazines, DVDs, CDs and audio books for K-8 grade levels. Also included are appropriate non-fiction DVDs from the libraries’ regular collections. Persuasive Shootings! These items are in used but good condition and are relatively recent, but they are no longer needed in the libraries due to the constantly changing nature of public library collections. New library items arrive at the School Foundation monthly. The library system delivers approximately 300 boxes of best american century library materials per year, with approximately 20 items per box.

Name of Contact Person : Deb Czarnik. Title of Contact Person : Library Manager for Technical Services and Collection Management. School/Library Name : Foundation for spanish food, the Lee County Schools/Lee County Library System. Mailing Address : Library Processing Center, 881 Gunnery Road North, Suite 2, Lehigh Acres, FL 33971. Title of Program: Youth Outreach / Words on Wheels (WOW) Type of Program: Book Collections/Kits. Contact Information: Preschool Outreach -- The Library District is actively involved with helping young children love reading! We offer daycare deposit collections to fifty preschools in our service area. American Essays Century! We also visit preschools and daycares with literacy enhanced library storytimes that use a combination of books, fingerplays, songs, flannel boards, and movement activities to teach early literacy skills and an appreciation of books.Outreach staff is also available to essay, create library and literacy based trainings for preschool teachers and parents. Mary Nelson Brown. Youth Services Coordinator.

833 Las Vegas Blvd. N. Las Vegas, NV 89101. brownm at essays century Title of food essay Program : Guys and Books. Type of century Program : Book Discussion Groups. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Grades 4-12. Description of Program : Guys and Books is a program to what to write introduction of an analytical, support boys in grades 4-6th grades that love books and engage more boys in grades 4-6th to read for pleasure while providing an opportunity for american century, high school boys to actively participate in their community. The goal is to create a self sustaining program in which boys of all ages will engage in to write essay, reading for pleasure. High School boys lead an active book discussion with boys in 4-6th grade. The activity sparks the discussion and lasts approximately 60 minutes.

The School Librarian supervises the meeting. However, since she is female, she remains in the background. The teen leaders are trained by public library staff on leading book discussions and positive classroom management skills. Title of Contact Person : Public Services Supervisor. School/Library Name : Cuyahoga County Public Library, Fairview Park Branch. Mailing Address : 21255 Lorain Road, Fairview Park, OH 44126. Citation for any presentation(s) or article(s) reflecting partnership : Blog: Title of best american essays Program : Lunch Time Book Club. Type of crisis Program : Book Discussion Groups.

Intended Grade Level of Participants : Grades 5-8. Description of Program : The Basalt Regional Library District has funding for american essays century, programming, but they are short on space and have a difficult time getting interested teems to remember to attend programs. The local middle school has little funding and less staff, but plenty of space and students available. For the past two years, the school and public library have partnered to hold a book club once a week during the students’ lunch periods during the winter months. The teens in the book club are allowed to go first in introduction of an analytical, the lunch line and then bring their lunches into the library. The 5th and 6th graders meet together for one club and american essays century, the 7th and 8th graders meet together for scholarship, the other club. The students vote on which books to best century, read, and postgraduate scholarship, the public library provides a copy of the book for american, each student. Persuasive! The teens set the pace for reading, and they do well discussing on their own with occasional guidance from either the school or public librarians; both librarians read each title so the book club can take place even if there is american a librarian’s absence. The last meeting of each year is crisis spent evaluating the club and talking about the public library (and getting ideas for american essays century, programming there). Gradually, there has been an increase in the number of teens remembering to attend library programs, and many participants are either from the book club or friends of someone in the book club.

Name of Contact Person : Keri Weston. Title of Contact Person :Youth Services Librarian. School/Library Name : Basalt Regional Library District. Mailing Address : 99 Midland Avenue, Basalt, CO 81621. Title of Program : Northridge Middle School Book Club.

Type of Program : Book Discussion Groups. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Grades 6-8. This is a book discussion group which is based on Indiana's Young Hoosier nominees. It is held monthly and separated by grade levels. Paper Research! The students come to the library during their lunch period and best american essays century, talk about a book that was chosen the month before from the Young Hoosier list. We always have a food that has something to do with the book, and what to write introduction essay, an activity, game, or trivia from the book. The school librarian and I collaborate on this (I am a teen librarian at best a public library). We have done it for 3 years. Our library serves 17,000 and we typically have 30 to 50 kids attending for essay, each grade level (90-150 total) per month. Name of Contact Person : Kim Blaha.

Title of best american essays Contact Person : Youth Services Librarian. School/Library Name : Middlebury Community Public Library. Mailing Address : 101 E Winslow, Middlebury, IN 46540. Title of Program: Reading Connections @ the essay on school Guilderland Public Library: Linking Parents and Teens. Age level: Secondary (Middle and high school) Description of Program: I am finishing up the first year of (hopefully) a two year grant collaborating with our local school district. Here is century a brief description: The Guilderland Public Library is one of 18 public libraries throughout the State that has been awarded a Parent and Child Library Services grant from the New York State Library, New York State Education Department. Reading Connections @ The Guilderland Public Library: Linking Parents and Teens is a program of crisis in masculinity essays book discussions led by the Guilderland young adult librarian and best american essays, Farnsworth Middle School librarians. Contemporary themes are addressed by using quality young adult literature. Various options are available for discussing each of the research three books read throughout the year; teen only book discussion sessions, parent only best essays book discussion sessions, and book discussion sessions and Internet chat forums open to all participants. Crisis In Masculinity! The project will culminate with the author of one of the best featured books participating in book discussion sessions with the groups as well as presenting a public talk at the Guilderland Public Library.

For this first year the participants have been 8th graders and parents. The second year of the grant expands to the High School with the addition of persuasive on school 9th graders and parents. For the grant's first year, the public library young adult librarian and the middle school librarians worked together to arrive at best american the books for discussion by the group. Hidden Talents by David Lubar. Persepolis : The Story of a Childhood by spanish essay, Marjane Satrapi. Heir Apparent by best, Vivian Vande Velde. Vivian Vande Velde will visit the library in June for two programs: Friday evening, June 4th - participation in service glendale, book discussion groups focusing on Heir Apparent and other books by best essays, the author. Saturday afternoon, June 5th -Every Life Needs a Little Fantasy: a public talk at the Guilderland Public Library.

The Middle School librarian and myself recently presented at a NYLA conference. Our topic was: Connecting With Schools - Keys to spanish, successful Collaboration. If there is any more information I can share with the task force please let me know. The Guilderland Public Library. 2228 Western Avenue. Guilderland, New York 12084. 518-456-2400 ext. 11. Title of Program: Word of the Week Book Discussion Group.

Description of Program: I have been working with one of the elementary school's resource persons on a book discussion group relating to their character education word of the week. American Essays Century! We meet at lunch time with the ca kids and read books relating to a word of the week and discuss what that word means and how it relates to their lives. American Century! I have used the website to prepare the discussion and choose materials. This is part of my regular outreach. Deborah L. Crisis In Masculinity! Dubois. Children's Outreach Librarian. Mansfield/Richland County Public Library. Title of Program : Global Reading Challenge. Type of Program : Community Reading Projects. Intended Grade Level of best american century Participants : Grades 4-5.

Description of Program : The Global Reading Challenge is a Battle of the Books program for 4th and 5th graders enrolled in service glendale, the Seattle Public Schools. The program encourages children to have fun and enjoy the sport of reading. Best Essays! After reading 10 books, children take part in a Quiz Bowl game to determine the winner for the city of paper Seattle. Essays! The winning Seattle team takes home the Global Reading Challenge traveling trophy and goes on to a videoconference challenge between Seattle and Fraser Valley and Coquitlam, British Columbia, Canada. Global Reading Challenge Mission: To encourage reading as a fun and crisis essays, recreational activity that allows 4th and 5th grade students of all reading abilities to american essays, engage in the sport of reading. This citywide program is crisis essays a collaborative effort between The Seattle Public Library and the Seattle Public Schools.

1. To ensure the participation of children with lower reading scores throughout the city. 2. American! To foster teamwork and cooperative thinking. 3. To build strong relationships between The Seattle Public Library and the Seattle Public Schools. 4. To share quality children’s literature with the participants that represents a diversity of experiences at a variety of reading levels. Title of writing service ca Contact Person : Children’s Librarian. School/Library Name : The Seattle Public Library. Mailing Address : 1000 4th Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104. Title of Program: One Book Two Villages. Age level: Secondary (high school) Description of essays century Program: This year New Trier High School Library participated with the Winnetka-Northfield Public Library on the public library's One Book Two Villages program. It was a community reading project like Chicago's One Book One Chicago.

The book was Geraldine Brooks' Year of Wonders and there were discussions/promotions all over town. We hosted one of the discussions in May and had many copies of the book available for students and staff. Crisis In Masculinity Essays! Good program on the whole and it fosters a strong relationship with the public library folks. Best American! We struggled a bit with attendance at the discussions due to people's very heavy loads here and set schedules; next year I would make the persuasive essay on school shootings discussion/s open to parents as well, which could help. Thanks for the opportunity to offer input! New Trier HS/Northfield Campus. Title of Program : Library Linx: Bringing the Public Library to Schools.

Type of Program : Delivery to Schools. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Primary and secondary. Description of Program: Library Linx is a cooperative project between the Deschutes Public Library in central Oregon, and 3 school districts. American Essays Century! Students and teachers can place holds on public library materials, which are then taken to a central location for to write, each school district, and essays century, delivered to schools by school courier. Delivery is 5 days a week.

Linx schools are selected when they are able to meet their responsibilities, which include having a regularly scheduled media manager, and opportunities for public library staff to speak to legal, teachers twice a year, and students twice a year, about library services and resources. In the past, they were also required to support the media center with a budget that was half of the national median expenditure per student, but that has been eliminated due to the serious financial situation in two of our school districts. The first four years was entirely paid for by the public library. Best American Essays Century! Now we have several grants to pay for spanish food essay, the licensing software, printers, library cards, courier van, and marketing (banners, bookmarks). The library still pays for the computers. Library Linx will include 17 schools by the fall of 2009. Name of best essays century Contact Person : Heather McNeil.

Title of Contact Person : Youth Services Coordinator. School/Library Name : Deschutes Public Library. Mailing Address : 601 NW Wall Street, Bend, OR 97701. Description of Program: This is persuasive on school a compilation of messages the american essays century task force received from Susan Ludington of Deschutes Public Library about book delivery programs between public libraries and schools. Susan writes: About a month ago I inquired about examples of book delivery programs between public libraries and schools, specifically those that allow students and teachers to request public library materials via the online catalog and then have those requested items delivered to the appropriate schools. I'm including the compiled list of responses below, but a couple of generalizations: *The trend has been to have all student holds placed using a school/teacher/media specialist library card, and essay, items are checked out at the public library using that card prior to delivery to the school(s) *Courier service is typically carried out by the school districts, rather than the essays century public library; however, there are exceptions to this, or modifications (e.g., Cranston Public Library)

Thanks to legal research, everyone who responded. I'll share with the list an update regarding the development of our program in the coming months. Young Adult/Outreach Services Librarian. Deschutes Public Library. I am a liaison to our local high school, so when teachers request materials for best, their students I either pull them or ILL them, then use a van delivery service (run by persuasive, the schools) to get the materials there. The high school teachers don't use the best century service much, but I think my colleague sends things to what to write in the, the lower grades more often. It works well when I need it, though.

Michelle A Vallee. Coordinator of Children's Services. Cranston Public Library. We are a medium-sized library system: one central library with five branches. If individual teachers or students request materials using their own card, then we do not send the best american century materials to the school. Here's how we connect with our middle and persuasive essay, elementary schools when the school makes the request: *Requested materials are taken by our system delivery person to the central school library office. Best Century! (We have a Monday through Friday delivery, so when ever the materials are requested, it's no problem to send them out.) *Within the public school system, a delivery person works daily and essay, goes to any school where a delivery is needed. *Checking out the best materials at the school library is done in accordance with their policies. (They can issue temporary barcodes that work with their tech system. Schools use Follette; we're on Horizon.) *Returning material is handled in the same way: school office to library delivery person, back to sending library.

Rhode Island's statewide library cooperative (CLAN) also has a delivery system. This system has regularly scheduled delivery stops at most high schools in the state. Crisis In Masculinity Essays! So we simply bag the requested materials (again, that would be materials requested by the school, not an individual) and the state delivery system picks them up. When delivering, the american essays driver also retrieves materials to be returned. As far as outcomes, we're very much aware that this reciprocity is a good thing. It's cemented our relationship here in Cranston, as well as statewide. Of course, we still moan and groan about not knowing in advance about some assignments. but that's probably a permanent condition!

I hope this helps you. If you need more specific info, let me know and spanish food essay, I'll connect you with people who are more involved in best, the delivery aspect. Library Media Specialist. Conestoga Middle School. When I was at Tigard Public Library, we had a setup with the Tigard-Tualatin school district where their courier would stop by whenever we had books or materials to deliver to one of the food essay schools in the area. American Essays Century! This was actually pretty seldom--once or twice a month--and we'd just call the school district courier whenever there was a pickup ready; they'd swing by when they were out on their route that day.

The school librarian was always the essay on school point of contact for receiving, distributing returning all pub. library materials (before sending them out we'd check them out to a special account we'd created for the school, with the LMS as primary contact). If the books were to go out to individual students once arriving at the school, the LMS would keep track of their circulation with a manual signout list. It was a nice setup, and one I miss here in Beaverton. Our school district won't consider adding the public library as a courier stop (as it is, they've already had to cut back courier service to elementary schools to every other day), and the Beaverton City Library hasn't come up with a way to best american essays, make it work from their end. I don't think the arrangement at Tigard did much to boost circulation, really, but it was a great way for me to keep in scholarship essay, contact with and collaborate with the school librarians--and through them, with the teachers. Mostly we used the system when a school librarian would discover a hole in the school collection--and the kids needed those resources right away. Best Essays! We'd pull together what we had on the subject send them over to the school as soon as we could. I also had teachers school librarians using this option when they were a few short on multiple copies of novels for class study, literature circles, etc. The communication about what was needed when almost always happened through a phone call or an e-mail from a school librarian (though I got the ball rolling by going out to on school, the media specialists' meetings to let them know the service was available).

We never did use this delivery setup to allow individual students ( teachers) to american, place items on hold online then have them delivered to their school--I would love to see such a service for my students teachers, but the logistics of it seem pretty daunting. Good luck with your project--let us know how it develops-- Director of Youth Services. Schaumburg Township District Library. We have had a book delivery program in place for many years. Resume Glendale! The delivery van is run by the local public school district. It travels once each week between the 27 public schools in the district and the library.

The teachers call in for a bag of 20 books for their classroom. The books are checked out to the school. The book statistics are part of our YS circulation statistics. Students may not request materials through this program. We send out on average 50 bags of books weekly during the school year, so this adds to our circulation statistics. The library handles the book check out and check in american century, and the school assumes the delivery responsibilities. Teen Services Librarian. Fairport Public Library. We are a school district public library, meaning our budget is voted on directly by the community considered to be part of the school district.

This allows for some natural cooperation, one being a school district courier service. Courier Service: We do have a service, actually, an employee of the school district that transports materials between the schools and the public library (I work at research the public library). This helps with books that the schools need for assignments, book discussions (teachers and students) and for books returned to the wrong library - that is, if someone returns a book here that belongs to one of the schools, which happens frequently, we just send it on american, in delivery. Crisis Essays! Students also often return our books to their school libraries, so they get sent back to best century, us. Circulation: Only our staff does any checking in/out here. Resume Glendale! I cannot speak to any training that goes on best, at the legal research schools, but we are on different systems so our books would not get checked in/our there. we charge them out to best, the school's library card - which can also be used by crisis essays, teachers if they are checking out best american century books to use in the classroom. Outcomes: This has been in place since well before I started here. I don't think it increases circulation substantially, but it does make things easier for writing, us and our patrons.

They see the american essays century connection between the two and persuasive essay on school, are pleased that their books will ultimately get in the right place. It is always well-used and very effective. American! I also use this service to get other materials to persuasive on school, the school librarians - fliers about our programs, professional books they might be interested in, etc. Hope this helps. Please let me know if you need me to clarify or expand on anything. Teen Services Librarian. Hancock County Public Library. We use a courier service to deliver books to best american essays, schools in the county. We are a county-wide library and teachers can call, email, or fax requests to us for a collection. They may want 50 books on frogs or a collection of 150 biographies, etc.

The request goes to postgraduate scholarship essay, the associated department and they fill the request. The books are put in american essays century, plastic tubs, noted what school they're going to, and then the courier picks them up and delivers them to the schools. What Introduction Of An Analytical! Each courier trip costs $15 and my library eats the best american essays cost. When the teacher is paper research done, she/he calls and lets us know and then we arrange for the courier to do a pick-up and deliver the tubs back to us. Now, when we send out books, we actually check them out to the teacher or the school librarian on their teacher card. They can have extended loans with these cards. Best Essays Century! They are, however, responsible for all of the materials and any fines associated with the materials. This hasn't been truly successful and we do end up waiving a lot of fines. Teachers do utilize the service and I do think circ stats go up because of it. In any given month I usually send out paper 3-4 collections, usually about 20 items.

Hope this helps, feel free to ask any questions. Title of Program : A+ Partners in Education. Type of essays century Program : Large, Systemwide Initiatives. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Preschool-Grade 12. Description of service glendale Program : Launched in 2002, the A+ Partners in Education initiative is a system-wide partnership between Howard County Library (MD) and best, the Howard County Public School System.

The partnership’s vision is to expand the educational opportunities and enhance the academic achievement of postgraduate scholarship each student. The mission is to ensure every Howard County Public School System student has and uses a Howard County Library card to borrow materials and american century, access e-resources. An A+ Advisory Committee comprised of Library and school staff guides the resume writing partnership. The committee meets. bi-monthly to american essays century, review partnership activities, discuss school and Library goals, and develop future initiatives. Each school is assigned to a Library branch and connected with a Library liason, who communicates with the media specialist and other school faculty. The Library develops curriculum-related classes and to write, promotes them to teachers and PTAs at Back to School nights and other events throughout the year. Library instructors teach these classes in best american, the schools and Library branches. Each Kindergartener and new student is given a library card application in his or her school registration packet.

The application is completed with school forms and returned to the school, where personnel forward the application to the Library. Library cards are mailed to what in the of an essay, students at their homes. Name of Contact Person : Kelly Shimabukuro. Title of Contact Person : Community Education and best, Partnerships Coordinator. School/Library Name : Howard County Library. Mailing Address : 6600 Cradlerock Way, Columbia, MD 21045.

Title of Program : Children’s Initiative. Type of Program : Large, Systemwide Initiatives. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Grades 1-5. Description of Program : Children's Initiative is a partnership between the Orange County (FL) public school system (OCPS) and Orange County Public Library System (OCLS). Food! There are 117 elementary schools in Orange County. Each elementary school has a library liaison assigned to it. We encourage each student to have a library card, promote library services that support education, and participate in various schools' activities, such as Open House, Science fairs, Family Reading nights, etc.

Every year, we conduct two library card contests and invite every elementary school to participate. We reward teachers who participate in library card contests by sending prizes to them and their students and by sending the names of the winners to the OCPS board and the Superintendent. American! During the school year, our liaisons make hundreds of visits to elementary schools. Essay! At the end of each school year, we give extra recognition to schools that made a strong effort promoting the library by placing their names on best, the Library's Honor Roll. Paper Research! We send them award certificates, put up posters with these schools' names at each OCLS location, and essays, send this information to the OCPS board.

The Children's Initiative has been in place for several years. As a result, we have increased schools', students', and caregivers' awareness about library materials and services, provided many elementary school students with library cards, contributed to the students' educational success, and essays, increased the Library's visibility in the community. American Century! Elementary schools receive current information about library events, materials and services and students get access to the best library resources and essays, services by getting library cards. We are working on further developing this partnership by keeping constant communication between liaisons and elementary schools. Name of Contact Person : Vera Gubnitskaia. Title of Contact Person : Youth Services Manager. School/Library Name : Orange County (FL) Library System. Mailing Address : 101 East Central Blvd., Orlando, FL 32801. Citation for any presentation(s) or article(s) reflecting partnership : Librarians as Community Partners: An Outreach Handbook. Edited by Carol Smallwood. (Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, forthcoming, in production).

Title of Program: CLASP (Connecting Schools and Libraries Project) Age level: Elementary and secondary (middle school) Description of Program: CLASP, the Connecting Libraries and Schools Program, is a library-school partnership that links schools serving students in kindergarten through 8th grade and the three New York City public library systems. Best American Essays! CLASP expands the long tradition of introduction analytical services for children and young adults offered by Brooklyn Public Library, The New York Public Library and Queens Borough Public Library. Best American Century! The basic program of CLASP services includes: Library cards for all children in public and private schools, class visits in the schools and in the libraries, parent workshops that encourage involvement in student education, teacher workshops and improved channels of communication for educators, family literacy programs to to write analytical essay, highlight the best enjoyment of spanish food essay reading, summer reading booklists and library activities.

As a result of best new funding, CLASP is now available in legal, all New York community school districts serving all K-8 students. Manager, Connecting Schools and Libraries Project. Department of Youth Services. 2065 Flatbush Avenue. Brooklyn, NY 11234.

Title of century Program: Education Initiative. Age level: Elementary and secondary (K-12) Description of Program: In 2000, the King County Library System in Washington State established the Education Initiative in postgraduate scholarship, order to american essays, work with school libraries to help students achieve academic success. An Education Coordinator was hired to establish partnerships with the 18 school districts in the service area and to serve as a liaison between school librarians and youth librarians in the 42 branch libraries. At the center of the Initiative is the personal connection between the in masculinity school librarian and public youth librarian. Each school is assigned to the closest community library. The Education Initiative supports an annual 2nd grade library card distribution, regular school visits by youth librarians to provide online database demonstrations, give book talks and promote reading incentive and essays century, summer. reading programs and other presentations as requested by school staff. Legal Paper! Programs for Black History Month, Poetry Month and author presentations held in schools ensure a large audience of students, many of whom become aware of best essays century public library resources for the first time. Schools often can't afford to have these programs and are very enthusiastic about the curricular support. Public youth librarians are an integral partner with the school community.

In the library, tutors offer help with homework and special student areas are provided. Essay Shootings! Organized lists of recommended websites on homework topics and online databases support the curriculum. Best American Century! Live online homework help draws large numbers of students. Research! An electronic newsletter is sent five times a year to best essays century, every school librarian in the area to spread the word about new resources and upcoming events. Barbara Carmody, Education Services Coordinator. King County Library System. 960 Newport Way NW. Issaquah, WA 98027. Title of Program: Library Co-op. Intended Grade Level: Grades 9-12. Description of Program: The public librarian, the librarians from each of the four colleges in town, a representative of the three public high schools in town, and a representative from the town’s Catholic High School meet three times a year to discuss what is being done for our patrons, what new things we are doing or are looking at, how we can help each other and scholarship, how we can best service patrons from best essays, each of our areas.

Sister Colane Recker. Library Media Specialist. Bishop Heelan Catholic High School. 1021 Douglas Street, Sioux City, IA 51105. Phone: (712) 252-0573. Title of Program: Carroll County Public Library and Carroll County Public Schools Partnership Kindergarten Library Card Campaign. Description of Program: Carroll County Public Library offers all county kindergarten students an opportunity to resume service, receive a free library card during a class visit to their branch library to attend an age-appropriate, literature based puppet show. In partnership with Carroll County Public Schools, we are able to reach children and their parents to essays century, make them aware of the library in their area, provide access for children through their cards and promote the enjoyment of reading and library services. Kindergarten teachers schedule a spring visit to writing service ca, their local branch to best, attend the original puppet show presented by CCPL staff. Essay! After the performance, students take small group tours of the library with a librarian.

When not on tour, children remain in the story time room and browse through displayed books, chosen for their age group and interests. Teachers and chaperones assist each child by writing a list, which the child takes home, of the books they would like to american century, check out spanish essay when they return to the library with their parents. Kindergarten teachers send card applications home for parent permission several months prior to the visit. Library cards are ready for best essays century, the teachers on writing service ca, the day of their visit, along with a bookmark thanking parents for “giving the best gift of reading” to their child and branch information. Private school kindergarten classes are also invited, so nearly 100% of spanish food kindergarten children in best american century, Carroll County visit their library, enjoy a unique puppet show experience and find out about books in the library. As a result of this campaign, 80 – 85% of all kindergarten children in Carroll County are library card holders each year. 50 East Main Street. Westminster, MD. 21157. 410-386-4490 Ext.

729. Title of Program : Dr. Torres Library Card Challenge. Type of Program : Library Card Campaigns. Description of Program : With Gail Borden Public Library’s (GBPL) consistent efforts to connect with its community inside and outside the building, wonderfully dramatic statistics tell the story of a tremendous community center where the upward, ever-increasing spiral of beneficial connections produces combustion for the library and the community as well as national support for literacy. Persuasive Essay On School! The Dr. Torres Library Card Challenge and american, the other program successes occurred because of legal paper research relationships between people and best essays century, organizations where all knew that working together could produce great results. Last fall, Dr. Jose Torres, superintendent of Illinois School District U-46, walked into legal paper research an elementary classroom. A young smiling boy made eye contact with him.

He drew his hand out of his school uniform pants pocket, holding his library card. Dr. Torres smiled back as he showed his own library card. One of the district's youngest students and its highest administrator bonded about the importance of having a library card. The student was one of thousands inspired by a challenge to area schools: 100% library card ownership within one month. This effort actually started in August of 2008 when the state's second largest school district that serves over best essays, 40,000 students welcomed this new superintendent. Scholarship! A super library supporter, he agreed to be the face of September’s Gail Borden's Library Card Sign-up Campaign. Card registration increased 10% over the previous September. Everyone agreed that the momentum couldn’t end and the challenge was borne for October with the goal of 100% library card ownership in all U-46 schools. Gail Borden recruited five other public libraries that served U-46 students to join the effort and all stops were pulled out to maximize use of press, media, e-marketing and word-of-mouth buzz.

Press releases sent to the media resulted in best essays century, stories headlined “Proud to carry a library card” and “Library card comeback.” Dr. Torres urged principals to spanish essay, encourage teachers and students to participate. American Essays! Some schools ran their own marketing campaign. Writing! Sycamore Trails Elementary School displayed pictures of students holding library cards with the best american essays caption “Got Card?” and required students to writing service glendale ca, show their card before voting in a mock presidential election. The school achieved 100% library card sign-up before the end of the month. School officials all motivated their students to not only get a card, but to use it. The Dr.

Torres Challenge exceeded all expectations with 8,000 children receiving library cards. The Gail Borden Library District covers over best american century, 60 square miles, reaching a diverse multicultural community. By 2030, that population is in masculinity essays expected to grow to 170,000. A majority of the 41,000 children in Illinois School District U-46 represent minorities and best essays, low-income households. Glendale! Having a library card could make all the difference in the lives of these children. Name of Contact Person : Denise Raleigh. Title of best american Contact Person : Director of Marketing. School/Library Name : Gail Borden Public Library District. Mailing Address : 270 N. Grove Avenue, Elgin, IL 60120.

Citation for any presentation(s) or article(s) reflecting partnership : The North Suburban Library System awarded Gail Borden Public Library the Marketing Award for to write in the introduction of an, the Dr. Torres Challenge ( Title of Program: Great Library Card Adventure/Get Carded. Age level: Elementary secondary. Description of Program: The Great Library Card Adventure is a library card campaign for kindergarten classrooms in Multnomah County, presented by best, the Multnomah County Library School Corps. Although we usually run the campaign kindergarten classrooms, every few years we extend the campaign to all K-5 students. (All K-5 students are able to apply for crisis in masculinity, cards during any Great Library Card Adventure campaign, but during most years, the contest is for the kindergarten classrooms only.) We want every student, faculty and best american century, staff member in the county to have a Multnomah County Library card. We send letters to school principals and library staff inviting them to join the campaign, and persuasive, we send kits with posters, applications, and instructions to best, those who join. After returning the food essay applications, teachers receive a drink coupon from Starbucks.

Students (both those who already had cards and best essays century, those who get them through the program) receive Great Library Card Adventure stickers. Kindergarten classrooms with 100% of the students signed up for library cards are entered in a drawing to win one of three collections of of an age-appropriate fiction and non-fiction books for best american essays, their classroom. Classes with 100% of students signed up that do not win a book collection will receive a gift certificate to service ca, a local bookstore. URL: Get Carded! is a library card campaign for middle and high schools students. We have done this campaign twice since 1997. We send letters to best, school principals and library staff inviting them to food, join the campaign, and we send kits with posters, applications, and instructions to those who join. School return tally sheets to us with the best century numbers of essay on school students who already had cards, and the applications of those who are applying. All students and american, teachers who participate in the program (whether they already had cards or applied them) received a card with discount offers from local businesses.

School Corps Team Leader. Multnomah County Library. 205 NE Russell, Portland, OR 97212. Title of Program: Library Card Campaign. Description of Program: For the past eight years the Public Library has coordinated a library card registration program with the Hillsborough County school system and interested private schools.

This project generated 7,695 student registrations in 2003, and over persuasive essay on school shootings, 54,000 children have been signed up during the eight years. The Library features high profile sports figures in a public service announcement (psa) that encourages children to register; the psa is played in the schools during the american century campaign. Priscilla Lakus, Tampa Hillsborough County Public Library System. 900 N. Ashley Drive. Title of analytical Program: PowerCard Committee.

Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of Program: The Schools and Public Libraries in Palm Beach County, Florida have a partnership called the PowerCard Committee. It is 6 years old. The PowerCard mission is to encourage children and their families to develop a love of reading, learning and libraries. Because of the work of this group, all students in Palm Beach County Schools can get free library cards at their choice of 15 county and 7 city libraries. This provides students access to combined library collections of approximately 2 million items to help with their school assignments. PowerCard sponsors an annual library card campaign in September through contests in the schools and public libraries with incentives provided by local businesses. American Century! We've even been able to make sure that a library card is included on to write introduction, the school supply list. Right now we're working on american essays, our yearly Summer Reading Program promotion. Students will view in their classrooms a video created by the committee advertising Read Across Florida (our Summer theme).

Teachers will be handing out reading logs for the children to essays, complete over the summer. These were also created by the PowerCard committee and the libraries will use the best same one. So there is essay one unified program for both the libraries and best american, the school system. Why is PowerCard Important? It's building new bridges of spanish food essay cooperation in the community to support literacy and ultimately to see our students succeed in school. Palm Beach County libraries and school district have developed partnerships with the Palm Beach County Literacy Coalition; Children's Service Council and other local agencies.

Youth Services Coordinator. Palm Beach County Library System. 3650 Summit Blvd. West Palm Beach, Florida 33406-4198. Library Cards for Educators/Schools. Title of Program: Educator Library Cards. Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of Program: Multnomah County Library is committed to working with schools and educators.

Library items used for educational purposes may be needed for longer than the standard three-week loan period. Educator cards allow users to check out and renew items for six weeks and to have up to 40 unfilled holds at one time. The educator card is separate from the educator's personal library card. Educator cards are to best american century, be used only for materials for curriculum support or classroom use. (Educators must use their personal library cards for what to write in the essay, all library materials checked out for personal use.) To qualify for an educator card, an educator must live in Multnomah County Library's free service area or have a current fee registration and best essays, teach children in childcare, kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12) or homeschool education. To register for an educator library card, educators visit a library location in person and show valid identification and proof of educator status (such as a school ID badge or paycheck stub).

URL: School Corps Team Leader. Multnomah County Library. 205 NE Russell, Portland, OR 97212. Title of what to write in the analytical essay Program: School Cards. Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of Program: In response to american century, requests from teachers, the library department worked with school administration to essay, set up special library cards for century, schools.

The cards, which are kept at the public library and managed by library staff, allow the persuasive essay school librarian to make sure the school's collection is used first and then to supplement it from the public library's broader resources. Teachers get materials they need which the school library could not afford and the public library gains better communication with the schools which makes students more successful. So far, 31 schools have joined in this partnership and 5841 books and other materials have been supplied to classrooms. Carolyn Caywood, MSLS. Bayside Library Special Services. 936 Independence Blvd.

Virginia Beach, VA 23455. 757-460-7518, fax 757-464-6741. Description of Program: Ninth graders in the Lewisburg Area School District have library class once a week. Best American Century! Laurie Miller, the school library media specialist, invited me to visit the school to service glendale, promote public library services. I used this opportunity to best american century, promote online resources that were under-used. The first visit, I demonstrated Bloom's Literary Reference Online and spanish, several Power Library databases supplied by the PA Commonwealth Library, including AP Images, Student Resource Center, EBSCO Health Source and Brodart's Dartclix (a database of Web sites). The second visit, I demonstrated Novelist and booktalked several titles from american essays, each library's collection.

The third visit, I demonstrated Grove's Art and had some hoax photographs for essays, the students to determine which were fake and which were real. At the best century end of the to write introduction of an analytical essay school year, I plan to return to promote the summer reading program. We have also gotten permission to essays century, send flyers home with the students about the crisis in masculinity essays program. Best American Essays! (A first.) We also have a copy of all of the textbooks being used throughout the school district in our reference collection. Students who have forgotten a book can come to crisis in masculinity essays, the library to use it. Some students regularly copy the pages for their assignments so they don't have to carry their books. Home school parents use them as well. The benefits: Laurie and I are developing a great working relationship. I recognize students who come into best the library and they recognize me. The teachers are more aware of the public library's resources.

The use of our online resources has increased dramatically. As a result, our board established a separate line item for databases and authorized us to purchase World Book Online. The idea of what of an analytical essay collaborating with the schools can be overwhelming. Starting with simple, focused programs will get both parties involved and best essays, who knows where it will grow from there. Laurie and I are talking about a one book one school program in the future. Overdrive Audio books have been added to our collection. I visit the high schools to demonstrate how to use the program and essay on school, download audio books to MP3 players or iPods. I also give a presentation to american essays, low readers about the various types of library materials that may be of interest to what to write introduction of an analytical, them such as audio books, DVDs, magazines, online resources and best american essays century, books, DK publications, high-interest non-fiction, graphic novels, etc.

At the end of the in masculinity school year, I visit the best american century schools to crisis in masculinity essays, promote summer reading activities. Over the summer, students can earn extra credit by participating in best essays century, approved school or community activities. We are hoping to add attending a library program or participating in summer reading as part of the extra credit program. Linda L. Homa, Reference Librarian. Public Library of Union County. Lewisburg, PA 17837. Title of persuasive essay shootings Program : BLAST School Outreach (Bringing Libraries and Schools Together) Type of Program : Public Library Visits to best american essays, Schools. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Primary. Description of Program : BLAST is a school outreach program of Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh.

The program started in the spring of 2002 and has adapted to meet the changing needs of the Pittsburgh Public Schools and crisis essays, aligns best practices in best century, reading instruction with interactive read-alouds. Essays! BLAST consists of three programs: a third grade interactive read aloud, thematic programs for grades K-5, and summer extended year programs (4 weeks of summer school for best american essays century, grades K-5). BLAST has received financial support from a number of foundations in the Pittsburgh area, and is currently supported by paper research, the library, EITC funding ( Educational Improvement Tax Credit funds), and the Pittsburgh Public Schools. For the first five years of the program, BLAST was evaluated by Dr. Rita Bean at the University of Pittsburgh. The programs goals are to: enhance the reading attitudes and abilities of third grade students, provide equitable access to best, public library resources and materials, and increase the visibility of Carnegie Library in the elementary schools. Essay! The success of the third grade program led one of the foundations to best american century, seek expansion of the program into legal paper research a rural community library. After two successful years the rural library was able to seek local funding to continue the program. Name of Contact Person : Georgene DeFilippo.

Title of Contact Person : Youth Services Coordinator. School/Library Name : Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Mailing Address : 4400 Forbes Avenue, Third Floor, Pittsburgh, PA 15213. Title of Program : Linn Library League Summer Reading Program. Description of Program: Linn Library League is a volunteer group of Linn County residents who want to bring high-quality, publicly funded library service to everyone in Linn County. This summer a rural summer reading program is being offered in 7 communities. Five programs will be offered in school libraries--four are public schools and best american, one is a charter school. Food! The funding for best essays century, our program comes from the Institute of Museum and Library Services through the Library Services and Technology Act, administered by food essay, the Oregon State Library. Title of best essays Program: School Corps.

Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of Program: The Multnomah County Library School Corps connects students and educators with the critical information resources of the public library, providing trainings on using the libraries electronic resources (catalog, websites, databases) and presentations about postgraduate scholarship, reading/literacy. Best American Century! URL: School Corps Team Leader. Multnomah County Library. 205 NE Russell, Portland, OR 97212. Title of Program: SWIFT (Student Web Instruction for Teachers) Description of Program: SWIFT is a partnership between Hennepin County Library and area secondary schools dedicated to improving online research skills among students and teachers. Hennepin County Library consists of 26 libraries and serves 17 school districts, as well as private schools. Through classroom visits and staff development workshops, SWIFT works to teach students and teachers to use Hennepin County Library's online resources, such as TeenLinks, to access databases, selected Web sites, and the library catalog.

SWIFT also works to promote information literacy by teaching students and teachers how to effectively locate and evaluate internet sources on crisis essays, a specific topic. Our Web site is Eden Prairie Youth Services Librarian SWIFT Project Manager for Hennepin County Libraries. (Student Web Instruction for Teachers) 565 Prairie Center Dr. Eden Prairie, MN 55344. Voice Mail: (952)847-5386.

Age level: Elementary secondary. Description of Program: We have programs that we do in the schools to best century, enhance curriculum. They are detailed in our Access Brochure that you can find on essay, our website at under Teacher Programs. This is part of our regular service and best essays, is done by what to write introduction of an essay, children's services and branch staff. Deborah L. Dubois. Children's Outreach Librarian. Mansfield/Richland County Public Library. Title of Program: Welcome to best american essays century, Our Neighborhood with Mr. McFeely!

Description of Program: In conjunction with what would have been the 80th birthday of Mister Rogers, The New Castle Public Library contacted Family Communications to plan activities for Mister Rogers' birthday which would include a sweater drive. I was very fortunate to have been connected to David Newell to plan our events. Mr. Newell turned out to postgraduate scholarship, be Mr. McFeely. When he heard of our give-aways, special story times, and sweater drive in best american essays, honor of Mister Rogers, he offered a visit.

We set the date of his visit during National Library Week. Contact was made with the New Castle Transit Authority to food, arrange for their trolley to come to the library that day to provide trolley rides to children and best essays, parents attending the program. When contacted, local downtown businessman Tom George provided free parking to all who attended the postgraduate program and Eat 'n Park Restaurant provided us with their famous smile coookies to give to the children. During the essays three week period for the sweater drive, we received sweaters not only from individuals but also from local churches, and one of what to write introduction analytical our biggest contributors proved to be the employees at Liberty Mutual Insurance Company who contributed over 200 sweaters to our drive. A morning program was scheduled at the library with media coverage by the local newspaper and photographers. Representatives from the essays Lawrence County Crisis Center were on hand for the presentation by what analytical, Mr. McFeely of over 30 boxes - 427 sweaters - collected. We also contacted the Pre-K coordinator, Sandy Graham, and did another program for the Pre-K classes in the New Castle Area School District. Once again, we provided story times on the trolley and best, a short trolley ride for over 130 children. During all of our story times that day, children received a free book, a personalized autographed picture of Mr.

McFeely, and persuasive, the opportunity to spend one-on-one time with him. We also provided chalk drawing outside and Mister Rogers coloring pages inside for the children as they waited to talk to essays century, Mr. McFeely or ride the trolley. The program was extremely successful and well-received, not only by the children but also by legal, parents. Best American Essays Century! Our visit to the school was also appreciated; the administration expressed their gratitude several times regarding our continuing efforts to include them in special library events, and tentative plans have already been made to promote more of the library programs in the schools. What started out as a story time and sweater drive resulted in a cooperative effort among our library, private business, and the City of New Castle to provide a memorable day for our community and also to legal, be a good neighbor to the clients of the local women's shelter. In fact, that's what our program was called: Welcome to the Neighborhood. New Castle Public Library. New Castle, PA 16101. Title of Program: Youth Outreach / Words on Wheels (WOW)

Description of Program: Safekey Afterschool Visits -- Twice a week throughout the best essays school year Library Outreach Staff visit a different Safekey Afterschool program for a thirty minute visit to share stories, booktalks, and information about the paper public library and upcoming library programs. Mary Nelson Brown. Youth Services Coordinator. 833 Las Vegas Blvd. N. Las Vegas, NV 89101. brownm at Title of Program: Youth Outreach / Words on Wheels (WOW) Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of american essays century Program: Outreach staff is available to share information about the library, reading and information literacy with students in all grades. Some of the programs we offer include: - Website Introduction: we teach students to navigate the Library District website focusing on homework help, online tutors and tests, ordering library materials, emedia, and getting a library card.

- Nevada Reading Week Classroom Visits: Let us visit your Elementary classroom and share stories, information about the library, and the joy of reading when you celebrate Nevada Reading Week. - Summer Reading Assemblies or Classroom visits: Reading during summer break helps kids keep their skills fresh. Essay Shootings! Let us get kids fired up about american, reading all summer long as we explain the Library District’s Summer Reading Program. - Third Grade Wallet Visits: we can visit your 3rd grade classroom to share stories, booktalks and information about the public library. Spanish Essay! Third grade students receive the state Library Card Wallet with a special greeting from the Governor and encouragement to sign up for best century, their own library card. - We are also available for: Family Nights, Literacy Events, Career Days, College Fairs and other school events we can staff an information table or create a custom presentation to fit your needs. Mary Nelson Brown.

Youth Services Coordinator. 833 Las Vegas Blvd. N. Las Vegas, NV 89101. brownm at Title of Program: Discover@PWPLS: An E-Mail Newsletter for Educators. Description of Program: Discover@PWPLS is an e-mail newsletter designed especially for educators! Discover is designed to be a brief overview of changes or additions to the web based resources and services offered by the public library system.

Three times a year, you will receive a 1 to 2 page update, delivered directly to your e-mail address! Discover is free! You can subscribe or unsubscribe at any time! Sample copy: Prince William County Newsletter (PDF) Prince William Public Library System.

Title of Program: E-Resource News. Age level: Elementary secondary, adult. Description of crisis essays Program: A newsletter with resources for teacher-librarians, teachers and best century, students. Sample copy: DeKalb County Newsletter. DeKalb County Public Library. Age level: Elementary secondary. Description of Program: The Youth Services Librarian works cooperatively with school Media Specialists, school newsletter editors, and what introduction of an analytical essay, Administration Offices to american essays, publicize Woodburn Public Library programs and events for students and families. In The Of An! Each month, the public schools receive the best essays century updated Youth Services Schedule to share with their students and families.

Each year, over 6,000 Summer Reading Program flyers are distributed to postgraduate scholarship essay, the local and outlying schools by Woodburn Public Library to invite school children, their parents, siblings, and friends to best essays century, participate in this program and its special events. Food Essay! School Media Specialists and best american century, teachers help spread the news as well as the local newspaper, posters, sign boards, and more in an effort to in masculinity essays, reach out to children of all ages to have fun, grow, and develop new interests at the public library! Woodburn Public Library. 280 Garfield St. Woodburn, OR 97071. Title of american essays century Program: School Corps Quarterly. Description of Program: This newsletter is a tool designed to assist educators in integrating public library resources with their curricula. School Corps Quarterly articles describe public library services and/or events that are relevant to educators countywide, at what to write in the analytical all grade levels. Articles give concrete examples of how teachers and media specialists at best century elementary, middle, and high school levels can use the service and/or what benefits they and their students would derive from attending the event. Each issue also includes a booktalk. URL:

School Corps Team Leader. Multnomah County Library. 205 NE Russell, Portland, OR 97212. Title of resume writing service ca Program: Side x Side: Public Library/School Library Collaboration: Easier Than You Think. Description of Program: A newsletter with collaboration ideas for both school and public librarians.

Sample copy: Mid-Hudson Newsletter (PDF) Rebecca Gerald, Coordinator. School Library System. Coordinator, Youth Services. Mid-Hudson Library System. Title of Program: Teacher Connection: A Newsletter from the Youth Services Department of the Lake Villa District Library. Age level: Elementary secondary.

Description of Program: Published once a quarter, Teacher Connection is full of information on american century, how the Library can help you and your students. You'll find: Information on upcoming Library programs and initiatives; a regular column by Kerry Reed, Head of Youth Services; updates on teacher services such as Classroom Connection bags; and writing glendale, other useful information about Library resources. 847-356-7711, ext. 242. School Visits to the Public Library. Title of Program : Annual Program of Class Visits. Type of Program : School Visits to the Public Libraries.

Intended Grade Level of Participants : Grade 2 and Grade 6. Description of Program : For over 25 years, the Stratford Library Association has conducted scheduled class visits for every public and best american essays, parochial school in resume service glendale, town. The Children’s Department visits the second grades and the Teen Services Department visits the sixth grades. These visits are included in the town, library, and school budgets and are mandated in best essays, the school curriculum. Name of Contact Person : Martha Simpson.

Title of crisis in masculinity essays Contact Person : Head of Children’s Services. School/Library Name : Stratford Library Association. Mailing Address : 2203 Main Street, Stratford, CT 06615. Citation for any presentation(s) or article(s) reflecting partnership : Simpson, Martha Lucretia Duwel. Bringing Classes Into the essays century Public Library, McFarlad Company, 2007. ISBN 97807864280699. Title of Program: Cooperative Summer Reading Program. Description of Program: Newport Public Library and what introduction analytical essay, Yaquina View Elementary School in Newport, Oregon, have been running a cooperative Summer Reading program for three years. The Title I (Reading Recovery) program at Yaquina View School has used USDE grant monies to best essays, pay for teaching staff.

This is how the program works: The library's summer reading program meets once a week on Wednesday afternoons. The school program meets at resume writing ca the same time in the library with the students attending the program. Both before and after the program the teaching staff meets with students for best american essays century, one-on-one and small group reading instruction. About 40 children participate in the school program and legal research, another 100+ participate in the library program. This cooperative program has introduced the best essays library to many families who would not otherwise be using it in the summer (or any other time).

The students participate in the reading rewards part of the postgraduate scholarship library program as well and, for many of them, it is the first opportunity to recieve the same recognition that the best american essays century normal reader kids get. The school staff have been tracking the testing results of their students and postgraduate, statistics show students involved in the summer reading program actually gain skills over the summer. Both library and best american century, school staff are very happy with this program and hope to continue it indefinitely. Newport Public Library. Title of Program : Kindergartners at Home in the Library.

Type of Program : School Visits to the Public Libraries. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Preschool. Description of Program : Each year the Kindergarten/Preschool classes from the essay public school display artwork in the public library’s windows. These are changed monthly. Best Century! Both the community and students enjoy these displays. In December, the library hosts a “Five Senses of Christmas” program in which kindergartners visit the public library, make a book about the five senses for the window displays, and are given a hardcover book to keep. At the end of the year, students are thanked for their efforts with an invitation to participate in a pizza party. At the pizza party, the public librarians share stories and promote the summer reading program by crisis, passing out and century, discussing marketing materials. Shootings! Having students in the public library at an early age gets them comfortable with the library staff and the space, and it opens the century door for students to become lifelong library users. Name of on school Contact Person : Cheryl Beesinger.

Title of Contact Person : Director. School/Library Name : Archer Public Library. Mailing Address : P.O. Best American Essays Century! Box 1574, Archer City, TX 76351. Age level: Elementary (Kindergarten, 1st and 2nd grade) Description of crisis essays Program: We have a successful program with our elementary schools that has been running for best american century, three years. On Thursday morning of each week the school buses a different 1st grade class to the library.

We have volunters come and read to persuasive essay on school shootings, the children and american, then they are allowed to check out resume service books that will be due the best century next time they come back (usually about legal, a 1 month time period). On Friday morning they bus the 2nd grade students for the same program. We follow their character traits theme for the month. Essays! One Thursday a month one of the paper staff goes to the Kindergarten classes and reads to the students. This program insures that every 1st and best american century, 2nd grade student has a library card. There is no cost to the library as we already have our staff and the school buses the children. In The Introduction Essay! Organizations donate funds each year to purchase new books for the 1st and 2nd graders. Palmyra Bicentennial Public Library. Description of Program: We have an best essays, excellent program for persuasive essay, loaning materials to schools and working together on joint projects. Best Essays Century! This year we had an exhibit in our children's room from Stony Brook University, featuring the legal research plants and animals of Long Island.

We invited all our fourth graders, who have an annual assignment to create their own nature guide to american essays century, visit the exhibit. The culmination of the project was to invite the fourth graders to the library for a visit with author/illustrator Jim Arnosky, who is the author of many nature books. Ca! I frequently touch base with the curriculum coordinators and century, teachers to see if we can create programs tailored to their needs. We invited the fifth graders to the library to crisis, demonstrate our new Virtual Reference biography sources when they were beginning a biography assignment. Head of Youth Services. Northport-East Northport Public Library. Title of Program: Oakland Elementary Night at the Public Library.

Description of Program: One type of program that has worked well for me is Oakland Elementary Night at the Public Library or Green Elementary Night at the Public Library. I have done this with two public schools after getting to know the school librarian. As the best american essays century public librarian, I give a bilingual orientation and tour to my library and then a storytime together with the what to write in the introduction of an essay school librarian. I usually provide snacks and we encourage and expect families to sign their youngsters up for library cards. The challenging part is the building of a relationship with the school librarian. Turnover is great in public schools in Fort Worth. It has taken me almost three years to build a relationship with these two schools because of it and even after having successful programs the next year is american essays century unpredictable if there is a new administrator who does not place a high priority on this type of partnership (many administrators have tunnel vision solely focused on testing, testing, testing!) East Berry Branch Library.

Fort Worth Public Library. Title of Program : Port Clinton School Visits. Type of Program : School Visits to the Public Libraries. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Grades 1-8. Description of Program : In Port Clinton, there are three schools within walking distance of the public library: a middle school (6-8), an elementary school (3-5), and a Catholic school (K-6). Each class visits the spanish essay library every month to check out materials. Some classes visit twice a month. The library opens early if necessary for the class visits. K-4 grade classes have a story read to them while older classes may have short booktalks before searching for books. All students are taught how to use the public library. Summer reading and other library programs are promoted with each class.

The public librarians also visit two other elementary schools (one is K-2, and the other is K-4). Classes receive a thirty-minute storytime each month with books and songs. The public library also has the opportunity to promote library programs (including summer reading). The relationship with area schools in the elementary and middle grades have been great, and the library is working to expand the program to area high schools in best american essays, the future. Name of Contact Person : Jennifer Buch. Title of postgraduate scholarship essay Contact Person : Youth Services Supervisor. School/Library Name : Port Clinton City Schools Danbury School/Ida Rupp Public Library. Mailing Address : 310 Madison Street, Port Clinton, OH 43452. Title of Program: Battle of the Books. Age level: Elementary (4th grade)

Description of Program: A public school contest for Fourth Grade students in which students compete by answering questions about the author, characters, plot, setting, etc. of selected books. Public Library Youth Specialists serve as judges during local and american century, regional matches. Priscilla Lakus, Tampa –Hillsborough County Public Library System. 900 N. Ashley Drive. Title of Program: Books and Brunch. Description of Program: We have a program each fall for school librarians and teachers called Books and Brunch. To Write Introduction Of An Analytical Essay! We highlight library services and materials that will help teachers in the classroom and school librarians. We have brought in an author to best, speak on research, her books and american essays, how to use them in the classroom. We also give practical information about resume writing service glendale, booktalking, displays, database instruction and other information teachers can use. We have arranged with some of the schools for librarians and teachers to get inservice credit for attending this program.

The library funds this program. Deborah L. Dubois. Children's Outreach Librarian. Mansfield/Richland County Public Library. Title of best american century Program: Books and Brushes. Description of Program: We had one special program to get out young adult reading section painted. It was called Books and Brushes. The students had to essay, read three books from the library and then they painted an example of the book on the mural to be placed in the library.

All supplies and the mural boards were donated by an individual, so there was no cost to the library. Palmyra Bicentennial Public Library. Title of Program: Books to Treasure. Description of Program: Books to Treasure is the Tulsa City-County Library's annual celebration of National Children's Book Week. Best American Essays! The event encourages families to persuasive on school, read aloud, and promotes the century beauty of children's book illustration. An illustrator is what to write in the of an invited to Tulsa to visit second graders at a private school, a Tulsa Public School, and an outlying school district's school. An evening talk and book signing is held at a public library. During the fall, a second grade library card signup is conducted.

Those who apply get a library card illustrated by essays, the guest illustrator. In September, teacher workshops are held to showcase the Books to Treasure web site which has an illustrator biography, related web sites, and lesson plans written by public and school librarians. Spanish! Examples of the lessons are presented at the workshops. Refreshments and essays century, door prizes are provided. Each second grader in Tulsa County receives a paperback book illustrated by essays, our guest, an effort to create lifelong readers if they aren't already. Our maintenance crew delivers books, posters, bookmarks bookplates to the large school districts and the elementary schools in small districts. Our children's librarians deliver materials to the private schools. The whole program is funded by the Anne and Henry Zarrow Foundation. Best Century! Anne Zarrow was a teacher and the Zarrow family is a huge supporter of postgraduate schools and best american essays, libraries. Lana Voss, Children's Department Manager. Tulsa City-County Library.

400 Civic Center. Title of Program : Booksicals—Encouraging the crisis essays Love of Reading Through the Arts. Type of Program : Special Events. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Preschool-Grade 2. Description of Program : Booksicals on stage literacy program ( and the Robertson Branch Los Angeles Public Library put on an afterschool musical performance of the picture book Too Many Visitors for One Little House (by Susan Chodakiewitz, illustrations by Veronica Walsh) for pre-school through second grade school students on best, June 2, 2009. Booksicals brought the Booksicals Repertory Company to perform the to write in the of an essay new picture book with author and illustrator participation.

The students got to interact with the author and experience a live musical performance of the american essays century book by the Booksicals Repertory Company. After the spanish essay show they greeted the essays characters and asked questions. Writing Glendale! Students also had an opportunity to purchase the best essays book and get it signed by either author or character. Emails and information about the program were sent to the local public and of an analytical, private schools in the area. The event was well attended and the children were extremely attentive and responsive to both the book and performance. Afterwards, parents sent emails praising the event and describing children who repeatedly asked for the books to be read to them at home. This was a literacy-promoting event. Booksicals performs at schools, libraries, and best century, special literacy events. Name of Contact Person : Carol Duan. Title of Contact Person : Librarian.

School/Library Name : Robertson Library. Mailing Address : 1719 South Robertson Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90035. Title of Program: Breakfast with School Librarians. Description of Program: We invited all the school librarians and the teachers we know best from our 14 partner schools to stop in at Bayside between 8:30 and 9:30 this morning for coffee a library orientation. This is something I've wanted to try for years and the 40 hour work week prodded me into getting it underway.

I'm writing to paper research, let you know how it went. We had representation from 3 schools - a teacher from one elementary, 2 librarians from best essays, another, and the secretary from a middle school. We also had many librarians call to essay, explain that they couldn't get away to come - the principals had called meetings. Best! (The secretary was sent by spanish, the librarian in her place.) I am naturally disappointed in the turnout, but the 4 who came gave us an opportunity for personal contact. The 2 school librarians didn't arrive till 9:30, but they had a particular problem with their library being renovated and their teachers being irresponsible, so we talked till 10. Additionally, those who called at least know we want to be supportive. So, it was worth doing, though another time we'll try something different. We had refreshments, an assortment of our handouts, an assortment of weeded posters, and tours for our guests. But, mostly, it was the personal contact and best essays, affirmation that mattered.

Carolyn Caywood, MSLS. Bayside Library Special Services. 936 Independence Blvd. Virginia Beach, VA 23455. Title of Program: Bristlecone Storytelling Festival. Age level: Elementary Middle School (4th-6th) Description of Program: The Clark County School District storytelling festival is an what in the of an, exciting, voluntary program offered to fourth through sixth grade students in all elementary and middle schools. The students are taught storytelling skills that support the district English Language Arts/Reading curriculum. The Bristlecone Storytelling Festival Teacher's Guide is a tool for best american, librarians and teachers to use as they lead their students through the steps of the storytelling process. The teacher's guide includes student activities, structure, strategies, and tips to enhance learning and to ensure a successful storytelling experience for all.

Many elementary and middle school librarians and literacy specialists also support storytelling in their programs. Crisis In Masculinity Essays! Teachers schedule individual classroom festivals that provide their students the opportunity to practice the storytelling craft for an audience. Classes then select students who have demonstrated that they are “festival ready” to participate in a school-wide storytelling festival. Students who participate in best american, the school's storytelling festival then select two school representatives who will perform at a Region Storytelling Festival. Mary Nelson Brown.

Youth Services Coordinator. 833 Las Vegas Blvd. Essay! N. Las Vegas, NV 89101. brownm at Title of Program: The Center for the Book Letters about Literature. Description of best essays century Program: Since 2002, F D Campbell Memorial Library and The sixth grade teachers at Mohawk Elementary School have partnered using The Center for the Book Letters About Literature program.

The students are asked to write a letter to an author of a book they have read. The author can be living or dead. Resume Writing Service! The letter doesn't get sent to the author. American Essays! The book must have affected the postgraduate student in some way, changing them for the better or giving them a new way of looking at the world. Another angle would be similarities with the main character in their own life or personality. We judge the entries locally,using the same standards as the Center for best american essays century, the Book. All entries we receive are sent on to the Center for the Book where they are judged by that organization. In spring the library hosts a ceremony for paper research, our winners and their family and friends. Best Essays! We give the winners a Barnes and what to write essay, Noble gift card.

Their letter also is miniaturized and placed in essays, the front pages of the book they chose, so that anyone who reads the book learns of resume writing ca their accomplishment. For our contest, we limit the american essays author to a writer of a book. Spanish Food! The Center for the Book permits other works, including poem,short story, essay or speech. This year marks the sixth year that we have partnered with the essays century students and teachers. The English teachers and I feel it is a very successful program. F D Campbell Memorial Library pays for glendale, the postage and the ceremony. It is a very simple and cost effective program and could be replicated easily anywhere. Jean Workman, library director.

F D Campbell Memorial Library. Bessemer, PA 16112. Title of american century Program: Children's Author Lecture. Age level: Elementary Secondary (middle school) Description of Program: Children's Author Lecture is a joint program organized and funded by the Multnomah County Library, The Library Foundation and Riverdale Grade School. This annual event, begun in 1998, explores the exciting and diverse world of books for children from the spanish food viewpoint of the books' creators. Past guests include Jack Gantos, Christopher Paul Curtis, Sharon Creech, and Katherine Paterson. As part of the program, needy schools can apply to participate in the school exchange program. Best American Essays Century! Students in the exchange receive complimentary tickets to the lecture, transportation, an autographed book by the author, and will meet with a class from Riverdale Grade School to discuss the author's writing.

URL: Reading Promotions Coordinator. Multnomah County Library. Portland, OR 97212. Title of Program: Curriculum and Staff Support.

Description of Program: Multnomah County Library’s School Corps program provided invaluable support to students and scholarship, staff in our public elementary school and high school. Our program was unique in american, that it served our particular school community in introduction of an essay, the following way. As school librarian, I surveyed my staff prior to summer vacation, learning what curricula they would be teaching the best essays century following year as well as particular areas of interest to teachers and students. That information was forwarded to spanish food essay, a Multnomah County Library School Corps member/librarian. The School Corps member and I met with staff, individually or in teaching teams early in essays, September to learn about what to write in the introduction of an essay, curricula needs and opportunities for collaborative programs between the school and the library throughout the school year.

The School Corps member provided information that included bibliographies, books, websites, audio-visual materials and programs, i.e. Feasting on Forbidden Fruit, Summer Reading Program, Pathfinders, searching strategies, using the library’s catalog and essays century, databases. The initial meeting between the librarian and service glendale ca, individual staff/team members provided an ongoing working relationship that encouraged communication and american essays, cooperation. In turn, I signed up most students for library cards at essay the beginning of the year, and for participation in the summer reading program at the end of the year. Library card applications and essays century, information were included in every new student’s packet and approximately 98% of the student body signed up for library cards. Most of the students participated in the summer reading program.

Positive outcomes for postgraduate scholarship, the school, the school community and library included: increased knowledge and best american century, understanding of public library programs by the school and community, and understanding the school community and curricula needs by the public library. These programs increased use and support of the library by our students and their families as well as understanding and postgraduate scholarship essay, supporting the library’s mission, programs and funding measures. Marian Creamer, President and retired school librarian. Children's Literature Alive! 11657 S.W. Breyman Avenue. Portland, Oregon 97219.

Title of Program : Joint MSLA/MLA Legislation Day at the State House. Type of Program : Special Events. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Preschool - Grade 12. Description of Program : Members of the Massachusetts School Library Association (MSLA) and the Massachusetts Library Association (MLA) have held two successfully lobbying days at the State House in Boston. Title of Contact Person : Executive Director.

School/Library Name : Massachusetts School Library Association. Mailing Address : PO Box 658, Lunenburg, MA 01462. Title of Program: Looking to Learn. Age level: Elementary middle school. Description of Program: The Williamsburg Regional Library was awarded the 2004 Gale/School Library Journal Giant Step Award for an innovative program called Looking to Learn. In Looking to Learn, librarians from WRL use picture books with upper-elementary and middle school students to help increase their reading comprehension and visual literacy skills. Youth Services Director. Williamsburg Regional Library. 7770 Croaker Road.

Williamsburg, Virginia 23188. Fax 757 259-4079. Title of Program: Middle School Survival Program. Age level: Secondary (middle school) Description of Program: The transition from elementary school to essays, middle school is what in the of an a big step for students and parents. LVCCLD offers a program at multiple branches each August called Middle School Survival . The goal is to help smooth the transition from best century, fifth grade into middle school.

Speakers from local schools are invited to present information on topics such as: “What to expect in sixth grade” and “Being Organized.” Speakers are most often principals, assistant principals or counselors. Legal! Q and century, A with the guests is an important part of the program and crisis in masculinity, often makes up the bulk of the hour as parents have as many questions as students. Library staff also provides a presentation about the library as a resource for homework, research, and good books. American Essays Century! We give a website overview and a tour of several databases, and encourage students to persuasive on school, get their own library cards. We also offer study and organizational tips.

Packets of information are provided for each student/parent. Best American Essays Century! The packets have information from the presenters, booklists for teens and for parents, information for parents about adolescent development, study skills tips, etc. We also save time during the presentation to practice combination locks. Mary Nelson Brown. Youth Services Coordinator. 833 Las Vegas Blvd. N. Las Vegas, NV 89101. Age level: Head Start/Kindergarten. Description of Program: This year we have formed a very interesting partnership with one elementary school, Head Start, and Human Services in scholarship essay, the City of Williamsburg. The goal is to promote both reading readiness and best essays century, going to introduction of an analytical, school readiness for the Head Start students.

It includes library staff doing a visual literacy program in both the kindergarten and Head Start classrooms, family literacy programs with the parents of the these children, and a week long kinder-camp for the Head Start graduates before school starts, with a field trip to the library, plus a parent resource center that circulates some items for parents through the library. American Essays! The funding is shared by scholarship, the library, school and century, Human Services. The library also will bring an author/illustrator to both the spanish school and Head Start. Youth Services Director. Williamsburg Regional Library. 7770 Croaker Road. Williamsburg, Virginia 23188. Fax 757 259-4079. Title of Program: The Night of the Arts.

Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of Program: We give out art awards on american essays century, The Night of the Arts. We give out awards for what to write of an analytical essay, each grade from Kindergarten to 12th grade and the pictures that have won the awards are displayed in the library during the summer. American! The only cost to this program is the postgraduate scholarship essay ribbon that we make to give out to best american essays century, the students. A local dime store donated the crisis in masculinity essays ribbon and we use the computer to print the award. Palmyra Bicentennial Public Library. Title of Program: Partners in american essays century, Education. Description of Program: Goal: To improve educational opportunities by increasing access to research and other educational materials. The Partner will: Permit use of field guides to identify science collections, provide instruction in the use of the computerized catalog of the paper public library, provide display space for student work in the library, furnish materials from Federal and State agencies, display posters to best, encourage student reading, and engage in a special lending agreement through the school librarian.

The School will: Provide student art work for display in the Bayside Library, make library aware of upcoming subject areas to be studied in the classroom, offer performances (band, chorus, orchestra, theater, etc.) at the library that would be open to the public. Carolyn Caywood, MSLS. Bayside Library Special Services. 936 Independence Blvd. Virginia Beach, VA 23455. Title of Program: Performer's Showcase. Description of Program: Every two years, Salem Public Library of Polk, Yamhill, and resume writing service ca, Marion counties, presents a Performer's Showcase. Invitations to attend and evaluate each of these performers for library and school performances is sent out to best american essays, Youth Services Librarians, School Media Specialists, programmers, and teachers. Woodburn Public Library. 280 Garfield St. Woodburn, OR 97071.

Title of spanish food essay Program : Professional Development Partnership. Age level: Adult. Description of Program: Library Connections, a grant-funded program working with schools in the Archdiocese of best essays New York actively collaborates with New York Public Library to promote the use of the public library to faculty and students in the 32 schools in the program. (We also promote the public library to other schools throughout the diocese. Essay! We ensure that our professional development program takes advantage of public library resources and best century, personnel.) We held 2 programs at our 2004 Library Connections Summer Institute on Children's and YA book Talks, given by New York Public Library staff members.

We arranged to resume service glendale, hold 3 workshops during the 2004-2005 school year on book selection at the major children's collection in each borough. Library Connections staff and librarians from these branches worked with small groups on different subject areas. New York Public Library staff highlighted the professional collections in the Donnell (Manhattan), Fordham (Bronx)and St. George (Staten Island)branches. Faculty members (librarians, classroom teachers, computer teachers, and best american essays, administrators were at each workshop. They were also able to get library cards during the programs. Using our Intranet Portal (for Library Connections schools) and e-mails to food, all Catholic school principals in the New York Public Library service area, we publicize the monthly CLASP (Connecting Libraries and Schools Project) teacher programs given at Donnell.

We provide workshops for best, faculty members to crisis, learn the american essays century use of appropriate databases available through New York Public Library. We encourage all Library Connections schools to postgraduate scholarship essay, make contact with their branches to arrange for students to get library cards, schedule class visits to the local library branches and invite the public librarians to make visits to the school. Library Connections,Archdiocese of best american New York. 1011 First Ave., 14th Fl. New York, NY 10022.

212-371-1011, ext. 3367. Title of legal paper Program : Reading Odyssey. Type of best american essays century Program : Special Events. Intended Grade Level : Primary. Description of Program : The Montgomery County Memorial Library System, in conjunction with the independent school districts and private schools in Montgomery County, Texas, has partnered to spanish food essay, provide special literacy-focused events throughout the community at various times during the year. This November will mark the 14th anniversary of the century Children's Festival, a large-scale annual event that is part of the Reading Odyssey partnership. In addition to the Children's Festival, other activities take place each year, such as the Hats Off Festival and the Reading Carnival.

These activities incorporate a variety of activity booths, crafts, and entertainment shows, focused on exposing children to the love of reading. Community involvement and other partnerships continue to make Reading Odyssey events successful every year. Name of Contact Person : Melissa Baker. Title of Contact Person : Marketing and Program Coordinator. School/Library Name : Montgomery County Memorial Library System. Mailing Address : 104 I-45 North, Controe, TX 77301. Title of research Program : School Public Librarians Collaboration. Type of Program : Special Events. Intended Grade Level of Participants : Preschool - Grade 12. Description of Program : Gallatin, Tennessee Public Librarians meet several times a year with Gallatin school librarians to collaborate and share ideas about how the two groups can work together more effectively to provide services for students of Sumner County.

As the best american century new downtown Gallatin Public Library was planned, a team of persuasive school librarians met with the public librarians to help plan programming and facilities to optimize use by students. Best American! Opening events for the new library included a special evening with school librarians and resume service glendale ca, principals to provide a sneak preview of the new facility and share services and programs for students and teachers. Best American Essays Century! School librarians include links to public library resources on their library web pages. To Write! Buses brought children from several elementary schools to tour the new facility as part of the grand opening events. The group will continue to participate in collaboration events to best essays, promote both school and crisis in masculinity, public library use. Name of essays Contact Person : Dr. Judy Bivens. Title of Contact Person : Program Coordinator for MLIS at paper Trevecca Nazarene University Member of Gallatin Public Steering Committee. School/Library Name : Gallatin Public Library. Mailing Address : 665 Baypoint Drive, Gallatin, TN 37066. Citation for best essays, any presentation(s) or article(s) reflecting partnership : Bivens, J. Of An Analytical Essay! (2007) Collaboration between public and best essays century, school libraries.

Sumner County Schools Inservice. What Analytical Essay! Gallatin, TN. Title of Program: Storytelling Festival. Description of Program: Storytelling Festival – an annual festival presented during National Libray Week that features school-aged storytellers. In late fall and early winter, storytelling training workshops are held for teachers to help them learn and share storytelling techniques. In late winter, participating students are evaluated and hundreds are invited to best, tell their stories at the Storytelling Festival. (Library also works with private schools, homeschoolers and resume service ca, City and County Recreation Leaders). Major sponsors for this event are: Friends of the Library; Friends of the City Recreation Dept.; Friends of the best american essays County Recreation Dept.; the Arts Council of Tampa; Target Stores; Scholastic Book Fairs and the Tampa Tribune. Priscilla Lakus, Tampa –Hillsborough County Public Library System.

900 N. Ashley Drive. Title of Program: Tall Trees Programs. Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of Program: We in in the essay, Fairfield County were also beneficiaries of the essays century Reader's Digest largesse. The big grants were called Tall Trees for Westchester communities that housed the many RD employees. When RD recognized that many of their staff crossed state lines, Fairfield County was included and grants were administered to the now defunct Western CT. Persuasive Essay On School! Library Council. (Thanks, now resigned in shame Gov.

John Rowland who slashed the budget big time.) The grants were for $1500 which could be split any way the school and best american, public library deemed appropriate. The Bridgeport Public Library received about seven of persuasive on school these over a 3 year period. Collaborations included P.I.E. Best American Century! Partners in Education for parents of children in a K-1 classroom at crisis in masculinity one of best essays century our worst schools. Storytelling for 7th graders, Book Buddy programs between 5th and 1st graders, a book discussion club, and a reading program in the school not unlike most public library summer programs. Another one was about Bridgeport history and we included a tour of our Historical Collections and a workshop/concert with the CT State Troubador. I can't remember how many grants went out to other libraries in Fairfield County each of those years, but we all mourned when the program stopped. The ties with the scholarship schools continue, some intermittently and some with great regularity. All in all, the grants were wonderful not only for their creative projects and needed collaborations which evolved, but also for best american century, their ease of planning and reporting. They were also a definite benefit to the grant-shy librarian who fears that all the persuasive paperwork will be too much. Let's all hope that another foundation will come along which will fund grants like these!

Bridgeport Public Library. Title of century Program : Tween Visionaries. Type of Program : Special Events. Intended Grade Level of writing Participants : Grades 6-8. Description of best essays century Program : The Frederick County Public Libraries and Frederick County Public Schools created a collaborative Web 2.0 project targeted to middle school students. On School Shootings! A web page was created where students can upload their original writing, photographs, artwork, podcasts, and videos. The students need to register at the public library or their school library. Once they are registered, they can upload their original creative projects to the website for the public to view. The projects are reviewed by librarians before they become live on the site. Best American! The project was funded by the Maryland State Department of Education with LSTA funds.

The librarians tried to create a YouTube-like environment that also features writing, poetry, and artwork. The students’ projects can be seen at Name of Contact Person : Sandra L. Doggett. Title of Contact Person : Supervisor of Library Media. School/Library Name : Frederick County Public Schools.

Mailing Address : 7630 Hayward Road, Frederick, MD 21702. Age level: Secondary (Middle school, high school and college) Description of Program: I am part of a trio of librarians who have done several collaborative programs over the past year with schools, the public library and crisis in masculinity, an academic library. I am a subject/outreach librarian at best american essays Valley Library, Oregon State University, Bryan Miyagishima is the librarian at postgraduate scholarship essay Philomath High School, and Andrew Cherbas is the outreach librarian at Corvallis-Benton County Public Library. Essays Century! Here's a list of the programs we've worked on since last September: -Senior Seminar at Philomath High School (all three of us) - advising students working on their senior projects. -Seminar for a middle school class working on science fair projects (Andrew and I) -Researching IFO's (Identified Flying Objects) (all three of us) - a upcoming summer Saturday Academy class for 9-12th graders offered through university outreach.

We really have been satisfied with the results of working together and feel all three institutions have benefited from the collaboration. Science Librarian, Valley Library. Oregon State University. Corvallis, OR 97331. Title of Program: Young Authors Reception. Description of Program: Each spring, the Edwardsville Public Library Youth Services staff hosts a Young Authors Tea to recognize grade-level and school-wide winners from local public and parochial schools in the Young Authors writing contest. The author and scholarship essay, two guests are invited to attend the american essays event at legal research the library, which lasts an hour. The authors bring their books and are seated in the front of the best american century room. Each author introduces him/herself, gives name, school, age, grade and legal, book title. The books are then displayed for the remainder of the hour so that the public can view the selections and ask the authors questions about their process.

Punch and cookies are served. Approximately 40 authors plus guests attend each year. Barb Driesner, Youth Services Librarian. Edwardsville Public Library. 112 S. American Essays Century! Kansas St. Edwardsville, IL 62025.

barbarad at Summer Reading Programs and Lists. Title of Program: Cooperative Production and Distribution of Summer Reading Lists. Description of Program: The Carroll County Public Library has a long-standing cooperative effort with the in the introduction of an analytical Carroll County Public School system to produce and distribute recommended summer reading lists to every student in the elementary schools. The list is developed each year by a group of public librarians, reviewed by the supervisor for school media centers, printed and distributed by the Board of Education to each child at the end of the school year. We recently began producing a similar list for middle schools. The Carroll County Public library staff person who serves as our liason with the schools is Connie Wilson who works in best american century, our Outreach Services department. 50 East Main Street.

Westminster, MD. 21157. 410-386-4490 Ext. 729. Title of paper Program: Cooperative Summer Reading Program. Description of Program: Newport Public Library and Yaquina View Elementary School in Newport, Oregon, have been running a cooperative Summer Reading program for three years.

The Title I (Reading Recovery) program at Yaquina View School has used USDE grant monies to pay for teaching staff. This is how the program works: The library's summer reading program meets once a week on Wednesday afternoons. Century! The school program meets at the same time in the library with the legal paper research students attending the program. Both before and after the american essays program the teaching staff meets with students for one-on-one and small group reading instruction.

About 40 children participate in the school program and persuasive, another 100+ participate in the library program. This cooperative program has introduced the library to essays century, many families who would not otherwise be using it in persuasive essay, the summer (or any other time). The students participate in the reading rewards part of the library program as well and, for many of century them, it is the first opportunity to recieve the same recognition that the normal reader kids get. The school staff have been tracking the testing results of their students and statistics show students involved in persuasive essay, the summer reading program actually gain skills over the summer. Both library and century, school staff are very happy with this program and hope to continue it indefinitely.

Newport Public Library. Title of legal Program: Linn Library League Summer Reading Program. Description of best american century Program: Linn Library League is a volunteer group of Linn County residents who want to bring high-quality, publicly funded library service to everyone in Linn County. This summer a rural summer reading program is being offered in 7 communities. Five programs will be offered in school libraries--four are public schools and one is persuasive a charter school. The funding for our program comes from the best essays Institute of Museum and Library Services through the Library Services and persuasive shootings, Technology Act, administered by the Oregon State Library. Description of Program: For our summer library program we contact the schools and ask them to american, offer incentives for kids who finish the summer library program. Some offer pizza parties or ice cream sundaes, others just give a certificate or announce the names. One school gives each child a free book.

The schools fund this individually, usually with the principal's discretionary fund. Deborah L. Resume Ca! Dubois. Children's Outreach Librarian. Mansfield/Richland County Public Library. Title of Program: PowerCard Committee. Age level: Elementary Secondary.

Description of Program: The Schools and Public Libraries in Palm Beach County, Florida have a partnership called the PowerCard Committee. It is 6 years old. The PowerCard mission is to encourage children and their families to develop a love of best american century reading, learning and libraries. Because of the legal paper research work of this group, all students in Palm Beach County Schools can get free library cards at their choice of 15 county and 7 city libraries. Essays! This provides students access to combined library collections of approximately 2 million items to postgraduate essay, help with their school assignments. PowerCard sponsors an annual library card campaign in September through contests in the schools and public libraries with incentives provided by local businesses. We've even been able to american, make sure that a library card is included on the school supply list. Right now we're working on our yearly Summer Reading Program promotion. Students will view in their classrooms a video created by resume ca, the committee advertising Read Across Florida (our Summer theme). Teachers will be handing out reading logs for the children to complete over the summer. These were also created by the PowerCard committee and the libraries will use the same one.

So there is one unified program for best century, both the essay on school libraries and essays century, the school system. Why is PowerCard Important? It's building new bridges of cooperation in the community to support literacy and ultimately to see our students succeed in school. Palm Beach County libraries and school district have developed partnerships with the Palm Beach County Literacy Coalition; Children's Service Council and spanish food essay, other local agencies. Youth Services Coordinator.

Palm Beach County Library System. 3650 Summit Blvd. West Palm Beach, Florida 33406-4198. Title of Program: Summer Reading Club. Age level: Secondary (middle and high school)

Description of Program: We launch our Summer Reading Club in the schools during National Library Week with booktalks, author visits, giveaways, and displays. Title of Program: Summer Reading Program School Promotion. Description of Program: Through Multnomah County Library's Summer Reading school promotion, K-5 teachers can sign their students up for Summer Reading while school is best american century still in session. School library staff receive information about the program, a reproducible fax cover sheet, and persuasive on school shootings, class roster form that teachers can fill out and fax to Multnomah County Library by mid-May. (Teachers can send a copy of their own class roster if they prefer.) The library delivers the gameboards to best american essays century, the schools by June 1, in time for the start of Summer Reading. URL: Reading Promotions Coordinator.

Multnomah County Library. Portland, OR 97212. Title of Program: Early Reading First. Age level: Elementary (Pre-K), Head Start. Description of in masculinity essays Program: The Montgomery County Public Library is a Partner to the Montgomery County Public School Early Reading First (ERF) Grant program.The purpose of the Grant is to enhance the essays Pre-K and scholarship, Head Start classes so they better prepare children for reading in Kindergarten. In the best american essays century schools, the Grant involves five elementary schools and research, two daycare centers. The population in these school's Pre-K and Head Start classes is essays century overall low-income, and there are many English Language Learners.

The program utilizes a preschool curriculum from Scholastic and introduces the practices of dialogic reading, flooding the classrooms with books, “enhanced literacy play” and food, a program for “scaffolded” writing. Each school has an best essays, experienced Pre-K teacher who acts as Mentor to persuasive essay on school, the 3 to 5 Pre-K, Head Start and PEP (preschool education preparation) classes at that school. For the library, the grant involves a mini-renovation to the children's room at Aspen Hill Library making the picture book area a more literacy-rich environment. The grant also includes a staff person. Best Essays Century! That's me, Susan Modak, I started at what introduction Aspen Hill Library in February, 2004. For two years before that, Montgomery County Public Libraries staff from the Library Director to the Early Childhood Specialists to Aspen Hill's Agency Manager and Head of best american essays century Children's Services (past and present), and others worked on the vision and the grant application. Since February, I've visited each of the ERF classrooms for a story time. This allowed the teachers to spanish essay, introduce a special visitor/reader from the best century library and for me to meet the children and the teachers, see the class settings and gauge the legal paper research children's language abilities. In May and american century, June, the seventeen ERF classes visited the library. Resume Writing Glendale! While visiting, the class groups had a tour (picture book area, ask-the-librarian-a-question, summer reading program display, videos, books in best american century, Spanish), a short story-time and time to choose a book.

They stood in line and checked out their chosen book to carry back to the class room. Feedback from the teachers was very positive and reflected that the children enjoyed the service stories and most enjoyed having the chance to choose a book and check it out. The Aspen Hill staff members involved did their best to welcome the kids to the library. At the end of June, I presented a program for parents called “Read with Me/Lee Conmigo” offering suggestions for how the library can support the parent's efforts to help their children learn to read. The program was held at best essays century the community center in the low-income housing complex nearby and was attended by eight mothers. In addition to the program, the attendees could also pick from postgraduate scholarship, a selection of library brochures. While working on the desk in the children's room, I actively publicize the library's preschool programming and the school's Head Start and Pre-Kindergarten opportunities to the parents of likely-looking customers (anyone who is roughly preschool age). Someone from the Head Start office dropped off a bi-lingual flyer today and I've posted it at best century several places around the library, including in the Adult Spanish book area. Montgomery County (MD) Public Libraries. Outreach Librarian, Aspen Hill Library. 4407 Aspen Hill Road.

Rockville, Maryland 20853. Title of Program: FCAT Program. Age level: Elementary (3rd grade) Description of Program: As part of a State of Florida funded grant, the public library hired two reading teachers as tutors for third graders selected by the Hillsborough County School System. Shootings! The Library also purchased workbooks and incentives for more than 400 students at selected schools. Priscilla Lakus, Tampa –Hillsborough County Public Library System.

900 N. Ashley Drive. Title of Program: Read Aloud: Dog Days at Your Library. Age level: Elementary (K-6th grade) Description of Program: Read Aloud: Dog Days at your Library was funded by an LSTA grant to help children who read below grade level improve their reading skills and gain self-confidence by reading aloud to a Certified Therapy Dog, who is also a Certified R.E.A.D. (Reading Education Assistance Dogs) and the dog's owner. Each session is 20 to 30 minutes where one child reads to american essays, one dog one day a week for four weeks. The maximum time for one dog to spend being read to is two hours. At the end of each session the what to write in the introduction of an analytical essay child choose a hardback book as a reward that they can take home and keep. The R.E.A.D. Best Essays! dog pawtographs the book. Ten public libraries asked the elementary school in resume writing service, their communities to recommend children who read below grade level.

The dog teams (the dog and american essays, the dog's owner) held the session at food essay either the public library or in the school building. Best American! The public librarian selected books from the public library collection for the children to choose from to read to the dog. The school arranged the time for the students to be away from their class to participate in the program. In some communities, the public librarian and the dog team went to the school. In other communities, the crisis in masculinity essays public librarian walked the best american essays century children to and from the what in the of an school to the public library for the R.E.A.D. American Essays! session. Approximately 60 students in 5 counties are participating in the program. Libraries and schools have found the program so successful they want to continue the program during the upcoming school year. Lief, a boy who was in 2nd grade chose a preschool reader the first week and ended the program reading 2nd grade reader. Spanish Essay! He read 4 books. Lief didn’t seem comfortable with the therapy dog the first week but by the fourth week he said “This was fun, I wish it would keep going!” The dog would lay its head on the boy’s thigh and “listen” to the stories. Best American Essays! The dog trainer would say “Corky thinks you have been practicing!” After the third reading session Lief chose the legal paper prize book: Henry Mudge and the Funny Lunch.

He asked if he could bring it back next time to read to Corky. When he arrived on the last R.E.A.D. session he had the prize book in hand. Lief said “Can I practice reading this to Corky so I can read it to my mom on Sunday for american essays century, Mother’s Day?” After reading the book cover to scholarship, cover he said “My present to my mom is going to be me reading this book to her”. The Regional Public Library System administered the grant, worked with the local dog training center to provide training to certify the therapy dogs, provided the best essays century R.E.A.D. Manuals for training the persuasive on school dog owners, connected the dog owners and the public librarians, and selected the best essays century books for postgraduate scholarship, rewards for each child.

Arrowhead Library System. 5528 Emerald Avenue. Mountain Iron, MN 55768. Title of Program: Reading Scores! Age level: Elementary (3rd grade) Description of Program: We did a reading tutoring program called Reading Scores! last summer.

It was an LSTA funded program though the Florida State Library targeting 3rd graders who failed the american century FCAT (Florida Comprehensive Achievement Test.) We had to what to write introduction of an essay, rely on school referrals to find these students because test records are not public. Century! While the program was very successful, cooperation from the schools was mixed, some schools never gave the information to students while other actively referred students though us. A belief that a personal connection with the schools is a must to make an interaction succeed. You cannot send letters, flyers or whatever in the mail, they will just get lost. You must send materials specifically addressed to an individual, who already knows you and your program and who is on board to help out. Youth Services Coordinator. LeRoy Collins Leon Co. Public Library. 200 West Park Avenue. Tallahassee, Florida 32301-7720. (850) 487-1793 FAX.

Cautionary tales are programs or experiments that did not succeed or that encountered roadblocks others may want to service ca, know about. Title of Program: This message relates to the FCAT tutoring program listed in the Tutoring/Student Success section above. Age level: Elementary (3rd grade) Description of Program: The summer FCAT tutoring program in 2003 did not reach as many students as we had hoped. Time needed to hire the tutors and get the information and locations out to the public proved to be too much of a challenge. The students that did attend the tutoring programs got intense one-on-one instruction that enabled them all to best essays century, advance to crisis essays, their next grade level. Priscilla Lakus, Tampa –Hillsborough County Public Library System. 900 N. Ashley Drive. Title of Program: This message relates to the School Corps program listed in the Public Library Visits to best, Schools section above. Age level: Elementary Secondary. Description of Program: Schools in my area are very fortunate to have the Multnomah County Library's School Corps.

I must admit that I was reticent when I first heard about Multnomah County's new program to assist school libraries. Schools in our area, as in crisis essays, many other areas of the country, continue to struggle to best century, find adequate and stable funding. When budget woes appear, “extra” services, such as libraries can be on the chopping block—both book budgets and personnel. Multnomah County, seeing a need to spanish, help, offered assistance. It was a learning curve for both of american essays century us. On one hand, who can say no to additional resources, services and help. On the other hand, it is very important that this additional help and services are not perceived to postgraduate, replace school libraries and librarians. Most public librarians we began to work with needed to learn about the role of the school librarian. It is much like being all the librarians in a large public library.

A school librarian wears many hats—often all at century the same time! We are administrator, budget planner, book and materials selector, teacher of research skills, reader's advisor, literature promoter, book talker, ready reference for students and teachers, cataloger, audio visual specialist, Internet specialist and sometimes network manager. We also are copyright specialist for our buildings, as well as a reading expert, curriculum consultant and postgraduate, in-service provider to staff on changing technology. At one of our first meetings with School Corps personnel, they offered to come into my school and teach students how to use an online card catalog and best century, surf the in masculinity Internet. I was rather blunt and told them that's what I do. Does that mean I can't use additional help? Of course not. Multnomah County Library School Corps' promotional information now states the services that they provide to “connect students and teachers with the best american essays century information resources of the public library.” They are clear that they add to the current services of school libraries and extend to what the public library has to offer. Spanish! Some of the most popular services are training on DYNA, their online catalog; customized webliographies (annotated lists of best century age-appropriate websites for particular assignments) what I would love to paper, do more of if I had the time; and customized book talks. They also offer “buckets of books” to best american essays, teachers, special educator library cards that allow a longer 6 week checkout and persuasive essay on school, have run promotions for public library cards for students.

The School Corps and public school libraries have formed a wonderful partnership in best century, Multnomah County, with the School Corps promoting the resources of the public library and collaborating with school teachers and librarians, both respecting each other's role. Centennial High School. Title of Program: This message relates to the Middle School/High School/Afterschool Outreach program listed in the Public Library Visits to Schools section above. Description of Program: One caution - the primary teacher must stay in the classroom (or library conference room) at all times. They should not let an aide or other adult 'represent' them. It's not just about personal safety, it's also about legal, classroom control. Century! If a group is acting disrespectful, stop. If a teacher is acting disrespectful, stop. If you can state clearly upfront what your expectations of the teachers are, that is very important. Some of them just act like it is an hour off for them. If the teacher does not listen to what you are saying then how are they going to reinforce it later on?

Melissa A. Pillot. Young Adult Specialist. St Louis Public Library. 1415 Olive Street. St Louis, MO 63103. Title of Program: This message relates to the BLAST program listed in the Public Library Visits to Schools section above. Description of Program: We started out working with the school district and in the of an analytical, needed to essays century, find the right group to work with and at the right level of administration in order to have full support and legal research, implementation.

Levels of administration can put a stop to something if they are overlooked—so you need to know the pecking order. We work exclusively with the Pittsburgh Public Schools.

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The Best American Essays of the Century: Joyce Carol Oates

The unseen world: reflections on best essays century Leeuwenhoek (1677) ‘Concerning little animals’ Leeuwenhoek's 1677 paper, the famous ‘letter on the protozoa’, gives the first detailed description of protists and bacteria living in a range of environments. The colloquial, diaristic style conceals the workings of a startlingly original experimental mind. Later scientists could not match the resolution and clarity of Leeuwenhoek's microscopes, so his discoveries were doubted or even dismissed over the following centuries, limiting their direct influence on the history of biology; but work in the twentieth century confirmed Leeuwenhoek's discovery of introduction of an analytical, bacterial cells, with a resolution of american essays, less than 1 µm. Leeuwenhoek delighted most in the forms, interactions and behaviour of essays, his little ‘animalcules', which inhabited a previously unimagined microcosmos. In these reflections on american essays century the scientific reach of Leeuwenhoek's ideas and observations, I equate his questions with the postgraduate scholarship, preoccupations of best essays, our genomic era: what is the what to write introduction of an analytical essay, nature of Leeuwenhoek's animalcules, where do they come from, how do they relate to century each other? Even with the powerful tools of modern biology, the answers are far from resolved—these questions still challenge our understanding of microbial evolution. This commentary was written to celebrate the 350th anniversary of the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society . My work, which I've done for a long time, was not pursued in order to gain the praise I now enjoy, but chiefly from a craving after knowledge, which I notice resides in me more than most other men. Persuasive Shootings. Leeuwenhoek, Letter of 12 June 1716. Leeuwenhoek is american universally acknowledged as the essay shootings, father of microbiology.

He discovered both protists and bacteria [1]. More than being the first to century see this unimagined world of ‘animalcules', he was the first even to think of looking—certainly, the first with the power to see. Using his own deceptively simple, single-lensed microscopes, he did not merely observe, but conducted ingenious experiments, exploring and manipulating his microscopic universe with a curiosity that belied his lack of a map or bearings. Writing Ca. Leeuwenhoek (figure 1) was a pioneer, a scientist of the highest calibre, yet his reputation suffered at the hands of those who envied his fame or scorned his unschooled origins, as well as through his own mistrustful secrecy of his methods, which opened a world that others could not comprehend. The verification of this new world by best, the natural philosophers of the legal paper, nascent Royal Society laid out the essays century, ground rules that still delineate science today, but the freshness and wonder, the sheer thrill of Leeuwenhoek's discoveries, transmit directly down the centuries to paper biologists today.

Microbiologists and phylogeneticists continue to argue about the nature of Leeuwenhoek's little animals, if in more elaborate terms. Only now are we beginning to find answers—and surprisingly uncertain answers—to the questions that drove Leeuwenhoek: where did this multitude of tiny ‘animals' come from, why such variety in size and behaviour; how to distinguish and classify them? Portrait of Leeuwenhoek by best century, Jan Verkolje, 1686, at persuasive shootings, age 54. American Essays Century. Copyright © The Royal Society. Leeuwenhoek's 1677 paper [1] was not his first contribution to Philosophical Transactions , nor was it his first mention of little animals living in water. The paper was translated (‘English'd’) from in masculinity low Dutch, and excerpted to half its original length by the redoubtable Henry Oldenburg, first Secretary of the Royal Society and founding editor of Philosophical Transactions . American Century. Oldenburg corresponded so widely across Europe that he was imprisoned in food essay, the Tower for suspected espionage in 1667, during the Second Anglo-Dutch War (when the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam was renamed New York). Oldenburg later adopted a pseudonym, the anagram ‘Grubendol’, to avert suspicion (it would arouse mine).

Among his regular Dutch correspondents were the surgeon Regnerus de Graaf and statesman Constantijn Huygens, father of famed astronomer Christiaan Huygens, both of whom wrote epistles to Oldenburg introducing ‘the exceedingly curious and industrious' Leeuwenhoek, Huygens adding the helpful note ‘or Leawenhook, according to your orthographie’ [2]. Best. That was in 1673; by 1677, Leeuwenhoek was well known to the Royal Society, but by no means were his reports accepted on trust. Oldenburg published several of Leeuwenhoek's letters in postgraduate scholarship essay, 1673 and 1674, which dealt with interesting but uncontentious matters, such as the structure of the bee sting. Equivalent microscopic structures of objects visible to the naked eye had been illuminated by best american essays, Robert Hooke in his Micrographia nearly a decade earlier; indeed, it is to Hooke that we owe the word ‘cell’, which he used to denote the boxy spaces (reminiscent of the small rooms in postgraduate essay, a monastery) that make up the structure of cork [3]. From some of Leeuwenhoek's slightly waspish remarks in best essays century, his early letters, he had almost certainly seen a copy of Micrographia on his visit to London in 1667 or 1668, when the book was practically a fashion accessory (‘the most ingenious book I read in all my life’, wrote Pepys, who stayed up all night with it; Pepys reputedly stayed up all night often, though rarely with a book).

Leeuwenhoek first courted controversy in a letter of essay, September 1674. Describing a nearby lake, Berkelse Mere, he noted that its water was very clear in winter ‘but at the beginning or middle of summer it becomes whitish, and american century, there are then little green clouds floating in it’ [4]. These clouds contained wispy ‘green streaks, spirally wound serpent-wise, and orderly arranged’—the beautiful green alga Spirogyra . Then came Leeuwenhoek's first mention of little animals: ‘among these streaks there were besides very many little animalcules … And the motion of most of these animalcules in the water was so swift, and so various upwards, downwards and round about that ‘twas wonderful to see: and I judged that some of persuasive essay, these little creatures were above a thousand times smaller than the smallest ones I have ever yet seen upon the rind of cheese’ (by which he meant mites) [4]. Until this point, Oldenburg had published almost all of best american century, Leeuwenhoek's letters (including this one) within a few months of what of an essay, receipt. Now, he drew pause. Of the next 12 letters sent by Leeuwenhoek, only three were published, and none that touched on animalcules. Oldenburg had every reason to be suspicious; as Leeuwenhoek wrote to Hooke a few years later ‘I suffer many contradictions and oft-times hear it said that I do but tell fairy tales about the little animals' [5]. This invisible world was teeming with as much varied life as a rainforest or a coral reef, and yet could be seen by none but Leeuwenhoek. Best Essays Century. No wonder Oldenburg and his colleagues had doubts. Persuasive Essay On School. Set against this background, Leeuwenhoek wrote his eighteenth letter to essays the Royal Society, dated October 1676, the writing, celebrated ‘letter on the protozoa’, which Oldenburg excerpted, translated and published as the 1677 paper.

It opens with a bang: ‘In 1675 I discovered living creatures in Rain water which had stood but few days in best essays century, a new earthen pot, glased blew [i.e. painted blue] within. This invited me to view this water with great attention, especially those little animals appearing to essay me ten thousand times less than those represented by Mons. Swamerdam and called by him Water fleas or Water-lice , which may be perceived in the water with the best essays century, naked eye’ [1]. Clifford Dobell, in his delightful biography published in 1932 (300 years after Leeuwenhoek's birth), notes that Oldenburg's translation is good but not perfect [6]. That's not surprising. While Oldenburg knew the language, he had no knowledge of the organisms themselves. In contrast, Dobell was a distinguished microbiologist, a Fellow of the to write introduction of an essay, Royal Society, and had the great benefit of hindsight. His biography was a labour of love, written over 25 years, frequently in american, the middle of the night, while carrying out his own research on intestinal protozoa and persuasive essay shootings, other protists.

Dobell taught himself Dutch and translated Leeuwenhoek's letters painstakingly—written, as they were, in american essays century, a colloquial Dutch no longer in use, and in essay shootings, the beautiful but scarcely legible hand of a copyist (figure 2). Dobell revelled in the precise beauty of Leeuwenhoek's descriptions of Euglena , Vorticella and many other protists and bacteria, which leapt off the page, immediately recognizable to this expert kindred spirit. Some 250 years earlier, Oldenburg had none of these advantages in contemplating Leeuwenhoek's letters—his translation is an extraordinary monument to the open-minded scepticism of science. First and last pages of Leeuwenhoek's 1676 letter to Oldenburg, in best american century, the hand of a copyist. Copyright © The Royal Society. I sketch this background because the postgraduate scholarship essay, paper itself is unusual even in Leeuwenhoek's oeuvre, taking the form of a diary.

On a cursory reading, it seems almost embarrassingly naive to essays century the modern ear—the earthen pot ‘glased blew within’ in the first sentence is a good example (but see [7] for essays, a discussion of Dutch prose style in the seventeenth century). We learn that on ‘the 17th of this month of June it rained very hard; and I catched some of best american, that rain water in a new Porcelain dish, which had never been used before, but found no living creatures at all in it’ [1]. On it goes, with precise but apparently irrelevant details. ‘In the open Court of my house I have a well, which is about 15 foot deep, before one comes to the water. It is encompassed with high walls, so that the shootings, Sun, though in Cancer, yet can hardly shine much upon it. American Century. This water comes out of the ground, which is sandy, with such a power, that when I have laboured to empty the well, I could not so do it but there remained ever a foots depth of water in it. This water is in Summer time so cold, that you cannot possibly endure your hand in it for any reasonable time’ [1]. And my favourite: ‘July 27 1676. I went to crisis in masculinity essays the sea-side, at best american essays century, Schlevelingen, the in the of an analytical essay, wind coming from the Sea with a very warm Sun-shine; and viewing some of the Sea-water very attentively, I discovered divers living animals therein. I gave to a man, that went into the Sea to wash himself, a new glass-bottle, bought on purpose for best american, that end, intreating him, that being on crisis the Sea, he would first wash it well twice, or thrice, and then fill it full of the american, Sea-water; which desire of mine having been complied with, I tyed the bottle close with a clean bladder’ [1].

On a first reading, then, Leeuwenhoek might come across as a simpleton; and persuasive essay, he has too often been dismissed as such. One can only smile at the image of Leeuwenhoek on best the beach, pressing his pre-prepared bottles onto strangers. But which details are important? How should he have charted this abundant new world? We need to appreciate several points. This letter was intended to defend his discoveries—‘merely so as to make my observations more credible in England and postgraduate scholarship essay, elsewhere’ [8]. Leeuwenhoek typically wrote with publication in mind (and later published his own works privately whenever the Royal Society declined to american do so), but here he preferred to clarify exactly what he had done, doubtless anticipating that Oldenburg would eliminate superfluous details.

In this, he would defer to the judgement of educated men, being careful, as was the custom of the times, to denigrate his own learning. But characteristically, he would defer only on his own terms, and his self-portrait is in fact remarkably objective. ‘I have oft-times been besought, by divers gentlemen, to set down on paper what I have beheld through my newly invented Microscopia : but I have generally declined; first, because I have no style, or pen, wherewith to express my thoughts properly; second, because I have not been brought up to languages or arts, but only to business; and in legal, the third place, because I do not gladly suffer contradiction or censure from others' [9]. All those who have raged at the obtuse comments of essays, Reviewer 3 will sympathize with this last point; but like Leeuwenhoek, suffer it we do. In his letter of 1676, then, Leeuwenhoek set out a detailed context for his observations. Dobell notes that ‘Leeuwenhoek was manifestly a man of great and singular candour, honesty and sincerity. He was religiously plain and straightforward in all he did, and therefore sometimes almost immodestly frank in describing his observations.

It never occurred to him that Truth could appear indecent’ [10]. On a closer reading, the colloquial manner of Leeuwenhoek's letter conceals the scholarship essay, workings of his precise and methodical mind. Best American Century. Leeuwenhoek was acutely aware of contamination; he replenished evaporated water with snow-water, the writing service glendale ca, purest then available, making every effort not to introduce little animals from any other source. He sampled water from many different sources—his well, the sea, rain water, drain pipes, lakes—always taking care to clean his receptacles. In a later letter, he mentions that he even examined water that had been distilled or boiled [11]. Best Essays. In each case, he describes different populations of animalcules over time. Time is food critical. Frequently, he observes nothing for a week, checking each day, before reporting a profusion of little animals of diverse types, replicating themselves over several days before dying back again. The time, dates, sources, weather, all these were important variables for Leeuwenhoek, which he charts carefully.

He was resolutely opposed to best american essays century the idea of spontaneous generation, nearly 200 years before Pasteur finally resolved the research, matter with his swan-necked flasks. Essays Century. Leeuwenhoek later described the procreation of cells via copulation or schism to release daughter cells in arresting detail. But his early disbelief of spontaneous generation is implicit in the comparisons of his 1677 paper, in his care to avoid contamination, and his estimation of rates of growth. Leeuwenhoek also reports experiments, adding peppercorns to water, both crushed and uncrushed (as well as ginger, cloves, nutmeg and vinegar, omitted from Oldenburg's excerpts for Philosophical Transactions ). In these infusions, Leeuwenhoek observed an astonishing proliferation of tiny animals ‘incredibly small; nay, so small, in my sight, that I judged that even if 100 of these very wee animals lay stretched out one against another, they could not reach the length of a grain of course sand; and on school shootings, if this be true, then ten hundred thousand of these living creatures could scarce equal the bulk of a course grain of sand’ [1]. Again, the american essays century, colloquial language deceives. In a clarification sent to Constantijn Huygens and Hooke, Leeuwenhoek writes ‘Let's assume that such a sand-grain is so big, that 80 of them, lying one against food the other, would make up the best essays, length of one inch’ [12]. He goes on to calculate the number of animalcules in a cubic inch; for our purposes here, his calculation puts the postgraduate essay, length of best essays, his ‘very wee animals' at less than 3 µm. Bacteria. (He later describes bacterial motility unequivocally [13]). He also notes that he deliberately underestimates the paper, number of bacteria in a drop of water—‘for the reason that the number of animalcules in so small a quantity of water would else be so big, that ‘twould not be credited: and when I stated in best american century, my letter of 9th October 1676, that there were upwards of 1 000 000 living creatures in one drop of legal, pepper-water, I might with truth have put the number at eight times as many’ [14].

An innocent, early example of spinning data to sell to essays a journal? But the natural philosophers of the Royal Society, in pioneering the resume glendale, methods we still use in science today, were not easily spun. Leeuwenhoek's letter had been read aloud over several sessions and attracted great interest, verging on consternation. Oldenburg wrote to american Leeuwenhoek, asking him to ‘acquaint us with his method of observing, that others may confirm such Observations as these’, and to resume writing service glendale provide drawings [15]. Leeuwenhoek declined, throughout his life, to american essays give any description of his microscopical methods (‘for reasons best known to himself’, said Hooke; though science has hardly resolved the issue of intellectual property since then). But Leeuwenhoek did now employ a draughtsman, whose regular gasps of astonishment when shown various little animals punctuate Leeuwenhoek's later letters (‘Oh, that one could ever depict so wonderful a motion!’).

Some of these limner's drawings are shown in figure 3. Leeuwenhoek also sent eight testimonies from gentlemen of of an essay, repute—a Lutheran minister, a notary and a barrister, among others. It is striking to the modern reader that none of these gentlemen were natural philosophers acquainted with the methods of science; but according to the historian Steven Shapin, it was the bond of the gentleman that counted. The practice of signed testimonies from gentlemen was common in the seventeenth century; the fact that Leeuwenhoek called upon eight such testimonies attests to the unprecedented character of his findings, but also perhaps to his lower social standing [18]. ( a ) Rotifers, hydra and vorticellids associated with a duckweed root, from american century a Delft canal. From Leeuwenhoek [16]. ( b ) Bacteria from writing service ca Leeuwenhoek's mouth; the essays century, dotted line portrays movement.

From Leeuwenhoek [17]. Copyright © The Royal Society. No doubt all this was helpful, but it was countered by letters from others such as Christiaan Huygens (son of Constanijn), then in paper, Paris, who at that time remained sceptical, as was his wont: ‘I should greatly like to best american know how much credence our Mr Leeuwenhoek's observations obtain among you. He resolves everything into persuasive essay shootings little globules; but for my part, after vainly trying to see some of the things which he sees, I much misdoubt me whether they be not illusions of his sight’ [19]. The Royal Society tasked Nehemiah Grew, the botanist, to reproduce Leeuwenhoek's work, but Grew failed; so in 1677, on succeeding Grew as Secretary, Hooke himself turned his mind back to microscopy. Hooke too initially failed, but on his third attempt to reproduce Leeuwenhoek's findings with pepper-water (and other infusions), Hooke did succeed in best century, seeing the essays, animalcules—‘some of these so exceeding small that millions of millions might be contained in one drop of water’ [20] (actually far less precise than Leeuwenhoek). He went on to write ‘It seems very wonderful that there should be such an infinite number of animalls in best american essays century, soe imperceptible quantity of matter. That these animalls should be soe perfectly shaped and indeed with such curious organs of motion as to be able to move nimbly, to turne, stay, accelerate and retard their progresse at pleasure. And it was not less surprising to food essay find that these were gygantick monsters [protozoa] in comparison of a lesser sort which almost filled the water [bacteria]’ [21]. Unlike Leeuwenhoek, Hooke gave precise details of american, his microscopical methods, and demonstrated them before the gathered fellows, including Sir Christopher Wren, later publishing both his methods and observations in Microscopium (1678) [20].

He even taught himself Dutch, so that he could read the letters of the ‘ingenious Mr Leeuwenhoek’. As noted by the microscopist Brian J. Ford [22] and microbiologist Howard Gest [23], Hooke was a central and too-often overlooked figure in the history of microbiology: his earlier book Micrographia (1665) most likely inspired Leeuwenhoek to begin his own microscopical studies. Without Hooke's support and spanish food essay, verification—a task beyond several of the best microscopists of the age, including Grew—Leeuwenhoek might easily have been dismissed as a charlatan. Instead, through Hooke's impressive demonstrations, and with the best american essays, direct support of the patron of the Royal Society, King Charles II, Leeuwenhoek was elected a Fellow in 1680. Others had independently changed their view of Leeuwenhoek in the interim, but that did little to alter the course of events.

Christiaan Huygens, for example, overcame his early scepticism after visiting Leeuwenhoek and seeing his animalcules. He went on to grind his own lenses, observing various protists himself [24]. Spanish Essay. Indeed, Huygens made a number of american essays, pioneering observations, but these remained in postgraduate scholarship essay, manuscript and were unpublished until the turn of the twentieth century [25]. Ironically, Hooke's admirable comments on the construction of microscopes might have undermined Leeuwenhoek's later reputation. Century. Hooke made various types of microscope. He much preferred using larger instruments with two lenses, but in the Preface to food Micrographia [26] he also described how to make ‘simple’ microscopes with a single lens—what became known as a Leeuwenhoek microscope [27]. The lens is best american essays produced by melting Venice glass into thin threads, containing little globules, which are then ground and legal paper, polished, and mounted against a needle hole pricked through a thin plate of brass (figure 4). ‘If … an Object, plac'd very near, be look'd at through it, it will both magnifie and make some objects more distinct than any of the great Microscopes. But because these, though exceeding easily made, are yet very troublesome to be us'd, because of their smallness, and the nearness of the Object; therefore to prevent both of these, and yet have only best american essays two refractions, I provided me a Tube of writing service, Brass' [26]. In 1678, Hooke reiterated his dislike of single-lens microscopes: ‘I have found the best american, use of them offensive to my eye, and to essay shootings have much strained the sight, which was the reason why I omitted to american essays century make use of them, though in truth they make the object appear much more clear and research, distinct, and magnifie as much as the double Microscopes: nay to those whose eyes can well endure it, ‘tis possible with a single Microscope to make discoveries much better than with a double one, because the best century, colours which do much disturb the clear vision in double Microscopes is clearly avoided and prevented with the single’ [20]. ( a ) Replica of a single-lens microscope by in masculinity, Leeuwenhoek (Image by Jeroen Rouwkema. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Wikimedia Commons). ( b,d ) Photomicrographs taken using simple single-lens microscopes including one of Leeuwenhoek's originals in Utrecht, by Brian Ford (Copyright © Brian J. Ford). ( b ) An air-dried smear of Ford's own blood through the original van Leeuwenhoek microscope at Utrecht, showing red blood cells and a granulocyte with its lobed nucleus (upper right; about american 2 µm in diameter). ( c ) Spiral bacteria ( Spirillum volutans ) imaged through a replica microscope with a lens ground from spinel; each bacterial cell is about 20 µm in length. ( d ) The intestinal protist parasite Giardia intestinalis imaged through a replica soda-glass produced by Brian Ford [28,29].

It seems that Hooke's aversion to simple single-lens microscopes passed on postgraduate scholarship down the generations, but not his appreciation of their merits. The compound microscope, with its refractive aberrations, became the tool of choice, and Leeuwenhoek's microscopes were quietly forgotten, their oblivion hastened by Leeuwenhoek's own secrecy, notwithstanding his gift of 13 microscopes, with corresponding specimens, to the Royal Society on his death in 1723 at the age of century, 90. Leeuwenhoek had actively discouraged teaching his methods, for reasons that are troubling today in spanish, an age when education is open to all. Best Essays. While lens grinding was linked with artisans rather than with gentlemen, hence might have been discouraged on that basis alone, Leeuwenhoek, as always, spoke plainly. What Introduction Of An Analytical. In a letter to Leibnitz, he wrote ‘To train young people to grind lenses, and to found a sort of school for this purpose, I can't see there'd be much use: because many students at Leyden have already been fired by american essays, my discoveries and my lens grinding … But what's come of it? Nothing, as far as I know: because most students go there to make money out of science, or to get a reputation in the learned world. But in lens grinding, and discovering things hidden from our sight, these count for nought. And I'm satisfied too that not one man in a thousand is capable of such study, because it needs much time, and postgraduate scholarship, spending much money; and you must always keep on thinking about american these things, if you are to writing ca get any results.

And over essays century, and above all, most men are not curious to spanish essay know: nay, some even make no bones about saying: What does it matter whether we know this or not?’ [30]. Most scientists, I imagine, would see themselves as that one man in a thousand; it is our task today to persuade others that it does indeed matter, not for any immediate benefit, but for the sake of best american essays, curiosity and its unknowable contribution to the sum of human knowledge and wellbeing. The dominant use of resume service glendale ca, compound microscopes over the following centuries meant that the best american essays century, brief blaze of paper, Leeuwenhoek's discoveries was nearly extinguished until the great compound microscope makers of the early-nineteenth century, notably Joseph Bancks (who also produced some high-powered single-lens microscopes, used by Robert Brown in his discovery of Brownian motion and cytoplasmic streaming, and by Darwin aboard the Beagle). In the best century, interim, microscopy had never recaptured Leeuwenhoek's early glory, its credibility being undermined by reports of in masculinity, homunculi crouching in semen and other figments of the imagination. The concept of preformation was called into best american essays century serious question from the 1740s, beginning with Abraham Trembley's work on what of an the regeneration of freshwater polyps [31]. In the 1750s, Linnaeus scarcely troubled himself with the classification of microbes; he dumped the whole lot into best essays the phylum Vermes (‘worms'), genus Chaos (formless). The damaging accusation of what of an analytical essay, seeing things that were not there, combined with Linnaeus's insinuated absence of best essays, structure, meant that few believed Leeuwenhoek could have seen cells as small as bacteria; even the empathetic Dobell struggled to conceive what magical form of lighting Leeuwenhoek must have employed to view his specimens.

Only the galvanizing work of to write in the essay, Brian J. Ford, who rediscovered some of Leeuwenhoek's samples in the library of the Royal Society in 1981, resurrected the glory of the single-lens microscope [32]. Ford photographed Leeuwenhoek's original specimens using one of his surviving microscopes in Utrecht, and demonstrated a remarkable resolution of best, less than 1 µm [33] (figure 4). That left little scope for disbelief: plainly, Leeuwenhoek really did see much of what he claimed. So what is Leeuwenhoek's legacy? Most of his discoveries were forgotten, and only rediscovered in the nineteenth century, 150 years later, being then interpreted in the context of the newly developing cell theory, with little reference back to spanish Leeuwenhoek himself. In this regard Leeuwenhoek's legacy is analogous to that of Gregor Mendel, likewise rediscovered at a time when others were exploring similar ideas. Leeuwenhoek's work, of course, ranged far beyond microbiology.

In all, he sent around 200 letters to the Royal Society, 112 of which were published, touching on many aspects of biology and best american essays, even mineralogy. He remains the most highly published author in what to write in the, the journal. He is considered to best century be the founder of many fields, but none of them more important than his astonishing discoveries in microbiology, and none conveyed with such delight. Writing Service Glendale Ca. Leeuwenhoek was captivated by his animalcules. American Essays Century. ‘Among all the marvels that I have discovered in postgraduate essay, nature’, he wrote, ‘these are the most marvellous of all’ [34]. His exhilaration in american essays, discovery, combined with a fearless and essays, surefooted interpretation of unknown vistas, is for me Leeuwenhoek's true legacy. It is a spirit effervescent in many later pioneers of microbiology, indeed in science more generally. And many of the problems that beset Leeuwenhoek troubled them too. Take the ultrastructure of cells, especially protists. Leeuwenhoek could clearly see ‘little feet’ (cilia) and also the budding offspring of best, cells, but he saw much more than that. I'm struck by this passage in the 1677 paper, describing an scholarship, ‘egg-shaped’ animalcule (which Dobell tentatively identified as the ciliate Colpidium colpoda [35]): ‘Their body did consist, within, of 10, 12, or 14 globuls, which lay separate from each other. Essays. When I put these animalcula in a dry place, they then changed their body into a perfect round, and often burst asunder, the what to write of an, globuls, together with some aqueous particles, spred themselves every where about, without my being able to discern any other remains.

These globuls, which in the bursting of these creatures did flow asunder here and best american essays century, there, were about the legal paper, bigness of the first very small creatures [bacteria]. Best Century. And though as yet I could not discern any small feet in postgraduate scholarship, them, yet me thought, they must needs be furnished with very many … ’ [1]. While the ‘globuls' in C. American Century. colpoda were probably mostly food vacuoles, as well as the persuasive essay shootings, macronucleus, Leeuwenhoek's comparison with bacteria leaves open the tantalizing possibility that he had even seen organelles such as mitochondria, which with a diameter of 0.5–1 µm would have pushed his microscopical resolution to the limits. Some 250 years later, this equivalence between intracellular ‘globuls' and american essays century, free-living bacteria was pursued by the early-twentieth century pioneers of endosymbiotic theory, notably the Russian Konstantin Mereschkowski, Frenchman Paul Portier and American Ivan Wallin, the latter pair independently going so far as to argue that mitochondria could be cultivated [36]. The idea of ‘symbiogenesis' was famously ridiculed by the American cell biologist E.B. Wilson, who summed up the prevailing attitude: ‘To many, no doubt, such speculations may appear too fantastic for present mention in polite biological society; nevertheless, it is within the range of possibility that they may some day call for serious consideration’ [37]. Another half-century was to elapse before Lynn Margulis and others demonstrated that mitochondria and chloroplasts do indeed derive from bacterial endosymbionts [38]; and even then, not without a fight. I doubt that the idea of spanish essay, endosymbiosis would have shocked Leeuwenhoek; nor would he have been much surprised by the contemptuous disbelief of best essays century, many biologists over decades. Another unifying theory came from biochemistry, and fittingly drew inspiration from Leeuwenhoek's hometown of Delft (described by the Earl of Leicester, once Governor-General of the persuasive on school shootings, Netherlands, as ‘another London almost for beauty and fairness'). Best American. The pioneer of comparative biochemistry, Albert Kluyver, was Professor of Microbiology in the Technical University of Delft from legal paper 1922 until his death in 1956. American Essays. More than anyone else, Kluyver appreciated that biochemistry unified life [39].

He realized that different types of respiration (he cites sulfate reduction, denitrification and methanogenesis) are fundamentally equivalent, all involving the transfer of crisis essays, electrons from a donor to an acceptor. Best American. He appreciated that all forms of respiration and in masculinity essays, fermentation are united in that they all drive growth by means of phosphorylation. Such parallels made the startling differences between cells explicable, a discovery he cherished as ‘highly edifying to the scientific mind’ [40]. Best. He expressed this unity in the awkward phrase ‘From elephant to butyric acid bacterium—it is all the same’, later paraphrased, more memorably but without attribution, by Francois Jacob and essays, Jacques Monod as ‘that old axiom ‘what is true for bacteria is also true for elephants’’. Kluyver, in a seminal passage, recognized that the american, fundamental unity of biochemistry ‘opens the way for a better appreciation of essays, evolutionary developments which have taken place in the microbial world, since the antithesis between the aerobic and anaerobic mode of life has been largely removed’ [40]. The unity of best century, biochemistry, then, gave the first insights into the evolution of the astonishing variety of food essay, ‘little animals', which until then had remained a mystery, their provenance as wholly unknown as in Leeuwenhoek's time. Kluyver's student Cornelis van Niel, together with Roger Stanier, made some headway in the 1940s before despairing of the endeavour altogether.

By the best essays century, time they published their famous essay ‘The concept of a bacterium’ in 1961 they no longer cared to defend their own earlier taxonomic systems [41]; they sought only to distinguish bacteria (prokaryotic cells, lacking a nucleus) from larger eukaryotic protists, all of which have a nucleus. In this, they were remarkably perspicacious, commenting: ‘The differences between eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells are not expressed in any gross features of cellular function; they reside rather in differences with respect to the detailed organization of the cellular machinery ’ [41]. They cite the examples of resume service glendale, respiration and photosynthesis, found in both eukaryotic and american essays, prokaryotic cells: ‘But in the prokaryotic cell, these metabolic unit processes are performed by an apparatus which always shows a much smaller degree of specific organization. In fact, one can say that no unit of legal research, structure smaller than the cell in best essays century, its entirety is recognizable as the shootings, site of either metabolic unit process ' [41]. This is best century a beautiful insight, worthy of Leeuwenhoek himself. In eukaryotes, respiration and photosynthesis are conducted in mitochondria and chloroplasts, respectively, and continue perfectly well in isolation from the rest of the cell, as all the soluble enzymes needed are constrained within the bioenergetic membranes of the organelle. In bacteria, by contrast, the enzymes required are split between the cell membrane (whether invaginated or otherwise) and the cytosol, making the spanish food, bacterium as a whole the indivisible functional unit. Best American Essays Century. This distinction applies as much to cyanobacteria (classed as algae, not bacteria, by Ernst Haeckel and later systematists) as to other bacteria. Legal Paper Research. Stanier and essays century, van Niel therefore argued that bacteria are a single (monophyletic) group, all similar in their basic plan, but insisted that any further attempts to define phylogeny were hopeless. The timing was unfortunate.

Francis Crick had already advocated the use of molecular sequences as a wonderfully sensitive phylogenetic signal, writing in what to write introduction analytical essay, 1958: ‘Biologists should realize that before long we shall have a subject which might be called ‘protein taxonomy’—the study of amino acid sequences of proteins of an organism and best american essays century, the comparison of glendale ca, them between species. It can be argued that these sequences are the most delicate expression possible of the phenotype of an best, organism and that vast amounts of evolutionary information may be hidden away within them’ [42]. Soon afterwards, Zuckerkandl Pauling [43] formalized the argument with sequence data; and a mere two decades later, Carl Woese published his first tree of in masculinity, life [44]. Best Essays. Woese [45] was soon dismissing Stanier and van Niel as epitomising the dark ages of microbiology, when microbiologists had given up any prospect of a true phylogeny. Crisis In Masculinity. Woese's tree was based on ribosomal RNA. He showed that prokaryotes are not monophyletic at all, but subdivide into best american two great domains, the bacteria and archaea. Later work, which used other methods to ‘root’ the tree [46], portrayed the eukaryotes as a ‘sister group’ to what to write essay the archaea [47]. For the first time, it seemed possible to reconstruct the evolutionary relationships between Leeuwenhoek's animalcules in best american essays, an evolutionary tree of to write introduction, life. Woese and best essays, his co-workers went so far as to argue that the term prokaryote was obsolete, being an invalid negative definition (i.e. Spanish Food Essay. prokaryotes are defined by the absence of a nucleus; [48]).

The three domains tree is still the standard text book view. Even so, for all its revolutionary appeal, Woese's tree is the apotheosis of a reductionist molecular view of evolution, based on american century constructing trees from a single gene. It is ironic that, later in food, life, Woese called for a more holistic biology, while refusing to century countenance the limitations of his single-gene tree [49]. More recent work, based on whole genome sequences, has undermined Woese's narrow viewpoint. While the sisterhood of in masculinity, archaea and eukaryotes is upheld for a core of informational genes—genes involved in DNA replication, transcription and american, translation—it is not at all true for most other genes in eukaryotes, which are more closely related to bacteria than archaea. Woese's iconic tree is therefore profoundly misleading, and should be seen strictly as a tree of one gene only: it is not a tree of life. We cannot infer what a cell might have looked like, or how it might have lived in the past, on the basis of its ribosomal genotype. Eukaryotes are now plainly seen to be genomic chimeras, apparently formed in resume writing service, a singular endosymbiosis between an essays, archaeal host cell and a bacterium around 1.5 billion years ago [50]. What To Write Of An Essay. This chimerism cannot be depicted on a normal branching phylogenetic tree, because endosymbiosis involves fusion of essays century, branches, not bifurcation, producing instead a striking composite tree, depicted beautifully (and presciently, as this is spanish still accurate) by Bill Martin in 1998 [51] (figure 5). Bill Martin and I have since argued that the singular endosymbiosis at the origin of best essays, eukaryotes, which gave rise to mitochondria, increased the crisis in masculinity, energy available per gene in best century, eukaryotic cells by a breath-taking three to resume writing service five orders of magnitude [52].

That overcame the pervasive energetic constraints faced by bacteria, enabling a massive expansion in cell volume and genome size, and best century, permitting the evolution of crisis in masculinity, many eukaryotic traits from the nucleus to best american essays century sex and spanish food essay, phagocytosis (all of which were first reported by Leeuwenhoek himself). Best Essays. This view accords nicely with Stanier and spanish food, van Niel's conception of prokaryotes as the indivisible functional unit; mitochondria are functional energetic units, pared down bacteria that can be replicated to generate more power. American Century. It might be that eukaryotes had to resume writing service glendale ca evolve by best american essays century, way of an resume writing service, endosymbiosis, for these bioenergetic reasons. A tree of life drawn by Bill Martin in 1998, reflecting whole genomes. Best American Essays. The tree shows the chimeric origin of eukaryotes, in which an resume writing service ca, archaeal host cell acquired bacterial endosymbionts that evolved into best century mitochondria; and the later acquisition of chloroplasts in Plantae . Reproduced with permission from [51]. Copyright 1999 © John Wiley Sons, Inc. Even in the absence of endosymbiosis, the idea of a true phylogenetic tree of persuasive on school, life is best essays undermined by the prevalence of persuasive essay, lateral gene transfer in both bacteria and archaea. Century. Informational genes, including ribosomal RNA, are generally inherited vertically, giving a robust phylogenetic signal, but such genes account for postgraduate essay, barely 1% of a bacterial genome, and american, much of the rest is passed around between cells by lateral gene transfer, confounding deep phylogenetic signals.

A potentially revolutionary new study shows that the major archaeal groups originated with the lateral acquisition of bacterial genes [53]. Resume. Ironically, the unity of best american, biochemistry—Kluyver's edifying guide to essay on school shootings evolution—is the root problem: the universality of the genetic code, intermediary metabolism and energy conservation (e.g. the shared mechanism of respiration) means that genes are an exchangeable currency, and facilitate adaptation to the endless variety of external conditions. Again, the link between the ribosomal genotype of a prokaryotic cell and its phenotype—the way it makes a living—is forever changing. Ford Doolittle notes that pervasive genetic chimerism means that ‘no hierarchical universal classification can be taken as natural’ [54]; the universal tree of life is american a human foible and not a true representation of the real world. As Doolittle observes, ‘Biologists might rejoice in and explore, rather than regret or attempt to dismiss, the creative evolutionary role of lateral gene transfer’ [54]. The tree of life promises a hierarchical order, and takes authority from spanish essay Darwin himself, but in best american, microbes at least it is not sustained by the very genetic sequences that made such phylogeny possible. ‘Early evolution without a tree of life’ [55] might seem an alarming vista to many, but Leeuwenhoek would surely have felt at home. He was happiest without a compass.

Perhaps that, more than anything else, is the lesson we still need to spanish food learn from Leeuwenhoek today. There is a danger of complacency in biology, a feeling that the immense computational power of the modern age will ultimately resolve the questions of biology, and medical research more broadly. But pathophysiology stems from physiology, and physiology is a product of evolution, largely at the level of cells. The eukaryotic cell seems to have arisen in a singular endosymbiosis between prokaryotes, and eukaryotes share a large number of basic traits, few of which are known in best american essays, anything like the same form in bacteria or archaea. We know of no surviving evolutionary intermediates between prokaryotes and eukaryotes. We know almost nothing about which factors drove the on school, evolution of many basal eukaryotic traits, from the nucleus to meiosis and sex, to cell death—traits first observed by american essays, Leeuwenhoek.

Why did meiosis and sex arise from lateral gene transfer in on school, bacteria? Why did the nucleus evolve in eukaryotes but not in bacteria or archaea? What prevents bacteria from engulfing other cells by american century, phagocytosis? There is no agreement on the answers to these questions, nor more broadly to a question that might easily have been asked by Leeuwenhoek himself—why is life the way it is? Some of us have argued that eukaryotic evolution is explicable in terms of the detailed mechanisms of energy conservation, with an allied requirement for endosymbiosis leading to conflict and coadaptation between endosymbionts and their host cells [56]. Crisis In Masculinity Essays. But these arguments still lack rigorous proof, as do all alternative hypotheses.

In the meantime, we have at best an unreliable map of the land that enchanted Leeuwenhoek. We should rejoice and explore. Nick Lane is a Reader in Evolutionary Biochemistry in essays century, the Department of Genetics, Evolution and Environment at University College London. Persuasive. His research is on the role of bioenergetics in the origin of best century, life and the early evolution of essay shootings, cells, focusing on the importance of endosymbiosis and cellular structure in determining the course of evolution. Nick was awarded the inaugural UCL Provost's Venture Research Fellowship in 2009, the BMC Research Award for Genetics, Genomics, Bioinformatics and Evolution in 2011, and the Biochemical Society Award for 2015.

He leads the UCL Research Frontiers Origins of Life programme and was a founding member of the UCL Consortium for Mitochondrial Research. He has published some 70 research papers and articles, co-edited two volumes and written four critically acclaimed books on evolutionary biochemistry, which have been translated into 20 languages. His book Life Ascending won the 2010 Royal Society Prize for Science Books.

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chs ap world essay AP W o r ld His t ory : S yllabus 2011-2012. Course T ext and other Reading: Main T ext: Bentley and Ziegler . 2 0 1 0. Traditions and Encounters , 5t h ed. United States. P r imary Sources: • Students will read and analyze select e d p rimary sources (d o cumen t s, ima g es, and.

» Andrea, A . and Overfield, J . Best. 2 00 0 . The Human Record: Sources of Global History , vols I II . Persuasive Essay Shootings. Houghton Mifflin College Division . Essays Century. and. » Spo d ek . 2 0 0 0 . The W orld ’ s History , 2 n d edition . Prentice-Hal l . • Students will analyze quantitat i ve sources through stu d y and interpreta t io n of graphs, c ha r ts and tables. » S t earns . 2 0 08 . W orld Civilizations: The Global Experience . Pea r son . » from Docume n t Based Questions released by the College Board. • Christian, D, 2008, This Fleeting World. • Standage, T .2005. Essays. A History of World in 6 Glasses. • Quinn, David. Best Essays Century. 1992 Ishmael.

• Rothchild, A . 1999. King Leopold’s Ghosts. • Rather, D. Resume Writing Service Glendale. 2002. Essays Century. What We Saw. . Bowker, J. 1997. World Religions. **PLEASE NOTE ALL OF THESE BOOKS WILL BE PROVIDED THROUGH PDF ON THIS WEBSITE UNDER BOOKS*** All this information can be found on ( Themes and AP W o r ld His t ory: Students in essay shootings this course must learn to view history thematicall y . American Essays. The AP W orld History course.

is organized around fi ve overarching themes that serve as unifying threads throughout the. cou r se, helping students to relate what is particular about each time period or society t o a. “big pictur e ” of histor y . The themes also provide a way to organize comparisons and analy z e. change and continuity over time . Scholarship. Consequentl y , vi r tually all study of best essays century history in this class will. be tied back to these themes by utilizing a “SP IC E” acronym . Social--De v elopment and t r ans f o r mation of legal social st r uc t u r es. • Gender roles and relations. • F amily and kinship. • Racial and best american, ethnic constructions. • Social and economic classes. P olitical--Sta t e-building , expansion , and conflict.

• Political structures and forms of writing glendale ca governance. • Nations and nationalism. • R evolts and re v olutions. • Regional, trans-regional, and global structures and organizations. Interaction between humans a n d the enviro n ment.

• Demography and american, disease. • P a t terns of se t tlement. Cultural--Development and in glendale ca t e r action of cul t u r es. • Beli e f sys t ems, phil o sophies, and ideologies. • S cience and te c hnology. • The arts and architecture.

Economic--C r eation , expansion , and in t e r action of economic sys t ems. • Agricultural and best century, pastoral prod u ction. • T rade and commerce. • In d ustrialization. • Capitalism a nd socialism. Unit 1 T o 600 BCE : T e c hnological and E n vi r onmental T r ans f o r mations. • Big Geograp h y and shootings, the P eopling of the Ea r th.

• Neolithic Revolution and Early Agricultural Societies. • Development and best century, Interactions of Early Agricultural, Pastoral, and glendale, Urban Societies. T opics for Overview include: • From Foraging to Agricultural and Pastoral Societies. • Early Civilizations: Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, the Americas, Africa, and Oceania. Issues Regarding the best american essays century Use of the Concept of writing service glendale C i viliz a tion. Ac t i vities Skill Development. • Students will identify and analyze the best causes a nd conseq u ences o f the Neolithic. Revolution in the major river valleys as well as in Sub-Saharan Africa and resume service, Papua New. » How were gender roles changed by the Neolithic Revolution?

• Collaborat i ve Group-Jigsaw. » Students will analyze how geography affected the development of political, social, economic, and belie f systems in t he earliest c i vilizations in: Each group will examine a different c i vilization then compare findings with a ne w gro u p. where each student examined a different civilization . • Parallel Reading--Students will read Ch . American Essays. 1 -2 of The Human W eb and Children of the Sun Ch. Spanish Food. 1-2. » evaluate the a u th o rs ’ pe r spect i ve on the exis t ence o f a very loose knit global web. during this early period. Unit 2 600 BCE-600 CE: Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies. • Development and best century, Codification of Religious and Cultural T raditions.

• Development of States an d Empires. • Emergence of T ransregional Networks of Communication and Ex c hange. T opics for postgraduate essay, Overview include: • Classical C i vilizations. • Major Belief Systems: Religion and Philosophy. • Early T rading Networks. • W orld Religions. » Animism focusing on Australasia and american essays century, Sub-Saharan Africa.

» Judaism and Christianity. » Hinduism a n d Budd h ism. » Daoism and food essay, Confucianism. • Developments in Mesoamerica and Andean South America: Moche and Maya. » Bantu Migration and its Impact in Sub-Saharan Africa. » Transregional Trade: the best essays century Silk Road and the Indian Ocean.

» Developments in China—developmen t of imperial structure a n d Confucian society. Ac t i vities Skill Development: • Writing a Comparison Essay Methods of political control in the Classical period, student choice of food two Han China, Mauryan/Gupta India, Imperial Rome, Persian Empire. • Writing a Change and Continuity over Time Essay Political and american essays, Cultural Changes. in the Late Classical Period, students choose China, India, or Rome. • Students will evaluate the causes and persuasive on school, conseq u ences o f the american century decline of the Han, Roman, and Gupta empires. • Students will map the changes and continuities in on school long-distance trade networks in the.

Eastern Hemisphere: Eurasian Silk Roads, Trans-Saharan caravan routes, Indian Ocean. sea lanes, and Mediterranean sea lanes. Each group will research and present a major world religion/belief system examining: » beliefs and prac t ices. • A f ter r eading excerpts fr om A F orest of K i ngs by best american essays, David F riede l a n d L inda S c hele an d. ” students will ass e ss the spanish essay imp a c t. s ee i ng the PBS N o va p r ogram “Cra c king the best american essays Ma ya Code , that archaeology and iconography have had on in the introduction analytical the study of history. • Parallel Reading--Students will read Ch . American. 3 of The Human W eb and legal paper research, Ch. 2 Children of the Sun. » Trace the development of civilization in best american each region utilizing a linear thematic. organizer for note-taking and a circular organizer for the big picture. » evaluate the periodiza t io n in Ch.3—i.e . the use of postgraduate scholarship 2 0 0 CE as a break as opposed to. the periodization of the cou r se curriculum. Unit 3 600-1450: Regional and best essays century, T ransregional Interactions.

• Expansion and essay, Intensification of Communication and Exchange Networks. • Continuity and Innovation of best State Forms and legal paper, Their Interactions. • Increased Economic Product i ve Capacity and Its Conseq u ences. T opics for Overview include: • Byzantine Empire, Dar-al Islam, Germanic Europe. • Sui, T ang, Song, and best essays century, Ming empires.

• Delhi Sultan a te. • The T urkish Empires. • Kingdoms Empires in Africa. • The Mongol Khanates. • T rading Networks in legal the P ost-Classical W orld. • Islam and the establishmen t of empire.

• Empires in the Americas: Aztecs and best, Inca. • Expansion of T rade in the Indian Ocean—the Swahili Coast of crisis essays East Africa. Ac t i vities Skill Development: • Writing a Comparison Essay. » Comparing the american century level of technological achievement including production of goods. • Student choice: Middle East, South Asia, East Asia, Eastern Europe. • Students will evaluate the persuasive essay on school shootings causes a nd conseq u ences o f the spread of Islamic empires. • Students will compare the Polynesian and Viking migrations. • Writing a Comparison Essay. » Effects of Mongol conquest and best american century, rule, students choose two: Russia, China, Middle. » Topic—Were the economic causes of the writing service glendale voyages of the Ming navy in american century the first half. of the scholarship essay 15 t h cent u ry the main reas o n for century, th e ir limited use?

» Topic—Were the to write introduction of an essay tributary and labor obligations in essays the Aztec and Inca empires more. effective than similar obligations in the Eastern Hemisphere? • Writing a Change and Continuity over Time Essay. » Changes and paper, Continuities in patterns of interactions along the Silk Roa d s 2 0 0 BCE- • Parallel Reading--Students will read Ch . 4 5 of The Human W eb and Ch. 3 and 4 of best essays Trade that World Created.

» Trace the development of civilization in each region utilizing a linear thematic. organizer for essays, note-taking and best essays, a circular organizer for the big picture. » evaluate the periodiza t io n in the book com p ared to spanish essay that of the best periodization in th e. course cu r riculum. Why 2 0 0-1 00 0 CE and 1 00 0-15 0 0 CE instead of 6 0 0-1450? In what regions does ea c h work best? Why?

In what areas does each present a problem? Why? Unit 4 : 1450- 1 750 : Global In t e r actions. • Globalizing Networks of Communication and resume service ca, Exchange. • New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production. • State Consolidation an d Imperial Expansion. T opics for Overview include: Bringing the Eastern and Western Hemispheres T ogether into One W eb. • Ming and best, Qing Rule in resume service glendale ca China. • The Trading Networks of the Indian Ocean.

• Effects of the Continued Spread of Belief Systems. • Three Islamic Empires: Ottoman, Safavid, Mughal. • Cross-Cultural Interaction: the Columbian Exchange. • The Atlantic Slave T rade. • Changes in W estern Europe—roots of the “Rise of the american essays W est” Ac t i vities Skill Development. • S t udents will evaluate the causes a nd conseq u ences o f E u r o pean maritime e x pansion. including t he developme n t of armed t rade usi n g g uns and cannons.

• stu d en t project. » Each student will apply techniques used by art historians to postgraduate examine visual displays. of power in one of the best american essays land or sea based empires that developed in this time peri o d. • Writing a Comparison Essay. » Processes of service empire building, students compar e Spanish Empire t o either the. Ottoman or Russian empires. • Writing a Change and Continuity over Time Essay. » Changes and Co n tinuities i n trade and commerce in the In d ia n Ocean B a sin 6 0 0 - • Parallel Reading--Students will read Ch . 6 of The Human W eb and. » Trace the development of best american century civilization in each region utilizing a linear thematic.

organizer for what in the introduction of an, note-taking and a circular organizer for best essays, the big picture. » Consider the service glendale ca question of periodization: 1750 or 18 0 0? Unit 5 1750-19 0 0: Industrializati o n and Global Integration. • In d ustrialization and american essays century, Global Capi t alism. • Imperialism and Nation-State Formation. • Nationalism, Revolution and Reform. T opics for Overview include: • The Age of Revolutions: » English Revolutions, Scientific Revolution Enlightenment, » American Revolution, French Revolution and its fallout in Europe, Haitian » Latin American Revolutions. • Global T ransformations: » Demographic Changes, the End of the postgraduate scholarship Atlantic Slave Trade, Industrial Revolution. and Its Impact, Rise of Nationalism, Imperialism and its Impact on the W orld. • Decline of Imperial China and the Rise of Imperial Japan.

• 1 9th Century Imperialism: Sub- S aharan Africa, S outh and american century, S outheast Asia. • Comparing the Fren c h and Latin American Revolutions. • Changes in Production in Europe and the Global Impact o f t h ose Changes. Ac t i vities incl u de: • Writing a Comparison Essay. » Comparing the roles of W omen from 1750 to 1 900—East Asia, W estern Europe, South Asia, Middle East. • Students will write a change and continuity over persuasive essay shootings time essay evaluating changes in. production of goods from 1 0 0 0 to 19 0 0 in the Eastern Hemisphere. • Parallel Reading--Students will read Ch . Best American Essays Century. 7 of scholarship The Human W eb and Ch.

9 10 Children of the Sun. » Trace the development of civilization in best essays century each region utilizing a linear thematic. organizer for resume writing service glendale ca, note-taking and a circular organizer for best american, the big picture. » Consider the question of periodization: 1900 or 1914? • Students will analyze fi ve political cartoons about Europ e an imperial e x pansion i n. Asia and Africa to essay on school shootings identify how nationalism and the Industrial Revolution served as. m o t i vating facto r s in empire b u ilding in t his t ime period. • Students will analyze tables showing increased urbanization in various parts of the. AP W orld History : Slouha 2011-2012.

world to consider connections between urbanization an century d industrialization. Scholarship. (Urban Game) • Students will identify and evaluate d i ve r se historic a l i n terpretati o ns regarding the ris e of. the W est utilizing Kenneth Pomeranz ’ s The Trade That World Created. • Utilizing a series of documents, maps and charts in the released DBQ about best american century, indentured. servitude on in the 19th and 20th centuries, students will assess the connec t io n s. between abolition of paper research plantation slavery and american, increased migrations from Asian countries. to the shootings Americas.

Unit 6 1900-present: Accelerating Global Change and Realignments. • Science and the E n vironment. • Global Conflicts and Their Consequences. • New Conceptualizations of Global Economy and Culture. T opics for Overview include: • Crisis and Co n flict in t he Early 2 0 th Cent u ry: » Anti-Imperial Movements, W orld W ar I, Russian, Chinese and Mexican R e v olutions,

Depression, Rise of Militaristic and Fascist Societies, W orld W ar II. » Decolonization, the best essays century Cold War World, International Organizations, the Post-Cold War. • World War I and research, World War II: Global Causes and best american, Consequences. • Ac t i vity—Skill Development. » Students will identify and analyze the causes a nd conseq u ences o f the persuasive essay on school shootings global. economic crisis in the 1930s.

• Development of Communism in China, Russia, and C u ba. • R esponses to best american century W estern I n v olvement in Sub- S aharan Africa: Imperialism, the Cold W a r , and International Organizations. Ac t i vities incl u de: • Writing a Comparison Essay Comparing the food essay political goals and social effects of. revolution in: China, Russia, Mexico: Students choose two. • Writing a Change and Continuity over best essays Time Essay: Changes and Continuities in the. formation of spanish food essay national identities 19 0 0-present . Students choose from among the following. regions: Middle East, South Asia, or Latin America. • Students debate the benefits and best american century, negat i ve consequences of the rapid advances in. science during the paper research 20th and early 21st centuries. • S t udents trace the developme n t o f o n e form o f popular culture in century the 20th century and.

present a graphic or visual display of their research to crisis in masculinity essays the class. • Parallel Reading--Students will read Ch.8 of The Human Web and. » Consider the following: Why does this chapter reach back to 1890? Throughout the course students will be required to best american century write essays in class demonstrating their. mastery of content as well a s their abilit y to develop coherent written arguments that have. a thesis supported by relevant historical evidence . During first semester the focus will be on.

the dev e lo p m e nt of essay writing skills via time spent on essay writing worksho p s u t ilizing. the following format in essay devel o pmen t : Introductory Paragraph—3 to 4 sentences, ending with thesis statement. Thesis Statement-w h at does it ne e d to i n clu d e? • the answer to the prompt. O r g anization of B ody P a r ag r aphs— • Topic Sentence—this can be general since the thesis contains specificity. • General Assertion—identifies one aspect of thesis (i.e . Research. a c hange, a di f ference, etc.) • Analysis-explain cause and/or e f fect. • General Assertion—identifies one aspect of thesis (i.e . American Essays Century. a c hange, a di f ference, etc.) • Analysis-explain cause and/or e f fect. • Repeat format as necessary.

Concluding P a r ag r aph. • Start by food essay, restating (a rephrased ) thesis in its entirety. Essay writing workshops will include group discussion utilizing exam p le essay, self- evaluation, an d peer e v al u ation. P r imary Source Document Notebook Assignment. Throughout the fi r st semester stude n ts w ill have the opportunity to de v el o p and en h ance. their skills at interpreting, summarizing, a n d analyzing primary source material incl u di n g. documents, maps, charts graphs, and best american essays century, visuals . The ability to paper comprehend and analyze. primary sources w ill fi r st be prac t ice d in large group and small gro u p discussion then in.

ind i vidual primary source assignments t h at students will summarize and analyze and essays, place. in a P rimary S ource Notebook whi c h will be turned in spanish essay once ea c h 6-week grading period . Di r ections f o r P r imary Sou r ce W r i t e-ups : READ the best essays document or STUDY the data or visual . Paper Research. The n write a summary ( t he MAIN poin t. or poin t s) of the document . This summary sh o ul d be brief para g raph a n d should hi g hlight. the main g ist o f the source in best american century t h e st u dents o w n words . T h e analysis of the source will be. con t ai n ed in spanish food essay a separate paragra p h and should include: • Historical Context--where the source fits in the framework of history. • AP t h emes that the so u rce addresses . Stu d en t s will be required t o ide n tify where and. explain h ow the source addresses that theme . Students will identify as many themes as. the y can find but then evaluate t hose t h emes and only include w ha t they consider to best american essays century be. the two most p r o mine n t themes . » Point of View—here students must consider.

» point of view of the resume writing service ca author, » the type of essays century document and/or tone of the source. » purpose and/or intended audience. This skill will be developed throughout much of research fi r st semes t er using class discussion an d. partner discussions with the american century end goal that a ll students will unde r stand how to essay analyze the. overall point of view of best american century a source and spanish essay, be able to discuss how that point of view may a f fect the. source by best american essays century, the end of first semester . Some of the essays sources used for these exercises include: • T acitus from Germania. • Female figure from Catalhuyuk (visual) • Graph—world population 3 00 0 BCE -15 0 0 CE. • The Code of Hammurabi. • The Writings of Han F ei. • Asoka, Rock and essays, Pillar Edicts.

• Pericles Funeral Oration. • Shi Huangdi ’ s T erraco t ta Army (visual) • Fu Xuan, How Sad it is to be a W oman. • L i ve, History o f Rome. • Procopius from On the Buildings and The Secret History. • Shield Jaguar and spanish, lady Xoc: A Royal Couple of best century Y axchilan (visual) • Xuanzang, Record of the spanish food essay Western Region. • Einhard, The Life of american essays century Charlemagne. • Ibn Ba t tuta, T ravels in Asia and Africa. • Kitabatake Chikafusa, The Chronicle of the Direct Descent of Gods and Sovereigns. • The Chronicle of Novgorod. • William of Rubruck, Journey to the Land of the Mongols.

• World Population Growth 1 0 0 0-2 00 0 (graph) • Jahangi r , Memoirs. S t udents will conti n ue to practice t heir skills at essay on school i n terpreting and analyzing primary so u rces. by using them to synthesize i n formati o n in DBQ essays . After introducing the concep t of. the DBQ t o the stud e nts via rou n dt a ble d iscussion and prac t ice writing o f thesis s t atements. and individual body paragraphs, students will write 4-6 DBQ essays that include wri t ten and. visual sources as well as map, charts, and graphs .

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cat resume By JAPH AZUBUINE. IT is understandable that Nigerians are vibrant and gregarious, culminating in the now forceful way of seeing things done whether they are allowable or not. This protocol or routine is best century always misunderstood by others, especially in this era of suspicion, mistrust and distrust. Another inelegant scenario in essays, this manner of doing things is that these people who go by different names like activist or enforcers of best century, democratic norms step into areas where there are legitimate organs of government to legal, raise such issues. The more than two weeks public gathering and demonstrations by the body called “Ourmumudondo” and its supporters beats imagination. I can state here without fear or favour that this type of demonstration in these periods are ill-timed and could be misunderstood. This is because, various people of various organs of government have visited President Buhari in London and each came back with the cheery news of his fast recuperation from his ailment. The Charley Boy-led group should be informed enough to know that the best american essays National Assembly is the appropriate organ that should question the legality or otherwise of the persuasive essay shootings president’s long stay in Britain on medical ground. Best American Essays! The National Assembly, particularly the what to write of an essay Senate, has severally come up with this position that the president has breached no law and I do not know of any organ that should defend the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria more than the best essays elected representatives.

One of the things Mr. Charles Oputa (a.k.a Charley Boy) should do is to go through his representatives in the National Assembly and lodge a complaint. He could also ask all the members of his group to engage their various representatives in the National Assembly to raise the issue of Mr. Persuasive Essay On School Shootings! President’s long stay in London. Charley Boy and american essays century, his group can also go to court and ask the court to interpret the letter and the spirit of the constitutional provision on issues like this. Charley Boy is an what to write of an essay, Igboman from an best essays, enlightened family for that matter, at least I knew the father for his intellectual and legal paper, judicial prowess. In 1981, the father, the ebullient Justice Chukwudifu Oputa (late) was the Chief Judge of Imo State. President Shagari paid an american century, official state visit to Imo State, Chief Sam Mbakwe (Phd) was the governor of Imo State.

At the banquet at the end of the visit in what was then called Multipurpose Hall, the official hall for the Imo State government then, Justice Oputa was called up to in masculinity essays, propose the toast. He stood up and made a speech that was later reported to have lasted for two hours ex-tempore, that is, without reading it. The speech was so laden in best american, English literature, Latin, Greek and more with quotations from Shakespeare’s books that, even though I was in to write introduction of an essay, my second year in a higher institution studying a health science course, I nearly decided to best, re-take JAMB to do a course that could make me know a lot of quotations. Food! That was the extent of the Oputa intellectualism. I am not saying here that activism is not good; any activism that will involve violence and best american essays century, that would lead to shedding of blood is resume writing glendale condemnable. Look at best century what happened at Wuse market, if the security forces had not intervened early and persuasive essay, some lives were lost, the thing had the best american century tendency of escalating to other parts of the country. Whether we like to spanish essay, hear it or not, the Igbos are the single ethnic group that are more in every part of this country doing one legitimate business or the other. In a situation of violence and anarchy, these people who are living/residing in other people’s places will lose more in american essays century, terms of loss of lives, loss of property, psychological trauma and more. I do not know the spanish food type of best century, legacy he would like to paper research, leave.

Will he like to be remembered for causing trouble that will put Nigerians in jeopardy, especially the Igbos? It seems that our prominent Igbos are not talking, I mean the ones whose voices could he heard and taken seriously. Honestly, we are not advising, we are not directing and we are not leading. Except for Chief Orji Uzor Kalu, former Governor of Abia State and Chief Rochas Okorocha, the best century present Governor of Imo State, our other leaders are not courageous enough to talk and advise. These two Igbo leaders have shown enough courage in speaking for unity and for paper, strategic engagements by our people.

At any stage of a troubled Nigeria, we will tactlessly be the best american arrowheads. In the end, we will be seen as the “trouble makers” while our rivals will benefit from it. It does not show us as prudent, introspective, tactful and strategic. They take it that we make noise and to write introduction analytical essay, leave the substance. Best American Essays Century! They take it that we have not learnt our lessons and crisis in masculinity, that we are too stubborn. Best Essays Century! These traits which are ascribed wrongly to us hide and becloud, the real progressive, itinerant, friendly, approachable people that we are. We should understand our unifying position in essay, the country and essays, positively consolidate that.

We are the “wheel of crisis, progress” of the nation but we need to engage strategically. If the ethnic groups in Nigeria are counted one after the other judiciously, the Igbos, that are in South-East, South-South, part of essays century, North Central will outnumber every other ethnic group apart from the resume service glendale ca Hausa-Fulani combined. Our people should always subscribe to legitimate organs of governments. We have our elected representatives in properly elected governments. Whatever grievances we have should be channeled through them.

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